Utility for easy management of Tensorflow containers
Packaging Tensorflow for Linux distributions is notoriously difficult, if not impossible. Every release of Tensorflow is accommodated by a myriad of possible build configurations, which requires building many variants of Tensorflow for each Tensorflow release. To make matters worse, each new version of Tensorflow will depend on a wide number of shared dependencies which may not be supported on older versions of a Linux distribution that is still actively supported by the distribution maintainers.
To solve this problem, the Tensorflow project provides official Docker container builds, which allows Tensorflow to operate in an isolated environment that is contained from the rest of the system. This virtual environment can operate independent of the base system, allowing you to use any version of Tensorflow on any version of a Linux distribution that supports the Docker runtime.
However, configuring and managing Docker containers for Tensorflow using the
dockercommand line is currently tedious, and managing multiple versions for different projects is even moreso. To solve this problem for our users, we have developed
tensormanas a convenient tool to manage the installation and execution of Tensorflow Docker containers. It condenses the command-line soup into a set of simple commands that are easy to memorize.
Take the following Docker invocation as an example:
docker run -u $UID:$UID -v $PWD:/project -w /project \ --runtime=nvidia --it --rm tensorflow/tensorflow:latest-gpu \ python ./script.py
This designates for the latest version of Tensorflow with GPU support to be used, mounting the working directory to
/project, launching the container with the current user account, and and executing
script.pywith the Python binary in the container. With
tensorman, we can achieve the same with:
tensorman run --gpu python -- ./script.py
Which defaults to the latest version, and whose version and tag variants can be set as defaults per-run, per-project, or user-wide.
By default, docker will automatically install a container when running a container that it is not already installed. However, if you would like to install a container beforehand, you may do so using the
tensorman pull 1.14.0 tensorman pull latest
runsubcommand allows you to execute a command from within the container. This could be the
bashshell, for an interactive session inside the container, or the program / compiler which you wish to run.
# Default container version with Bash prompt tensorman run bash
Default container version with Python script
tensorman run python -- script.py
Default container version with GPU support
tensorman run --gpu bash
With GPU, Python3, and Juypyter support
tensorman run --gpu --python3 --jupyter bash
Taking inspiration from rustup, there are methods to set the container version per-run, per-project, and per-user. The per-run version always takes priority over a per-project definition, which takes priority over the per-user configuration.
If a version is specified following a
tensormanwill prefer this version.
tensorman +1.14.0 run --python3 --gpu bash
Custom images may be specified with a
tensorman =custom-image run --gpu bash
There are two files that can be used for configuring Tensorman locally:
Tensorman.toml. These files will be automatically detected if they can be found in a parent directory.
This file overrides the tensorflow image, defined either in
Tensorman.toml, or the user-wide configuration file.
1.14.0 gpu python3
Or specifying a custom image:
This file supports additional configuration parameters, with a user-wide configuration located at
~/.config/tensorman/config.toml, and a project-wide location at
Tensorman.toml. One of the reasons in which you may want to use this file is to declare some additional Docker flags, with the
Using a default tensorflow image:
docker_flags = [ '-p', '8080:8080' ] tag = '2.0.0' variants = ['gpu', 'python3']
Defining a custom image:
docker_flags = [ '-p', '8080:8080' ] image = 'custom-image' variants = ['gpu']
One useful docker flag is the
-vflag, that can be used at runtime to mount other directories not included in your image. The syntax for the argument of
source:destination. For example, if you have a large dataset in your home directory that you don't want to include as part of your image, you can mount it at runtime by addding the following line to your
docker_flags = [ '-v', '/home//:/home//' ]
you can set a default version user-wide using the
defaultsubcommand. This version of Tensorflow will be launched whenever you use the
tensorman default 1.14.0 tensorman default latest gpu python3 tensorman default nightly
By default,tensormanwill uselatestas the default per-user version tag.
If you would like to know which container will be used when launched from the current working directory, you can use the
Having many containers installed simultaneously on the same system can quickly use a lot of disk storage. If you find yourself in need of culling the containers installed on your system, you may do so with the
tensorman remove 1.14.0 tensorman remove latest tensorman remove 481cb7ea88260404 tensorman remove custom-image
To aid in discovering what containers are installed on the system, the
listsubcommand is available.
In most projects, you will need to pull in more dependencies than the base Tensorflow image has. To do this, you will need to create the image by running a tensorflow container as root, installing and setting up the environment how you need it, and then saving those changes as a new custom image.
To do so, you will need to build the container in one terminal, and save it from another.
First launch a terminal where you will begin configuring the docker image:
tensorman run --gpu --python3 --root --name CONTAINER_NAME bash
Once you've made the changes needed, open another terminal and save it as a new image:
tensorman save CONTAINER_NAME IMAGE_NAME
You should then be able to specify that container with tensorman, like so:
tensorman =IMAGE_NAME run --gpu bash
The--python3and--jupyterflags do nothing for custom containers, but--gpuis required to enable runtime support for the GPU.
Images saved through tensorman are manageable through tensorman. Listing and removing works the same:
tensorman remove IMAGE_NAME
Licensed under the GNU General Public License, Version 3.0, (LICENSE or https://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.en.html)
Any contribution intentionally submitted for inclusion in the work by you, shall be licensed under the GNU GPLv3.