Need help with tf-gnn-samples?
Click the “chat” button below for chat support from the developer who created it, or find similar developers for support.

About the developer

microsoft
744 Stars 190 Forks MIT License 34 Commits 5 Opened issues

Description

TensorFlow implementations of Graph Neural Networks

Services available

!
?

Need anything else?

Contributors list

TF Graph Neural Network Samples

This repository is the code release corresponding to an article introducing graph neural networks (GNNs) with feature-wise linear modulation (Brockschmidt, 2019). In the paper, a number of GNN architectures are discussed: * Gated Graph Neural Networks (GGNN) (Li et al., 2015). * Relational Graph Convolutional Networks (RGCN) (Schlichtkrull et al., 2016). * Relational Graph Attention Networks (RGAT) - a generalisation of Graph Attention Networks (Veličković et al., 2018) to several edge types. * Relational Graph Isomorphism Networks (RGIN) - a generalisation of Graph Isomorphism Networks (Xu et al., 2019) to several edge types. * Graph Neural Network with Edge MLPs (GNN-Edge-MLP) - a variant of RGCN in which messages on edges are computed using full MLPs, not just a single layer. * Relational Graph Dynamic Convolution Networks (RGDCN) - a new variant of RGCN in which the weights of convolutional layers are dynamically computed. * Graph Neural Networks with Feature-wise Linear Modulation (GNN-FiLM) - a new extension of RGCN with FiLM layers.

The results presented in the paper are based on the implementations of models and tasks provided in this repository.

This code was tested in Python 3.6 with TensorFlow 1.13.1. To install required packages, run

pip install -r requirements.txt
.

The code is maintained by the Deep Program Understanding project at Microsoft Research, Cambridge, UK. We are hiring.

Running

To train a model, it suffices to run

python train.py MODEL_TYPE TASK
, for example as follows:
$ python train.py RGCN PPI
Loading task/model-specific default parameters from tasks/default_hypers/PPI_RGCN.json.
 Loading PPI train data from data/ppi.
 Loading PPI valid data from data/ppi.
Model has 699257 parameters.
Run PPI_RGCN_2019-06-26-14-33-58_17208 starting.
 Using the following task params: {"add_self_loop_edges": true, "tie_fwd_bkwd_edges": false, "out_layer_dropout_keep_prob": 1.0}
 Using the following model params: {"max_nodes_in_batch": 12500, "graph_num_layers": 3, "graph_num_timesteps_per_layer": 1, "graph_layer_input_dropout_keep_prob": 1.0, "graph_dense_between_every_num_gnn_layers": 10000, "graph_model_activation_function": "tanh", "graph_residual_connection_every_num_layers": 10000, "graph_inter_layer_norm": false, "max_epochs": 10000, "patience": 25, "optimizer": "Adam", "learning_rate": 0.001, "learning_rate_decay": 0.98, "momentum": 0.85, "clamp_gradient_norm": 1.0, "random_seed": 0, "hidden_size": 256, "graph_activation_function": "ReLU", "message_aggregation_function": "sum"}
== Epoch 1
 Train: loss: 77.42656 || Avg MicroF1: 0.395 || graphs/sec: 15.09 | nodes/sec: 33879 | edges/sec: 1952084
 Valid: loss: 68.86771 || Avg MicroF1: 0.370 || graphs/sec: 14.85 | nodes/sec: 48360 | edges/sec: 3098674
  (Best epoch so far, target metric decreased to 224302.10938 from inf. Saving to 'trained_models/PPI_RGCN_2019-06-26-14-33-58_17208_best_model.pickle')
[...]
An overview of options can be obtained by
python train.py --help
.

Note that task and model parameters can be overriden (note that every training run prints their current settings) using the

--task-param-overrides
and
--model-param-overrides
command line options, which take dictionaries in JSON form. So for example, to choose a different number of layers,
--model-param-overrides '{"graph_num_layers": 4}'
can be used.

Results of the training run will be saved as well in a directory (by default

trained_models/
, but this can be set using the
--result_dir
flag). Concretely, the following three files are created: *
${RESULT_DIR}/${RUN_NAME}.log
: A log of the training run. *
${RESULT_DIR}/${RUN_NAME}_best_model.pickle
: A dump of the model weights achieving the best results on the validation set.

To evaluate a model, use the

test.py
script as follows on one of the model dumps generated by
train.py
:
$ python test.py trained_models/PPI_RGCN_2019-06-26-14-33-58_17208_best_model.pickle
Loading model from file trained_models/PPI_RGCN_2019-06-26-14-33-58_17208_best_model.pickle.
Model has 699257 parameters.
== Running Test on data/ppi ==
 Loading PPI test data from data/ppi.
Loss 11.13117 on 2 graphs
Metrics: Avg MicroF1: 0.954
python test.py --help
provides more options, for example to specify a different test data set. A run on the default test set can be be automatically triggered after training using the
--run-test
option to
train.py
as well.

