by spring-cloud

Security concerns for distributed applications implemented in Spring

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//// DO NOT EDIT THIS FILE. IT WAS GENERATED. Manual changes to this file will be lost when it is generated again. Edit the files in the src/main/asciidoc/ directory instead. ////


Spring Cloud Security offers a set of primitives for building secure applications and services with minimum fuss. A declarative model which can be heavily configured externally (or centrally) lends itself to the implementation of large systems of co-operating, remote components, usually with a central indentity management service. It is also extremely easy to use in a service platform like Cloud Foundry. Building on Spring Boot and Spring Security OAuth2 we can quickly create systems that implement common patterns like single sign on, token relay and token exchange.

WARNING: In a future major release, the functionality contained in this project will move to the respective projects.

== Upgrading to 1.1.0

Most of the OAuth2 features moved from this project to Spring Boot 1.3, so from version 1.1 things are a little different here. Here is a guide to the available features as they were in 1.0, but with new names and slightly new APIs.

As in 1.0, an app will activate

if you bind provide some following properties in the

You can still customize the access rules in an SSO application, but instead of a specific callback (the old

) all you do now is add
to a
. For example if you want the resources under "/ui/**" to be protected with OAuth2:


protected static class TestConfiguration extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter {
    public void match(RequestMatchers matchers) {

In this case the rest of the application will default to the normal Spring Boot access control for other paths (Basic authentication, or whatever custom filters you put in place).

There is no

annotation in Spring Cloud 1.1. You just use the regular
from Spring OAuth.

== Building

:jdkversion: 1.7

=== Basic Compile and Test

To build the source you will need to install JDK {jdkversion}.

Spring Cloud uses Maven for most build-related activities, and you should be able to get off the ground quite quickly by cloning the project you are interested in and typing

$ ./mvnw install

NOTE: You can also install Maven (>=3.3.3) yourself and run the

command in place of
in the examples below. If you do that you also might need to add
-P spring
if your local Maven settings do not contain repository declarations for spring pre-release artifacts.

NOTE: Be aware that you might need to increase the amount of memory available to Maven by setting a

environment variable with a value like
-Xmx512m -XX:MaxPermSize=128m
. We try to cover this in the
configuration, so if you find you have to do it to make a build succeed, please raise a ticket to get the settings added to source control.

For hints on how to build the project look in

if there is one. There should be a "script" and maybe "install" command. Also look at the "services" section to see if any services need to be running locally (e.g. mongo or rabbit). Ignore the git-related bits that you might find in "before_install" since they're related to setting git credentials and you already have those.

The projects that require middleware generally include a

, so consider using https://docs.docker.com/compose/[Docker Compose] to run the middeware servers in Docker containers. See the README in the https://github.com/spring-cloud-samples/scripts[scripts demo repository] for specific instructions about the common cases of mongo, rabbit and redis.

NOTE: If all else fails, build with the command from

./mvnw install

=== Documentation

The spring-cloud-build module has a "docs" profile, and if you switch that on it will try to build asciidoc sources from

. As part of that process it will look for a
and process it by loading all the includes, but not parsing or rendering it, just copying it to
(defaults to
, i.e. the root of the project). If there are any changes in the README it will then show up after a Maven build as a modified file in the correct place. Just commit it and push the change.

=== Working with the code If you don't have an IDE preference we would recommend that you use https://www.springsource.com/developer/sts[Spring Tools Suite] or https://eclipse.org[Eclipse] when working with the code. We use the https://eclipse.org/m2e/[m2eclipse] eclipse plugin for maven support. Other IDEs and tools should also work without issue as long as they use Maven 3.3.3 or better.

==== Activate the Spring Maven profile Spring Cloud projects require the 'spring' Maven profile to be activated to resolve the spring milestone and snapshot repositories. Use your preferred IDE to set this profile to be active, or you may experience build errors.

==== Importing into eclipse with m2eclipse We recommend the https://eclipse.org/m2e/[m2eclipse] eclipse plugin when working with eclipse. If you don't already have m2eclipse installed it is available from the "eclipse marketplace".

NOTE: Older versions of m2e do not support Maven 3.3, so once the projects are imported into Eclipse you will also need to tell m2eclipse to use the right profile for the projects. If you see many different errors related to the POMs in the projects, check that you have an up to date installation. If you can't upgrade m2e, add the "spring" profile to your

. Alternatively you can copy the repository settings from the "spring" profile of the parent pom into your

==== Importing into eclipse without m2eclipse If you prefer not to use m2eclipse you can generate eclipse project metadata using the following command:


$ ./mvnw eclipse:eclipse

The generated eclipse projects can be imported by selecting

import existing projects
from the

== Contributing

:spring-cloud-build-branch: master

Spring Cloud is released under the non-restrictive Apache 2.0 license, and follows a very standard Github development process, using Github tracker for issues and merging pull requests into master. If you want to contribute even something trivial please do not hesitate, but follow the guidelines below.

=== Sign the Contributor License Agreement Before we accept a non-trivial patch or pull request we will need you to sign the https://cla.pivotal.io/sign/spring[Contributor License Agreement]. Signing the contributor's agreement does not grant anyone commit rights to the main repository, but it does mean that we can accept your contributions, and you will get an author credit if we do. Active contributors might be asked to join the core team, and given the ability to merge pull requests.

