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xmartlabs
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Description

XLForm is the most flexible and powerful iOS library to create dynamic table-view forms. Fully compatible with Swift & Obj-C.

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XLForm

By XMARTLABS.

Build Status CocoaPods compatible

If you are working in Swift then you should have a look at Eureka, a complete re-design of XLForm in Swift and with more features.

We are not implementing any new features for XLForm anymore. However, if a critical issue arises we will fix it.

Purpose

XLForm is the most flexible and powerful iOS library to create dynamic table-view forms. The goal of the library is to get the same power of hand-made forms but spending 1/10 of the time.

XLForm provides a very powerful DSL (Domain Specific Language) used to create a form. It keeps track of this specification on runtime, updating the UI on the fly.

Let's see the iOS Calendar Event Form created using XLForm

Screenshot of native Calendar Event Example

What XLForm does

  • Loads a form based on a declarative form definition.
  • Keeps track of definition changes on runtime to update the form interface accordingly. Further information on Dynamic Forms section of this readme.
  • Supports multivalued sections allowing us to create, delete or reorder rows. For further details see Multivalued Sections section bellow.
  • Supports custom rows definition.
  • Supports custom selectors. For further details of how to define your own selectors check Custom selectors section out.
  • Provides several inline selectors such as date picker and picker inline selectors and brings a way to create custom inline selectors.
  • Form data validation based on form definition.
  • Ability to easily navigate among rows, fully customizable.
  • Ability to show inputAccessoryView if needed. By default a navigation input accessory view is shown.
  • Read only mode for a particular row or the entire form.
  • Rows can be hidden or shown depending on other rows values. This can be done declaratively using
    NSPredicates
    . (see Make a row or section invisible depending on other rows values)

How to create a form

Create an instance of XLFormViewController

Swift
class CalendarEventFormViewController : XLFormViewController {

required init(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) { super.init(coder: aDecoder) self.initializeForm() }

override init(nibName nibNameOrNil: String?, bundle nibBundleOrNil: NSBundle?) { super.init(nibName: nibNameOrNil, bundle: nibBundleOrNil) self.initializeForm() }

func initializeForm() { // Implementation details covered in the next section. }

}

Objective-C
#import "XLFormViewController.h"

@interface CalendarEventFormViewController: XLFormViewController

@end

@interface ExamplesFormViewController ()

@end

@implementation ExamplesFormViewController

  • (instancetype)initWithNibName:(NSString *)nibNameOrNil bundle:(NSBundle *)nibBundleOrNil { self = [super initWithNibName:nibNameOrNil bundle:nibBundleOrNil]; if (self){

      [self initializeForm];

    } return self; }

  • (id)initWithCoder:(NSCoder *)aDecoder { self = [super initWithCoder:aDecoder]; if (self){

      [self initializeForm];

    } return self; }

  • (void)initializeForm { // Implementation details covered in the next section. }

@end

Implementing the initializeForm method

To create a form we should declare it through a

XLFormDescriptor
instance and assign it to a
XLFormViewController
instance. As we said XLForm works based on a DSL that hides complex and boilerplate stuff without losing the power and flexibility of hand-made forms.

To define a form we use 3 classes:

  • XLFormDescriptor
  • XLFormSectionDescriptor
  • XLFormRowDescriptor

A form definition is a

XLFormDescriptor
instance that contains one or more sections (
XLFormSectionDescriptor
instances) and each section contains several rows (
XLFormRowDescriptor
instance). As you may have noticed the DSL structure is analog to the structure of a
UITableView
(Table -->> Sections -- >> Rows). The resulting table-view form's structure (sections and rows order) mirrors the definition's structure.
Let's see an example implementation of initializeForm to define the iOS Calendar Event Form
- (void)initializeForm {
  XLFormDescriptor * form;
  XLFormSectionDescriptor * section;
  XLFormRowDescriptor * row;

form = [XLFormDescriptor formDescriptorWithTitle:@"Add Event"];

// First section section = [XLFormSectionDescriptor formSection]; [form addFormSection:section];

// Title row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:@"title" rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeText]; [row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@"Title" forKey:@"textField.placeholder"]; [section addFormRow:row];

// Location row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:@"location" rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeText]; [row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@"Location" forKey:@"textField.placeholder"]; [section addFormRow:row];

// Second Section section = [XLFormSectionDescriptor formSection]; [form addFormSection:section];

// All-day row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:@"all-day" rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeBooleanSwitch title:@"All-day"]; [section addFormRow:row];

// Starts row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:@"starts" rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeDateTimeInline title:@"Starts"]; row.value = [NSDate dateWithTimeIntervalSinceNow:606024]; [section addFormRow:row];

self.form = form; }

XLForm will load the table-view form from the previously explained definition. The most interesting part is that it will update the table-view form based on the form definition modifications. That means that we are able to make changes on the table-view form adding or removing section definitions or row definitions to the form definition on runtime and you will never need to care again about

NSIndexPath
,
UITableViewDelegate
,
UITableViewDataSource
or other complexities.

To see more complex form definitions take a look at the example application in the Examples folder of this repository. You can also run the examples on your own device if you wish. XLForm has no dependencies over other pods, anyway the examples project makes use of some cocoapods to show advanced XLForm features.

