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rodrigocfd
190 Stars 29 Forks MIT License 139 Commits 2 Opened issues

Description

A lightweight modern C++11 library for Win32 API, using lambdas to handle Windows messages.

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WinLamb

A lightweight modern C++11 library for Win32 API, using lambdas to handle Windows messages.

  1. Overview
  2. Setup
  3. Example
  4. Classes summary
  5. License

1. Overview

As far as I can remember, around 2002 I started wrapping all my Win32 routines in classes, to make them reusable to myself, to save my time. Through all these years it took the form of a real library, a thin abstraction layer over raw Win32. People who saw it often commented that it was good, so in 2017 I decided to publish it on GitHub.

Then I wrote CodeProject - WinLamb: using C++11 lambdas to handle Win32 messages, a comprehensive article explaining WinLamb's message handling model, with dialogs and also ordinary windows. Actually, features from C++14 and C++17 are used as well, as much as my compiler (Visual C++) allows it.

Beyond dialog/window message handling, WinLamb also has wrappers for most native Windows controls (textbox, listview, etc.), along with other utility classes (strings, file I/O, COM wrappers, etc.) which play nice together. These controls and utilities, however, are not mandatory: you can use your own classes upon the basic dialog/window infrastructure.

WinLamb by no means covers the whole Win32 API, simply because it's too huge. It just wraps some things. New features are constantly being added, though.

2. Setup

WinLamb is a header-only library. You can clone the repository or simply download the files; once referenced in your source code, it should work right away.

It has been tested with Visual C++ 2017.

2.1. Windows 10 manifest file

There's an included

win10.exe.manifest
file, which you can add to your Visual Studio project. This manifest includes Common Controls and gives you Windows 10 support.

3. Example

This is a simple Win32 program written with WinLamb. Each window has a class, and messages are handled with C++11 lambdas using message crackers. There's no need to write a message loop or window registering.

Declaration: My_Window.h

#include "winlamb/window_main.h"

class My_Window : public wl::window_main { public: My_Window(); };

Implementation: My_Window.cpp

#include "My_Window.h"

RUN(My_Window) // optional, generate WinMain call and instantiate My_Window

My_Window::My_Window() { setup.wndClassEx.lpszClassName = L"SOME_CLASS_NAME"; // class name to be registered setup.title = L"This is my window"; setup.style |= WS_MINIMIZEBOX;

on_message(WM_CREATE, [this](wl::wm::create p) -> LRESULT
{
    set_text(L"A new title for the window");
    return 0;
});

on_message(WM_LBUTTONDOWN, [](wl::wm::lbuttondown p) -> LRESULT
{
    bool isCtrlDown = p.has_ctrl();
    long xPos = p.pos().x;
    return 0;
});

}

3.1. Project examples

I've written the following examples showcasing different things:

More projects can be seen browsing winlamb topic.

4. Classes summary

Most files are named after the class they contain; for example, file "button.h" contains

button
class.

To create your windows, you inherit from these classes below. See the article and the examples to learn how to use them:

| Class | Description | | :--- | :--- | |

dialog_control
| Inherit from this class to have a dialog to be used as a control within a parent window. | |
dialog_main
| Inherit from this class to have a dialog as the main window for your application. | |
dialog_modal
| Inherit from this class to have a modal dialog popup. | |
dialog_modeless
| Inherit from this class to have a dialog modeless popup. | |
window_control
| Inherit from this class to have an user-custom window control. | |
window_main
| Inherit from this class to have an ordinary main window for your application. |

Wrappers and utilities:

| Class | Description | | :--- |:--- | |

button
| Wrapper to native button control. | |
checkbox
| Wrapper to native checkbox control. | |
com::bstr
| Wrapper to BSTR string, used with COM. | |
com::lib
| Smart class to automate CoInitialize and CoUninitialize calls. | |
com::ptr
| Wrapper to a COM pointer. | |
com::variant
| Wrapper to VARIANT object, used with COM. | |
combobox
| Wrapper to native combobox control. | |
datetime
| Wrapper to SYSTEMTIME structure. | |
datetime_picker
| Wrapper to datetime picker control from Common Controls library. | |
gdi::dc
| Wrapper to device context. | |
gdi::dc_painter
| Wrapper to device context which calls BeginPaint/EndPaint automatically. | |
gdi::dc_painter_buffered
| Wrapper to device context which calls BeginPaint/EndPaint automatically with double-buffer. | |
download
| Automates internet download operations. | |
executable
| Executable-related utilities. | |
file
| Wrapper to a low-level HANDLE of a file. | |
file_ini
| Wrapper to INI file. | |
file_mapped
| Wrapper to a memory-mapped file. | |
font
| Wrapper to HFONT handle. | |
icon
| Wrapper to HICON handle. | |
image_list
| Wrapper to image list object from Common Controls library. | |
insert_order_map
| Vector-based associative container which keeps the insertion order. | |
label
| Wrapper to native static text control. | |
listview
| Wrapper to listview control from Common Controls library. | |
menu
| Wrapper to HMENU handle. | |
path
| Utilities to file path operations with std::wstring. | |
progress_taskbar
| Allows to show a progress bar in the taskbar button of the window, in green, yellow or red. | |
progressbar
| Wrapper to progressbar control from Common Controls library. | |
radio
| Wrapper to native radio button control. | |
radio_group
| Automates a group of native radio buttons. | |
resizer
| Allows the resizing of multiple controls when the parent window is resized. | |
scrollinfo
| Automates SCROLLINFO operations. | |
statusbar
| Wrapper to status control from Common Controls library. | |
str
| Utilities to std::wstring. | |
subclass
| Manages window subclassing for a window. | |
sysdlg
| Wrappers to system dialogs. | |
syspath
| Retrieves system paths. | |
textbox
| Wrapper to native edit box control. | |
treeview
| Wrapper to treeview control from Common Controls library. | |
vec
| Utilities to std::vector. | |
version
| Parses version information from an EXE or DLL. | |
wnd
| Simple HWND wrapper, base to all dialog and window classes. | |
xml
| XML wrapper class to MSXML2 Windows library. | |
zip
| Utilities to work with zipped files. |

5. License

Licensed under MIT license, see LICENSE.txt for details.

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