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sindresorhus
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Description

🌐 Human-friendly and powerful HTTP request library for Node.js

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Got


Huge thanks to for sponsoring Sindre Sorhus!

(they love Got too!)



Human-friendly and powerful HTTP request library for Node.js

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Moving from Request? (Note that Request is unmaintained)

See how Got compares to other HTTP libraries

For browser usage, we recommend Ky by the same people.

Highlights

Install

$ npm install got

Usage

Promise
const got = require('got');

(async () => { try { const response = await got('https://sindresorhus.com'); console.log(response.body); //=> ' ...' } catch (error) { console.log(error.response.body); //=> 'Internal server error ...' } })();

JSON
const got = require('got');

(async () => { const {body} = await got.post('https://httpbin.org/anything', { json: { hello: 'world' }, responseType: 'json' });

console.log(body.data);
//=> {hello: 'world'}

})();

See JSON mode for more details.

Streams
const stream = require('stream');
const {promisify} = require('util');
const fs = require('fs');
const got = require('got');

const pipeline = promisify(stream.pipeline);

(async () => { await pipeline( got.stream('https://sindresorhus.com'), fs.createWriteStream('index.html') );

// For POST, PUT, PATCH, and DELETE methods, `got.stream` returns a `stream.Writable`.
await pipeline(
    fs.createReadStream('index.html'),
    got.stream.post('https://sindresorhus.com')
);

})();

Tip:

from.pipe(to)
doesn't forward errors. Instead, use
stream.pipeline(from, ..., to, callback)
.

Note: While

got.post('https://example.com')
resolves,
got.stream.post('https://example.com')
will hang indefinitely until a body is provided. If there's no body on purpose, remember to
.end()
the stream or set the
body
option to an empty string.

API

It's a

GET
request by default, but can be changed by using different methods or via
options.method
.

By default, Got will retry on failure. To disable this option, set

options.retry
to
0
.

got(url?, options?)

Returns a Promise giving a Response object or a Got Stream if

options.isStream
is set to true.
url

Type:

string | object

The URL to request, as a string, a

https.request
options object, or a WHATWG
URL
.

Properties from

options
will override properties in the parsed
url
.

If no protocol is specified, it will throw a

TypeError
.

Note: The query string is not parsed as search params. Example:

got('https://example.com/?query=a b'); //=> https://example.com/?query=a%20b
got('https://example.com/', {searchParams: {query: 'a b'}}); //=> https://example.com/?query=a+b

// The query string is overridden by searchParams got('https://example.com/?query=a b', {searchParams: {query: 'a b'}}); //=> https://example.com/?query=a+b

options

Type:

object

Any of the

https.request
options.

Note: Legacy URL support is disabled.

options.path
is supported only for backwards compatibility. Use
options.pathname
and
options.searchParams
instead.
options.auth
has been replaced with
options.username
&
options.password
.
method

Type:

string
\ Default:
GET

The HTTP method used to make the request.

prefixUrl

Type:

string | URL

When specified,

prefixUrl
will be prepended to
url
. The prefix can be any valid URL, either relative or absolute.\ A trailing slash
/
is optional - one will be added automatically.

Note:

prefixUrl
will be ignored if the
url
argument is a URL instance.

Note: Leading slashes in

input
are disallowed when using this option to enforce consistency and avoid confusion. For example, when the prefix URL is
https://example.com/foo
and the input is
/bar
, there's ambiguity whether the resulting URL would become
https://example.com/foo/bar
or
https://example.com/bar
. The latter is used by browsers.

Tip: Useful when used with

got.extend()
to create niche-specific Got instances.

Tip: You can change

prefixUrl
using hooks as long as the URL still includes the
prefixUrl
. If the URL doesn't include it anymore, it will throw.
const got = require('got');

(async () => { await got('unicorn', {prefixUrl: 'https://cats.com'}); //=> 'https://cats.com/unicorn'

const instance = got.extend({
    prefixUrl: 'https://google.com'
});

await instance('unicorn', {
    hooks: {
        beforeRequest: [
            options => {
                options.prefixUrl = 'https://cats.com';
            }
        ]
    }
});
//=> 'https://cats.com/unicorn'

})();

headers

Type:

object
\ Default:
{}

Request headers.

Existing headers will be overwritten. Headers set to

undefined
will be omitted.
isStream

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
false

Returns a

Stream
instead of a
Promise
. This is equivalent to calling
got.stream(url, options?)
.
body

Type:

string | Buffer | stream.Readable
or
form-data
instance

Note #1: The

body
option cannot be used with the
json
or
form
option.

Note #2: If you provide this option,

got.stream()
will be read-only.

Note #3: If you provide a payload with the

GET
or
HEAD
method, it will throw a
TypeError
unless the method is
GET
and the
allowGetBody
option is set to
true
.

Note #4: This option is not enumerable and will not be merged with the instance defaults.

The

content-length
header will be automatically set if
body
is a
string
/
Buffer
/
form-data
instance
, and
content-length
and
transfer-encoding
are not manually set in
options.headers
.

Since Got 12, the

content-length
is not automatically set when
body
is a
fs.createReadStream
.
json

Type:

object | Array | number | string | boolean | null
(JSON-serializable values)

Note #1: If you provide this option,

got.stream()
will be read-only.\ Note #2: This option is not enumerable and will not be merged with the instance defaults.

JSON body. If the

Content-Type
header is not set, it will be set to
application/json
.
context

Type:

object

User data.

context
is shallow merged and enumerable. If it contains non-enumerable properties they will NOT be merged.

It's very useful for storing auth tokens:

const got = require('got');

const instance = got.extend({ hooks: { beforeRequest: [ options => { if (!options.context || !options.context.token) { throw new Error('Token required'); }

            options.headers.token = options.context.token;
        }
    ]
}

});

(async () => { const context = { token: 'secret' };

const response = await instance('https://httpbin.org/headers', {context});

// Let's see the headers
console.log(response.body);

})();

responseType

Type:

string
\ Default:
'text'

Note: When using streams, this option is ignored.

The parsing method. Can be

'text'
,
'json'
or
'buffer'
.

The promise also has

.text()
,
.json()
and
.buffer()
methods which return another Got promise for the parsed body.\ It's like setting the options to
{responseType: 'json', resolveBodyOnly: true}
but without affecting the main Got promise.

Example:

(async () => {
    const responsePromise = got(url);
    const bufferPromise = responsePromise.buffer();
    const jsonPromise = responsePromise.json();

const [response, buffer, json] = await Promise.all([responsePromise, bufferPromise, jsonPromise]);
// `response` is an instance of Got Response
// `buffer` is an instance of Buffer
// `json` is an object

})();

// This
const body = await got(url).json();

// is semantically the same as this const body = await got(url, {responseType: 'json', resolveBodyOnly: true});

Note:

buffer
will return the raw body buffer. Modifying it will also alter the result of
promise.text()
and
promise.json()
. Before overwritting the buffer, please copy it first via
Buffer.from(buffer)
. See https://github.com/nodejs/node/issues/27080
parseJson

Type:

(text: string) => unknown
\ Default:
(text: string) => JSON.parse(text)

A function used to parse JSON responses.

