r-macos-rtools

by rmacoslib

rmacoslib / r-macos-rtools

Scripts to build an **unofficial** Rtools-esq installer for the macOS R toolchain

148 Stars 2 Forks Last release: 5 months ago (v4.0.0) 15 Commits 8 Releases

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Installer Package for macOS R toolchain License

The repository contains the scripts used to create an installer package (

.pkg
) that contains binaries used to create the CRAN official macOS R binary.

Specifically, the installer will try to download and install:

Moreover, the installer will attempt to clean up previous installations by removing configuration files

~/.R/Makevars
and
~/.Renviron
that are no longer used. Backups for each file will be presented with
.bck
appended to the end.

For those interested, the installer can be obtained on either the project's release page or through http://go.illinois.edu/r-macos-rtools-pkg. The pre-built binaries this installer encloses can be found at https://developer.apple.com/download/more/ and https://github.com/fxcoudert/gfortran-for-macOS/releases.

Note The installer package was developed by James Joseph Balamuta and has no connection with the R project’s macOS CRAN maintainers. Financial support was provided to sign the installer by Professor Timothy Bates of the University of Edinburgh.

How do I use the installer?

  1. Download it from the project's release page or through http://go.illinois.edu/r-macos-rtools-pkg.
  2. Open the installer by either double click or right clicking to bring up menu and selecting "Open".
  3. From here, navigate through it like a normal macOS installer.

That's it.

Once installed, you can start using compiled code in R like normal.

If you want to see behind the curtain, continue reading...

What does the installer do?

The macOS R toolchain installer performs four actions that require the user's password to accomplish. These actions are:

  1. download and install XCode CLI via secure Apple product update
  2. remove any existing
    ~/.R/Makevars
    or
    ~/.Renviron
    (backups available with
    .bck
    )s
  3. determine which
    gfortran
    version to use
  4. download, verify, and install the appropriate
    gfortran
    version

Note: The installer will remove any existing

~/.R/Makevars
and
~/.Renviron
files. The existing files will be copied to a backup file, e.g.
~/.R/Makevars.bck
and
~/.Renvion.bck
.

Verify steps are conducted using embedded md5 hashes of the files. If the hash is not identical to what was embedded, the installer will exit. For details as to how this was implemented please see Issue 8: Verify pkg hash and the Pull Request 10: Feature Pkg Hash Verification.

Verify the Installer

Thanks to the financial support provided by Professor Timothy Bates of the University of Edinburgh to join the Apple Developer program. The installer is now signed using developer credentials.

As a result, the installer should have a "lock" icon in the upper right corner:

Signed Installer Lock Icon

Clicking the lock icon will reveal the signed developer certificate:

Signed Developer Certificate

With this being said, the code used to generate the installer has been made publically available under an open source license (GPL >= 2).

Overview of Files

Below is an abridged version of the actions of each file provided.

  • scripts/postinstall
  • make_installer.sh
    • Create the installer package R binary installer
      .pkg
      • Builds the package from the extracted tar using
        pkgbuild
      • Analyzing the package using
        productbuild
        to create a
        distribution.xml

      • Inserts customizations into the
        distribution.xml
        (title, background, ...)
      • Calls
        productbuild
        to rebuild the package.
  • distribution.xml
    • Customization options (e.g. title, background) of installer built by analyzing a temporary .pkg
  • build_files/Rlogo.png
    • R logo
  • build_files/LICENSE.rtf
    • License of the Xcode CLI, LLVM installer, and gfortran
  • build_files/WELCOME_DISPLAY.rtf
    • Text displayed on welcome screen

License

GPL (>= 2)

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