Using XLForm with Storyboards

  • Perform the steps from How to create a form
  • In Interface Builder (IB), drag-and-drop a UIViewController onto the Storyboard
  • Associate your custom form class to the UIViewController using the Identity Inspector

How to run XLForm examples

  1. Clone the repository
    [email protected]:xmartlabs/XLForm.git
    . Optionally you can fork the repository and clone it from your own github account, this approach would be better in case you want to contribute.
  2. Move to either the Objective-c or Swift example folder.
  3. Install example project cocoapod dependencies. From inside Objective-c or Swift example folder run
    pod install
    .
  4. Open XLForm or SwiftExample workspace using XCode and run the project. Enjoy!

Rows

Input Rows

Screenshot of Input Examples

Input rows allows the user to enter text values. Basically they use

UITextField
or
UITextView
controls. The main differences among the input row types is the
keyboardType
,
autocorrectionType
and
autocapitalizationType
configuration.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeText = @"text";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UITextAutocorrectionTypeDefault
,
UITextAutocapitalizationTypeSentences
and
UIKeyboardTypeDefault
.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeName = @"name";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UITextAutocorrectionTypeNo
,
UITextAutocapitalizationTypeWords
and
UIKeyboardTypeDefault
.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeURL = @"url";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UITextAutocorrectionTypeNo
,
UITextAutocapitalizationTypeNone
and
UIKeyboardTypeURL
.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeEmail = @"email";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UITextAutocorrectionTypeNo
,
UITextAutocapitalizationTypeNone
and
UIKeyboardTypeEmailAddress
.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypePassword = @"password";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UITextAutocorrectionTypeNo
,
UITextAutocapitalizationTypeNone
and
UIKeyboardTypeASCIICapable
. This row type also set the
secureTextEntry
to
YES
in order to hide what the user types.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeNumber = @"number";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UITextAutocorrectionTypeNo
,
UITextAutocapitalizationTypeNone
and
UIKeyboardTypeNumbersAndPunctuation
.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypePhone = @"phone";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UIKeyboardTypePhonePad
.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeTwitter = @"twitter";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UITextAutocorrectionTypeNo
,
UITextAutocapitalizationTypeNone
and
UIKeyboardTypeTwitter
.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeAccount = @"account";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UITextAutocorrectionTypeNo
,
UITextAutocapitalizationTypeNone
and
UIKeyboardTypeDefault
.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeInteger = @"integer";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UIKeyboardTypeNumberPad
.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeDecimal = @"decimal";

Will be represented by a

UITextField
with
UIKeyboardTypeDecimalPad
.
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeTextView = @"textView";

Will be represented by a

UITextView
with
UITextAutocorrectionTypeDefault
,
UITextAutocapitalizationTypeSentences
and
UIKeyboardTypeDefault
.

Selector Rows

Selector rows allow us to select a value or values from a list. XLForm supports 8 types of selectors out of the box:

Screenshot of native Calendar Event Example

static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSelectorPush = @"selectorPush";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSelectorActionSheet = @"selectorActionSheet";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSelectorAlertView = @"selectorAlertView";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSelectorLeftRight = @"selectorLeftRight";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSelectorPickerView = @"selectorPickerView";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSelectorPickerViewInline = @"selectorPickerViewInline";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSelectorSegmentedControl = @"selectorSegmentedControl";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeMultipleSelector = @"multipleSelector";

Normally we will have a collection of object to select (these objects should have a string to display them and a value in order to serialize them), XLForm has to be able to display these objects.

XLForm follows the following rules to display an object:

  1. If the value of the
    XLFormRowDescriptor
    object is nil, XLForm uses the
    noValueDisplayText
    row property as display text.
  2. If the XLFormRowDescriptor instance has a
    valueTransformer
    property value. XLForm uses the
    NSValueTransformer
    to convert the selected object to a NSString.
  3. If the object is a
    NSString
    or
    NSNumber
    it uses the object
    description
    property.
  4. If the object conforms to protocol
    XLFormOptionObject
    , XLForm gets the display value from
    formDisplayText
    method.
  5. Otherwise it return nil. That means you should conforms the protocol
    :)
    .

You may be interested in change the display text either by setting up

noValueDisplayText
or
valueTransformer
property or making the selector options objects to conform to
XLFormOptionObject
protocol.

This is the protocol declaration:

@protocol XLFormOptionObject 

@required -(NSString *)formDisplayText; -(id)formValue;

@end

Date & Time Rows

XLForms supports 3 types of dates:

Date
,
DateTime
,
Time
and
Countdown Timer
and it's able to present the
UIDatePicker
control in 2 different ways, inline and non-inline.

