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marthoc
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deCONZ Docker Image

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deCONZ Docker Image

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This Docker image containerizes the deCONZ software from Dresden Elektronik, which controls a ZigBee network using a Conbee USB or RaspBee GPIO serial interface. This image runs deCONZ in "minimal" mode, for control of the ZigBee network via the WebUIs ("Wireless Light Control" and "Phoscon") and over the REST API and Websockets, and optionally runs a VNC server for viewing and interacting with the ZigBee mesh through the deCONZ UI.

Conbee is supported on

amd64
,
armhf
/
armv7
, and
aarch64
/
arm64
(i.e. RaspberryPi 2/3B/3B+, and other arm64 boards) architectures; RaspBee is supported on
armhf
/
armv7
and
aarch64
/
arm64
(and see the "Configuring Raspbian for RaspBee" section below for instructions to configure Raspbian to allow access to the RaspBee serial hardware).

Builds of this image are available on (and should be pulled from) Docker Hub, with the following tags:

|Tag|Description| |---|-----------| |marthoc/deconz:latest|Latest release of deCONZ, stable or beta| |marthoc/deconz:stable|Stable releases of deCONZ only| |marthoc/deconz:arch-version|Specific releases of deCONZ, use only if you wish to pin your version of deCONZ| |marthoc/deconz:arch-test|Test builds of this image, not for use by end users, only for developer testing!|

Please consult Docker Hub for the latest available versions of this image.

Running the deCONZ Container

Pre-requisite

Before running the command that creates the deconz Docker container, you may need to add your Linux user to the

dialout
group, which allows the user access to serial devices (i.e. Conbee/Conbee II/RaspBee):
sudo usermod -a -G dialout $USER

Command Line

docker run -d \
    --name=deconz \
    --net=host \
    --restart=always \
    -v /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro \
    -v /opt/deconz:/root/.local/share/dresden-elektronik/deCONZ \
    --device=/dev/ttyUSB0 \
    marthoc/deconz

Command line Options

|Parameter|Description| |---------|-----------| |

--name=deconz
|Names the container "deconz".| |
--net=host
|Uses host networking mode for proper uPNP functionality; by default, the web UIs and REST API listen on port 80 and the websockets service listens on port 443. If these ports conflict with other services on your host, you can change them through the environment variables DECONZWEBPORT and DECONZWSPORT described below.| |
--restart=always
|Start the container when Docker starts (i.e. on boot/reboot).| |
-v /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro
|Ensure the container has the correct local time (alternatively, use the TZ environment variable, see below).| |
-v /opt/deconz:/root/.local/share/dresden-elektronik/deCONZ
|Bind mount /opt/deconz (or the directory of your choice) into the container for persistent storage.| |
--device=/dev/ttyUSB0
|Pass the serial device at ttyUSB0 into the container for use by deCONZ (you may need to investigate which device name is assigned to your device depending on if you are also using other usb serial devices; by default ConBee = /dev/ttyUSB0, Conbee II = /dev/ttyACM0, RaspBee = /dev/ttyAMA0 or /dev/ttyS0).| |
marthoc/deconz
|This image uses a manifest list for multiarch support; specifying marthoc/deconz:latest or marthoc/deconz:stable will pull the correct version for your arch.|

Environment Variables

Use these environment variables to change the default behaviour of the container.

|Parameter|Description| |---------|-----------| |

-e DECONZ_WEB_PORT=8080
|By default, the web UIs ("Wireless Light Control" and "Phoscon") and the REST API listen on port 80; only set this environment variable if you wish to change the listen port.| |
-e DECONZ_WS_PORT=8443
|By default, the websockets service listens on port 443; only set this environment variable if you wish to change the listen port.| |
-e DEBUG_INFO=1
|Sets the level of the deCONZ command-line flag --dbg-info (default 1).| |
-e DEBUG_APS=0
|Sets the level of the deCONZ command-line flag --dbg-aps (default 0).| |
-e DEBUG_ZCL=0
|Sets the level of the deCONZ command-line flag --dbg-zcl (default 0).| |
-e DEBUG_ZDP=0
|Sets the level of the deCONZ command-line flag --dbg-zdp (default 0).| |
-e DEBUG_OTAU=0
|Sets the level of the deCONZ command-line flag --dbg-otau (default 0).| |
-e DECONZ_DEVICE=/dev/ttyUSB1
|By default, deCONZ searches for RaspBee at /dev/ttyAMA0 and Conbee at /dev/ttyUSB0; when using other USB devices (e.g. a Z-Wave stick) deCONZ may not find RaspBee/Conbee properly. Set this environment variable to the same string passed to --device to force deCONZ to use the specific USB device.| |
-e TZ=America/Toronto
|Set the local time zone so deCONZ has the correct time.| |
-e DECONZ_VNC_MODE=1
|Set this option to enable VNC access to the container to view the deCONZ ZigBee mesh| |
-e DECONZ_VNC_PORT=5900
|Default port for VNC mode is 5900; this option can be used to change this port| |
-e DECONZ_VNC_PASSWORD=changeme
|Default password for VNC mode is 'changeme'; this option can (should) be used to change the default password| |
-e DECONZ_UPNP=0
|Set this option to 0 to disable uPNP, see: https://github.com/dresden-elektronik/deconz-rest-plugin/issues/274|

