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kyan001
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Description

Pure Python3 version of ICMP ping, shipped with command-line command.

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Ping3

Build Status GitHub release GitHub license PyPI - Downloads

Ping3 is a pure python3 version of ICMP ping implementation using raw socket.\ (Note that ICMP messages can only be sent from processes running as root.)

The Python2 version originally from here.\ This version maintained at this github repo.

Get Started

pip install ping3  # install ping
>>> from ping3 import ping, verbose_ping
>>> ping('example.com')  # Returns delay in seconds.
0.215697261510079666

>>> verbose_ping('example.com') # Ping 4 times in a row. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' ... 217ms

$ ping3 example.com  # Verbose ping.
ping 'example.com' ... 215ms
ping 'example.com' ... 216ms
ping 'example.com' ... 219ms
ping 'example.com' ... 217ms

Installation

pip install ping3  # install ping3
pip install --upgrade ping3 # upgrade ping3
pip uninstall ping3  # uninstall ping3

Functions

>>> ping('example.com')  # Returns delay in seconds.
0.215697261510079666

>>> ping('not.exist.com') # if host unknown (cannot resolve), returns False False

>>> ping("224.0.0.0") # If timed out (no reply), returns None None

>>> ping('example.com', timeout=10) # Set timeout to 10 seconds. Default timeout=4 for 4 seconds. 0.215697261510079666

>>> ping('example.com', unit='ms') # Returns delay in milliseconds. Default unit='s' for seconds. 215.9627876281738

>>> ping('example.com', src_addr='192.168.1.15') # WINDOWS ONLY. Set source ip address for multiple interfaces. Default src_addr=None for no binding. 0.215697261510079666

>>> ping('example.com', interface='eth0') # LINUX ONLY. Set source interface for multiple network interfaces. Default interface=None for no binding. 0.215697261510079666

>>> ping('example.com', ttl=5) # Set packet Time-To-Live to 5. The packet is discarded if it does not reach the target host after 5 jumps. Default ttl=64. None

>>> ping('example.com', size=56) # Set ICMP packet payload to 56 bytes. The total ICMP packet size is 8 (header) + 56 (payload) = 64 bytes. Default size=56. 0.215697261510079666

>>> verbose_ping('example.com') # Ping 4 times in a row. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' ... 217ms

>>> verbose_ping('example.com', timeout=10) # Set timeout to 10 seconds. Default timeout=4 for 4 seconds. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' ... 217ms

>>> verbose_ping('example.com', count=6) # Ping 6 times. Default count=4 ping 'example.com' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' ... 217ms ping 'example.com' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' ... 216ms

>>> verbose_ping('example.com', src_addr='192.168.1.15') # WINDOWS ONLY. Ping from source IP address. Default src_addr=None ping 'example.com' from '192.168.1.15' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' from '192.168.1.15' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' from '192.168.1.15' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' from '192.168.1.15' ... 217ms

>>> verbose_ping('example.com', interface='wifi0') # LINUX ONLY. Ping from network interface 'wifi0'. Default interface=None ping 'example.com' from '192.168.1.15' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' from '192.168.1.15' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' from '192.168.1.15' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' from '192.168.1.15' ... 217ms

>>> verbose_ping('example.com', unit='s') # Displays delay in seconds. Default unit="ms" for milliseconds. ping 'example.com' ... 1s ping 'example.com' ... 2s ping 'example.com' ... 1s ping 'example.com' ... 1s

>>> verbose_ping('example.com', ttl=5) # Set TTL to 5. Default is 64. ping 'example.com' ... Timeout ping 'example.com' ... Timeout ping 'example.com' ... Timeout ping 'example.com' ... Timeout

>>> verbose_ping('example.com', interval=5) # Wait 5 seconds between each packet. Default is 0. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms # wait 5 secs ping 'example.com' ... 216ms # wait 5 secs ping 'example.com' ... 219ms # wait 5 secs ping 'example.com' ... 217ms

>>> verbose_ping('example.com', size=56) # Set ICMP payload to 56 bytes. Default size=56. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' ... 217ms

DEBUG mode

Show more info for developers.

>>> import ping3
>>> ping3.DEBUG = True  # Default is False.

