by johnbrett

Simple Bearer authentication scheme plugin for hapi, accepts token by Header, Cookie or Query parame...

211 Stars 45 Forks Last release: about 4 years ago (4.3.1) MIT License 174 Commits 19 Releases

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hapi auth bearer token

Build Status

[Release Notes] @hapi/hapi, joi, and @hapi/boom are all now peer dependencies to allow maximum flexibility. A reference to joi is now required as opposed to the older @hapi/joi.

For hapi 17.x and above used in combination with the new joi v17.x package. Requires Node 12 or greater.

Note: For hapi v17 and above implementations using @hapi/joi, it is recommended to use Version 6.x.x of this module.

Note: For hapi versions below v17, you must use versions v5.x.x of this module.

Lead Maintainer: John Brett

Bearer authentication requires validating a token passed in by bearer authorization header or query parameter.

This module creates a

scheme takes the following options:
  • validate
    - (required) a token validation function with the signature
    [async] function(request, token, h)
    • request
      - is the hapi request object of the request which is being authenticated.
    • token
      - the auth token received from the client.
    • h
      - the response toolkit.
    • Returns an object
      { isValid, credentials, artifacts }
      • isValid
        if token is valid, otherwise
      • credentials
        - a credentials object passed back to the application in
        . Note that due to underlying Hapi expectations, this value must be defined even if
        . We recommend it be set to
        and you have no other value to provide.
      • artifacts
        - optional authentication related data that is not part of the user's credential.
  • options
    - (optional)
    • accessTokenName
      ) - Rename token key e.g. 'newname' would rename the token query parameter to `/route1?newname=1234`.
    • allowQueryToken
      ) - Accept token via query parameter.
    • allowCookieToken
      ) - Accept token via cookie.
    • allowMultipleHeaders
      ) - Accept multiple authorization headers, e.g.
      Authorization: FD AF6C74D1-BBB2-4171-8EE3-7BE9356EB018; Bearer 12345678
    • tokenType
      ) - Accept a custom token type e.g.
      Authorization: Basic 12345678
    • allowChaining
      ) - Allow attempt of additional authentication strategies.
    • unauthorized
      ) - A function to call when unauthorized with signature
      function([message], [scheme], [attributes])
      . More details

      If using a custom

      function, it is recommended you read hapi's documentation on authentication schemes, especially in the case of using multiple strategies: Authentication scheme.
const Hapi = require('hapi');
const AuthBearer = require('hapi-auth-bearer-token');

const server = Hapi.server({ port: 8080 });

const start = async () => {

await server.register(AuthBearer)

server.auth.strategy('simple', 'bearer-access-token', {
    allowQueryToken: true,              // optional, false by default
    validate: async (request, token, h) => {

        // here is where you validate your token
        // comparing with token from your database for example
        const isValid = token === '1234';

        const credentials = { token };
        const artifacts = { test: 'info' };

        return { isValid, credentials, artifacts };


    method: 'GET',
    path: '/',
    handler: async function (request, h) {

        return { info: 'success!' };

await server.start();

return server;


start() .then((server) => console.log(Server listening on ${server.info.uri})) .catch(err => {



  • To test this example, from your terminal try:
  • curl localhost:8080
  • response: {"statusCode":401,"error":"Unauthorized","message":"Missing authentication"}
  • curl localhost:8080?access_token=abc
  • response: {"statusCode":401,"error":"Unauthorized","message":"Bad token","attributes":{"error":"Bad token"}}
  • curl curl localhost:8080?access_token=1234
  • response: {"info":"success!"}
  • /

License MIT @ John Brett and other contributors 2018

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