archivenow

by oduwsdl

oduwsdl / archivenow

A Tool To Push Web Resources Into Web Archives

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Archive Now (archivenow)

A Tool To Push Web Resources Into Web Archives

Archive Now (archivenow) currently is configured to push resources into six public web archives. You can easily add more archives by writing a new archive handler (e.g., myarchive_handler.py) and place it inside the folder "handlers".

As explained below, this library can be used through:

  • Command Line Interface (CLI)

  • A Web Service

  • A Docker Container

  • Python

Installing

The latest release of archivenow can be installed using pip:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ pip install archivenow

The latest development version containing changes not yet released can be installed from source:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ git clone [email protected]:oduwsdl/archivenow.git
  $ cd archivenow
  $ pip install -r requirements.txt
  $ pip install ./

CLI USAGE

Usage of sub-commands in archivenow can be accessed through providing the

-h
or
--help
flag, like any of the below.

.. code-block:: bash

  $ archivenow -h
  usage: archivenow.py [-h] [--mg] [--wc] [--cc] [--cc_api_key [CC_API_KEY]]
                       [--is] [--st] [--ia] [--warc [WARC]] [-v] [--all]
                       [--server] [--host [HOST]] [--agent [AGENT]]
                       [--port [PORT]]
                       [URI]

positional arguments: URI URI of a web resource

optional arguments: -h, --help show this help message and exit --mg Use Megalodon.jp --wc Use The WebCite Archive --cc Use The Perma.cc Archive --cc_api_key [CC_API_KEY] An API KEY is required by The Perma.cc Archive --is Use The Archive.is --st Use The Archive.st --ia Use The Internet Archive --warc [WARC] Generate WARC file -v, --version Report the version of archivenow --all Use all possible archives --server Run archiveNow as a Web Service --host [HOST] A server address --agent [AGENT] Use "wget" or "squidwarc" for WARC generation --port [PORT] A port number to run a Web Service

Examples

Example 1 ~~~~~~~~~

To save the web page (www.foxnews.com) in the Internet Archive:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ archivenow --ia www.foxnews.com
  https://web.archive.org/web/20170209135625/http://www.foxnews.com

Example 2 ~~~~~~~~~

By default, the web page (e.g., www.foxnews.com) will be saved in the Internet Archive if no optional arguments are provided:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ archivenow www.foxnews.com
  https://web.archive.org/web/20170215164835/http://www.foxnews.com

Example 3 ~~~~~~~~~

To save the web page (www.foxnews.com) in the Internet Archive (archive.org) and Archive.is:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ archivenow --ia --is www.foxnews.com
  https://web.archive.org/web/20170209140345/http://www.foxnews.com
  http://archive.is/fPVyc

Example 4 ~~~~~~~~~

To save the web page (https://nypost.com/) in all configured web archives. In addition to preserving the page in all configured archives, this command will also locally create a WARC file:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ archivenow --all https://nypost.com/ --cc_api_key $Your-Perma-CC-API-Key
  http://archive.is/dcnan
  https://perma.cc/53CC-5ST8
  https://web.archive.org/web/20181002081445/https://nypost.com/
  https://megalodon.jp/2018-1002-1714-24/https://nypost.com:443/
  http://www.webcitation.org/72ramyxT2
  https://Archive.st/archive/2018/10/nypost.com/h5m1/nypost.com/index.html
  https_nypost.com__96ec2300.warc

Example 5 ~~~~~~~~~

To download the web page (https://nypost.com/) and create a WARC file:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ archivenow --warc=mypage --agent=wget https://nypost.com/
  mypage.warc

Server

You can run archivenow as a web service. You can specify the server address and/or the port number (e.g., --host localhost --port 12345)

.. code-block:: bash

  $ archivenow --server

Running on http://0.0.0.0:12345/ (Press CTRL+C to quit)

Example 6 ~~~~~~~~~

To save the web page (www.foxnews.com) in The Internet Archive through the web service:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ curl -i http://0.0.0.0:12345/ia/www.foxnews.com

  HTTP/1.0 200 OK
  Content-Type: application/json
  Content-Length: 95
  Server: Werkzeug/0.11.15 Python/2.7.10
  Date: Tue, 02 Oct 2018 08:20:18 GMT

  {
    "results": [
      "https://web.archive.org/web/20181002082007/http://www.foxnews.com"
    ]
  }

Example 7 ~~~~~~~~~

To save the web page (www.foxnews.com) in all configured archives though the web service:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ curl -i http://0.0.0.0:12345/all/www.foxnews.com

  HTTP/1.0 200 OK
  Content-Type: application/json
  Content-Length: 385
  Server: Werkzeug/0.11.15 Python/2.7.10
  Date: Tue, 02 Oct 2018 08:23:53 GMT

  {
    "results": [
      "Error (The Perma.cc Archive): An API Key is required ", 
      "http://archive.is/ukads", 
      "https://web.archive.org/web/20181002082007/http://www.foxnews.com", 
      "http://Archive.st/ikxq", 
      "Error (Megalodon.jp): We can not obtain this page because the time limit has been reached or for technical ... ", 
      "http://www.webcitation.org/72rbKsX8B"
    ]
  }

