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Description

Redis on Apache Mesos

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mr-redis

Mesos runs Redis.

A minimalistic framework for Redis workload on Apache Mesos

This framework supports the following features

  • Creates/Maintains Single Redis-instance
  • Creates/Maintains Redis-Instances with Master-Slave setup
  • A centralized persistence layer currently enabled by etcd

Why mr-redis?

At Huawei we foresee creating, running and maintaining huge number of redis instances on our datacenters. We intially evaluated few cluster managers for this job, but due to the specific requirements of 'redis' itself those solutions did not satisfy most of our needs. We quickly did a POC by writing a framework exclusively for Redis on Apache Mesos. Based on the outcome we decided to initate this project and work with the opensource community to build a robust custom framework for Redis which will be useful for Huawei as well as for the rest of the world.

Project Status is Alpha.

We have built a basic working functionality and would like to build a strong functional framework for Redis along with the community. In the meanwhile please feel free to try this out and give us feedback by creating PR and Issues.

Who should use mr-redis

  • If your organization has a requirement for creating and maintaining huge number of redis service instances
  • If you are planning to host 'redis' as a Service
  • If redis instances need to be created in seconds and not in minutes
  • If you are already using Apache Mesos as a Resource Manager for your datacenter and want to add Redis (as a service) workload to it

Installation Instructions

Prerequisite

For Mr-Redis to work you will need below software packages already available in your datacenter (Cloud) * Apache Mesos :- The Resource Manager of your DC to which mr-redis scheduler will connect to. * Golang Dev Environment :- If you are planning to build mr-redis from source you will need to setup standard golang development environment. * etcd or ZooKeeper :- mr-redis uses etcd/ZK to store its state information so a running instance of either etcd or ZK is required in your datacenter * redis-server :- mr-redis scheduler is capable of pulling the redis docker image and executing it. (new) You no longer need to supply a Redis binary

Installing the scheduler/framework can be done in three ways

From source code (Developer)

$git clone https://github.com/mesos/mr-redis.git ${GOPATH}/src/github.com/mesos/mr-redis
$go get github.com/tools/godep
$cd ${GOPATH}/src/github.com/mesos/mr-redis/sched
$godep go build .
$cd ../exec/
$godep go build -o MrRedisExecutor .
$cd ../cli/
$godep go build -o mrr .

From RELEASE (Alpha V1)

$mkdir mr-redis
$cd mr-redis
$wget https://github.com/mesos/mr-redis/releases/download/v0.01-alpha/sched
$wget https://github.com/mesos/mr-redis/releases/download/v0.01-alpha/MrRedisExecutor

Linux CLI

$wget https://github.com/mesos/mr-redis/releases/download/v0.01-alpha/mrr_linux_amd64
Windows CLI
$wget https://github.com/mesos/mr-redis/releases/download/v0.01-alpha/mrr_win_amd64.exe
Darwin (MAC) CLI
$wget https://github.com/mesos/mr-redis/releases/download/v0.01-alpha/mrr_darwin_amd64
Mark them as binaries
$chmod u+x *
Create a link or alias for ease of use, for example in Linux perform below to create a link
$ln -s mrr_linux_amd64 mrr

DC/OS

MrRedis is integrated with DC/OS's universe, it should be pretty straight forward to install it like any other package.

$dcos package install mr-redis

NOTE for DC/OS Users:

Unlike ETCD, Cassandra and other database frameworks installing mr-redis (scheduler) itself will not create any redis instance in your DC/OS environment, you have to further download and use the CLI (mrr) in order to create redis instances.

Reaching the framework

The scheduler binds itself with the port 5656, so from a node within the cluster or from a node from which mrredis.mesos is resolvable try to create an instance with the below configuration. {InstanceName : "TestInstance"; MemoryCapacity : 100 MB; Number of Slaves : 2;}

$curl -X "POST" mrredis.mesos:5656/v1/CREATE/TestInstance/100/1/2
Request Accepted, Instance will be created.

Status of created Instance

Try the below curl command. This gives a json response about this instance.

$curl mrredis.mesos:5656/v1/STATUS/TestInstance
{"Name":"TestInstance","Type":"MS","Status":"RUNNING","Capacity":200,"Master":{"IP":"10.11.12.123","Port":"6382","MemoryCapacity":200,"MemoryUsed":1904432,"Uptime":1623,"ClientsConnected":1,"LastSyncedToMaster":0},"Slaves":[{"IP":"10.11.12.121","Port":"6381","MemoryCapacity":200,"MemoryUsed":834904,"Uptime":1619,"ClientsConnected":2,"LastSyncedToMaster":9},{"IP":"10.11.12.121","Port":"6382","MemoryCapacity":200,"MemoryUsed":834904,"Uptime":1619,"ClientsConnected":2,"LastSyncedToMaster":9}]}
OR try the CLI
$mrr status -n TestInstance
Status = RUNNING
Type = MS
Capacity = 200
Master = 10.11.12.123:6382
        Slave0 = 10.11.12.121:6381
        Slave1 = 10.11.12.121:6382

Connecting to an Instance

From the above json response information related to Master are as follows.