Example

Using bourne to prevent prototype pollution:

const got = require('got');
const Bourne = require('@hapi/bourne');

(async () => {
    const parsed = await got('https://example.com', {
        parseJson: text => Bourne.parse(text)
    }).json();

    console.log(parsed);
})();
stringifyJson

Type:

(object: unknown) => string
\ Default:
(object: unknown) => JSON.stringify(object)

A function used to stringify the body of JSON requests.

Examples

Ignore properties starting with _:

const got = require('got');

(async () => {
    await got.post('https://example.com', {
        stringifyJson: object => JSON.stringify(object, (key, value) => {
            if (key.startsWith('_')) {
                return;
            }

            return value;
        }),
        json: {
            some: 'payload',
            _ignoreMe: 1234
        }
    });
})();

All numbers as strings:

const got = require('got');

(async () => {
    await got.post('https://example.com', {
        stringifyJson: object => JSON.stringify(object, (key, value) => {
            if (typeof value === 'number') {
                return value.toString();
            }

            return value;
        }),
        json: {
            some: 'payload',
            number: 1
        }
    });
})();
resolveBodyOnly

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
false

When set to

true
the promise will return the Response body instead of the Response object.
cookieJar

Type:

object
|
tough.CookieJar
instance

Note: If you provide this option,

options.headers.cookie
will be overridden.

Cookie support. You don't have to care about parsing or how to store them. Example.

cookieJar.setCookie

Type:

Function

The function takes two arguments:

rawCookie
(
string
) and
url
(
string
).
cookieJar.getCookieString

Type:

Function

The function takes one argument:

url
(
string
).
ignoreInvalidCookies

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
false

Ignore invalid cookies instead of throwing an error. Only useful when the

cookieJar
option has been set. Not recommended.
encoding

Type:

string
\ Default:
'utf8'

Encoding to be used on

setEncoding
of the response data.

To get a

Buffer
, you need to set
responseType
to

buffer
instead. Don't set this option to
null
.

Note: This doesn't affect streams! Instead, you need to do

got.stream(...).setEncoding(encoding)
.
form

Type:

object

Note #1: If you provide this option,

got.stream()
will be read-only.\ Note #2: This option is not enumerable and will not be merged with the instance defaults.

The form body is converted to a query string using

(new URLSearchParams(object)).toString()
.

If the

Content-Type
header is not present, it will be set to
application/x-www-form-urlencoded
.
searchParams

Type:

string | object | URLSearchParams

Query string that will be added to the request URL. This will override the query string in

url
.

If you need to pass in an array, you can do it using a

URLSearchParams
instance:
const got = require('got');

const searchParams = new URLSearchParams([['key', 'a'], ['key', 'b']]);

got('https://example.com', {searchParams});

console.log(searchParams.toString()); //=> 'key=a&key=b'

There are some exceptions in regards to

URLSearchParams
behavior:

Note #1:

null
values are not stringified, an empty string is used instead.

Note #2:

undefined
values are not stringified, the entry is skipped instead.
timeout

Type:

number | object

Milliseconds to wait for the server to end the response before aborting the request with

got.TimeoutError
error (a.k.a.

request
property). By default, there's no timeout.

This also accepts an

object
with the following fields to constrain the duration of each phase of the request lifecycle:
  • lookup
    starts when a socket is assigned and ends when the hostname has been resolved. Does not apply when using a Unix domain socket.
  • connect
    starts when
    lookup
    completes (or when the socket is assigned if lookup does not apply to the request) and ends when the socket is connected.
  • secureConnect
    starts when
    connect
    completes and ends when the handshaking process completes (HTTPS only).
  • socket
    starts when the socket is connected. See request.setTimeout.
  • response
    starts when the request has been written to the socket and ends when the response headers are received.
  • send
    starts when the socket is connected and ends with the request has been written to the socket.
  • request
    starts when the request is initiated and ends when the response's end event fires.
retry

Type:

number | object
\ Default: - limit:
2
- calculateDelay:
({attemptCount, retryOptions, error, computedValue}) => computedValue | Promise
- methods:
GET
PUT
HEAD
DELETE
OPTIONS
TRACE
- statusCodes:
408
413
429
500
502
503
504
521
522
524
- maxRetryAfter:
undefined
- errorCodes:
ETIMEDOUT
ECONNRESET
EADDRINUSE
ECONNREFUSED
EPIPE
ENOTFOUND
ENETUNREACH
EAI_AGAIN

An object representing

limit
,
calculateDelay
,
methods
,
statusCodes
,
maxRetryAfter
and
errorCodes
fields for maximum retry count, retry handler, allowed methods, allowed status codes, maximum
Retry-After
time and allowed error codes.

If

maxRetryAfter
is set to
undefined
, it will use
options.timeout
.\ If
Retry-After
header is greater than
maxRetryAfter
, it will cancel the request.

Delays between retries counts with function

1000 * Math.pow(2, retry - 1) + Math.random() * 100
, where
retry
is attempt number (starts from 1).

The

calculateDelay
property is a
function
that receives an object with
attemptCount
,
retryOptions
,
error
and
computedValue
properties for current retry count, the retry options, error and default computed value. The function must return a delay in milliseconds (or a Promise resolving with it) (
0
return value cancels retry).

Note: The

calculateDelay
function is responsible for the entire retry mechanism, including the
limit
property. To support the
limit
property, you need to check whether
computedValue
is different than
0
.

By default, it retries only on the specified methods, status codes, and on these network errors: -

ETIMEDOUT
: One of the timeout limits were reached. -
ECONNRESET
: Connection was forcibly closed by a peer. -
EADDRINUSE
: Could not bind to any free port. -
ECONNREFUSED
: Connection was refused by the server. -
EPIPE
: The remote side of the stream being written has been closed. -
ENOTFOUND
: Couldn't resolve the hostname to an IP address. -
ENETUNREACH
: No internet connection. -
EAI_AGAIN
: DNS lookup timed out.

You can retry Got streams too. The implementation looks like this:

const got = require('got');
const fs = require('fs');

let writeStream;

const fn = (retryCount = 0) => { const stream = got.stream('https://example.com'); stream.retryCount = retryCount;

if (writeStream) {
    writeStream.destroy();
}

writeStream = fs.createWriteStream('example.com');

stream.pipe(writeStream);

// If you don't attach the listener, it will NOT make a retry.
// It automatically checks the listener count so it knows whether to retry or not :)
stream.once('retry', fn);

};

fn();

followRedirect

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
true

Defines if redirect responses should be followed automatically.

