hw-probe

by linuxhw

linuxhw / hw-probe

Probe for hardware, check operability and find drivers

195 Stars 25 Forks Last release: 9 months ago (1.5) Other 333 Commits 7 Releases

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HW PROBE 1.6 BETA

Hardware Probe Tool (hw-probe) — a tool to probe for hardware, check operability and find drivers with the help of Linux hardware database: https://linux-hardware.org

For BSD users: https://bsd-hardware.info

Contents

About

Probe — is a snapshot of your computer's hardware state and logs. The tool checks operability of devices by analysis of logs and returns a permanent url to view the probe of the computer.

Share your probes and logs with Linux/BSD developers in order to debug and fix problems on your computer. Simplify inventory of hardware in your company. Please read more in our blog.

If some of your computer devices doesn't work due to a missed driver then the tool will suggest a proper Linux kernel version according to the LKDDb or third-party drivers.

Sample probe: https://linux-hardware.org/?probe=b394035f90

You can make a probe of your computer with the help of AppImage, Docker, Snap, Flatpak, Live CD or RPM/Deb package.

By creating probes you contribute to the "HDD/SSD Desktop-Class Reliability Test" study: https://github.com/linuxhw/SMART

Install

You can probe your computer by AppImage, Docker, Snap, Flatpak or Live CD.

Also you can install a native package (RPM, Deb, Pkg, etc.) for your Linux distribution or install from source. See install instructions in the INSTALL.md file.

See install instructions for BSD in the INSTALL.BSD.md file.

Usage

Make a probe:

sudo -E hw-probe -all -upload

AppImage

The portable app that runs anywhere, no need to install anything. Just download hw-probe-1.5-149-x86_64.AppImage and run the following command in terminal to probe your computer:

chmod +x ./hw-probe-1.5-149-x86_64.AppImage
sudo -E ./hw-probe-1.5-149-x86_64.AppImage -all -upload

You may need to install

fuse-libs
or
libfuse2
package if it is not pre-installed in your Linux distribution to run appimages. Also try old AppImage if you have troubles to run the latest image (e.g. on ancient Linux versions).
Supported systems

The app runs on all 64-bit Linux distributions with

Glibc >= 2.14
including:
  • Ubuntu 12.04 and newer
  • Linux Mint 13 and newer
  • Debian 8 and newer
  • openSUSE 12.0 and newer
  • Manjaro 0.8 and newer
  • MX Linux 14 and newer
  • ROSA Linux R1 and newer
  • elementary OS 0.2 and newer
  • Fedora 15 and newer (need to add
    fuse-libs
    package on Fedora 15, 16 and 17)
  • RHEL 7 and newer
  • CentOS 7 and newer
  • Solus 3 and newer
  • Puppy Linux 6.0 and newer (Tahr64, XenialPup64, BionicPup64, etc.)
  • Clear Linux of any version
  • Arch Linux of any version
  • EndeavourOS 2019 and newer
  • Pop!_OS 17 and newer
  • Mageia 2 and newer
  • Alt Linux 7 and newer
  • Gentoo 12 and newer
  • Sabayon 13 and newer
  • Slackware 14.2 and newer

Docker

You can easily make a probe on any Linux distribution without installing the tool with the help of the Docker image:

sudo -E docker run -it \
-v /dev:/dev:ro \
-v /lib/modules:/lib/modules:ro \
-v /etc/os-release:/etc/os-release:ro \
-v /var/log:/var/log:ro \
--privileged --net=host --pid=host \
linuxhw/hw-probe -all -upload

You may need to run

xhost +local:
before docker run to collect X11 info (xrandr, xinput, etc.).

Docker hub repository: https://hub.docker.com/r/linuxhw/hw-probe/

Live CD

If the tool is not pre-installed in your system or you have troubles with installing the tool or its dependencies (e.g. hwinfo is not available in the repository) then try this Linux CD with hw-probe installed: https://mirror.yandex.ru/rosa/rosa2016.1/iso/ROSA.Fresh.R10/

Boot this Linux CD on your computer and make a probe (see Usage).

