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ocaml
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Description

Context sensitive completion for OCaml in Vim and Emacs

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merlin completion in vim

Merlin is an editor service that provides modern IDE features for OCaml.

Emacs and Vim support is provided out-of-the-box. To get editor support with Merlin in other editors, see this.

Easy installation with Opam

If you have a working Opam installation, install Merlin running the following two commands in terminal:

opam install merlin
opam user-setup install

opam-user-setup takes care of configuring Emacs and Vim to make best use of your current install. You can also configure the editor yourself, if you prefer.

Manually building and installing Merlin

Since version 4.0, merlin's repository has a dedicated branch per version of OCaml, and the branch name consist of the concatenation of OCaml major version and minor version. So, for instance,

OCaml 4.11.*
maps to branch
411
. The main branch is usually synchronized with the branch compatible with the latest (almost-)released version of OCaml.

Note: if you're using an older version of OCaml (between 4.02 and 4.10) you will want to build the 3.4 branch, although it won't contain the most recent features.

Compilation

Dependencies: ocamlfind, yojson >= 1.6.0, dune >= 2.7.

dune build -p dot-merlin-reader,merlin

Note: if you want to work on merlin, you'll want to avoid the

-p merlin
, to build in dev mode, with some extra warnings enabled. In that case you'll also need an extra dependency: menhir.

Installation

If you haven't encountered any errors in the previous step, just run:

dune install -p dot-merlin-reader,merlin

You can pass an explicit prefix to dune, using

--prefix
. It defaults to your current opam switch.

Editor setup

To set up Emacs and Vim, you need to instruct them to run the appropriate script when an OCaml file is opened.

In the rest of the document, <SHARE_DIR> refers to the directory where Merlin data files are installed.

It will usually be:

  • printed by the command
    opam var share
    , if you used opam
  • "<prefix>/share" if you explicitly specified a prefix when configuring Merlin

Vim setup

Makes sure that ocamlmerlin binary can be found in PATH.

The only setup needed is to have the following directory in vim runtime path (append this to your .vimrc):

:set rtp+=/merlin/vim

The default configuration can be seen in:

/merlin/vim/plugin/merlin.vim

After adding merlin to vim runtime path, you will probably want to run

:helptags /merlin/vim/doc
to register Merlin documentation inside vim.

A more comprehensive documentation can be found on the vim-from-scratch wiki.

Emacs setup

Manual setup

Merlin comes with an emacs library (file: emacs/merlin.el) that implements a minor-mode that is supposed to be used on top of tuareg-mode.

All you need to do is add the following to your .emacs:

(push "/emacs/site-lisp" load-path) ; directory containing merlin.el
(setq merlin-command "/ocamlmerlin")  ; needed only if ocamlmerlin not already in your PATH
(autoload 'merlin-mode "merlin" "Merlin mode" t)
(add-hook 'tuareg-mode-hook #'merlin-mode)
(add-hook 'caml-mode-hook #'merlin-mode)
;; Uncomment these lines if you want to enable integration with the corresponding packages
;; (require 'merlin-iedit)       ; iedit.el editing of occurrences
;; (require 'merlin-company)     ; company.el completion
;; (require 'merlin-ac)          ; auto-complete.el completion

A more comprehensive documentation can be found on the emacs-from-scratch wiki.

Setup via package.el

An installable core

merlin
package is available via MELPA, along with further small integration packages
merlin-company
,
merlin-iedit
and
merlin-ac
which users can install according to their needs.

Having installed the required packages, the following code in your emacs startup file is sufficient:

(setq merlin-command "/ocamlmerlin")  ; needed only if ocamlmerlin not already in your PATH
(add-hook 'tuareg-mode-hook #'merlin-mode)
(add-hook 'caml-mode-hook #'merlin-mode)
;; Uncomment these lines if you want to enable integration with the corresponding packages
;; (require 'merlin-iedit)       ; iedit.el editing of occurrences
;; (require 'merlin-company)     ; company.el completion
;; (require 'merlin-ac)          ; auto-complete.el completion

Other editors

Merlin only supports Vim and Emacs out-of-the-box. This section describes shortly how to get merlin-based editor support in other editors.

Visual Studio Code

OCaml has official support for Visual Studio Code through an extension called

OCaml Platform
available in the Visual Studio Marketplace. Project source is available here. Note that it requires OCaml-LSP, an official Language Server Protocol(LSP) implementation for OCaml based on merlin. It can be installed by running
opam install ocaml-lsp-server
.

Editors without official support

Consider using OCaml-LSP along with your editor's plugin for LSP if there is one.

