Splunk Software Development Kit for Python
The Splunk Enterprise Software Development Kit (SDK) for Python contains library code and examples designed to enable developers to build applications using the Splunk platform.
The Splunk platform is a search engine and analytic environment that uses a distributed map-reduce architecture to efficiently index, search, and process large time-varying data sets.
The Splunk platform is popular with system administrators for aggregation and monitoring of IT machine data, security, compliance, and a wide variety of other scenarios that share a requirement to efficiently index, search, analyze, and generate real-time notifications from large volumes of time-series data.
The Splunk developer platform enables developers to take advantage of the same technology used by the Splunk platform to build exciting new applications.
For more information, see Splunk Enterprise SDK for Python on the Splunk Developer Portal.
The Splunk Enterprise SDK for Python contains library code and examples that show how to programmatically interact with the Splunk platform for a variety of scenarios including searching, saved searches, data inputs, and many more, along with building complete applications.
Here's what you need to get going with the Splunk Enterprise SDK for Python.
The Splunk Enterprise SDK for Python has been tested with Python v2.7 and v3.7.
Use the following commands to install the Splunk Enterprise SDK for Python libraries in different ways. However, it's not necessary to install the libraries to run the examples and unit tests from the SDK.
[sudo] easy_install splunk-sdk
[sudo] pip install splunk-sdk
Install the Python egg:
[sudo] pip install --egg splunk-sdk
Install the sources you cloned from GitHub:
[sudo] python setup.py install
To run the examples and unit tests, you must put the root of the SDK on your PYTHONPATH. For example, if you downloaded the SDK to your home folder and are running OS X or Linux, add the following line to your .bash_profile file:
The SDK command-line examples require a common set of arguments that specify the host, port, and login credentials for Splunk Enterprise. For a full list of command-line arguments, include
--helpas an argument to any of the examples.
To connect to Splunk Enterprise, many of the SDK examples and unit tests take command-line arguments that specify values for the host, port, and login credentials for Splunk Enterprise. For convenience during development, you can store these arguments as key-value pairs in a text file named .splunkrc. Then, the SDK examples and unit tests use the values from the .splunkrc file when you don't specify them.
Note: Storing login credentials in the .splunkrc file is only for convenience during development. This file isn't part of the Splunk platform and shouldn't be used for storing user credentials for production. And, if you're at all concerned about the security of your credentials, enter them at the command line rather than saving them in this file.
To use this convenience file, create a text file with the following format:
# Splunk Enterprise host (default: localhost) host=localhost # Splunk Enterprise admin port (default: 8089) port=8089 # Splunk Enterprise username username=admin # Splunk Enterprise password password=changeme # Access scheme (default: https) scheme=https # Your version of Splunk Enterprise version=8.0
Save the file as .splunkrc in the current user's home directory.
For example on OS X, save the file as:
On Windows, save the file as:
You might get errors in Windows when you try to name the file because ".splunkrc" appears to be a nameless file with an extension. You can use the command line to create this file by going to the C:\Users\<currentusername> directory and entering the following command:
Click Yes, then continue creating the file.
Examples are located in the /splunk-sdk-python/examples directory. To run the examples at the command line, use the Python interpreter and include any arguments that are required by the example:
python examplename.py --username="admin" --password="changeme"
If you saved your login credentials in the .splunkrc file, you can omit those arguments:
To get help for an example, use the
--helpargument with an example:
python examplename.py --help
The Splunk Enterprise SDK for Python contains a collection of unit tests. To run them, open a command prompt in the /splunk-sdk-python directory and enter:
You can also run individual test files, which are located in /splunk-sdk-python/tests. To run a specific test, enter:
The test suite uses Python's standard library, the built-in
Notes: * The test run fails unless the SDK App Collection app is installed. * To exclude app-specific tests, use themake test_no_appcommand. * To learn about our testing framework, see Splunk Test Suite on GitHub. In addition, the test run requires you to build the searchcommands app. Themakecommand runs the tasks to do this, but more complex testing may require you to rebuild using themake build_appcommand.
| Directory | Description | |:--------- |:---------------------------------------------------------- | |/docs | Source for Sphinx-based docs and build | |/examples | Examples demonstrating various SDK features | |/splunklib | Source for the Splunk library modules | |/tests | Source for unit tests | |/utils | Source for utilities shared by the examples and unit tests |
The master branch represents a stable and released version of the SDK. To learn about our branching model, see Branching Model on GitHub.
| Resource | Description | |:----------------------- |:----------- | | Splunk Developer Portal | General developer documentation, tools, and examples | | Integrate the Splunk platform using development tools for Python| Documentation for Python development | | Splunk Enterprise SDK for Python Reference | SDK API reference documentation | | REST API Reference Manual | Splunk REST API reference documentation | | Splunk>Docs | General documentation for the Splunk platform | | GitHub Wiki | Documentation for this SDK's repository on GitHub |
Stay connected with other developers building on the Splunk platform.
If you are not covered under an existing maintenance/support agreement, you can find help through the broader community at Splunk Answers.
We would also like to know why you modified the core library, so please send feedback to [email protected].
You can reach the Splunk Developer Platform team at [email protected].
The Splunk Enterprise Software Development Kit for Python is licensed under the Apache License 2.0. See LICENSE for details.