Screenshot of native Calendar Event Example

static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeDateInline = @"dateInline";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeDateTimeInline = @"datetimeInline";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeTimeInline = @"timeInline";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeCountDownTimerInline = @"countDownTimerInline";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeDate = @"date";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeDateTime = @"datetime";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeTime = @"time";
static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeCountDownTimer = @"countDownTimer";

Here is an example of how to define these row types:

Objective C ```objc XLFormDescriptor * form; XLFormSectionDescriptor * section; XLFormRowDescriptor * row;

form = [XLFormDescriptor formDescriptorWithTitle:@"Dates"];

section = [XLFormSectionDescriptor formSectionWithTitle:@"Inline Dates"]; [form addFormSection:section];

// Date row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:kDateInline rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeDateInline title:@"Date"]; row.value = [NSDate new]; [section addFormRow:row];

// Time row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:kTimeInline rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeTimeInline title:@"Time"]; row.value = [NSDate new]; [section addFormRow:row];

// DateTime row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:kDateTimeInline rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeDateTimeInline title:@"Date Time"]; row.value = [NSDate new]; [section addFormRow:row];

// CountDownTimer row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:kCountDownTimerInline rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeCountDownTimerInline title:@"Countdown Timer"]; row.value = [NSDate new]; [section addFormRow:row]; ```

Swift ```Swift

static let dateTime = "dateTime" static let date = "date" static let time = "time"

var form : XLFormDescriptor var section : XLFormSectionDescriptor var row : XLFormRowDescriptor

form = XLFormDescriptor(title: "Dates") as XLFormDescriptor

section = XLFormSectionDescriptor.formSectionWithTitle("Inline Dates") as XLFormSectionDescriptor form.addFormSection(section)

// Date row = XLFormRowDescriptor(tag: tag.date, rowType: XLFormRowDescriptorTypeDateInline, title:"Date") row.value = NSDate() section.addFormRow(row)

// Time row = XLFormRowDescriptor(tag: tag.time, rowType: XLFormRowDescriptorTypeTimeInline, title: "Time") row.value = NSDate() section.addFormRow(row)

// DateTime row = XLFormRowDescriptor(tag: tag.dateTime, rowType: XLFormRowDescriptorTypeDateTimeInline, title: "Date Time") row.value = NSDate() section.addFormRow(row)

self.form = form;

#### Boolean Rows

XLForms supports 2 types of boolean controls:

Screenshot of native Calendar Event Example

```objc static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeBooleanCheck = @"booleanCheck";

static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeBooleanSwitch = @"booleanSwitch";

We can also simulate other types of Boolean rows using any of the Selector Row Types introduced in the Selector Rows section.

Other Rows

Stepper

XLForms supports counting using UIStepper control:

Screenshot of native Calendar Event Example

static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeStepCounter = @"stepCounter";

You can set the stepper paramaters easily:

    row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:kStepCounter rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeStepCounter title:@"Step counter"];
    row.value = @50;
    [row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@YES forKey:@"stepControl.wraps"];
    [row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@10 forKey:@"stepControl.stepValue"];
    [row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@10 forKey:@"stepControl.minimumValue"];
    [row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@100 forKey:@"stepControl.maximumValue"];
Slider

XLForms supports counting using UISlider control:

static NSString *const XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSlider = @"slider";

You can adjust the slider for your own interests very easily:

    row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:kSlider rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSlider title:@"Slider"];
    row.value = @(30);
    [row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@(100) forKey:@"slider.maximumValue"];
    [row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@(10) forKey:@"slider.minimumValue"];
    [row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@(4) forKey:@"steps"];

Set

steps
to
@(0)
to disable the steps functionality.
Info

Sometimes our apps needs to show data that are not editable. XLForm provides us with

XLFormRowDescriptorTypeInfo
row type to display not editable info. An example of usage would be showing the app version in the settings part of an app.
Button

Apart from data entry rows, not editable rows and selectors, XLForm has a button row

XLFormRowDescriptorTypeButton
that allows us to do any action when selected. It can be configured using a block (clousure), a selector, a segue identifier, segue class or specifing a view controller to be presented. ViewController specification could be done by setting up the view controller class, the view controller storyboard Id or a nib name. Nib name must match view controller class name.

Multivalued Sections (Insert, Delete, Reorder rows)

Any

XLFormSectionDescriptor
object can be set up to support row insertion, deletion or reodering. It is possible to enable only one of these modes, a combination or all together. A multivalued section is just a section that support either of these modes.

The most interesting part of multivalued

XLFormSectionDescriptor
is that it supports all the types of rows that were shown on the Rows section as well as custom rows.

Screenshot of Multivalued Section Example

How to set up a multivalued section

Creating a multivalued section is as simple as use one of the following convenience

XLFormSectionDescriptor
initializer:
+(id)formSectionWithTitle:(NSString *)title
           sectionOptions:(XLFormSectionOptions)sectionOptions;
+(id)formSectionWithTitle:(NSString *)title
           sectionOptions:(XLFormSectionOptions)sectionOptions
        sectionInsertMode:(XLFormSectionInsertMode)sectionInsertMode;

sectionOptions
is a bitwise enum parameter that should be used to choose the multivalued section type/s (insert, delete, reorder). Available options are
XLFormSectionOptionCanInsert
,
XLFormSectionOptionCanDelete
,
XLFormSectionOptionCanReorder
.
XLFormSectionOptionNone
is the value used by default.

sectionInsertMode
can be used to select how the insertion mode will look like.
XLform
has 2 different insertion modes out of the box:
XLFormSectionInsertModeLastRow
and
XLFormSectionInsertModeButton
.
XLFormSectionInsertModeLastRow
is the default value.

Let's see how to create a multivalued section

XLFormDescriptor * form;
XLFormSectionDescriptor * section;
XLFormRowDescriptor * row;

NSArray * nameList = @[@"family", @"male", @"female", @"client"];

form = [XLFormDescriptor formDescriptorWithTitle:@"Multivalued examples"];

// Enable Insertion, Deletion, Reordering section = [XLFormSectionDescriptor formSectionWithTitle:@"MultiValued TextField" sectionOptions:XLFormSectionOptionCanReorder | XLFormSectionOptionCanInsert | XLFormSectionOptionCanDelete]; section.multivaluedTag = @"textFieldRow"; [form addFormSection:section];

for (NSString * tag in nameList) { // add a row to the section, each row will represent a name of the name list array. row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:nil rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeText title:nil]; [[row cellConfig] setObject:@"Add a new tag" forKey:@"textField.placeholder"]; row.value = [tag copy]; [section addFormRow:row]; } // add an empty row to the section. row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:nil rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeText title:nil]; [[row cellConfig] setObject:@"Add a new tag" forKey:@"textField.placeholder"]; [section addFormRow:row];

Form Values

formValues

You can get all form values invoking

-(NSDictionary *)formValues;
either
XLFormViewController
instance or
XLFormDescriptor
instance.

The returned

NSDictionary
is created following this rules:

XLForm
adds a value for each
XLFormRowDescriptor
that belongs to a
XLFormSectionDescriptor
doesn't have a
multivaluedTag
value set up. The dictionary key is the value of
XLFormRowDescriptor
tag
property.

For each section that has a

multivaluedTag
value, XLForm adds a dictionary item with a
NSArray
as a value, each value of the array is the value of each row contained in the section, and the key is the
multivaluedTag
.

For instance, if we have a section with the

multivaluedTag
property equal to
tags
and the following values on the contained rows: 'family', 'male', 'female', 'client', the generated value will be
tags: ['family', 'male', 'female', 'client']

httpParameters

In same cases the form value we need may differ from the value of

XLFormRowDescriptor
instance. This is usually the case of selectors row and when we need to send the form values to some endpoint, the selected value could be a core data object or any other object. In this cases
XLForm
need to know how to get the value and the description of the selected object.

When using

-(NSDictionary *)httpParameters
method, XLForm follows the following rules to get
XLFormRowDescriptor
value:
