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🔩 Like builtins, but boltons. 250+ constructs, recipes, and snippets which extend (and rely on nothing but) the Python standard library. Nothing like Michael Bolton.

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boltons should be builtins.

Boltons is a set of over 230 BSD-licensed, pure-Python utilities in the same spirit as — and yet conspicuously missing from — the standard library, including:

Full and extensive docs are available on Read The Docs. See what's new by checking the CHANGELOG.

Boltons is tested against Python 2.6, 2.7, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8 and 3.9, as well as CPython nightly and PyPy/PyPy3.


Boltons can be added to a project in a few ways. There's the obvious one:

pip install boltons

On macOS, it can also be installed via MacPorts:

sudo port install py-boltons

Then, thanks to PyPI, dozens of boltons are just an import away:

from boltons.cacheutils import LRU
my_cache = LRU()

However, due to the nature of utilities, application developers might want to consider other options, including vendorization of individual modules into a project. Boltons is pure-Python and has no dependencies. If the whole project is too big, each module is independent, and can be copied directly into a project. See the Integration section of the docs for more details.

Third-party packages

The majority of boltons strive to be "good enough" for a wide range of basic uses, leaving advanced use cases to Python's myriad specialized 3rd-party libraries. In many cases the respective

module will describe 3rd-party alternatives worth investigating when use cases outgrow
. If you've found a natural "next-step" library worth mentioning, see the next section!


Found something missing in the standard library that should be in

? Found something missing in
? First, take a moment to read the very brief architecture statement to make sure the functionality would be a good fit.

Then, if you are very motivated, submit a Pull Request. Otherwise, submit a short feature request on the Issues page, and we will figure something out.

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