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jceb
251 Stars 24 Forks Other 112 Commits 4 Opened issues

Description

DesktopEntry Execution

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dex

Synopsis

dex [options] [DesktopEntryFile]...

Description

dex
, DesktopEntry Execution, is a program to generate and execute DesktopEntry files of the Application type.

Options

+------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | Option | Description | +====================================+============================================================+ | -h, --help | Show a help message and exit | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | -a, --autostart | Autostart programs | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | -c, --create PATH | Create a DesktopEntry file for the program at the given | | | path. An optional second argument is used to specify the | | | filename of the created DesktopEntry file,or specify the | | | filename - to print the file to stdout. By default a new | | | file is createdwith the .desktop file extension. | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | -d, --dry-run | Dry run, don't execute any command | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | -e, --environment ENVIRONMENT | Specify the Desktop Environment an autostart should be | | | performed for; works only in combination with -a | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | -p PROPERTY, --property PROPERTY | Display DesktopEntry property value. Supported properties | | | are: Type, Version, Name, NoDisplay, Hidden, OnlyShowIn, | | | NotShowIn, TryExec, Exec, Path, Terminal, StartupNotify, | | | StartupWMClass, URL | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | -s, --search-paths SEARCHPATHS | Colon separated list of paths to search for desktop files, | | | overriding the default search list | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | -t, --target-directory ENVIRONMENT | Create files in target directory | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | --term TERM | The terminal emulator that will be used to run the program | | | if Terminal=true is set in the desktop file, defaults to | | | x-terminal-emulator. | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | -w, --wait | Block until the program exits. | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | --test | Perform a self-test | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | -v, --verbose | Verbose output | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+ | -V, --version | Display version information | +------------------------------------+------------------------------------------------------------+

Examples

Perform an autostart/execute all programs in the autostart folders.

    ``dex -a``

Perform an autostart/execute all programs in the specified folders.

    ``dex -a -s /etc/xdg/autostart/:~/.config/autostart/``

Preview the programs would be executed in a regular autostart.

   ``dex -ad``

Preview the programs would be executed in a GNOME specific autostart.

   ``dex -ad -e GNOME``

Preview the value of DesktopEntry property Name.

   ``dex -p Name htop.desktop``

Create a DesktopEntry for a program in the current directory.

   ``dex -c /usr/bin/skype``

Create a DesktopEntry for a programs in autostart directroy.

   ``dex -t ~/.config/autostart -c /usr/bin/skype /usr/bin/nm-applet``

Execute a single program from command line and enable verbose output.

   ``dex -v skype.desktop``

Execute a single program (with Terminal=true in the desktop file) in gnome-terminal.

    ``dex --term gnome-terminal nvim.desktop``

Execute a single program and block until it exits.

    ``dex --wait nvim.desktop``

Autostart Alternative

I consider

systemd/user
as a good alternative for
dex
's autostart functionality and switched to it recently. In particular, systemd solves the issue of
dex
losing control over the started processes which causes processes to live longer than the X session which could cause additional annoyances like reboots taking a lot of time because the system is waiting for the processes to terminate.

The following steps will help you to get to a working

systemd/user
configuration:
  • Create the systemd user directory:
    mkdir -p ~/.config/systemd/user
  • Create an autostart target at

    ~/.config/systemd/user/autostart.target
    with the following content::
    [Unit]
    Description=Current graphical user session
    Documentation=man:systemd.special(7)
    RefuseManualStart=no
    StopWhenUnneeded=no
    
  • Create service files at

    ~/.config/systemd/user/.service
    that service the same purpose as the
    .desktop
    files created by
    dex
    . The service file should have at least the following content::
    [Unit]
    Description=
    
    

    [Service] ExecStart= []

    • Attention: for the service to work properly it mustn't fork. Systemd will take care of the service management but it can only do this when the service doesn't fork! If the services forks and terminates the main process, systemd will kill all the processes related to the service. The service will therefore not run at all! The man page of the service should list the required parameters that need to be provided to the service to avoid forking.
  • Register a service with systemd:

    systemctl --user add-wants autostart.target .service
    • Unregister a service:

    systemctl --user disable .service
    - List currently active services:

    systemctl --user list-units
  • Finally, start all services in the autostart target during startup by replacing the

    dex -a
    command with:

    systemctl --user start autostart.target
    • Reload all service configurations after making changes to a service file:

      systemctl --user daemon-reload
    • Start a service:

      systemctl --user start .service
    • Check the status of a service:

      systemctl --user status .service
    • Stop a service:

      systemctl --user stop .service

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