  1. If the object is a
    NSString
    ,
    NSNumber
    or
    NSDate
    , the value is the object itself.
  2. If the object conforms to protocol
    XLFormOptionObject
    , XLForm gets the value from
    formValue
    method.
  3. Otherwise it return nil.

multivaluedTag
works in the same way as in
formValues
method.

How to create a Custom Row

To create a custom cell you need to create a UITableViewCell extending from

XLFormBaseCell
.
XLFormBaseCell
conforms to
XLFormDescriptorCell
protocol.

You may be interested in implement

XLFormDescriptorCell
methods to change the cell behaviour.
@protocol XLFormDescriptorCell 

@required

@property (nonatomic, weak) XLFormRowDescriptor * rowDescriptor;

// initialise all objects such as Arrays, UIControls etc... -(void)configure; // update cell when it about to be presented -(void)update;

@optional

// height of the cell +(CGFloat)formDescriptorCellHeightForRowDescriptor:(XLFormRowDescriptor *)rowDescriptor; // called to check if cell can became first responder -(BOOL)formDescriptorCellCanBecomeFirstResponder; // called to ask cell to assign first responder to relevant UIView. -(BOOL)formDescriptorCellBecomeFirstResponder; // called when cell is selected -(void)formDescriptorCellDidSelectedWithFormController:(XLFormViewController *)controller; // http parameter name used for network request -(NSString *)formDescriptorHttpParameterName;

// is invoked when cell becomes firstResponder, could be used for change how the cell looks like when it's the forst responder. -(void)highlight; // is invoked when cell resign firstResponder -(void)unhighlight;

@end

Once a custom cell has been created you need to let

XLForm
know about this cell by adding the row definition to
cellClassesForRowDescriptorTypes
dictionary.
[[XLFormViewController cellClassesForRowDescriptorTypes] setObject:[MYCustomCellClass class] forKey:kMyAppCustomCellType];

or, in case we have used nib file to define the

XLBaseDescriptorCell
:
[[XLFormViewController cellClassesForRowDescriptorTypes] setObject:@"nibNameWithoutNibExtension" forKey:kMyAppCustomCellType];

Doing that, XLForm will instantiate the proper cell class when kMyAppCustomCellType row type is used.

Custom Selectors - Selector Row with a custom selector view controller

Almost always the basic selector which allows the user to select one or multiple items from a pushed view controller is enough for our needs, but sometimes we need more flexibility to bring a better user experience to the user or do something not supported by default.

Let's say your app user needs to select a map coordinate or it needs to select a value fetched from a server endpoint. How do we do that easily?

Screenshot of Map Custom Selector

Define the previous selector row is as simple as ...

row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:kSelectorMap rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSelectorPush title:@"Coordinate"];
// set up the selector controller class
row.action.viewControllerClass = [MapViewController class];
// or
//row.action.viewControllerStoryboardId = @"MapViewControllerStoryboardId";
// or
//row.action.viewControllerNibName = @"MapViewControllerNibName";

// Set up a NSValueTransformer to convert CLLocation to NSString, it's used to show the select value description (text). row.valueTransformer = [CLLocationValueTrasformer class]; // Set up the default value row.value = [[CLLocation alloc] initWithLatitude:-33 longitude:-56];

action.viewControllerClass
controller class should conform to
XLFormRowDescriptorViewController
protocol.

In the example above,

MapViewController
conforms to
XLFormRowDescriptorViewController
.
@protocol XLFormRowDescriptorViewController 

@required @property (nonatomic) XLFormRowDescriptor * rowDescriptor;

@end

XLForm sets up

rowDescriptor
property using the
XLFormRowDescriptor
instance that belongs to the selector row.

The developer is responsible for update its views with the

rowDescriptor
value as well as set the selected value to
rowDescriptor
from within the custom selector view controller.

Note: the properties

viewControllerClass
,
viewControllerNibName
or
viewControllerStoryboardId
are mutually exclusive and are used by
XLFormButtonCell
and
XLFormSelectorCell
. If you create a custom cell then you are responsible for using them.

Another example

Screenshot of Dynamic Custom Selector

row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:kSelectorUser rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeSelectorPush title:@"User"];
row.action.viewControllerClass = [UsersTableViewController class];

You can find the details of these examples within the example repository folder, Examples/Objective-C/Examples/Selectors/CustomSelectors/ and Examples/Objective-C/Examples/Selectors/DynamicSelector.

Dynamic Forms - How to change the form dynamically at runtime

Any change made on the

XLFormDescriptor
will be reflected on the
XLFormViewController
tableView. That means that when a section or a row is added or removed XLForm will animate the section or row accordingly.

We shouldn't have to deal with

NSIndexPaths
or add, remove
UITableViewCell
anymore.
NSIndexPath
of a specific
TableViewCell
changes along the time and this makes very hard to keep track of the
NSIndexPath
of each
UITableViewCell
.

Each XLForm

XLFormRowDescriptor
row has a
tag
property that is set up in its constructor.
XLFormDescriptor
has, among other helpers, an specific one to get a
XLFormRowDescriptor
from a
tag
. It's much easier to manage
XLFormRowDescriptor
s using tags, the tag should be unique and it doesn't change on tableview additions modifications or deletions.

It's important to keep in mind that all the

UITableView
form modifications have to be made using the descriptors and not making modifications directly on the
UITableView
.

Usually you may want to change the form when some value change or some row or section is added or removed. For this you can set the

disabled
and
hidden
properties of the rows or sections. For more details see Make a row or section invisible depending on other rows values.

In order to stay in sync with the form descriptor modifications your

XLFormViewController
subclass should override the
XLFormDescriptorDelegate
methods of 'XLFormViewController'.

Note: It is important to always call the

[super ...]
method when overriding this delegate's methods.
@protocol XLFormDescriptorDelegate 

@required

-(void)formSectionHasBeenRemoved:(XLFormSectionDescriptor *)formSection atIndex:(NSUInteger)index; -(void)formSectionHasBeenAdded:(XLFormSectionDescriptor *)formSection atIndex:(NSUInteger)index; -(void)formRowHasBeenAdded:(XLFormRowDescriptor *)formRow atIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath; -(void)formRowHasBeenRemoved:(XLFormRowDescriptor *)formRow atIndexPath:(NSIndexPath *)indexPath; -(void)formRowDescriptorValueHasChanged:(XLFormRowDescriptor *)formRow oldValue:(id)oldValue newValue:(id)newValue; -(void)formRowDescriptorPredicateHasChanged:(XLFormRowDescriptor *)formRow oldValue:(id)oldValue newValue:(id)newValue predicateType:(XLPredicateType)predicateType;