=== Code of Conduct This project adheres to the Contributor Covenant https://github.com/spring-cloud/spring-cloud-build/blob/master/docs/src/main/asciidoc/code-of-conduct.adoc[code of conduct]. By participating, you are expected to uphold this code. Please report unacceptable behavior to [email protected]

=== Code Conventions and Housekeeping None of these is essential for a pull request, but they will all help. They can also be added after the original pull request but before a merge.

  • Use the Spring Framework code format conventions. If you use Eclipse you can import formatter settings using the
    file from the https://raw.githubusercontent.com/spring-cloud/spring-cloud-build/master/spring-cloud-dependencies-parent/eclipse-code-formatter.xml[Spring Cloud Build] project. If using IntelliJ, you can use the https://plugins.jetbrains.com/plugin/6546[Eclipse Code Formatter Plugin] to import the same file.
  • Make sure all new
    files to have a simple Javadoc class comment with at least an
    tag identifying you, and preferably at least a paragraph on what the class is for.
  • Add the ASF license header comment to all new
    files (copy from existing files in the project)
  • Add yourself as an
    to the .java files that you modify substantially (more than cosmetic changes).
  • Add some Javadocs and, if you change the namespace, some XSD doc elements.
  • A few unit tests would help a lot as well -- someone has to do it.
  • If no-one else is using your branch, please rebase it against the current master (or other target branch in the main project).
  • When writing a commit message please follow https://tbaggery.com/2008/04/19/a-note-about-git-commit-messages.html[these conventions], if you are fixing an existing issue please add
    Fixes gh-XXXX
    at the end of the commit message (where XXXX is the issue number).

=== Checkstyle

Spring Cloud Build comes with a set of checkstyle rules. You can find them in the

module. The most notable files under the module are:


└── src    ├── checkstyle    │   └── checkstyle-suppressions.xml <3>    └── main    └── resources    ├── checkstyle-header.txt <2>

   └── checkstyle.xml <1>

<1> Default Checkstyle rules <2> File header setup <3> Default suppression rules

==== Checkstyle configuration

Checkstyle rules are disabled by default. To add checkstyle to your project just define the following properties and plugins.


true <1> true <2> true <3>

<4> io.spring.javaformat spring-javaformat-maven-plugin <5> org.apache.maven.plugins maven-checkstyle-plugin


<1> Fails the build upon Checkstyle errors <2> Fails the build upon Checkstyle violations <3> Checkstyle analyzes also the test sources <4> Add the Spring Java Format plugin that will reformat your code to pass most of the Checkstyle formatting rules <5> Add checkstyle plugin to your build and reporting phases

If you need to suppress some rules (e.g. line length needs to be longer), then it's enough for you to define a file under

with your suppressions. Example:


<?xml version="1.0"?> <!DOCTYPE suppressions PUBLIC "-//Puppy Crawl//DTD Suppressions 1.1//EN" "https://www.puppycrawl.com/dtds/suppressions11.dtd">

It's advisable to copy the

to your project. That way, some default formatting rules will be applied. You can do so by running this script:
$ curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/spring-cloud/spring-cloud-build/master/.editorconfig -o .editorconfig
$ touch .springformat

=== IDE setup

==== Intellij IDEA

In order to setup Intellij you should import our coding conventions, inspection profiles and set up the checkstyle plugin. The following files can be found in the https://github.com/spring-cloud/spring-cloud-build/tree/master/spring-cloud-build-tools[Spring Cloud Build] project.


└── src    ├── checkstyle    │   └── checkstyle-suppressions.xml <3>    └── main    └── resources    ├── checkstyle-header.txt <2>    ├── checkstyle.xml <1>    └── intellij       ├── IntellijProjectDefaults.xml <4>

      └── IntellijSpringBootJavaConventions.xml <5>

<1> Default Checkstyle rules <2> File header setup <3> Default suppression rules <4> Project defaults for Intellij that apply most of Checkstyle rules <5> Project style conventions for Intellij that apply most of Checkstyle rules

.Code style

image::https://raw.githubusercontent.com/spring-cloud/spring-cloud-build/{spring-cloud-build-branch}/docs/src/main/asciidoc/images/intellij-code-style.png[Code style]

Go to

Code style
. There click on the icon next to the
section. There, click on the
Import Scheme
value and pick the
Intellij IDEA code style XML
option. Import the

.Inspection profiles

image::https://raw.githubusercontent.com/spring-cloud/spring-cloud-build/{spring-cloud-build-branch}/docs/src/main/asciidoc/images/intellij-inspections.png[Code style]

Go to

. There click on the icon next to the
section. There, click on the
Import Profile
and import the


To have Intellij work with Checkstyle, you have to install the

plugin. It's advisable to also install the
to automatically convert the JUnit assertions


Go to

Other settings
. There click on the
icon in the
Configuration file
section. There, you'll have to define where the checkstyle rules should be picked from. In the image above, we've picked the rules from the cloned Spring Cloud Build repository. However, you can point to the Spring Cloud Build's GitHub repository (e.g. for the
). We need to provide the following variables:
  • checkstyle.header.file
    - please point it to the Spring Cloud Build's,
    file either in your cloned repo or via the
  • checkstyle.suppressions.file
    - default suppressions. Please point it to the Spring Cloud Build's,
    file either in your cloned repo or via the
  • checkstyle.additional.suppressions.file
    - this variable corresponds to suppressions in your local project. E.g. you're working on
    . Then point to the
    folder. Example for
    would be:

IMPORTANT: Remember to set the

Scan Scope
All sources
since we apply checkstyle rules for production and test sources.

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