    "Master": {
        "IP": "10.11.12.123",
        "Port": "6382",
        "MemoryCapacity": 200,
        "MemoryUsed": 1904432,
        "Uptime": 1623,
        "ClientsConnected": 1,
        "LastSyncedToMaster": 0
    }
You could use any redis client and connect to the master or use the redis-cli to test the instance.
$redis-cli -h 10.11.12.123 -p 6382
10.11.12.123:6381> set foo bar
OK
10.11.12.123:6381> get foo
"bar"
10.11.12.123:6381> exit

Starting the Scheduler (not applicable to DC/OS users)

MrRedis scheduler binary is usually referred as

sched
, the scheduler hosts a file-server which can distribute redis binary and custom Executor.

The scheduler takes only one argument which is the config file,

$./sched -config="./config.json"
2016/01/17 16:35:11 *****************************************************************
2016/01/17 16:35:11 *********************Starting MrRedis-Scheduler******************
2016/01/17 16:35:11 *****************************************************************
2016/01/17 16:35:11 Starting the HTTP server at port 8080
.
.

The configuration file should be of json format, below is an example

$cat config.json
{
   "UserName": "ubuntu",
   "FrameworkName": "MrRedis",
   "Master": "127.0.0.1:5050",
   "ExecutorPath": "./MrRedisExecutor",
   "RedisImage": "redis:3.0-alpine",
you can configure Zookeeper as the KV store
   "DBType": "zookeeper",, 
   "DBEndPoint": "127.0.0.1:2181"", 
OR use ETCD
   "DBType": "etcd", 
   "DBEndPoint": "127.0.0.1:2379", 
   "LogFile": "stderr",
   "ArtifactIP": "127.0.0.1",
   "ArtifactPort": "5454",
   "HTTPPort": "5656"
}
Please substitute appropriate values with respect to your environment for MasterIP/Port, ExecutorPath, DBEndPoint and IP address of this scheduler's VM that is accessible from the slaves for artifactIP

if you want to get an empty config for you to start working on you could do this and the scheduler will print you a dummy structure for you to start working on.

$./sched -DumpEmptyConfig
{
   "UserName": "ubuntu",
   "FrameworkName": "MrRedis",
   "Master": "127.0.0.1:5050",
   "ExecutorPath": "./MrRedisExecutor",
   "RedisImage": "redis:3.0-alpine",
   "DBType": "etcd",
   "DBEndPoint": "127.0.0.1:2379",
   "LogFile": "stderr",
   "ArtifactIP": "127.0.0.1",
   "ArtifactPort": "5454",
   "HTTPPort": "5656"
}

Distribution of redis processes among Mesos Agents.

'Distribution' : An integer representing number of 'redis-servers' can be start in One agent belonging to this Instance This attribute needs to be supplied while you create an Instances, by default the distribution Value is set to 1.

Scenario

Mesos cluster with three Agents A1, A2 and A3 then

Case 1:

If you create an instance with M and 2 Slaves namely S1 & S2 (default Distribution Value)

| A1 | A2 | A3 | | --- | --- | --- | | M | S1 | S1 |

roughly should be the distribution,

Case 2:

If you create an Redis Instance with M and 5 Slaves namely S1,S2,S3,S4,S5 (distribution Value is 2)

| A1 | A2 | A3 | | --- | --- | --- | | M | S1 | S1 | | S3 | S4 | S5 |

The json file to be supplied along with 'CREATE' call should be like below

cat d.json
{
        "Distribution": 2
}
The cli(mrr) create sub-command has a new
-f
option to supply addition json file. If you are using curl to create instances then supply it like this
curl http:///v1/CREATE/testInstance/100/1/2 -X "POST" --header "Content-Type: application/json" -d @d.json

Creating Instances

This can be done in 3 ways.

Creating Multiple Redis Instances:

How much time does it take to create 70 single redis instances ?

Master-Slave Promotion:

Scheduler automatically promotes a slave when a master fails.

Using the CLI

mr-redis has built-in cli for creating and destroying redis instances.

CLI should first be initialized with the scheduler with this simple command

$mrr init http://:

If you want to explore other commands below is the help screen ``` $mrr help NAME: mrr - MrRedis Command Line Interface

USAGE: mrr [global options] command [command options] [arguments...]

VERSION: 0.0.0

COMMANDS: init, i $mrr init http://MrRedisEndPoint create, c Create a Redis Instance status, s Status of a Redis Instance delete, d Delete a Redis Instance help, h Shows a list of commands or help for one command

GLOBAL OPTIONS: --help, -h show help ```

Help on a specific command ``` $mrr help create NAME: mrr create - Create a Redis Instance

USAGE: mrr create [command options] [arguments...]