@end

For instance if we want to show or hide a row depending on the value of another row:

-(void)formRowDescriptorValueHasChanged:(XLFormRowDescriptor *)rowDescriptor oldValue:(id)oldValue newValue:(id)newValue
{
    // super implmentation MUST be called
    [super formRowDescriptorValueHasChanged:rowDescriptor oldValue:oldValue newValue:newValue];
    if ([rowDescriptor.tag isEqualToString:@"alert"]){
        if ([[rowDescriptor.value valueData] isEqualToNumber:@(0)] == NO && [[oldValue valueData] isEqualToNumber:@(0)]){
            XLFormRowDescriptor * newRow = [rowDescriptor copy];
            [newRow setTag:@"secondAlert"];
            newRow.title = @"Second Alert";
            [self.form addFormRow:newRow afterRow:rowDescriptor];
        }
        else if ([[oldValue valueData] isEqualToNumber:@(0)] == NO && [[newValue valueData] isEqualToNumber:@(0)]){
            [self.form removeFormRowWithTag:@"secondAlert"];
        }
    }

Make a row or section invisible depending on other rows values

Summary

XLForm allows you to define dependencies between rows so that if the value of one row is changed, the behaviour of another one changes automatically. For example, you might have a form where you question the user if he/she has pets. If the answer is 'yes' you might want to ask how their names are. So you can make a row invisible and visible again based on the values of other rows. The same happens with sections. Take a look at the following example:

Screenshot of hiding rows

Of course, you could also do this manually by observing the value of some rows and deleting and adding rows accordingly, but that would be a lot of work which is already done.

How it works

To make the appearance and disappearance of rows and sections automatic, there is a property in each descriptor:

@property id hidden;

This id object will normally be a NSPredicate or a NSNumber containing a BOOL. It can be set using any of them or eventually a NSString from which a NSPredicate will be created. In order for this to work the string has to be syntactically correct.

For example, you could set the following string to a row (

second
) to make it disappear when a previous row (
first
) contains the value "hide".
second.hidden = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"$%@ contains[c] 'hide'", first];

This will insert the tag of the

first
after the '$', you can do that manually as well, of course. When the predicate is evaluated every tag variable gets substituted by the corresponding row descriptor.

When the argument is a NSString, a '.value' will be appended to every tag unless the tag is followed by '.isHidden' or '.isDisabled'. This means that a row (or section) might depend on the

value
or the
hidden
or
disabled
properties of another row. When the property is set with a NSPredicate directly, its formatString will not be altered (so you have to append a '.value' after each variable if you want to refer to its value). Setting a NSString is the simplest way but some complex predicates might not work so for those you should directly set a NSPredicate.

You can also set this properties with a bool object which means the value of the property will not change unless manually set.

To get the evaluated boolean value the

isHidden
method should be called. It will not re-evaluate the predicate each time it gets called but just when the value (or hidden/disabled status) of the rows it depends on changes. When this happens and the return value changes, it will automagically reflect that change on the form so that no other method must be called.

Here is another example, this time a bit more complex:

Screenshot of hiding rows

Disabling rows (set to read-only mode)

Rows can be disabled so that the user can not change them. By default disabled rows have a gray text color. To disable a row the only thing that has to be done is setting its disabled property:

@property id disabled;

This property expects a NSNumber containing a BOOL, a NSString or a NSPredicate. A bool will statically disable (or enable the row). The other two work just like the hidden property explained in the section above. This means a row can be disabled and enabled depending on the values of other rows. When a NSString is set, a NSPredicate will be generated taking the string as format string so that it has to be consistent for that purpose.

A difference to the hidden property is that checking the disabled status of a row does not automatically reflect that value on the form. Tharefore, the XLFormViewController's updateFormRow method should be called.

Validations

We can validate the form data using XLForm validation support.

Each

XLFormRowDescriptor
instance contains a list of validators. We can add validators, remove validators and validate a particular row using these methods:
-(void)addValidator:(id)validator;
-(void)removeValidator:(id)validator;
-(XLFormValidationStatus *)doValidation;

We can define our own custom validators just defining a object that conforms to

XLFormValidatorProtocol
.
@protocol XLFormValidatorProtocol 

@required

-(XLFormValidationStatus *)isValid:(XLFormRowDescriptor *)row;

@end

XLFormRegexValidator is an example of a validator we can create.

A very common validation is ensuring that a value is not empty or nil. XLFom exposes

required
XLFormRowDescriptor property to specify required rows.

To get all rows validation errors we can invoke the following

XLFormViewController
method:
-(NSArray *)formValidationErrors;

Additional configuration of Rows

XLFormRowDescriptor
allow us to configure generic aspects of a
UITableViewCell
, for example: the
rowType
, the
label
, the
value
(default value), if the cell is
required
,
hidden
or
disabled
, and so on.

You may want to set up another properties of the

UITableViewCell
. To set up another properties
XLForm
makes use of Key-Value Coding allowing the developer to set the cell properties by keyPath.

You just have to add the properties to

cellConfig
or
cellConfigAtConfigure
dictionary property of
XLFormRowDescriptor
. The main difference between
cellConfig
and
cellConfigAtConfigure
is the time when the property is set up.
cellConfig
properties are set up each time a cell is about to be displayed.
cellConfigAtConfigure
, on the other hand, set up the property just after the init method of the cell is called and only one time.

Since version 3.3.0 you can also use

cellConfigForSelector
to configure how the cells of the
XLFormOptionsViewController