Note that if a

303
is sent by the server in response to any request type (
POST
,
DELETE
, etc.), Got will automatically request the resource pointed to in the location header via
GET
. This is in accordance with the spec.
methodRewriting

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
true

By default, redirects will use method rewriting. For example, when sending a POST request and receiving a

302
, it will resend the body to the new location using the same HTTP method (
POST
in this case).
allowGetBody

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
false

Note: The RFC 7321 doesn't specify any particular behavior for the GET method having a payload, therefore it's considered an anti-pattern.

Set this to

true
to allow sending body for the
GET
method. However, the HTTP/2 specification says that
An HTTP GET request includes request header fields and no payload body
, therefore when using the HTTP/2 protocol this option will have no effect. This option is only meant to interact with non-compliant servers when you have no other choice.
maxRedirects

Type:

number
\ Default:
10

If exceeded, the request will be aborted and a

MaxRedirectsError
will be thrown.
decompress

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
true

Decompress the response automatically. This will set the

accept-encoding
header to
gzip, deflate, br
on Node.js 11.7.0+ or
gzip, deflate
for older Node.js versions, unless you set it yourself.

Brotli (

br
) support requires Node.js 11.7.0 or later.

If this is disabled, a compressed response is returned as a

Buffer
. This may be useful if you want to handle decompression yourself or stream the raw compressed data.
cache

Type:

object | false
\ Default:
false

Cache adapter instance for storing cached response data.

cacheOptions

Type:

object | undefined
\ Default:
{}

Cache options used for the specified request.

dnsCache

Type:

CacheableLookup | false
\ Default:
false

An instance of

CacheableLookup
used for making DNS lookups. Useful when making lots of requests to different public hostnames.

Note: This should stay disabled when making requests to internal hostnames such as

localhost
,
database.local
etc.\
CacheableLookup
uses
dns.resolver4(..)
and
dns.resolver6(...)
under the hood and fall backs to
dns.lookup(...)
when the first two fail, which may lead to additional delay.
dnsLookupIpVersion

Type:

'auto' | 'ipv4' | 'ipv6'
\ Default:
'auto'

Indicates which DNS record family to use.\ Values: -

auto
: IPv4 (if present) or IPv6 -
ipv4
: Only IPv4 -
ipv6
: Only IPv6

Note: If you are using the undocumented option

family
,
dnsLookupIpVersion
will override it.
// `api6.ipify.org` will be resolved as IPv4 and the request will be over IPv4 (the website will respond with your public IPv4)
await got('https://api6.ipify.org', {
    dnsLookupIpVersion: 'ipv4'
});

// api6.ipify.org will be resolved as IPv6 and the request will be over IPv6 (the website will respond with your public IPv6) await got('https://api6.ipify.org', { dnsLookupIpVersion: 'ipv6' });

lookup

Type:

Function
\ Default:
dns.lookup

Custom DNS resolution logic.

The function signature is the same as

dns.lookup
.

request

Type:

Function
\ Default:
http.request | https.request
(Depending on the protocol)

Custom request function. The main purpose of this is to support HTTP2 using a wrapper.

http2

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
false

If set to

true
, Got will additionally accept HTTP2 requests.\ It will choose either HTTP/1.1 or HTTP/2 depending on the ALPN protocol.

Note: Overriding

options.request
will disable HTTP2 support.

Note: This option will default to

true
in the next upcoming major release.
const got = require('got');

(async () => { const {headers} = await got('https://nghttp2.org/httpbin/anything', {http2: true}); console.log(headers.via); //=> '2 nghttpx' })();

throwHttpErrors

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
true

Determines if a

got.HTTPError
is thrown for unsuccessful responses.

If this is disabled, requests that encounter an error status code will be resolved with the

response
instead of throwing. This may be useful if you are checking for resource availability and are expecting error responses.
agent

Type:

object

An object representing

http
,
https
and
http2
keys for
http.Agent
,
https.Agent
and
http2wrapper.Agent
instance. This is necessary because a request to one protocol might redirect to another. In such a scenario, Got will switch over to the right protocol agent for you.

If a key is not present, it will default to a global agent.

const got = require('got');
const HttpAgent = require('agentkeepalive');
const {HttpsAgent} = HttpAgent;

got('https://sindresorhus.com', { agent: { http: new HttpAgent(), https: new HttpsAgent() } });

hooks

Type:

object

Hooks allow modifications during the request lifecycle. Hook functions may be async and are run serially.

hooks.init

Type:

Function[]
\ Default:
[]

Called with plain request options, right before their normalization. This is especially useful in conjunction with

got.extend()
when the input needs custom handling.

See the Request migration guide for an example.

Note #1: This hook must be synchronous!\ Note #2: Errors in this hook will be converted into an instances of

RequestError
.\ Note #3: The options object may not have a

url
property. To modify it, use a
beforeRequest
hook instead.
hooks.beforeRequest

Type:

Function[]
\ Default:
[]

Called with normalized request options. Got will make no further changes to the request before it is sent. This is especially useful in conjunction with

got.extend()
when you want to create an API client that, for example, uses HMAC-signing.

Note: Changing

options.json
or
options.form
has no effect on the request, you should change
options.body
instead. If needed, update the
options.headers
accordingly. Example:
const got = require('got');

got.post({ json: {payload: 'old'}, hooks: { beforeRequest: [ options => { options.body = JSON.stringify({payload: 'new'}); options.headers['content-length'] = options.body.length.toString(); } ] } });

Tip: You can override the

request
function by returning a
ClientRequest
-like
instance or a
IncomingMessage
-like
instance. This is very useful when creating a custom cache mechanism.
hooks.beforeRedirect

Type:

Function[]
\ Default:
[]

Called with normalized request options and the redirect response. Got will make no further changes to the request. This is especially useful when you want to avoid dead sites. Example:

const got = require('got');

got('https://example.com', { hooks: { beforeRedirect: [ (options, response) => { if (options.hostname === 'deadSite') { options.hostname = 'fallbackSite'; } } ] } });

hooks.beforeRetry

Type:

Function[]
\ Default:
[]

Note: When using streams, this hook is ignored.

Called with normalized request options, the error and the retry count. Got will make no further changes to the request. This is especially useful when some extra work is required before the next try. Example:

const got = require('got');

got.post('https://example.com', { hooks: { beforeRetry: [ (options, error, retryCount) => { if (error.response.statusCode === 413) { // Payload too large options.body = getNewBody(); } } ] } });

Note: When retrying in a

afterResponse
hook, all remaining
beforeRetry
hooks will be called without the
error
and
retryCount
arguments.
hooks.afterResponse

Type:

Function[]
\ Default:
[]

Note: When using streams, this hook is ignored.

Called with response object and a retry function. Calling the retry function will trigger

beforeRetry
hooks.