The wiki also contains pages for:

External contributors have implemented modes for more editors:

Next steps

To use Merlin with a multi-file project, it is necessary to have a .merlin file unless your project is built using dune. Note that, in a project using Dune, user-created

.merlin
files will take precedence over the configuration provided by Dune to Merlin.

Read more in the wiki to learn how to make full use of Merlin in your projects.

Development of Merlin

Most of the development happens through the github page.

The mailing list welcomes general questions and discussions.

Merlin Labels

Area/Emacs: Related to Emacs

Area/Vim: Related to Vim

Kind/Bug: This issue describes a problem

Kind/Docs: This issue describes a documentation change

Kind/Feature-Request: Solving this issue requires implementing a new feature

Kind/To-discuss: Discussion needed to converge on a solution; often aesthetic. See mailing list for discussion

Status/0-More-info-needed: More information is needed before this issue can be triaged

Status/0-Triage: This issue needs triaging

Status/1-Acknowledged: This issue has been triaged and is being investigated

Status/2-Regression: Known workaround to be applied and tested

Status/3-Fixed-need-test: This issue has been fixed and needs checking

Status/4-Fixed: This issue has been fixed!

Status/5-Awaiting-feedback: This issue requires feedback on a previous fix

You can see current areas of development in our Merlin Project Roadmaps that we keep up to date.

Contributing to Merlin

Merlin needs your help and contributions!

Reporting Issues

When you encounter an issue, please report it with as much detail as possible. A thorough bug report is always appreciated :)

Check that our issue database doesn't already include that problem/suggestion. You can click "subscribe" on issues to follow their progress and updates.

When reporting issues, please include:

  • steps to reproduce the problem, if possible with some code triggering the issue,
  • version of the tools you are using: operating system, editor, OCaml.

Try to be as specific as possible:

  • avoid generic phrasing such as "doesn't work", explain what is happening (editor is freezing, you got an error message, the answer is not what was expected, ...)
  • include the content of error messages if there are any.

If it seems relevant, also include information about your development environment:

  • the Opam version and switch in use,
  • other toolchains involved (OCaml flavors, cygwin, C compiler, shell, ...),
  • how the editor was setup.

Pull Requests

Found a bug and know how to fix it? Or have a feature you can implement directly? We appreciate pull requests to improve Merlin, and any significant fix should start life as an issue first.

Documentation and wiki

Help is greatly appreciated, the wiki needs love.

If the wiki didn't cover a topic and you found out the answer, updating the page or pointing out the issue will be very useful for future users.

Discussing with other Merlin users and contributors

Together with commenting on issues with direct feedback and relevant information, we use the mailing list to discuss ideas and current designs/implementations. User input helps us to converge on solutions, especially those for aesthetic and user-oriented topics.

List of Contributors

We would like to thank all people who contributed to Merlin.

Main collaborators: * Frédéric Bour, main developer * Thomas Refis, main developer * Gemma Gordon, project manager * Simon Castellan, contributed the initial Emacs mode

Contributors: * Andrew Noyes * Andrey Popp * Anil Madhavapeddy * Anton Bachin * Armaël Guéneau * Arthur Wendling * Benjamin San Souci * Bernhard Schommer * Bobby Priambodo * Bryan Phelps * Chris Konstad * Christopher Reichert * Christophe Troestler * David Allsopp * Fabian Hemmer * Fourchaux * Gabriel Scherer * Geoff Gole * Gerd Stolpmann * Gregory Nisbet * Jacob Bass * Jacques-Pascal Deplaix * Jah Rehders * Jason Staten * Jochen Bartl * Jordan Walke * Keigo Imai * Leandro Ostera * Leo White * Madroach * Malcolm Matalka * Marc Weber * Mario Rodas * Markus Mottl * Milo Davis * Nick Borden * Nicolás Ojeda Bar * Olivier Andrieu * Philipp Haselwarter * Pierre Chambart * Raman Varabets * Raphaël Proust * Ronan Le Hy (2) * Rudi Grinberg * Steve Purcell * Syohei Yoshida * "tddsg" * Tomasz Kołodziejski * Velichko Vsevolod * Vincent / Twinside * Xavier Guérin * Ximin Luo * Yotam Barnoy

Sponsoring and donations

We would like to thank Jane Street for sponsoring and OCaml Labs for providing support and management.

And many thanks to our Bountysource backers.

Other acknowledgements

Distribution and configuration: * Louis Gesbert, opam-user-setup, out-of-the-box setup for Vim and Emacs * Edgar Aroutinian, ocaml-starterkit, collection of tools for beginners in OCaml

Support for other editors: * Luc Rocher, Sublime Text 3 * Pieter Goetschalckx, ocaml-merlin package for Atom * various contributors, nuclide package for Atom

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