Manage filesystem snapshots and allow undo of system modifications
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Snapper is a tool for Linux file system snapshot management. Apart from the obvious creation and deletion of snapshots it can compare snapshots and revert differences between them. In simple terms, this allows root and non-root users to view older versions of files and revert changes.
For more information visit snapper.io.
For compiling and developing Snapper you need to setup the development environment first.
In the SUSE Linux Enterprise and openSUSE distributions you can install the needed packages by using these commands:
# install the basic development environment (SUSE Linux Enterprise, the SDK extension is needed) sudo zypper install -t pattern SDK-C-C++ # install the basic development environment (openSUSE) sudo zypper install -t pattern devel_C_C++ # install the extra packages for snapper development (both SLE and openSUSE) sudo zypper install git libmount-devel dbus-1-devel libacl-devel \ docbook-xsl-stylesheets libxml2-devel libbtrfs-devel
You can download the sources and build Snapper by using these commands:
git clone [email protected]:/snapper.git cd snapper make -f Makefile.repo # parallelize the build using more processors, use plain `make` if it does not work make -j`nproc`
To run the freshly built Snapper use this:
sudo make install # kill the currently running DBus process if present sudo killall snapperd # try your changes (the DBus service is started automatically) (sudo) snapper ...
Snapper includes some internal unit tests to avoid some bugs and regressions. The tests are located in the
testsuitesubdirectory and you can start them using the
There are also some additional tests in the
testsuite-realsubdirectory, but be careful. These tests really execute snapper commands and they can destroy your data! Run these tests only in a testing environment!
Before releasing the Snapper package ensure that the changes made to the package are mentioned in the
package/snapper.changesfile, update also the
Make sure the units tests still passes (see above).
When the version is increased then the Git repo has to be tagged, use the
vX.Y.Zformat for the tag. Also the filesystems:snapper OBS project has to be updated.
To create the package use command
make package. Then use the common work-flow to submit the package to the build service. For openSUSE:Factory send at first the package to the devel project filesystems:snapper in OBS.
The generated bzip2 tarball has to be also placed at http://ftp.suse.com/pub/projects/snapper/.
When the documentation changes e.g. the man page or an important functionality then also the snapper.io web pages have to be updated. They are hosted as GitHub pages in the gh-pages branch in the Snapper Git repository.