Each function should return the response. This is especially useful when you want to refresh an access token. Example:

const got = require('got');

const instance = got.extend({ hooks: { afterResponse: [ (response, retryWithMergedOptions) => { if (response.statusCode === 401) { // Unauthorized const updatedOptions = { headers: { token: getNewToken() // Refresh the access token } };

                // Save for further requests
                instance.defaults.options = got.mergeOptions(instance.defaults.options, updatedOptions);

                // Make a new retry
                return retryWithMergedOptions(updatedOptions);
            }

            // No changes otherwise
            return response;
        }
    ],
    beforeRetry: [
        (options, error, retryCount) => {
            // This will be called on `retryWithMergedOptions(...)`
        }
    ]
},
mutableDefaults: true

});

hooks.beforeError

Type:

Function[]
\ Default:
[]

Called with an

Error
instance. The error is passed to the hook right before it's thrown. This is especially useful when you want to have more detailed errors.

Note: Errors thrown while normalizing input options are thrown directly and not part of this hook.

const got = require('got');

got('https://api.github.com/some-endpoint', { hooks: { beforeError: [ error => { const {response} = error; if (response && response.body) { error.name = 'GitHubError'; error.message = ${response.body.message} (${response.statusCode}); }

            return error;
        }
    ]
}

});

pagination

Type:

object

Note: We're looking for feedback, any ideas on how to improve the API are welcome.

pagination.transform

Type:

Function
\ Default:
response => JSON.parse(response.body)

A function that transform

Response
into an array of items. This is where you should do the parsing.

pagination.paginate

Type:

Function
\ Default:
Link
header logic

The function takes three arguments: -

response
- The current response object. -
allItems
- An array of the emitted items. -
currentItems
- Items from the current response.

It should return an object representing Got options pointing to the next page. The options are merged automatically with the previous request, therefore the options returned

pagination.paginate(...)
must reflect changes only. If there are no more pages,
false
should be returned.

For example, if you want to stop when the response contains less items than expected, you can use something like this:

const got = require('got');

(async () => { const limit = 10;

const items = got.paginate('https://example.com/items', {
    searchParams: {
        limit,
        offset: 0
    },
    pagination: {
        paginate: (response, allItems, currentItems) => {
            const previousSearchParams = response.request.options.searchParams;
            const previousOffset = previousSearchParams.get('offset');

            if (currentItems.length < limit) {
                return false;
            }

            return {
                searchParams: {
                    ...previousSearchParams,
                    offset: Number(previousOffset) + limit,
                }
            };
        }
    }
});

console.log('Items from all pages:', items);

})();

pagination.filter

Type:

Function
\ Default:
(item, allItems, currentItems) => true

Checks whether the item should be emitted or not.

pagination.shouldContinue

Type:

Function
\ Default:
(item, allItems, currentItems) => true

Checks whether the pagination should continue.

For example, if you need to stop before emitting an entry with some flag, you should use

(item, allItems, currentItems) => !item.flag
. If you want to stop after emitting the entry, you should use
(item, allItems, currentItems) => allItems.some(entry => entry.flag)
instead.
pagination.countLimit

Type:

number
\ Default:
Infinity

The maximum amount of items that should be emitted.

pagination.backoff

Type:

number
\ Default:
0

Milliseconds to wait before the next request is triggered.

pagination.requestLimit

Type:

number
\ Default:
10000

The maximum amount of request that should be triggered. Retries on failure are not counted towards this limit.

For example, it can be helpful during development to avoid an infinite number of requests.

pagination.stackAllItems

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
true

Defines how the parameter

allItems
in pagination.paginate, pagination.filter and pagination.shouldContinue is managed. When set to
false
, the parameter
allItems
is always an empty array.

This option can be helpful to save on memory usage when working with a large dataset.

localAddress

Type:

string

The IP address used to send the request from.

Advanced HTTPS API

Note: If the request is not HTTPS, these options will be ignored.

https.certificateAuthority

Type:

string | Buffer | Array

Override the default Certificate Authorities (from Mozilla)

// Single Certificate Authority
got('https://example.com', {
    https: {
        certificateAuthority: fs.readFileSync('./my_ca.pem')
    }
});
https.key

Type:

string | Buffer | Array | object[]

Private keys in PEM format.\ PEM allows the option of private keys being encrypted. Encrypted keys will be decrypted with

options.https.passphrase
.\ Multiple keys with different passphrases can be provided as an array of
{pem: , passphrase: }
https.certificate

Type:

string | Buffer | (string | Buffer)[]

Certificate chains in PEM format.\ One cert chain should be provided per private key (

options.https.key
).\ When providing multiple cert chains, they do not have to be in the same order as their private keys in
options.https.key
.\ If the intermediate certificates are not provided, the peer will not be able to validate the certificate, and the handshake will fail.
https.passphrase

Type:

string

The passphrase to decrypt the

options.https.key
(if different keys have different passphrases refer to
options.https.key
documentation).
https.pfx

Type:

string | Buffer | Array

PFX or PKCS12 encoded private key and certificate chain. Using

options.https.pfx
is an alternative to providing
options.https.key
and
options.https.certificate
individually. A PFX is usually encrypted, and if it is,
options.https.passphrase
will be used to decrypt it.

Multiple PFX's can be be provided as an array of unencrypted buffers or an array of objects like:

{
    buffer: string | Buffer,
    passphrase?: string
}

This object form can only occur in an array. If the provided buffers are encrypted,

object.passphrase
can be used to decrypt them. If
object.passphrase
is not provided,
options.https.passphrase
will be used for decryption.
Examples for
https.key
,
https.certificate
,
https.passphrase
, and
https.pfx
// Single key with certificate
got('https://example.com', {
    https: {
        key: fs.readFileSync('./client_key.pem'),
        certificate: fs.readFileSync('./client_cert.pem')
    }
});

// Multiple keys with certificates (out of order) got('https://example.com', { https: { key: [ fs.readFileSync('./client_key1.pem'), fs.readFileSync('./client_key2.pem') ], certificate: [ fs.readFileSync('./client_cert2.pem'), fs.readFileSync('./client_cert1.pem') ] } });

// Single key with passphrase got('https://example.com', { https: { key: fs.readFileSync('./client_key.pem'), certificate: fs.readFileSync('./client_cert.pem'), passphrase: 'client_key_passphrase' } });

// Multiple keys with different passphrases got('https://example.com', { https: { key: [ {pem: fs.readFileSync('./client_key1.pem'), passphrase: 'passphrase1'}, {pem: fs.readFileSync('./client_key2.pem'), passphrase: 'passphrase2'}, ], certificate: [ fs.readFileSync('./client_cert1.pem'), fs.readFileSync('./client_cert2.pem') ] } });

// Single encrypted PFX with passphrase got('https://example.com', { https: { pfx: fs.readFileSync('./fake.pfx'), passphrase: 'passphrase' } });

// Multiple encrypted PFX's with different passphrases got('https://example.com', { https: { pfx: [ { buffer: fs.readFileSync('./key1.pfx'), passphrase: 'passphrase1' }, { buffer: fs.readFileSync('./key2.pfx'), passphrase: 'passphrase2' } ] } });

// Multiple encrypted PFX's with single passphrase got('https://example.com', { https: { passphrase: 'passphrase', pfx: [ { buffer: fs.readFileSync('./key1.pfx') }, { buffer: fs.readFileSync('./key2.pfx') } ] } });

https.rejectUnauthorized

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
true

If set to

false
, all invalid SSL certificates will be ignored and no error will be thrown.\ If set to
true
, it will throw an error whenever an invalid SSL certificate is detected.

