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rethinkdb /horizon

Horizon is a realtime, open-source backend for JavaScript apps.

6.8K Stars 396 Forks Last release: about 4 years ago (v1.1.3) MIT License 985 Commits 19 Releases

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What is Horizon?

Horizon is an open-source developer platform for building sophisticated realtime apps. It provides a complete backend that makes it dramatically simpler to build, deploy, manage, and scale engaging JavaScript web and mobile apps. Horizon is extensible, integrates with the Node.js stack, and allows building modern, arbitrarily complex applications.

Horizon is built on top of RethinkDB and consists of four components:

  • Horizon server -- a middleware server that connects to/is built on top of RethinkDB, and exposes a simple API/protocol to front-end applications.
  • Horizon client library -- a JavaScript client library that wraps Horizon server's protocol in a convenient API for front-end developers.
  • Horizon CLI - hz -- a command-line tool aiding in scaffolding, development, and deployment
  • GraphQL support -- the server will have a GraphQL adapter so anyone can get started building React/Relay apps without writing any backend code at the beginning. This will not ship in v1, but we'll follow up with a GraphQL adapter quickly after launch.

Horizon currently has all the following services available to developers:

  • Subscribe -- a streaming API for building realtime apps directly from the browser without writing any backend code.
  • Auth -- an authentication API that connects to common auth providers (e.g. Facebook, Google, GitHub).
  • Identity -- an API for listing and manipulating user accounts.
  • Permissions -- a security model that allows the developer to protect data from unauthorized access.

Upcoming versions of Horizon will likely expose the following additional services:

  • Session management -- manage browser session and session information.
  • Geolocation -- an API that makes it very easy to build location-aware apps.
  • Presence -- an API for detecting presence information for a given user and sharing it with others.
  • Plugins -- a system for extending Horizon with user-defined services in a consistent, discoverable way.
  • Backend -- an API/protocol to integrate custom backend code with Horizon server/client-libraries.

Why Horizon?

While technologies like RethinkDB andWebSocket make it possible to build engaging realtime apps, empirically there is still too much friction for most developers. Building realtime apps now requires understanding and manually orchestrating multiple systems across the software stack, understanding distributed stream processing, and learning how to deploy and scale realtime systems. The learning curve is quite steep, and most of the initial work involves boilerplate code that is far removed from the primary task of building a realtime app.

Horizon sets out to solve this problem. Developers can start building apps using their favorite front-end framework using Horizon's APIs without having to write any backend code.

Since Horizon stores data in RethinkDB, once the app gets sufficiently complex to need custom business logic on the backend, developers can incrementally add backend code at any time in the development cycle of their app.

Get Involved

We'd love for you to help us build Horizon. If you'd like to be a contributor, check out our Contributing guide.

Also, to stay up-to-date on all Horizon related news and the community you should definitely join us on Slack, follow us on Twitter, and join our Horizon mailing list at


Check out our FAQ at

How will Horizon be licensed?

The Horizon server, client and cli are available under the MIT license

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