>>> ping3.ping("example.com") # "ping()" prints received IP header and ICMP header. [DEBUG] IP HEADER: {'version': 69, 'tos': 0, 'len': 14336, 'id': 8620, 'flags': 0, 'ttl': 51, 'protocol': 1, 'checksum': *, 'src_addr': *, 'dest_addr': *} [DEBUG] ICMP HEADER: {'type': 0, 'code': 0, 'checksum': 8890, 'id': 21952, 'seq': 0} 0.215697261510079666

>>> ping3.ping("example.com", timeout=0.0001) [DEBUG] Request timeout for ICMP packet. (Timeout = 0.0001s) None

>>> ping3.ping("not.exist.com") [DEBUG] Cannot resolve: Unknown host. (Host = not.exist.com) False

>>> ping3.ping("example.com", ttl=1) [DEBUG] Time exceeded: Time To Live expired. None

EXCEPTIONS mode

Raise exceptions when there are errors instead of return None

>>> import ping3
>>> ping3.EXCEPTIONS = True  # Default is False.

>>> ping3.ping("example.com", timeout=0.0001) # All Exceptions are subclasses of PingError [... Traceback ...] error.Timeout: Request timeout for ICMP packet. (Timeout = 0.0001s)

>>> ping3.ping("not.exist.com") [... Traceback ...] error.HostUnknown: Cannot resolve: Unknown host. (Host = not.exist.com)

>>> ping3.ping("example.com", ttl=1) [... Traceback ...] error.TimeToLiveExpired: Time exceeded: Time To Live expired.

Command Line Execution

Execute ping3 from command-line. Note:

ping3
needs
root
privilege to send/receive packets. You may want to use
sudo ping3
.
$ ping3 --help  # -h/--help. Command-line help message.
$ python -m ping3 --help  # Same as 'ping3'. 'ping3' is an alias for 'python -m ping3'

$ ping3 -v # -v/--version. Show ping3 version number. 2.2.2

$ ping3 example.com # Verbose ping. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' ... 217ms

$ ping3 example.com 8.8.8.8 # Verbose ping all the addresses. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' ... 217ms ping '8.8.8.8' ... 5ms ping '8.8.8.8' ... 2ms ping '8.8.8.8' ... 6ms ping '8.8.8.8' ... 5ms

$ ping3 -c 1 example.com # -c/--count. How many pings should be sent. Default is 4. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms

$ ping3 -w 10 example.com # -w/--wait. Set timeout to 10 seconds. Default is 4. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' ... 217ms

$ ping3 -t 5 example.com # -t/--ttl. # Set TTL to 5. Default is 64. ping 'example.com' ... Timeout ping 'example.com' ... Timeout ping 'example.com' ... Timeout ping 'example.com' ... Timeout

$ ping3 -l 56 example.com # -l/--load. Set ICMP packet payload to 56 bytes. Default is 56. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms ping 'example.com' ... 216ms ping 'example.com' ... 219ms ping 'example.com' ... 217ms

$ ping3 -i 5 example.com # -i/--interval. Wait 5 seconds between each packet. Default is 0. ping 'example.com' ... 215ms # wait 5 secs ping 'example.com' ... 216ms # wait 5 secs ping 'example.com' ... 219ms # wait 5 secs ping 'example.com' ... 217ms

$ ping3 --exceptions --wait 0.001 example.com # EXCPETIONS mode is on when --exceptions shows up. [... Traceback ...] error.Timeout: Request timeout for ICMP packet. (Timeout = 0.0001s)

$ ping3 --debug --wait 0.001 example.com # DEBUG mode is on when --debug shows up. [DEBUG] Request timeout for ICMP packet. (Timeout = 0.001s) ping 'example.com' ... Timeout > 0.001s [DEBUG] Request timeout for ICMP packet. (Timeout = 0.001s) ping 'example.com' ... Timeout > 0.001s [DEBUG] Request timeout for ICMP packet. (Timeout = 0.001s) ping 'example.com' ... Timeout > 0.001s [DEBUG] Request timeout for ICMP packet. (Timeout = 0.001s) ping 'example.com' ... Timeout > 0.001s

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