We strongly recommend to have this set to

true
for security reasons.
const got = require('got');

(async () => { // Correct: await got('https://example.com', { https: { rejectUnauthorized: true } });

// You can disable it when developing an HTTPS app:
await got('https://localhost', {
    https: {
        rejectUnauthorized: false
    }
});

// Never do this:
await got('https://example.com', {
    https: {
        rejectUnauthorized: false
    }
});

https.checkServerIdentity

Type:

Function
\ Signature:
(hostname: string, certificate: DetailedPeerCertificate) => Error | undefined
\ Default:
tls.checkServerIdentity
(from the
tls
module)

This function enable a custom check of the certificate.\ Note: In order to have the function called the certificate must not be

expired
,
self-signed
or with an
untrusted-root
.\ The function parameters are: -
hostname
: The server hostname (used when connecting) -
certificate
: The server certificate

The function must return

undefined
if the check succeeded or an
Error
if it failed.
await got('https://example.com', {
    https: {
        checkServerIdentity: (hostname, certificate) => {
            if (hostname === 'example.com') {
                return; // Certificate OK
            }

        return new Error('Invalid Hostname'); // Certificate NOT OK
    }
}

});

Response

The response object will typically be a Node.js HTTP response stream, however, if returned from the cache it will be a response-like object which behaves in the same way.

request

Type:

object

Note: This is not a http.ClientRequest.

  • options
    - The Got options that were set on this request.
body

Type:

string | object | Buffer
(Depending on
options.responseType
)

The result of the request.

rawBody

Type:

Buffer

The raw result of the request.

url

Type:

string

The request URL or the final URL after redirects.

ip

Type:

string

The remote IP address.

Note: Not available when the response is cached. This is hopefully a temporary limitation, see lukechilds/cacheable-request#86.

requestUrl

Type:

string

The original request URL.

timings

Type:

object

The object contains the following properties:

  • start
    - Time when the request started.
  • socket
    - Time when a socket was assigned to the request.
  • lookup
    - Time when the DNS lookup finished.
  • connect
    - Time when the socket successfully connected.
  • secureConnect
    - Time when the socket securely connected.
  • upload
    - Time when the request finished uploading.
  • response
    - Time when the request fired
    response
    event.
  • end
    - Time when the response fired
    end
    event.
  • error
    - Time when the request fired
    error
    event.
  • abort
    - Time when the request fired
    abort
    event.
  • phases
    • wait
      -
      timings.socket - timings.start
    • dns
      -
      timings.lookup - timings.socket
    • tcp
      -
      timings.connect - timings.lookup
    • tls
      -
      timings.secureConnect - timings.connect
    • request
      -
      timings.upload - (timings.secureConnect || timings.connect)
    • firstByte
      -
      timings.response - timings.upload
    • download
      -
      timings.end - timings.response
    • total
      -
      (timings.end || timings.error || timings.abort) - timings.start

If something has not been measured yet, it will be

undefined
.

Note: The time is a

number
representing the milliseconds elapsed since the UNIX epoch.
isFromCache

Type:

boolean

Whether the response was retrieved from the cache.

redirectUrls

Type:

string[]

The redirect URLs.

retryCount

Type:

number

The number of times the request was retried.

Streams

Note: Progress events, redirect events and request/response events can also be used with promises.

Note: To access

response.isFromCache
you need to use
got.stream(url, options).isFromCache
. The value will be undefined until the
response
event.

got.stream(url, options?)

Sets

options.isStream
to
true
.

Returns a duplex stream with additional events:

.on('request', request)

request
event to get the request object of the request.

Tip: You can use

request
event to abort request:
got.stream('https://github.com')
    .on('request', request => setTimeout(() => request.destroy(), 50));
.on('response', response)

The

response
event to get the response object of the final request.
.on('redirect', response, nextOptions)

The

redirect
event to get the response object of a redirect. The second argument is options for the next request to the redirect location.
.on('uploadProgress', progress)
.uploadProgress
.on('downloadProgress', progress)
.downloadProgress

Progress events for uploading (sending a request) and downloading (receiving a response). The

progress
argument is an object like:
{
    percent: 0.1,
    transferred: 1024,
    total: 10240
}

If the

content-length
header is missing,
total
will be
undefined
.
(async () => {
    const response = await got('https://sindresorhus.com')
        .on('downloadProgress', progress => {
            // Report download progress
        })
        .on('uploadProgress', progress => {
            // Report upload progress
        });

console.log(response);

})();

.once('retry', retryCount, error)

To enable retrying on a Got stream, it is required to have a

retry
handler attached.\ When this event is emitted, you should reset the stream you were writing to and prepare the body again.

See the

retry
option for an example implementation.

.ip

Type:

string

The remote IP address.

.aborted

Type:

boolean

Indicates whether the request has been aborted or not.

.timings

The same as

response.timings
.
.isFromCache

The same as

response.isFromCache
.
.socket

The same as

response.socket
.
.on('error', error)

The emitted

error
is an instance of
RequestError
.

Pagination

got.paginate(url, options?)

got.paginate.each(url, options?)

Returns an async iterator:

(async () => {
    const countLimit = 10;

const pagination = got.paginate('https://api.github.com/repos/sindresorhus/got/commits', {
    pagination: {countLimit}
});

console.log(`Printing latest ${countLimit} Got commits (newest to oldest):`);

for await (const commitData of pagination) {
    console.log(commitData.commit.message);
}

})();

See

options.pagination
for more pagination options.

got.paginate.all(url, options?)

Returns a Promise for an array of all results:

(async () => {
    const countLimit = 10;

const results = await got.paginate.all('https://api.github.com/repos/sindresorhus/got/commits', {
    pagination: {countLimit}
});

console.log(`Printing latest ${countLimit} Got commits (newest to oldest):`);
console.log(results);

})();

See

options.pagination
for more pagination options.

got.get(url, options?)

got.post(url, options?)

got.put(url, options?)

got.patch(url, options?)

got.head(url, options?)

got.delete(url, options?)