look like when it is shown for a selector row.

For instance if you want to set up the placeholder you can do the following:

row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:@"title" rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeText];
[row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@"Title" forKey:@"textField.placeholder"];
[section addFormRow:row];

Let's see how to change the color of the cell label:

Objective C

row = [XLFormRowDescriptor formRowDescriptorWithTag:@"title" rowType:XLFormRowDescriptorTypeText];
[row.cellConfig setObject:[UIColor redColor] forKey:@"textLabel.textColor"];
[section addFormRow:row];

Swift

Swift
row = XLFormRowDescriptor(tag: "title", rowType: XLFormRowDescriptorTypeText, title: "title")
row.cellConfig.setObject(UIColor.blackColor(), forKey: "backgroundColor")
row.cellConfig.setObject(UIColor.whiteColor(), forKey: "textLabel.textColor")
section.addFormRow(row)

FAQ

How to customize the header and/or footer of a section

For this you should use the UITableViewDelegate methods in your XLFormViewController. This means you should implement one or both of these:

-(UIView *)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView viewForHeaderInSection:(NSInteger)section

-(UIView *)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView viewForFooterInSection:(NSInteger)section

Also you might want to implement the following methods to specify the height for these views:

-(CGFloat)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView heightForHeaderInSection:(NSInteger)section

-(CGFloat)tableView:(UITableView *)tableView heightForFooterInSection:(NSInteger)section

How to assign the first responder on form appearance

Assign the first responder when the form is shown is as simple as setting the property

assignFirstResponderOnShow
to
YES
. By default the value of the property is
NO
.
@property (nonatomic) BOOL assignFirstResponderOnShow;

How to set a value to a row.

You should set the

value
property of
XLFormRowDescriptor
relevant instance.
@property (nonatomic) id value;

You may notice that the

value
property type is
id
and you are the responsable to set a value with the proper type. For instance, you should set a
NSString
value to a
XLFormRowDescriptor
instance of
XLFormRowDescriptorTypeText
.

You may have to update the cell to see the UI changes if the row is already presented.

-(void)reloadFormRow:(XLFormRowDescriptor *)formRow
method is provided by
XLFormViewController
to do so.

How to set the default value to a row.

You should do the same as How to set a value to a row.

How to set up the options to a selector row.

XLForm has several types of selectors rows. Almost all of them need to know which are the values to be selected. For a particular

XLFormRowDescriptor
instance you specify these values setting a
NSArray
instance to
selectorOptions
property.
@property NSArray * selectorOptions;

How to get form values

If you want to get the raw form values you should call

formValues
method of
XLFormDescriptor
. Doing that you will get a dictionary containing all the form values.
tag
property value of each row is used as dictionary key. Only
XLFormROwDescriptor
values for non nil
tag
values are added to the dictionary.

You may be interested in the form values to use it as enpoint parameter. In this case

httpParameters
would be useful.

If you need something different, you can iterate over each row...

Objective C

objc
 NSMutableDictionary * result = [NSMutableDictionary dictionary];
 for (XLFormSectionDescriptor * section in self.form.formSections) {
     if (!section.isMultivaluedSection){
         for (XLFormRowDescriptor * row in section.formRows) {
             if (row.tag && ![row.tag isEqualToString:@""]){
                 [result setObject:(row.value ?: [NSNull null]) forKey:row.tag];
             }
         }
     }
     else{
         NSMutableArray * multiValuedValuesArray = [NSMutableArray new];
         for (XLFormRowDescriptor * row in section.formRows) {
             if (row.value){
                 [multiValuedValuesArray addObject:row.value];
             }
         }
         [result setObject:multiValuedValuesArray forKey:section.multivaluedTag];
     }
 }
 return result;

Swift

Swift
var results = [String:String]()
if let fullName = form.formRowWithTag(tag.fullName).value as? String {
    results[tag.fullName] = fullName
}

How to change UITextField length

You can change the length of a UITextField using the

cellConfigAtConfigure
dictionary property. This value refers to the percentage in relation to the table view cell.

Objective C

objc
[row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:[NSNumber numberWithFloat:0.7] forKey:XLFormTextFieldLengthPercentage];
Swift
Swift
row.cellConfigAtConfigure.setObject(0.7, forKey:XLFormTextFieldLengthPercentage)

Note:The same can be achieved for the UITextView when using

XLFormRowDescriptorTypeTextView
; just set your percentage for the key
XLFormTextViewLengthPercentage
.

How to change a UITableViewCell font

You can change the font or any other table view cell property using the

cellConfig
dictionary property. XLForm will set up
cellConfig
dictionary values when the table view cell is about to be displayed.

Objective C

objc
[row.cellConfig setObject:[UIColor greenColor] forKey:@"textLabel.textColor"];
[row.cellConfig setObject:[UIFont fontWithName:FONT_LATO_REGULAR size:12.0] forKey:@"textLabel.font"];
[row.cellConfig setObject:[UIFont fontWithName:FONT_LATO_REGULAR size:12.0] forKey:@"detailTextLabel.font"];

Swift

Swift
row.cellConfig.setObject(UIColor.whiteColor(), forKey: "self.tintColor")
row.cellConfig.setObject(UIFont(name: "AppleSDGothicNeo-Regular", size: 17)!, forKey: "textLabel.font")
row.cellConfig.setObject(UIColor.whiteColor(), forKey: "textField.textColor")
row.cellConfig.setObject(UIFont(name: "AppleSDGothicNeo-Regular", size: 17)!, forKey: "textField.font")

For further details, please take a look at UICustomizationFormViewController.m example.

How to set min/max for date cells?

Each XLFormDateCell has a

minimumDate
and a
maximumDate
property. To set a datetime row to be a value in the next three days you would do as follows:

Objective C

objc
[row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:[NSDate new] forKey:@"minimumDate"];
[row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:[NSDate dateWithTimeIntervalSinceNow:(60*60*24*3)] forKey:@"maximumDate"];

Swift

Swift
row.cellConfig.setObject(NSDate(), forKey: "maximumDate")

How to disable the entire form (read only mode).

disable
XLFormDescriptor property can be used to disable the entire form. In order to make the displayed cell to take effect we should reload the visible cells ( [self.tableView reloadData] ). Any other row added after form
disable