Experimental Results

Experimental results reported in the accompanying article can be reproduced using the code in the repository. More precisely,

python run_ppi_benchs.py ppi_eval_results/
should produce an ASCII rendering of Table 1 - note, however, that this will take quite a while. Similarly,
python run_qm9_benchs.py qm9_eval_results/
should produce an ASCII rendering of Table 2 - this will take a very long time (approx. 13 * 4 * 45 * 5 minutes, i.e., around 8 days), and in practice, we used a different version of this parallelising the runs across many hosts using Microsoft-internal infrastructure.

Note that the training script loads fitting default hyperparameters for model/task combinations from

tasks/default_hypers/{TASK}_{MODEL}.json
.

Models

Currently, five model types are implemented: *

GGNN
: Gated Graph Neural Networks (Li et al., 2015). *
RGCN
: Relational Graph Convolutional Networks (Schlichtkrull et al., 2017). *
RGAT
: Relational Graph Attention Networks (Veličković et al., 2018). *
RGIN
: Relational Graph Isomorphism Networks (Xu et al., 2019). *
GNN-Edge-MLP
: Graph Neural Network with Edge MLPs - a variant of RGCN in which messages on edges are computed using full MLPs, not just a single layer applied to the source state. *
RGDCN
: Relational Graph Dynamic Convolution Networks - a new variant of RGCN in which the weights of convolutional layers are dynamically computed. *
GNN-FiLM
: Graph Neural Networks with Feature-wise Linear Modulation - a new extension of RGCN with FiLM layers.

Tasks

New tasks can be added by implementing the

tasks.sparse_graph_task
interface. This provides hooks to load data, create a task-specific output layers and compute task-specific metrics. The documentation in
tasks/sparse_graph_task.py
provides a detailed overview of the interface. Currently, four tasks are implemented, exposing different aspects.

Citation networks

The

CitationNetwork
task (implemented in
tasks/citation_network_task.py
) handles the Cora, Pubmed and Citeseer citation network datasets often used in evaluation of GNNs (Sen et al., 2008). The implementation illustrates how to handle the case of transductive graph learning on a single graph instance by masking out nodes that shouldn't be considered. You can call this by running
python train.py MODEL Cora
(or
Pubmed
or
Citeseer
instead of
Cora
).

To run experiments on this task, you need to download the data from https://github.com/kimiyoung/planetoid/raw/master/data. By default, the code looks for this data in

data/citation-networks
, but this can be changed by using
--data-path "SOME/OTHER/DIR"
.

PPI

The

PPI
task (implemented in
tasks/ppi_task.py
) handles the protein-protein interaction task first described by Zitnik & Leskovec, 2017. The implementation illustrates how to handle the case of inductive graph learning with node-level predictions. You can call this by running
python train.py MODEL PPI
.

To run experiments on this task, you need to download the data from.

curl -LO https://data.dgl.ai/dataset/ppi.zip
unzip ppi.zip -d 

By default, the code looks for this data in

data/ppi
, but this can be changed by using
--data-path "SOME/OTHER/DIR"
.

Current Results

Running

python run_ppi_benchs.py ppi_results/
should yield results looking like this (on an NVidia V100):

| Model | Avg. MicroF1 | Avg. Time | |---------------|-------------------|------------| | GGNN | 0.990 (+/- 0.001) | 432.6 | | RGCN | 0.989 (+/- 0.000) | 759.0 | | RGAT | 0.989 (+/- 0.001) | 782.3 | | RGIN | 0.991 (+/- 0.001) | 704.8 | | GNN-Edge-MLP0 | 0.992 (+/- 0.000) | 556.9 | | GNN-Edge-MLP1 | 0.992 (+/- 0.001) | 479.2 | | GNN_FiLM | 0.992 (+/- 0.000) | 308.1 |

QM9

The

QM9
task (implemented in
tasks/qm9_task.py
) handles the quantum chemistry prediction tasks first described by Ramakrishnan et al., 2014 The implementation illustrates how to handle the case of inductive graph learning with graph-level predictions. You can call this by running
python train.py MODEL QM9
.

The data for this task is included in the repository in

data/qm9
, which just contains a JSON representation of a pre-processed version of the dataset originally released by Ramakrishnan et al., 2014.

The results shown in Table 2 of the technical report can be reproduced by running

python run_qm9_benchs.py qm9_results/
, but this will take a very long time (several days) and should best be distributed onto different compute nodes.

VarMisuse

The

VarMisuse
task (implemented in
tasks/varmisuse_task.py
) handles the variable misuse task first described by Allamanis et al., 2018. Note that we do not fully re-implement the original model here, and so results are not (quite) comparable with the results reported in the original paper. The implementation illustrates how to handle the case of inductive graph learning with predictions based on node selection. You can call this by running
python train.py MODEL VarMisuse
.