Example 8 ~~~~~~~~~

Because an API Key is required by Perma.cc, the HTTP request should be as follows:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ curl -i http://127.0.0.1:12345/all/https://nypost.com/?cc_api_key=$Your-Perma-CC-API-Key

Or use only Perma.cc:

.. code-block:: bash

  $ curl -i http://127.0.0.1:12345/cc/https://nypost.com/?cc_api_key=$Your-Perma-CC-API-Key

Running as a Docker Container

.. code-block:: bash

$ docker image pull oduwsdl/archivenow

Different ways to run archivenow

.. code-block:: bash

$ docker container run -it --rm oduwsdl/archivenow -h

Accessible at 127.0.0.1:12345:

.. code-block:: bash

$ docker container run -p 12345:12345 -it --rm oduwsdl/archivenow --server --host 0.0.0.0

Accessible at 127.0.0.1:22222:

.. code-block:: bash

$ docker container run -p 22222:11111 -it --rm oduwsdl/archivenow --server --port 11111 --host 0.0.0.0

.. image:: http://www.cs.odu.edu/~maturban/archivenow-6-archives.gif :width: 10pt

To save the web page (http://www.cnn.com) in The Internet Archive

.. code-block:: bash

$ docker container run -it --rm oduwsdl/archivenow --ia http://www.cnn.com

Python Usage

.. code-block:: bash

>>> from archivenow import archivenow

Example 9 ~~~~~~~~~

To save the web page (www.foxnews.com) in The WebCite Archive:

.. code-block:: bash

  >>> archivenow.push("www.foxnews.com","wc")
  ['http://www.webcitation.org/6o9LTiDz3']

Example 10 ~~~~~~~~~~

To save the web page (www.foxnews.com) in all configured archives:

.. code-block:: bash

  >>> archivenow.push("www.foxnews.com","all")
  ['https://web.archive.org/web/20170209145930/http://www.foxnews.com','http://archive.is/oAjuM','http://www.webcitation.org/6o9LcQoVV','Error (The Perma.cc Archive): An API KEY is required]

Example 11 ~~~~~~~~~~

To save the web page (www.foxnews.com) in The Perma.cc:

.. code-block:: bash

  >>> archivenow.push("www.foxnews.com","cc",{"cc_api_key":"$YOUR-Perma-cc-API-KEY"})
  ['https://perma.cc/8YYC-C7RM']

Example 12 ~~~~~~~~~~

To start the server from Python do the following. The server/port number can be passed (e.g, start(port=1111, host='localhost')):

.. code-block:: bash

  >>> archivenow.start()

  2017-02-09 15:02:37
  Running on http://127.0.0.1:12345
  (Press CTRL+C to quit)

Configuring a new archive or removing existing one

Additional archives may be added by creating a handler file in the "handlers" directory.

For example, if I want to add a new archive named "My Archive", I would create a file "ma_handler.py" and store it in the folder "handlers". The "ma" will be the archive identifier, so to push a web page (e.g., www.cnn.com) to this archive through the Python code, I should write:

.. code-block:: python

  archivenow.push("www.cnn.com","ma")

In the file "mahandler.py", the name of the class must be "MAhandler". This class must have at least one function called "push" which has one argument. See the existing

handler files
_ for examples on how to organized a newly configured archive handler.

Removing an archive can be done by one of the following options:

  • Removing the archive handler file from the folder "handlers"

  • Renaming the archive handler file to other name that does not end with "_handler.py"

  • Setting the variable "enabled" to "False" inside the handler file

Notes

The Internet Archive (IA) sets a time gap of at least two minutes between creating different copies of the "same" resource.

For example, if you send a request to IA to capture (www.cnn.com) at 10:00pm, IA will create a new copy (C) of this URI. IA will then return C for all requests to the archive for this URI received until 10:02pm. Using this same submission procedure for Archive.is requires a time gap of five minutes.

.. _handler files: https://github.com/oduwsdl/archivenow/tree/master/archivenow/handlers

Citing Project

.. code-block:: latex

  @INPROCEEDINGS{archivenow-jcdl2018,
    AUTHOR    = {Mohamed Aturban and
                 Mat Kelly and
                 Sawood Alam and
                 John A. Berlin and
                 Michael L. Nelson and
                 Michele C. Weigle},
    TITLE     = {{ArchiveNow}: Simplified, Extensible, Multi-Archive Preservation},
    BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 18th {ACM/IEEE-CS} Joint Conference on Digital Libraries},
    SERIES    = {{JCDL} '18},
    PAGES     = {321--322},
    MONTH     = {June},
    YEAR      = {2018},
    ADDRESS   = {Fort Worth, Texas, USA},
    URL       = {https://doi.org/10.1145/3197026.3203880},
    DOI       = {10.1145/3197026.3203880}
  }

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