Sets

options.method
to the method name and makes a request.

Instances

got.extend(...options)

Configure a new

got
instance with default
options
. The
options
are merged with the parent instance's
defaults.options
using
got.mergeOptions
. You can access the resolved options with the
.defaults
property on the instance.
const client = got.extend({
    prefixUrl: 'https://example.com',
    headers: {
        'x-unicorn': 'rainbow'
    }
});

client.get('demo');

/* HTTP Request =>

  • GET /demo HTTP/1.1

  • Host: example.com

  • x-unicorn: rainbow

  • /

(async () => {
  const client = got.extend({

  prefixUrl: 'httpbin.org',
  headers: {
      'x-foo': 'bar'
  }

}); const {headers} = await client.get('headers').json(); //=> headers['x-foo'] === 'bar'

const jsonClient = client.extend({

  responseType: 'json',
  resolveBodyOnly: true,
  headers: {
      'x-baz': 'qux'
  }

}); const {headers: headers2} = await jsonClient.get('headers'); //=> headers2['x-foo'] === 'bar' //=> headers2['x-baz'] === 'qux' })();

Additionally,

got.extend()
accepts two properties from the
defaults
object:
mutableDefaults
and
handlers
. Example:
// You can now modify `mutableGot.defaults.options`.
const mutableGot = got.extend({mutableDefaults: true});



const mergedHandlers = got.extend({ handlers: [ (options, next) => { delete options.headers.referer;

        return next(options);
    }
]

});

Note: Handlers can be asynchronous. The recommended approach is:

const handler = (options, next) => {
    if (options.isStream) {
        // It's a Stream
        return next(options);
    }

// It's a Promise
return (async () => {
    try {
        const response = await next(options);
        response.yourOwnProperty = true;
        return response;
    } catch (error) {
        // Every error will be replaced by this one.
        // Before you receive any error here,
        // it will be passed to the `beforeError` hooks first.
        // Note: this one won't be passed to `beforeError` hook. It's final.
        throw new Error('Your very own error.');
    }
})();

};

const instance = got.extend({handlers: [handler]});

got.extend(...options, ...instances, ...)

Merges many instances into a single one: - options are merged using

got.mergeOptions()
(including hooks), - handlers are stored in an array (you can access them through

instance.defaults.handlers
).
const a = {headers: {cat: 'meow'}};
const b = got.extend({
    options: {
        headers: {
            cow: 'moo'
        }
    }
});

// The same as got.extend(a).extend(b). // Note a is options and b is an instance. got.extend(a, b); //=> {headers: {cat: 'meow', cow: 'moo'}}

got.mergeOptions(parent, ...sources)

Extends parent options. Avoid using object spread as it doesn't work recursively:

const a = {headers: {cat: 'meow', wolf: ['bark', 'wrrr']}};
const b = {headers: {cow: 'moo', wolf: ['auuu']}};

{...a, ...b} // => {headers: {cow: 'moo', wolf: ['auuu']}} got.mergeOptions(a, b) // => {headers: {cat: 'meow', cow: 'moo', wolf: ['auuu']}}

Note: Only Got options are merged! Custom user options should be defined via

options.context
.

Options are deeply merged to a new object. The value of each key is determined as follows:

  • If the new property is not defined, the old value is used.
  • If the new property is explicitly set to
    undefined
    :
    • If the parent property is a plain
      object
      , the parent value is deeply cloned.
    • Otherwise,
      undefined
      is used.
  • If the parent value is an instance of
    URLSearchParams
    :
    • If the new value is a
      string
      , an
      object
      or an instance of
      URLSearchParams
      , a new
      URLSearchParams
      instance is created. The values are merged using
      urlSearchParams.append(key, value)
      . The keys defined in the new value override the keys defined in the parent value. Please note that
      null
      values point to an empty string and
      undefined
      values will exclude the entry.
    • Otherwise, the only available value is
      undefined
      .
  • If the new property is a plain
    object
    :
    • If the parent property is a plain
      object
      too, both values are merged recursively into a new
      object
      .
    • Otherwise, only the new value is deeply cloned.
  • If the new property is an
    Array
    , it overwrites the old one with a deep clone of the new property.
  • Properties that are not enumerable, such as
    context
    ,
    body
    ,
    json
    , and
    form
    , will not be merged.
  • Otherwise, the new value is assigned to the key.
const a = {json: {cat: 'meow'}};
const b = {json: {cow: 'moo'}};

got.mergeOptions(a, b); //=> {json: {cow: 'moo'}}

got.defaults

Type:

object

The Got defaults used in that instance.

options
handlers

Type:

Function[]
\ Default:
[]

An array of functions. You execute them directly by calling

got()
. They are some sort of "global hooks" - these functions are called first. The last handler (it's hidden) is either
asPromise
or
asStream
, depending on the
options.isStream
property.

Each handler takes two arguments:

options
next()

Returns a

Promise
or a
Stream
depending on
options.isStream
.
const settings = {
    handlers: [
        (options, next) => {
            if (options.isStream) {
                // It's a Stream, so we can perform stream-specific actions on it
                return next(options)
                    .on('request', request => {
                        setTimeout(() => {
                            request.abort();
                        }, 50);
                    });
            }

        // It's a Promise
        return next(options);
    }
],
options: got.mergeOptions(got.defaults.options, {
    responseType: 'json'
})

};

const jsonGot = got.extend(settings);

mutableDefaults

Type:

boolean
\ Default:
false

A read-only boolean describing whether the defaults are mutable or not. If set to

true
, you can update headers over time, for example, update an access token when it expires.

Types

Got exports some handy TypeScript types and interfaces. See the type definition for all the exported types.

Got

TypeScript will automatically infer types for Got instances, but in case you want to define something like dependencies, you can import the available types directly from Got.

import {GotRequestFunction} from 'got';

interface Dependencies { readonly post: GotRequestFunction }

Hooks

When writing hooks, you can refer to their types to keep your interfaces consistent.

import {BeforeRequestHook} from 'got';

const addAccessToken = (accessToken: string): BeforeRequestHook => options => { options.path = ${options.path}?access_token=${accessToken}; }

Errors

Each error contains an

options
property which are the options Got used to create a request - just to make debugging easier.\ Additionaly, the errors may have
request
(Got Stream) and
response
(Got Response) properties depending on which phase of the request failed.

got.RequestError

When a request fails. Contains a

code
property with error class code, like
ECONNREFUSED
. All the errors below inherit this one.

got.CacheError

When a cache method fails, for example, if the database goes down or there's a filesystem error.

got.ReadError

When reading from response stream fails.

got.ParseError

When server response code is 2xx, and parsing body fails. Includes a

response
property.

got.UploadError

When the request body is a stream and an error occurs while reading from that stream.

got.HTTPError

When the server response code is not 2xx nor 3xx if

options.followRedirect
is
true
, but always except for 304. Includes a
response
property.

got.MaxRedirectsError

When the server redirects you more than ten times. Includes a

response
property.

got.UnsupportedProtocolError

When given an unsupported protocol.

got.TimeoutError

When the request is aborted due to a timeout. Includes an

event
and
timings
property.

got.CancelError

When the request is aborted with

.cancel()
.

