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victronenergy
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Description

Victron Energy Unix/Linux OS

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Venus OS: the Victron Energy Unix like distro with a linux kernel

The problematic part with this name is that it is from the Roman mythology and not, as most of our products, from the Greek. Phoenix is already taken though by a charger...

This readme documents how to compile and build Venus OS from source.

First, make sure that that is really what you want or need. It takes several hours to compile, lots of diskspace and results in an image and sdk which are both already available for download as binaries swu and sdk.

Even when you are developing on one of the parts of Venus OS, for example one of its drivers, or the gui, its still not necessary to build the full Venus OS from source.

Make sure to read the Venus OS wiki first.

So, if you insist: this repo is the starting point to build Venus. It contains wrapper functions around bitbake and git to fetch, and compile sources.

For a complete build you need to have access to private repros of Victron Energy. Building only opensource packages is also possible (but not checked automatically at the moment).

Venus uses OpenEmbedded as build system.

Getting started

Building Venus requires a Linux. At Victron we use Ubuntu for this.

# clone this repository
git clone https://github.com/victronenergy/venus.git
cd venus

install host packages (Debian based)

sudo make prereq

fetch needed subtrees

use make fetch-all instead, if you have access to all the private repos.

make fetch

That last fetch command has cloned several things into the

./sources/
directory. First of all there is bitbake, which is a make-like build tool part of OpenEmbedded. Besides that, you'll find openembedded-core and various other layers containing recipes and other metadata defining Venus.

Now its time to actually start building (which can take many hours). Select one of below example commands: ```

build all, this will take a while though... it builds for all MACHINES as found

in conf/machines.

make venus-images

build for a specific machine

make ccgx-venus-image make beaglebone-venus-image

build the swu file only

make ccgx-swu

build from within the bitbake shell.

this will have the same end result as make ccgx-swu

make ccgx-bb bitbake venus-swu ```

Configs

Above Getting Started instructions will automatically select the config that is used for Venus OS as distributed. Alternative setups can also be used, e.g. to build for a newer OE version:

make CONFIG=rocko fetch-all

To see which config your checkout is using, look at the ./conf symlink. It will link to one of the configs in the ./configs directories.

For each config there are a few files:

  • repos.conf
    contains the repositories which need to be checked out. It can be rebuild with
    make update-repos.conf
    .
  • metas.whitelist
    contains the meta directory which will be added to bblayers.conf, but only if they are actually present.
  • machines
    contains a list of machines that can be build in this config

To add a new repository, put it in sources, then checkout the branch you want and set an upstream branch. The result can be made permanent with:

make repos.conf
.

Don't forget to add the directories you want to use from the new repository to metas.whitelist.

Using the
repos
command

Repos is just like git submodule foreach -q git, but shorter, so you can do:

./repos push origin ./repos tag xyz

it will push all, tag all etc. Likewise you can revert to a certain revision with:

./repos checkout tagname

managing git remotes and branches

# patches not in upstream yet
./repos cherry -v

local changes with respect to upstream

./repos diff @{u}

local changes with respect to the push branch

./repos diff 'origin/git rev-parse --abbrev-ref HEAD' or if you have git 2.5+ ./repos diff @{push}

./repos log @{u}..upstream/git rev-parse --abbrev-ref @{u} | grep -o "[a-Z0-9]*$" --oneline

rebase your local checkout branches on upstream master

./repos fetch origin ./repos rebase 'origin/$checkout_branch'

Releasing

# tag & push venus repo as well as all repos.

git tag v2.21 git push origin v2.21

./repos tag v2.21 ./repos push origin v2.21

Maintenance releases

How to create a new maintenance branch

The base branch on which the maintenance releases will be based is to be prefixed with a

b
.

This example shows how to create a new maintenance branch. The context is that master is already working on v2.30. Latest official release was v2.20. So we make a branch named b2.20 in which the first release will be v2.21; later if another maintenance release is necessary v2.22 is pushed on top; and so forth.

# clone & make a branch in the venus repo
git clone [email protected]:victronenergy/venus.git venus-b2.20
cd venus-b2.20
git checkout v2.20
git checkout -b b2.20

fetch all the meta repos

make fetch-all

clone, prep and push them

./repos checkout v2.20 ./repos checkout -b b2.20 ./repos push --set-upstream origin b2.20

update the rocko config to the new branch

make update-repos.conf git commit -a -m "Pin Rocko & (most of the) raspbian branches to b2.20"

Update gitlab-ci.yml

[ Now, modify .gitlab-ci.yml. See a previous maintenance branch for how that is done. ]

git commit -a -m "Don't touch SSTATE cache & build from b2.20"

Push the new branch and changes to the venus repo

Note that this causes a (useless) CI build to start on the builder once

it syncs. Easily cancelled in the gitlab ui.

git push --set-upstream origin b2.20

Now you're all set; and ready to start cherry-picking.

Full cherry-picks vs backporting patches

Be aware that there are two ways to backport a change. One is to take a complete commit from the meta repositories; and the other one is to add patches from the source repository. Where you can, apply method one. But in case the repository, for example mk2-dbus or the gui, has had lots of commits out of which you need only one; then you have to take just the patch.

The master rule when deciding against- or for inclusion

Changes need to be either really small, well tested or very important

The eight golden rules of maintaining maintenance branches

  1. only take changes from master: cherry-picking
  2. don't add changes or new versions that are not in master yet
  3. git cherry-pick -x
    appends a nice (cherry-picked from [ref]) line to the commit message
  4. add and/or increase the PR when adding patches
  5. drop the PR again when going to a clean version
  6. when adding patches; add a
    backported from
    note just like this one to the commit message
  7. go through the todo where the team is working on master, and add
    (**backported to v2.22**)
    or where applicable
    (**backported to v2.22 as a patch**)
    to each and every patch and version thats been backported.
  8. double verify everything by cross referencing the todo, the commits logs from master as well as your own commit log.

Building a maintenance release

To build, create a pipeline on the mirrors/venus repo, and run it for the maintenance branch. No variables needed.

Various notes

1. Linux update

If you encounter problems like this: * Solver encountered 1 problem(s): * Problem 1/1: * - nothing provides kernel-image-4.14.67 needed by packagegroup-machine-base-1.0-r83.einstein

if can be fixed with: make einstein-bb bitbake -c cleanall packagegroup-machine-base

and thereafter try again

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