Snap

Install the universal Linux package:

sudo snap install hw-probe

The

hw-probe
command should become available on the command line after installation. If not, try:
export PATH=$PATH:/snap/bin

Connect

block-devices
interface to check SMART attributes of drives:
sudo snap connect hw-probe:block-devices :block-devices

Now you can create computer probes:

sudo -E hw-probe -all -upload

Note: You need a Snap runtime (

snapd
package) and
/snap
symlink to
/var/lib/snapd/snap
(by
sudo ln -s /var/lib/snapd/snap /snap
) in your system to install and run snaps (pre-installed on Ubuntu 16.04 and later).
Snap Store

The app is available in the Snap Store: https://snapcraft.io/hw-probe

This is a strict snap that runs in a sandbox with limited functionality. Please enable

Access to disk block devices
in
Permissions
in order to check SMART attributes of your drives.
Classic Snap

It's better to use classic snap to collect more info about the computer:

sudo snap install hw-probe_1.4-2_amd64.snap --classic --dangerous

Connect system interfaces:

for i in hardware-observe system-observe block-devices log-observe upower-observe physical-memory-observe \
network-observe raw-usb mount-observe opengl;do sudo snap connect hw-probe:$i :$i; done

Create computer probes:

sudo -E hw-probe -all -upload
Supported systems
  • Ubuntu 14.04 and newer
  • Debian 9 and newer
  • Fedora 26 and newer
  • Solus 3 and newer
  • Zorin 12.3 and newer

For other Linux distributions see install manual here: https://docs.snapcraft.io/installing-snapd/6735

Flatpak

Add a remote:

flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://dl.flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo

Install universal package:

flatpak install flathub org.linux_hardware.hw-probe

Now you can create computer probes:

sudo -E flatpak run org.linux_hardware.hw-probe -all -upload
App Center

Find the

Hardware Probe
application in your App Center, install it and click on the desktop icon to make a probe. Enable Flatpak plugin if needed (
gnome-software-plugin-flatpak
package for Debian/Ubuntu).

Note: The 'Launch' button doesn't display the probe window currently due to bug 552 in GNOME Software, but the probe is still created silently in the background process. Use desktop icon instead to launch the hardware probe properly or see probe log in

$HOME/.var/app/org.linux_hardware.hw-probe/data/HW_PROBE/LOG
.
Flathub

The app is available in the Flathub: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.linux_hardware.hw-probe

Supported systems

Out of the box:

  • Endless OS 3 and newer
  • Linux Mint 18.3 and newer
  • Fedora 27 and newer
  • CentOS 7.6 GNOME and newer
  • Pop!_OS 20.04 and newer

Need to setup Flatpak (https://flatpak.org/setup/):

  • elementary OS 5 and newer
  • Pop!_OS 18.04 and newer
  • Solus 3 and newer
  • Clear Linux of any version
  • Mageia 6 and newer
  • openSUSE Leap 15 and newer
  • RHEL 7.6 and newer
  • Arch Linux
  • Chrome OS

Inventory

Since hw-probe 1.5.

Request inventory ID:

hw-probe -generate-inventory -email [email protected]

Mark your probes by this ID:

sudo -E hw-probe -all -upload -i ID

Find your computers by the inventory ID on this page: https://linux-hardware.org/?view=computers

The Email is needed to get notifications if hardware failures are detected on your computer in future probes.

Offline view

Since hw-probe 1.5.

Save your probes HTML view to a directory DIR for offline use:

hw-probe -import ./DIR -inventory-id ID

ACPI dump

Dump and decode ACPI table:

sudo -E hw-probe -all -upload -dump-acpi -decode-acpi

NOTE:

acpica-tools
package should be installed

Operability

The tool checks operability of devices on board by analysis of collected log files.

| Status | Meaning | |----------|---------| | works | Driver is found and operates properly (passed static or dynamic tests) | | detected | Device is detected, driver is found, but not tested yet | | failed | Driver is not found or device is broken | | malfunc | Error operation of the device |

You can perform additional operability sanity tests by the following command:

sudo -E hw-probe -all -check -upload

The following tests are executed:

  • graphics test by
    glxgears
    for both integrated and discrete graphics cards (requires
    mesa-demos
    package to be installed)
  • drive read speed test by
    hdparm
    for all HDDs and SSDs
  • CPU performance test by
    dd
    and
    md5sum
  • RAM memory test by
    memtester

Execution time is about 1 min for average modern desktop hardware. You can execute particular tests using appropriate options:

-check-graphics
,
-check-hdd
,
-check-cpu
and
-check-memory
.

Disable logs

You can disable collecting of unwanted logs by the

-disable A,B,C,...
option.

For example, to disable collecting of

xdpyinfo
and
xorg.conf
run:
sudo -E hw-probe -all -upload -disable xdpyinfo,xorg.conf

Privacy

Private information (including the username, machine's hostname, IP addresses, MAC addresses and serial numbers) is NOT uploaded to the database.

The tool uploads 32-byte prefix of salted SHA512 hash of MAC addresses and serial numbers to properly identify unique computers and hard drives. All the data is uploaded securely via HTTPS.

License

This work is dual-licensed under LGPL 2.1 (or any later version) and BSD-4-Clause. You can choose between one of them if you use this work.

SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1-or-later OR BSD-4-Clause

Enjoy!

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