Aborting the request

The promise returned by Got has a

.cancel()
method which when called, aborts the request.

(async () => {
    const request = got(url, options);

// …

// In another part of the code
if (something) {
    request.cancel();
}

// …

try {
    await request;
} catch (error) {
    if (request.isCanceled) { // Or `error instanceof got.CancelError`
        // Handle cancelation
    }

    // Handle other errors
}

})();

When using hooks, simply throw an error to abort the request.

const got = require('got');

(async () => { const request = got(url, { hooks: { beforeRequest: [ () => { throw new Error('Oops. Request canceled.'); } ] } });

try {
    await request;
} catch (error) {
    // …
}

})();

To abort the Got Stream request, just call

stream.destroy()
.
const got = require('got');

const stream = got.stream(url); stream.destroy();

Cache

Got implements RFC 7234 compliant HTTP caching which works out of the box in-memory and is easily pluggable with a wide range of storage adapters. Fresh cache entries are served directly from the cache, and stale cache entries are revalidated with

If-None-Match
/
If-Modified-Since
headers. You can read more about the underlying cache behavior in the
cacheable-request
documentation
. For DNS cache, Got uses
cacheable-lookup
.

You can use the JavaScript

Map
type as an in-memory cache:
const got = require('got');

const map = new Map();

(async () => { let response = await got('https://sindresorhus.com', {cache: map}); console.log(response.isFromCache); //=> false

    response = await got('https://sindresorhus.com', {cache: map});
    console.log(response.isFromCache);
    //=> true

})();

Got uses Keyv internally to support a wide range of storage adapters. For something more scalable you could use an official Keyv storage adapter:

$ npm install @keyv/redis
const got = require('got');
const KeyvRedis = require('@keyv/redis');

const redis = new KeyvRedis('redis://user:[email protected]:6379');

got('https://sindresorhus.com', {cache: redis});

Got supports anything that follows the Map API, so it's easy to write your own storage adapter or use a third-party solution.

For example, the following are all valid storage adapters:

const storageAdapter = new Map();
// Or
const storageAdapter = require('./my-storage-adapter');
// Or
const QuickLRU = require('quick-lru');
const storageAdapter = new QuickLRU({maxSize: 1000});

got('https://sindresorhus.com', {cache: storageAdapter});

View the Keyv docs for more information on how to use storage adapters.

Proxies

You can use the

tunnel
package with the

agent
option to work with proxies:
const got = require('got');
const tunnel = require('tunnel');

got('https://sindresorhus.com', { agent: { https: tunnel.httpsOverHttp({ proxy: { host: 'localhost' } }) } });

Otherwise, you can use the

hpagent
package, which keeps the internal sockets alive to be reused.

const got = require('got');
const {HttpsProxyAgent} = require('hpagent');

got('https://sindresorhus.com', { agent: { https: new HttpsProxyAgent({ keepAlive: true, keepAliveMsecs: 1000, maxSockets: 256, maxFreeSockets: 256, scheduling: 'lifo', proxy: 'https://localhost:8080' }) } });

Alternatively, use

global-agent
to configure a global proxy for all HTTP/HTTPS traffic in your program.

Read the

http2-wrapper
docs to learn about proxying for HTTP/2.

Cookies

You can use the

tough-cookie
package:

const {promisify} = require('util');
const got = require('got');
const {CookieJar} = require('tough-cookie');

(async () => { const cookieJar = new CookieJar(); const setCookie = promisify(cookieJar.setCookie.bind(cookieJar));

await setCookie('foo=bar', 'https://example.com');
await got('https://example.com', {cookieJar});

})();

Form data

You can use the

form-data
package to create POST request with form data:

const fs = require('fs');
const got = require('got');
const FormData = require('form-data');

const form = new FormData();

form.append('my_file', fs.createReadStream('/foo/bar.jpg'));

got.post('https://example.com', { body: form });

OAuth

You can use the

oauth-1.0a
package to create a signed OAuth request:

const got = require('got');
const crypto  = require('crypto');
const OAuth = require('oauth-1.0a');

const oauth = OAuth({ consumer: { key: process.env.CONSUMER_KEY, secret: process.env.CONSUMER_SECRET }, signature_method: 'HMAC-SHA1', hash_function: (baseString, key) => crypto.createHmac('sha1', key).update(baseString).digest('base64') });

const token = { key: process.env.ACCESS_TOKEN, secret: process.env.ACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET };

const url = 'https://api.twitter.com/1.1/statuses/home_timeline.json';

got(url, { headers: oauth.toHeader(oauth.authorize({url, method: 'GET'}, token)), responseType: 'json' });

Unix Domain Sockets

Requests can also be sent via unix domain sockets. Use the following URL scheme:

PROTOCOL://unix:SOCKET:PATH
.
  • PROTOCOL
    -
    http
    or
    https
    (optional)
  • SOCKET
    - Absolute path to a unix domain socket, for example:
    /var/run/docker.sock
  • PATH
    - Request path, for example:
    /v2/keys
const got = require('got');

got('http://unix:/var/run/docker.sock:/containers/json');

// Or without protocol (HTTP by default) got('unix:/var/run/docker.sock:/containers/json');

AWS

Requests to AWS services need to have their headers signed. This can be accomplished by using the

got4aws
package. This is an example for querying an "API Gateway" with a signed request.

const got4aws = require('got4aws');;

const awsClient = got4aws();

const response = await awsClient('https://.execute-api..amazonaws.com//endpoint/path', { // Request-specific options });

Testing

You can test your requests by using the

nock
package to mock an endpoint:

const got = require('got');
const nock = require('nock');

nock('https://sindresorhus.com') .get('/') .reply(200, 'Hello world!');

(async () => { const response = await got('https://sindresorhus.com'); console.log(response.body); //=> 'Hello world!' })();

Bear in mind, that by default

nock
mocks only one request. Got will retry on failed requests by default, causing a
No match for request ...
error. The solution is to either disable retrying (set
options.retry
to
0
) or call
.persist()
on the mocked request.
const got = require('got');
const nock = require('nock');

const scope = nock('https://sindresorhus.com') .get('/') .reply(500, 'Internal server error') .persist();

(async () => { try { await got('https://sindresorhus.com') } catch (error) { console.log(error.response.body); //=> 'Internal server error'

    console.log(error.response.retryCount);
    //=> 2
}

scope.persist(false);

})();

