by php-webdriver

php-webdriver / php-webdriver

PHP client for Selenium/WebDriver protocol. Previously facebook/php-webdriver

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php-webdriver – Selenium WebDriver bindings for PHP

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Php-webdriver library is PHP language binding for Selenium WebDriver, which allows you to control web browsers from PHP.

This library is compatible with Selenium server version 2.x, 3.x and 4.x.

The library supports JsonWireProtocol and also implements experimental support of W3C WebDriver. The W3C WebDriver support is not yet full-featured, however it should allow to control Firefox via Geckodriver and new versions of Chrome and Chromedriver with just a slight limitations.

The concepts of this library are very similar to the "official" Java, .NET, Python and Ruby bindings from the Selenium project.

Looking for API documentation of php-webdriver? See

Any complaints, questions, or ideas? Post them in the user group


Installation is possible using Composer.

If you don't already use Composer, you can download the

curl -sS | php

Then install the library:

php composer.phar require php-webdriver/webdriver

Upgrade from version <1.8.0

Starting from version 1.8.0, the project has been renamed from


In order to receive the new version and future updates, you need to rename it in your composer.json:

"require": {
-    "facebook/webdriver": "(version you use)",
+    "php-webdriver/webdriver": "(version you use)",

and run

composer update

Getting started

1. Start server (aka. remote end)

To control a browser, you need to start a remote end (server), which will listen to the commands sent from this library and will execute them in the respective browser.

This could be Selenium standalone server, but for local development, you can send them directly to so-called "browser driver" like Chromedriver or Geckodriver.

a) Chromedriver

Install the latest Chrome and Chromedriver. Make sure to have a compatible version of Chromedriver and Chrome!


binary, you can pass
argument, so that it listens on port 4444:
chromedriver --port=4444

b) Geckodriver

Install the latest Firefox and Geckodriver. Make sure to have a compatible version of Geckodriver and Firefox!


binary (it start to listen on port 4444 by default):

c) Selenium standalone server

Selenium server is useful especially when you need to execute multiple tests at once or your tests are run in different browsers - like on your CI server.

Selenium server receives commands and starts new sessions using browser drivers acting like hub distributing the commands among multiple nodes.

To run the standalone server, download

file (replace # with the current server version). Keep in mind you must have Java 8+ installed.

Run the server:

java -jar selenium-server-standalone-#.jar

You may need to provide path to

binary (if they are not placed in system
# Chromedriver:
java"/opt/chromium-browser/chromedriver" -jar vendor/bin/selenium-server-standalone-#.jar
# Geckodriver:
java -Dwebdriver.gecko.driver="/home/john/bin/geckodriver" -jar vendor/bin/selenium-server-standalone-#.jar

(These options could be combined)

If you want to distribute browser sessions among multiple servers ("grid mode" - one Selenium hub and multiple Selenium nodes) please refer to the documentation.

d) Docker

Selenium server could also be started inside Docker container - see docker-selenium project.

2. Create a Browser Session

When creating a browser session, be sure to pass the url of your running server.

For example:

// Chromedriver (if started using --port=4444 as above)
$host = 'http://localhost:4444';
// Geckodriver
$host = 'http://localhost:4444';
// selenium-server-standalone-#.jar (version 2.x or 3.x)
$host = 'http://localhost:4444/wd/hub';
// selenium-server-standalone-#.jar (version 4.x)
$host = 'http://localhost:4444';

Now you can start browser of your choice:

use Facebook\WebDriver\Remote\RemoteWebDriver;

// Chrome $driver = RemoteWebDriver::create($host, DesiredCapabilities::chrome()); // Firefox $driver = RemoteWebDriver::create($host, DesiredCapabilities::firefox()); // Microsoft Edge $driver = RemoteWebDriver::create($host, DesiredCapabilities::microsoftEdge());

3. Customize Desired Capabilities

Desired capabilities define properties of the browser you are about to start.

They can be customized:

use Facebook\WebDriver\Remote\DesiredCapabilities;

$desiredCapabilities = DesiredCapabilities::firefox();

// Disable accepting SSL certificates $desiredCapabilities->setCapability('acceptSslCerts', false);

// Run headless firefox $desiredCapabilities->setCapability('moz:firefoxOptions', ['args' => ['-headless']]);

$driver = RemoteWebDriver::create($host, $desiredCapabilities);

They can also be used to configure proxy server which the browser should use. To configure Chrome, you may use ChromeOptions - see details in our wiki.

NOTE: Above snippets are not intended to be a working example by simply copy-pasting. See example.php for a working example.


For latest changes see file.

More information

Some basic usage example is provided in example.php file.

How-tos are provided right here in our GitHub wiki.

You may also want to check out the Selenium docs and wiki.

Testing framework integration

To take advantage of automatized testing you may want to integrate php-webdriver to your testing framework. There are some projects already providing this:


We have a great community willing to help you!

  • Via our Facebook Group - If you have questions or are an active contributor consider joining our facebook group and contribute to communal discussion and support
  • Via StackOverflow - You can also ask a question or find many already answered question on StackOverflow
  • Via GitHub - Another option if you have a question (or bug report) is to submit it here as a new issue


We love to have your help to make php-webdriver better. See for more information about contributing and developing php-webdriver.

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