Docker-Compose

A docker-compose.yml file is provided in the root of this image's GitHub repo. You may also copy/paste the following into your existing docker-compose.yml, modifying the options as required (omit the

version
and
services
lines as your docker-compose.yml will already contain these).
version: "2"
services:
  deconz:
    image: marthoc/deconz
    container_name: deconz
    network_mode: host
    restart: always
    volumes:
      - /opt/deconz:/root/.local/share/dresden-elektronik/deCONZ
    devices:
      - /dev/ttyUSB0
    environment:
      - DECONZ_WEB_PORT=80
      - DECONZ_WS_PORT=443
      - DEBUG_INFO=1
      - DEBUG_APS=0
      - DEBUG_ZCL=0
      - DEBUG_ZDP=0
      - DEBUG_OTAU=0

Then, you can do

docker-compose pull
to pull the latest marthoc/deconz image,
docker-compose up -d
to start the deconz container service, and
docker-compose down
to stop the deconz service and delete the container. Note that these commands will also pull, start, and stop any other services defined in docker-compose.yml.

Running on Docker for Mac / Docker for Windows

The

--net=host
option is not yet supported on Mac/Windows. To run this container on those platforms, explicitly specify the ports in the run command and omit
--net=host
:
docker run -d \
    --name=deconz \
    -p 80:80 \
    -p 443:443 \
    --restart=always \
    -v /opt/deconz:/root/.local/share/dresden-elektronik/deCONZ \
    --device=/dev/ttyUSB0 \
    -e DECONZ_WEB_PORT=80 \
    -e DECONZ_WS_PORT=443 \
    marthoc/deconz

Configuring Raspbian for RaspBee

Raspbian defaults Bluetooth to /dev/ttyAMA0 and configures a login shell over serial (tty). You must disable the tty login shell and enable the serial port hardware, and swap Bluetooth to /dev/S0, to allow RaspBee to work properly under Docker.

To disable the login shell over serial and enable the serial port hardware:

  1. sudo raspi-config
  2. Select
    Interfacing Options
  3. Select
    Serial
  4. “Would you like a login shell to be accessible over serial?” Select
    No
  5. “Would you like the serial port hardware to be enabled?” Select
    Yes
  6. Exit raspi-config and reboot

To swap Bluetooth to /dev/S0 (moving RaspBee to /dev/ttyAMA0), run the following command and then reboot:

`echo 'dtoverlay=pi3-miniuart-bt' | sudo tee -a /boot/config.txt`

After running the above command and rebooting, RaspBee should be available at /dev/ttyAMA0.

Updating Conbee/RaspBee Firmware

Firmware updates from the web UI will fail silently. Instead, an interactive utility script is provided as part of this Docker image that you can use to flash your device's firmware. The script has been tested and verified to work for Conbee on amd64 Debian linux and armhf Raspbian Stretch and RaspBee on armhf Raspbian Stretch. To use it, follow the below instructions:

  1. Check your deCONZ container logs for the update firmware file name: type

    docker logs [container name]
    , and look for lines near the beginning of the log that look like this, noting the .CGF file name listed (you'll need this later):
    GW update firmware found: /usr/share/deCONZ/firmware/deCONZ_Rpi_0x261e0500.bin.GCF
    GW firmware version: 0x261c0500
    GW firmware version shall be updated to: 0x261e0500
    
  2. docker stop [container name]
    or
    docker-compose down
    to stop your running deCONZ container (you must do this or the firmware update will fail).
  3. Invoke the firmware update script:

    docker run -it --rm --entrypoint "/firmware-update.sh" --privileged --cap-add=ALL -v /dev:/dev -v /lib/modules:/lib/modules -v /sys:/sys marthoc/deconz
  4. Follow the prompts:

  5. Enter the path (e.g.

    /dev/ttyUSB0
    ) that corresponds to your device in the listing.
  6. Type or paste the full file name that corresponds to the file name that you found in the deCONZ container logs in step 1 (or, select a different filename, but you should have a good reason for doing this).

