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peermaps
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interval database

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eyros

eyros (εύρος) is a multi-dimensional interval database.

The database is based on bkd and interval trees.

  • high batch-write performance (expect 100,000s to 1,000,000s writes per second on modest hardware)
  • designed for peer-to-peer distribution and query-driven sparse replication
  • compiles to web assembly for use in the browser
  • good for geospatial and time-series data

eyros operates on scalar (x) or interval (min,max) coordinates for each dimension. There are 2 operations: batched write (for inserting and deleting) and query by bounding box. All features that intersect the bounding box are returned in the query results.

This is an early release missing important features such as atomicity and concurrency. The data format is still in flux and will likely change in the future, requiring data migrations.

fixed example

This example generates 800 random features in 3 dimensions:

x
,
y
, and
time
with a
u32
value
payload. The
x
and
y
dimensions are both intervals with a minimum and maximum
f32
and
time
is a scalar
f32
.

After the data is written to the database, all features with an

x
interval that overlaps
(-0.5,0.3)
, a
y
interval that overlaps
(-0.8,-0.5)
, and a
time
scalar that is between
0.0
and
100.0
are printed to stdout.
use eyros::{DB,Row};
use rand::random;
use std::path::PathBuf;
use async_std::prelude::*;

type P = ((f32,f32),(f32,f32),f32); type V = u32; type E = Box;

#[async_std::main] async fn main() -> Result { let mut db: DB<_> = DB::open_from_path( &PathBuf::from("/tmp/eyros-polygons.db") ).await?; let polygons: Vec> = (0..800).map(|_| { let xmin: f32 = random::()2.0-1.0; let xmax: f32 = xmin + random::().powf(64.0)(1.0-xmin); let ymin: f32 = random::()2.0-1.0; let ymax: f32 = ymin + random::().powf(64.0)(1.0-ymin); let time: f32 = random::()*1000.0; let value: u32 = random(); let point = ((xmin,xmax),(ymin,ymax),time); Row::Insert(point, value) }).collect(); db.batch(&polygons).await?;

let bbox = ((-0.5,-0.8,0.0),(0.3,-0.5,100.0)); let mut stream = db.query(&bbox).await?; while let Some(result) = stream.next().await { println!("{:?}", result?); } Ok(()) } </_>

The output from this program is of the form

(coords, value, location)
:
$ cargo run --example polygons -q
(((-0.014986515, -0.014986515), (-0.5801666, -0.5801663), 45.314373), 1518966744, (0, 200))
(((-0.0892005, -0.015534878), (-0.65783, -0.65783), 3.6987066), 66257667, (0, 267))
(((0.1931547, 0.1931547), (-0.6388786, -0.60205233), 67.85113), 2744609531, (0, 496))
(((-0.28907382, -0.26248854), (-0.7761978, -0.77617484), 55.273056), 3622408505, (0, 651))
(((-0.080417514, -0.080417514), (-0.60076225, -0.5929384), 29.592216), 722871034, (0, 784))
(((0.14104307, 0.14104307), (-0.539363, -0.539363), 31.965792), 2866780128, (0, 933))
(((-0.12689173, -0.12689173), (-0.56708515, -0.56643564), 65.072), 1858542500, (0, 983))
(((-0.12520671, -0.1250745), (-0.6836084, -0.6836084), 93.58209), 3942792215, (0, 1019))
(((0.026417613, 0.026417613), (-0.786397, -0.786397), 61.52451), 1197187917, (0, 1102))
(((-0.18799019, -0.18799017), (-0.50418067, -0.50418067), 82.93134), 2811117540, (0, 1199))
(((-0.34033966, -0.34033966), (-0.53603613, -0.53603613), 91.07471), 302136936, (0, 1430))
(((-0.008744121, 0.54438573), (-0.73665094, -0.73665094), 69.67532), 719725479, (0, 1504))
(((-0.38071227, -0.38071224), (-0.75237143, -0.75237143), 72.245895), 2200140390, (0, 1628))
(((0.020396352, 0.020396352), (-0.7957357, -0.77274036), 40.785194), 2166765724, (0, 1708))
(((0.117452025, 0.117452025), (-0.7027955, -0.7026706), 82.033394), 2451987859, (0, 1886))
(((-0.11418259, -0.11418259), (-0.74327374, -0.74327374), 28.591274), 4283568770, (0, 1983))
(((-0.19130886, -0.19130856), (-0.7012402, -0.7012042), 2.1106005), 4226013993, (0, 2048))
(((-0.3000791, -0.3000791), (-0.7601782, -0.7601782), 24.528027), 2776778380, (0, 2349))

The

coords
and
value
are the values that were written earlier: in this case, the coords are
((xmin,xmax),(ymin,ymax),time)
.

The

location
is used to quickly delete records without needing to perform additional lookups. You'll need to keep the
location
around from the result of a query when you intend to delete a record. Locations that begin with a
0
are stored in the staging cache, so their location may change after the next write.

mix example

You can also mix and match scalar and interval values for each dimension.

An example of where these mixed types might be useful is storing geographic features to display on a map. Some of the features will be points and some will be lines or polygons which are contained in bounding boxes (intervals).

This example stores 2 dimensional points and regions in the same database, so that bounding box queries will return both types of features.

use eyros::{DB,Row,Mix,Mix2};
use rand::random;
use std::path::PathBuf;
use async_std::prelude::*;

type P = Mix2; type V = u32; type E = Box;

#[async_std::main] async fn main() -> Result { let mut db: DB<_> = DB::open_from_path( &PathBuf::from("/tmp/eyros-mix.db") ).await?; let batch: Vec> = (0..1_000).map(|_| { let value = random::(); if random::() > 0.5 { let xmin: f32 = random::()2.0-1.0; let xmax: f32 = xmin + random::().powf(64.0)(1.0-xmin); let ymin: f32 = random::()2.0-1.0; let ymax: f32 = ymin + random::().powf(64.0)(1.0-ymin); Row::Insert(Mix2::new( Mix::Interval(xmin,xmax), Mix::Interval(ymin,ymax) ), value) } else { let x: f32 = random::()*2.0-1.0; let y: f32 = random::()*2.0-1.0; Row::Insert(Mix2::new( Mix::Scalar(x), Mix::Scalar(y) ), value) } }).collect(); db.batch(&batch).await?;

let bbox = ((-0.5,-0.8),(0.3,-0.5)); let mut stream = db.query(&bbox).await?; while let Some(result) = stream.next().await { println!("{:?}", result?); } Ok(()) } </_>

license

license zero parity 7.0.0 and apache 2.0 (contributions)

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