OPTIONS: --name, -n Name of the Redis Instance --memory, -m "0" Memory in MB --slaves, -s "0" Number of Slaves --wait, -w Wait for the Instance to be created (by default the command is async) --file, -f Location of the config file for this instance, to specify Distribution Value ```

More Examples of Using the CLI

Example 1:

The cli itself will be async by default as it does not wait for the operation to complete

$mrr create -n testInst -m 200 -s 1
Attempting to Creating a Redis Instance (testInst) with mem=200 slaves=1
Instance Creation accepted..
Check $mrr status -n testInst for status
$mrr status -n testInst
Status = RUNNING
Type = MS
Capacity = 200
Master = 10.11.12.33:6389
        Slave0 = 10.11.12.32:6380

Example 2:

If you have a complicated Redis requirement then a simple command like the one below will result in creating one redis instance with 1 master and 50 Slaves in less than 15 secs, Simple :-) ``` $time mrr create -n hello50 -m 100 -s 50 -w true Attempting to Creating a Redis Instance (hello50) with mem=100 slaves=50 Instance Creation accepted................ Instance Created.

real 0m14.269s user 0m0.033s sys 0m0.037s

To find the status of the redis instance you have created, below is the command
$mrr status -n hello50 Status = RUNNING Type = MS Capacity = 100 Master = 10.11.12.21:6380 Slave0 = 10.11.12.31:6381 Slave1 = 10.11.12.31:6383 Slave2 = 10.11.12.31:6384 Slave3 = 10.11.12.31:6385 Slave4 = 10.11.12.31:6382 Slave5 = 10.11.12.31:6386 Slave6 = 10.11.12.31:6387 Slave7 = 10.11.12.31:6388 Slave8 = 10.11.12.31:6391 Slave9 = 10.11.12.31:6392 Slave10 = 10.11.12.31:6390 Slave11 = 10.11.12.31:6389 Slave12 = 10.11.12.31:6393 Slave13 = 10.11.12.31:6394 Slave14 = 10.11.12.31:6395 Slave15 = 10.11.12.20:6380 Slave16 = 10.11.12.20:6381 Slave17 = 10.11.12.20:6383 Slave18 = 10.11.12.20:6384 Slave19 = 10.11.12.20:6387 Slave20 = 10.11.12.20:6385 Slave21 = 10.11.12.20:6386 Slave22 = 10.11.12.20:6382 Slave23 = 10.11.12.29:6380 Slave24 = 10.11.12.29:6381 Slave25 = 10.11.12.29:6382 Slave26 = 10.11.12.29:6384 Slave27 = 10.11.12.29:6385 Slave28 = 10.11.12.29:6383 Slave29 = 10.11.12.29:6387 Slave30 = 10.11.12.29:6386 Slave31 = 10.11.12.29:6389 Slave32 = 10.11.12.29:6391 Slave33 = 10.11.12.29:6392 Slave34 = 10.11.12.29:6388 Slave35 = 10.11.12.29:6390 Slave36 = 10.11.12.29:6394 Slave37 = 10.11.12.29:6395 Slave38 = 10.11.12.29:6393 Slave39 = 10.11.12.21:6383 Slave40 = 10.11.12.21:6384 Slave41 = 10.11.12.21:6386 Slave42 = 10.11.12.21:6385 Slave43 = 10.11.12.21:6387 Slave44 = 10.11.12.21:6388 Slave45 = 10.11.12.21:6390 Slave46 = 10.11.12.21:6389 Slave47 = 10.11.12.21:6391 Slave48 = 10.11.12.21:6381 Slave49 = 10.11.12.21:6382 ```

Proxy in Progress

We are writing a proxy that will be installed with every redis instances especially with Master-Slave setup. The proxy should be a simple pass-through. Should be capable of accepting new configuration changes without needing to restart it. Below is some performance stats comparing different available proxies and ours.

$redis-benchmark -h  -p   -q -r 100000

Contribution Guidelines

Go already provides a nice documentation on coding conventions and guidelines; just try to adhere to that Effective Go :-)

Specifically

  • Format code using go fmt, if an already prebuilt auto formatter is not their in your editor
  • We suggest using extensive comments, as this code base is still evolving
  • Try to stress on error handling as per Effective error handling in Go (which we ourselves have probably missed at places)
  • Please use this framework; We are looking forward for issues, and nothing greater than an issue and a fix. Nonetheless, if interested in contributing something specific, please raise an issue outright to let us know that you are doing "this"
  • We have not set up tests and test code yet, this is one obvious area to contribute without saying.

Future Plans

  • [ ] Support REDIS 3.0 Cluster
  • [ ] Support a Proxy mechanism to expose Redis Instance Endpoint
  • [ ] Build a UI for Create/Maintain/Monitor the entire redis framework
  • [ ] Benchmark Utility for testing the RedisFramework

License

Copyright 2015 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this project except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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