Sunzi: Server configuration automation for minimalists
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"The supreme art of war is to subdue the enemy without fighting." - Sunzi
Sunzi is the easiest configuration automation and infrastructure as code utility designed for mere mortals.
If Chef, Puppet, Ansible or SaltStack is driving you nuts, try Sunzi!
Sunzi assumes that modern Linux distributions have (mostly) sane defaults and great package managers.
Its design goals are:
It's just shell script. No clunky Ruby DSL involved. Most of the information about server configuration on the web is written in shell commands. Just copy-paste them, rather than translate it into an arbitrary DSL. Also, Bash is the greatest common denominator on minimum Linux installs.
Minimal diff from default. No big-bang overwriting. Append or replace the smallest possible piece of data in a config file. Loads of custom configurations make it difficult to reason what you are really doing.
Minimum dependencies. No configuration server required. You don't even need a Ruby runtime on the remote server, sunzi runs a combined shell script over SSH.
Please see the CHANGELOG.
$ gem install sunzi
Go into your project directory (if it's a Rails project,
configwould be a good place to start with), then:
$ sunzi create
It generates a
sunzifolder along with subdirectories and templates. Inside
sunzi, there are
install.sh. Those two are the most important files that you mainly work on.
Go into the
sunzidirectory, then run
$ cd sunzi $ sunzi deploy example.com
Now, what it actually does is:
sunzi.ymlto generate variables and retrieve remote recipes, then copy files into the
example.comand login as
compileddirectory to the remote server and extract in
install.shon the remote server
As you can see, all you need to do is edit
install.shand add some shell commands. That's it.
A Sunzi project without any recipes or roles is totally fine, so that you can start small, go big as you get along.
$ sunzi # Show command help $ sunzi create # Create a new Sunzi project $ sunzi deploy [[email protected]:port] [role] [--sudo] # Deploy Sunzi project
Here's the directory structure that
sunzi createautomatically generates:
sunzi/ install.sh # main script sunzi.yml # add custom variables and remote recipes here
recipes/ # put commonly used scripts here, referred from install.sh sunzi.sh roles/ # when role is specified, scripts here will be concatenated db.sh # to install.sh in the compile phase web.sh files/ # put any files to be transferred
compiled/ # everything under this folder will be transferred to the # remote server (do not edit directly)
In the compile phase, variables defined in
sunzi.ymlare accessible from any files in the form of
For instance, given the following
echo "Goodbye , Hello !"
vars: goodbye: Chef hello: Sunzi
Now, you get the following result.
Goodbye Chef, Hello Sunzi!
Recipes can be retrieved remotely via HTTP. Put a URL in the recipes section of
sunzi.yml, and Sunzi will automatically load the content and put it into the
compiled/recipesfolder in the compile phase.
For instance, if you have the following line in
recipes: rvm: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/kenn/sunzi-recipes/master/ruby/rvm.sh
rvm.shwill be available and you can refer to that recipe by
You may find sample recipes in this repository useful: https://github.com/kenn/sunzi-recipes
You probably have different configurations between web servers and database servers.
No problem - how Sunzi handles role-based configuration is refreshingly simple.
Shell scripts under the
rolesdirectory, such as
db.sh, are automatically recognized as a role. The role script will be appended to
install.shat deploy, so you should put common configurations in
install.shand role specific procedures in the role script.
For instance, when you set up a new web server, deploy with a role name:
sunzi deploy example.com web
It is equivalent to running
install.sh, followed by
If you're using Sunzi with Vagrant, make sure that you have a root access via SSH.
An easy way is to edit
Vagrant.configure("2") do |config| config.vm.provision "shell", inline: "sudo echo 'root:vagrant' | /usr/sbin/chpasswd" end end
and now run
vagrant up, it will change the root password to
Also keep in mind that you need to specify the port number 2222.
$ sunzi deploy localhost:2222
You can watch video on how to deploy a Rails 4.1 app with Sunzi and Capistrano 3 at http://youtu.be/3mwupXqtkmg