For real integration testing we recommend using

ava
with
create-test-server
. We're using a macro so we don't have to

server.listen()
and
server.close()
every test. Take a look at one of our tests:
test('retry function gets iteration count', withServer, async (t, server, got) => {
    let knocks = 0;
    server.get('/', (request, response) => {
        if (knocks++ === 1) {
            response.end('who`s there?');
        }
    });

await got({
    retry: {
        calculateDelay: ({attemptCount}) => {
            t.true(is.number(attemptCount));
            return attemptCount < 2 ? 1 : 0;
        }
    }
});

});

Tips

JSON mode

To pass an object as the body, you need to use the

json
option. It will be stringified using
JSON.stringify
. Example:
const got = require('got');

(async () => { const {body} = await got.post('https://httpbin.org/anything', { json: { hello: 'world' }, responseType: 'json' });

console.log(body.data);
//=> '{"hello":"world"}'

})();

To receive a JSON body you can either set

responseType
option to
json
or use
promise.json()
. Example:
const got = require('got');

(async () => { const body = await got.post('https://httpbin.org/anything', { json: { hello: 'world' } }).json();

console.log(body);
//=> {…}

})();

User Agent

It's a good idea to set the

'user-agent'
header so the provider can more easily see how their resource is used. By default, it's the URL to this repo. You can omit this header by setting it to
undefined
.
const got = require('got');
const pkg = require('./package.json');

got('https://sindresorhus.com', { headers: { 'user-agent': my-package/${pkg.version} (https://github.com/username/my-package) } });

got('https://sindresorhus.com', { headers: { 'user-agent': undefined } });

304 Responses

Bear in mind; if you send an

if-modified-since
header and receive a
304 Not Modified
response, the body will be empty. It's your responsibility to cache and retrieve the body contents.

Custom endpoints

Use

got.extend()
to make it nicer to work with REST APIs. Especially if you use the
prefixUrl
option.
const got = require('got');
const pkg = require('./package.json');

const custom = got.extend({ prefixUrl: 'example.com', responseType: 'json', headers: { 'user-agent': my-package/${pkg.version} (https://github.com/username/my-package) } });

// Use custom exactly how you use got (async () => { const list = await custom('v1/users/list'); })();

FAQ

Why yet another HTTP client?

Got was created because the popular

request
package is bloated: Install size\ Furthermore, Got is fully written in TypeScript and actively maintained.

Electron support has been removed

The Electron

net
module is not consistent with the Node.js
http
module. See #899 for more info.

Comparison

| |

got
|
request
|
node-fetch
|
ky
|
axios
|
superagent
| |-----------------------|:------------------:|:------------------:|:--------------------:|:------------------------:|:------------------:|:----------------------:| | HTTP/2 support | :sparkle: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :heavycheckmark:** | | Browser support | :x: | :x: | :heavycheckmark:* | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | | Promise API | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | | Stream API | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | Node.js only | :x: | :x: | :heavycheckmark: | | Pagination API | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :x: | | Request cancelation | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | | RFC compliant caching | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :x: | | Cookies (out-of-box) | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :x: | | Follows redirects | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | | Retries on failure | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :x: | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :heavycheckmark: | | Progress events | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :x: | :heavycheckmark:*** | Browser only | :heavycheckmark: | | Handles gzip/deflate | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | | Advanced timeouts | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :x: | | Timings | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :x: | | Errors with metadata | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :x: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | | JSON mode | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | | Custom defaults | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | | Composable | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :x: | :heavycheckmark: | | Hooks | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | :x: | :heavycheckmark: | :heavycheckmark: | :x: | | Issues open | | | | | | | | Issues closed | | | | | | | | Downloads | | | | | | | | Coverage | | | | | | | | Build | | | | | | | | Bugs | | | | | | | | Dependents | | | | | | | | Install size | | | | | | | | GitHub stars | | | | | | | | TypeScript support | | | | | | | | Last commit | | | | | | |

* It's almost API compatible with the browser

fetch
API.\ ** Need to switch the protocol manually. Doesn't accept PUSH streams and doesn't reuse HTTP/2 sessions.\ *** Currently, only
DownloadProgress
event is supported,
UploadProgress
event is not supported.\ :sparkle: Almost-stable feature, but the API may change. Don't hesitate to try it out!\ :grey_question: Feature in early stage of development. Very experimental.

Click here to see the install size of the Got dependencies.

Related

  • gh-got - Got convenience wrapper to interact with the GitHub API
  • gl-got - Got convenience wrapper to interact with the GitLab API
  • travis-got - Got convenience wrapper to interact with the Travis API
  • graphql-got - Got convenience wrapper to interact with GraphQL
  • GotQL - Got convenience wrapper to interact with GraphQL using JSON-parsed queries instead of strings
  • got-fetch - Got with a
    fetch
    interface

Maintainers

Sindre Sorhus

Szymon Marczak Giovanni Minotti
Sindre Sorhus Szymon Marczak Giovanni Minotti

Former

These amazing companies are using Got

                                            


Segment is a happy user of Got! Got powers the main backend API that our app talks to. It's used by our in-house RPC client that we use to communicate with all microservices.

Vadim Demedes

Antora, a static site generator for creating documentation sites, uses Got to download the UI bundle. In Antora, the UI bundle (aka theme) is maintained as a separate project. That project exports the UI as a zip file we call the UI bundle. The main site generator downloads that UI from a URL using Got and streams it to vinyl-zip to extract the files. Those files go on to be used to create the HTML pages and supporting assets.

Dan Allen

GetVoIP is happily using Got in production. One of the unique capabilities of Got is the ability to handle Unix sockets which enables us to build a full control interfaces for our docker stack.

Daniel Kalen

We're using Got inside of Exoframe to handle all the communication between CLI and server. Exoframe is a self-hosted tool that allows simple one-command deployments using Docker.

Tim Ermilov

Karaoke Mugen uses Got to fetch content updates from its online server.

Axel Terizaki

Renovate uses Got, gh-got and gl-got to send millions of queries per day to GitHub, GitLab, npmjs, PyPi, Packagist, Docker Hub, Terraform, CircleCI, and more.

Rhys Arkins

Resistbot uses Got to communicate from the API frontend where all correspondence ingresses to the officials lookup database in back.

Chris Erickson

Natural Cycles is using Got to communicate with all kinds of 3rd-party REST APIs (over 9000!).

Kirill Groshkov

Microlink is a cloud browser as an API service that uses Got widely as the main HTTP client, serving ~22M requests a month, every time a network call needs to be performed.

Kiko Beats

We’re using Got at Radity. Thanks for such an amazing work!

Mirzayev Farid

For enterprise

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got
and thousands of other packages are working with Tidelift to deliver commercial support and maintenance for the open source dependencies you use to build your applications. Save time, reduce risk, and improve code health, while paying the maintainers of the exact dependencies you use. Learn more.

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