  7. If the device/path and file name look OK, type Y to start flashing!

  8. Restart your deCONZ container (

    docker start [container name]
    or
    docker-compose up
    ).

Firmware Flashing Script FAQ

Q: Why does the script give an error about not being able to unload modules ftdi_sio and usbserial, or that the device couldn't be rest?

A: In order to flash the device, no other program or device on the system can be using these kernel modules or the device. Stop any program/container that could be using the modules or device (likely deCONZ) and then invoke the script again. If the error persists, you may need to temporarily remove other USB serial devices from the system in order allow the script to completely unload the kernel modules.

Viewing the deCONZ ZigBee mesh with VNC

Setting the environment variable DECONZVNCMODE to 1 enables a VNC server in the container; connect to this VNC server with a VNC client to view the deCONZ ZigBee mesh. The environment variable DECONZVNCPORT allows you to control the port the VNC server listens on (default 5900); environment variable DECONZVNCPASSWORD allows you to set the password for the VNC server (default is 'changeme' and should be changed!).

Note that if you are not using --host networking, you will need to add a -p directive for the DECONZVNCPORT (i.e.

-p 5900:5900
).

If VNC does not work and you see an error like the following in the container logs, you can resolve by incrementing the DECONZVNCPORT variable (i.e. to 5901 or 5902).

tigervncserver: /usr/bin/Xtigervnc did not start up, please look into '/root/.vnc/debian:0.log' to determine the reason! -2
Invalid MIT-MAGIC-COOKIE-1 keyqt.qpa.screen: QXcbConnection: Could not connect to display :0
Could not connect to any X display.

Gotchas / Known Issues

Firmware updates from the web UI will fail silently and the Conbee/RaspBee device will stay at its current firmware level. See "Updating Conbee/RaspBee Firmware" above for instructions to update your device's firmware when a new version is available.

If you are NOT using host networking (i.e.

--net=host
), and wish to change the websocket port, make sure that both "ends" of the port directive (i.e.
-p
) are changed to match the port specified in the
DECONZ_WS_PORT
environment variable (otherwise, the websocket will not connect resulting in possibly no updating of lights, switches and sensors). For example, if you wish to change the websocket port to 4443, you must specify BOTH
-e DECONZ_WS_PORT=4443
AND
-p 4443:4443
in your
docker run
command.

Over-the-air update functionality is currently untested.

Issues / Contributing

Please raise any issues with this container at its GitHub repo: https://github.com/marthoc/docker-deconz. Please check the "Gotchas / Known Issues" section above before raising an Issue on GitHub in case the issue is already known.

To contribute, please fork the GitHub repo, create a feature branch, and raise a Pull Request; for simple changes/fixes, it may be more effective to raise an Issue instead.

Building Locally

Pulling

marthoc/deconz
from Docker Hub is the recommended way to obtain this image. However, you can build this image locally by:
git clone https://github.com/marthoc/docker-deconz.git
cd docker-deconz
docker build --build-arg VERSION=`[BUILD_VERSION]` --build-arg CHANNEL=`[BUILD_CHANNEL]` -t "[your-user/]deconz[:local]" ./[arch]

|Parameter|Description| |---------|-----------| |

[BUILD_VERSION]
|The version of deCONZ you wish to build.| |
[BUILD_CHANNEL]
|The channel (i.e. stable or beta) that corresponds to the deCONZ version you wish to build.| |
[your-user/]
|Your username (optional).| |
deconz
|The name you want the built Docker image to have on your system (default: deconz).| |
[local]
|Adds the tag
:local
to the image (to help differentiate between this image and your locally built image) (optional).| |
[arch]
|The architecture you want to build for (currently supported options:
amd64
,
armv7
, and
arm64
).|

Note: VERSION and CHANNEL are required arguments and the image will fail to build if they are not specified.

Acknowledgments

Dresden Elektronik for making deCONZ and the Conbee and RaspBee hardware.

https://github.com/multiarch/qemu-user-static for making multi-arch builds on Travis CI possible.

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