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oktadev
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Description

Ionic for JHipster 💥

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Ionic for JHipster

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A JHipster Module that generates an Ionic Client

Introduction

This is a JHipster module. You can use it to generate an Ionic app that talks to a JHipster backend. It uses the Ionic JHipster Starter as a base template, then applies functionality (e.g. entity generation) on top of it.

To learn more about this module, see Build Mobile Apps with Angular, Ionic 4, and Spring Boot.

Prerequisites

As this is a JHipster module, we expect you to have an existing JHipster, Ionic, and Angular CLI already installed.

Or just run:

npm i -g generator-jhipster @ionic/cli @angular/cli

Installation

To install this module:

npm install -g generator-jhipster-ionic yo

To update this module:

npm update -g generator-jhipster-ionic

Usage

Create a JHipster app using

jhipster
, or a backend-only with
yo jhipster:server
. Choose
JWT
or
OAuth 2.0
as the authentication type.

In a directory alongside your JHipster app, run this module.

- jhipster-app
- ionic-app

The following command will create an Ionic app (and its directory) for you and install the necessary code for it to communicate with your JHipster backend.

yo jhipster-ionic

This module also ships with an

ionic4j
CLI that you can use as a shortcut.
  • Use
    ionic4j
    to generate a new app
  • ionic4j entity 
    generates entities
  • ionic4j import-jdl 
    imports JDL and generates entities

Add PWA Support

To add PWA support to your Ionic app, run:

ng add @angular/pwa

Watch use the Angular CLI to transform your Ionic app into a PWA to learn more.

Okta for Authentication

Choosing OAuth 2.0 / OIDC for authentication will allow you to use Keycloak or Okta for identity. In theory, you should be able to use any OIDC-compliant identity provider, and these are the only ones we've tested against. JHipster ships with Keycloak configured and ready to go by default. You simply have to start it in your JHipster backend.

docker-compose -f src/main/docker/keycloak up -d

See JHipster's security docs to see how to configure JHipster for Okta.

NEW: You can use the Okta CLI to add JHipster integration in seconds! After running

okta register
, run
okta apps create jhipster
. Then, source the created
.okta.env
file and start your app.
source .okta.env
./gradlew # or ./mvnw

In addition to having a OIDC app for your JHipster backend, you'll need to create a Native app on Okta too.

Create a Native Application in Okta

Run

okta apps create
. Select the default app name, or change it as you see fit. Choose Native and press Enter.

Change the Redirect URI to

[http://localhost:8100/callback,dev.localhost.ionic:/callback]
and the Logout Redirect URI to
[http://localhost:8100/logout,dev.localhost.ionic:/logout]
.

NOTE:

dev.localhost.ionic
is the default scheme, but you can also use something more traditional like
com.okta.dev-133337
(where
dev-133337.okta.com
is your Okta Org URL). If you change it, be sure to update the
scheme
in
src/environments/environment.ts
and the redirect URLs in
src/app/auth/factories/auth.factory.ts
.

The Okta CLI will create an OIDC App in your Okta Org. It will add the redirect URIs you specified and grant access to the Everyone group.

Okta application configuration:
Issuer:    https://dev-133337.okta.com/oauth2/default
Client ID: 0oab8eb55Kb9jdMIr5d6

NOTE: You can also use the Okta Admin Console to create your app. See Create a Native App for more information.

Open

ionic/src/app/auth/auth-config.service.ts
and add the client ID from your Native app. For example:
environment.oidcConfig.server_host = this.authConfig.issuer;
environment.oidcConfig.client_id = '';

You'll also need to add a trusted origin for

http://localhost:8100
. In your Okta Admin Console, go to Security > API > Trusted Origins > Add Origin. Use the following values:
  • Name:
    http://localhost:8100
  • Origin URL:
    http://localhost:8100
  • Type: Check both CORS and Redirect

Click Save.

Add Claims to Access Token

In order to authentication successfully with your Ionic app, you have to do a bit more configuration in Okta. Since the Ionic client will only send an access token to JHipster, you need to 1) add a

groups
claim to the access token and 2) add a couple more claims so the user's name will be available in JHipster.

NOTE: These steps are not necessary if you're using a version of JHipster with a

CustomClaimConverter
. In other words, if you're using Spring a MVC-based monolith, you don't need it. Support has not been added to WebFlux, yet.

Navigate to Security > API > Authorization Servers, click the Authorization Servers tab and edit the default one. Click the Claims tab and Add Claim. Name it "groups" and include it in the Access Token. Set the value type to "Groups" and set the filter to be a Regex of

.*
. Click Create.

Add another claim, name it

given_name
, include it in the access token, use
Expression
in the value type, and set the value to
user.firstName
. Optionally, include it in the
profile
scope. Perform the same actions to create a
family_name
claim and use expression
user.lastName
.

iOS

Generate a native project with the following commands:

ionic build
ionic capacitor add ios

Add your custom scheme to

ios/App/App/Info.plist
:
CFBundleURLTypes

  
    CFBundleURLName
    com.getcapacitor.capacitor
    CFBundleURLSchemes
    
      capacitor
      dev.localhost.ionic
      com.okta.dev-737523
    
  

Open your project in Xcode and configure code signing.

npx cap open ios

Then, run your app from Xcode.

Android

Generate a native project with the following commands:

ionic build
ionic capacitor add android

Change the custom scheme in

android/app/src/main/res/values/strings.xml
to use
dev.localhost.ionic
or your reverse domain name:
com.okta.dev-737523

The SafariViewController Cordova Plugin is installed as part of this project. Capacitor uses AndroidX dependencies, but the SafariViewController plugin uses an older non-AndroidX dependency. Use jetifier to patch usages of old support libraries with the following commands:

npm install jetifier
npx jetify
npx cap sync android

Then, open your project in Android Studio and run your app.

npx cap open android

You'll need to run a couple commands to allow the emulator to communicate with your API and Keycloak.

adb reverse tcp:8080 tcp:8080
adb reverse tcp:9080 tcp:9080

If you see

java.io.IOException: Cleartext HTTP traffic to localhost not permitted
in your Android Studio console, enable clear text traffic in
android/app/src/main/AndroidManifest.xml
:

See this Stack Overflow Q&A for more information.

If that doesn't work, just use Okta (and its HTTPS-by-default feature 😉).

Entity Generator

To generate entities, run

ionic4j entity 
or
yo jhipster-ionic:entity 
.

Import JDL

To import JDL, run

ionic4j import-jdl 
or
yo jhipster-ionic:import-jdl 
.

Testing

You can run unit tests with:

npm test

See the testing section of the Ionic JHipster Starter for more information.

Contributing

Please read our guidelines before submitting an issue. If your issue is a bug, please use the bug template pre populated here. For feature requests and queries you can use this template.

License

Apache-2.0 © Okta, Inc

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