property is set to
YES
will reflect the disable mode automatically (no need to reload table view).

How to hide a row or section when another rows value changes.

To hide a row or section you should set its hidden property. The easiest way of doing this is by setting a NSString to it. Let's say you want a section to hide if a previous row, which is a boolean switch, is set to 1 (or YES). Then you would do something like this:

objc
section.hidden = [NSString stringWithFormat:@"$%@ == 1", previousRow];
That is all!

What do I have to do to migrate from version 2.2.0 to 3.0.0?

The only thing that is not compatible with older versions is that the

disabled
property of the
XLFormRowDescriptor
is an
id
now. So you just have to add
@
before the values you set to it like this:
objc
row.disabled = @YES; // before: row.disabled = YES;

How to change input accessory view (navigation view)

Overriding

inputAccessoryViewForRowDescriptor:
XLFormViewController
method. If you want to disable it completely you can return nil. But you can also customize its whole appearance here.
- (UIView *)inputAccessoryViewForRowDescriptor:(XLFormRowDescriptor *)rowDescriptor
{
      return nil; //will hide it completely
      // You can use the rowDescriptor parameter to hide/customize the accessory view for a particular rowDescriptor type.
}

How to set up a pushed view controller?

The view controller that will be pushed must conform to the

XLFormRowDescriptorViewController
protocol which consists of the following property:
objc
@property (nonatomic) XLFormRowDescriptor * rowDescriptor;
This rowDescriptor refers to the selected row of the previous view controller and will be set before the transition to the new controller so that it will be accessible for example in its
viewDidLoad
method. That is where that view controller should be set up.

How to change the default appearance of a certain cell

The best way to do this is to extend the class of that cell and override its update and/or configure methods. To make this work you should also update the

cellClassesForRowDescriptorTypes
dictionary in your subclass of XLFormViewController by setting your custom class instead of the class of the cell you wanted to change.

How to change the returnKeyType of a cell

To change the returnKeyType of a cell you can set the

returnKeyType
and
nextReturnKeyType
properties. The former will be used if there is no navigation enabled or if there is no row after this row. In the other case the latter will be used. If you create a custom cell and want to use these you should conform to the
XLFormReturnKeyProtocol
protocol. This is how you can set them:
[row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@(UIReturnKeyGo) forKey:@"nextReturnKeyType"];

How to change the height of one cell

If you want to change the height for all cells of one class you should subclass that cell and override the class method

formDescriptorCellHeightForRowDescriptor
. If you want to change the height of one individual cell then you can set that height to the
height
property of XLFormRowDescripto like this:
XLFormRowDescriptor* row = ...
row.height = 55;

How to change the appearance of the cells of a selector view controller (XLFormOptionsViewController)

To change the appearance of the cells of a XLFormOptionsViewController you can use the

cellConfigForSelector
property on the row descriptor. Example:
[row.cellConfigForSelector setObject:[UIColor redColor] forKey:@"textLabel.textColor"];

How to limit the characters of a XLFormTextFieldCell or a XLFormTextViewCell

You can make this happen using the

textFieldMaxNumberOfCharacters
and the
textViewMaxNumberOfCharacters
respectively.
[row.cellConfigAtConfigure setObject:@(20) forKey:@"textViewMaxNumberOfCharacters"];

Installation

Swift Package Manager

Starting with Xcode 11, Swift Package Manager is the recommended and preferred way for installing dependencies in Xcode projects. Installing dependencies via SwiftPM does not require the application nor dependencies to be written in Swift.

To add XLForm to your project using SwiftPM follow these steps:

  1. Open your project in Xcode
  2. In the main menu, select File -> Swift Packages -> Add Package Dependency...
  3. In the window, enter the package url https://github.com/xmartlabs/XLForm
  4. Configure the version to be used

To use XLForm in your code, import the module or header files as needed:

#import "XLForm.h"  // Obj-c
import XLForm       // Swift

CocoaPods

  1. Add the following line in the project's Podfile file:
    pod 'XLForm', '~> 4.2'
    .
  2. Run the command
    pod install
    from the Podfile folder directory.

XLForm has no dependencies over other pods.

How to use master branch

Often master branch contains most recent features and latest fixes. On the other hand this features was not fully tested and changes on master may occur at any time. For the previous reasons I stongly recommend to fork the repository and manage the updates from master on your own making the proper pull on demand.

To use xmartlabs master branch.....

pod 'XLForm', :git => 'https://github.com/xmartlabs/XLForm.git'

You can replace the repository URL for your forked version url if you wish.

How to use XLForm in Swift files

If you have installed XLForm with cocoapods and have set

use_frameworks!
in your Podfile, you can add
import XLForm
to any Swift file.

If you are using cocoapods but have not set

use_frameworks!
in your Podfile, add
#import 
to your bridging header file.

For further details on how to create and configure the bridging header file visit Importing Objective-C into Swift.

Carthage

In your

Cartfile
add:
github "xmartlabs/XLForm" ~> 4.2

Using git submodules

  • Clone XLForm as a git submodule by running the following command from your project root git folder.
$ git submodule add https://github.com/xmartlabs/XLForm.git
  • Open XLForm folder that was created by the previous git submodule command and drag the XLForm.xcodeproj into the Project Navigator of your application's Xcode project.

  • Select the XLForm.xcodeproj in the Project Navigator and verify the deployment target matches with your application deployment target.

  • Select your project in the Xcode Navigation and then select your application target from the sidebar. Next select the "General" tab and click on the + button under the "Embedded Binaries" section.

  • Select

    XLForm.framework
    and we are done!

Requirements

  • ARC
  • iOS 9.0 and above
  • Xcode 9.0+ (11.0+ for installation via Swift Package Manager)

Release Notes

Have a look at the CHANGELOG

Author

Martin Barreto (@mtnBarreto)

Contact

Any suggestion or question? Please create a Github issue or reach us out.

xmartlabs.com (@xmartlabs)

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