To run experiments on this task, you need to download the dataset from https://aka.ms/iclr18-prog-graphs-dataset. To make this usable for the data loading code in this repository, you then need to edit the top lines of the script

reorg_varmisuse_data.sh
(from this repo) to point to the downloaded zip file and the directory you want to extract the data to, and then run it. Note that this will take a relatively long time. By default, the code looks for this data in
data/varmisuse/
, but this can be changed by using
--data-path "SOME/OTHER/DIR"
.

Current Results

Running

python run_varmisuse_benchs.py varmisuse_results/
should yield results looking like this (on a single NVidia V100, this will take about 2 weeks):

| Model | Valid Acc | Test Acc | TestOnly Acc | |----------------|-------------------|-------------------|-------------------| | GGNN | 0.821 (+/- 0.009) | 0.857 (+/- 0.005) | 0.793 (+/- 0.012) | | RGCN | 0.857 (+/- 0.016) | 0.872 (+/- 0.015) | 0.814 (+/- 0.023) | | RGAT | 0.842 (+/- 0.010) | 0.869 (+/- 0.007) | 0.812 (+/- 0.009) | | RGIN | 0.842 (+/- 0.010) | 0.871 (+/- 0.001) | 0.811 (+/- 0.009) | | GNN-Edge-MLP0 | 0.834 (+/- 0.003) | 0.865 (+/- 0.002) | 0.805 (+/- 0.014) | | GNN-Edge-MLP1 | 0.844 (+/- 0.004) | 0.869 (+/- 0.003) | 0.814 (+/- 0.007) | | GNN_FiLM | 0.846 (+/- 0.006) | 0.870 (+/- 0.002) | 0.813 (+/- 0.009) |

References

Allamanis et al., 2018

Miltiadis Allamanis, Marc Brockschmidt, and Mahmoud Khademi. Learning to Represent Programs with Graphs. In International Conference on Learning Representations (ICLR), 2018. (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1711.00740.pdf)

Brockschmidt, 2019

Marc Brockschmidt. GNN-FiLM: Graph Neural Networks with Feature-wise Linear Modulation. (https://arxiv.org/abs/1906.12192)

Li et al., 2015

Yujia Li, Daniel Tarlow, Marc Brockschmidt, and Richard Zemel. Gated Graph Sequence Neural Networks. In International Conference on Learning Representations (ICLR), 2016. (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1511.05493.pdf)

Ramakrishnan et al., 2014

Raghunathan Ramakrishnan, Pavlo O. Dral, Matthias Rupp, and O. Anatole Von Lilienfeld. Quantum Chemistry Structures and Properties of 134 Kilo Molecules. Scientific Data, 1, 2014. (https://www.nature.com/articles/sdata201422/)

Schlichtkrull et al., 2017

Michael Schlichtkrull, Thomas N. Kipf, Peter Bloem, Rianne van den Berg, Ivan Titov, and Max Welling. Modeling Relational Data with Graph Convolutional Networks. In Extended Semantic Web Conference (ESWC), 2018. (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1703.06103.pdf)

Sen et al., 2008

Prithviraj Sen, Galileo Namata, Mustafa Bilgic, Lise Getoor, Brian Galligher, and Tina Eliassi-Rad. Collective Classification in Network Data. AI magazine, 29, 2008. (https://www.aaai.org/ojs/index.php/aimagazine/article/view/2157)

Veličković et al. 2018

Petar Veličković, Guillem Cucurull, Arantxa Casanova, Adriana Romero, Pietro Liò, and Yoshua Bengio. Graph Attention Networks. In International Conference on Learning Representations (ICLR), 2018. (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1710.10903.pdf)

Xu et al. 2019

Keyulu Xu, Weihua Hu, Jure Leskovec, and Stefanie Jegelka. How Powerful are Graph Neural Networks? In International Conference on Learning Representations (ICLR), 2019. (https://arxiv.org/pdf/1810.00826.pdf)

Zitnik & Leskovec, 2017

Marinka Zitnik and Jure Leskovec. Predicting Multicellular Function Through Multi-layer Tissue Networks. Bioinformatics, 33, 2017. (https://arxiv.org/abs/1707.04638)

Contributing

This project welcomes contributions and suggestions. Most contributions require you to agree to a Contributor License Agreement (CLA) declaring that you have the right to, and actually do, grant us the rights to use your contribution. For details, visit https://cla.microsoft.com.

When you submit a pull request, a CLA-bot will automatically determine whether you need to provide a CLA and decorate the PR appropriately (e.g., label, comment). Simply follow the instructions provided by the bot. You will only need to do this once across all repos using our CLA.

This project has adopted the Microsoft Open Source Code of Conduct. For more information see the Code of Conduct FAQ or contact [email protected] with any additional questions or comments.

We use cookies. If you continue to browse the site, you agree to the use of cookies. For more information on our use of cookies please see our Privacy Policy.