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ipeaGIT
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Description

Easy access to official spatial data sets of Brazil in R and Python

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geobr: Download Official Spatial Data Sets of Brazil

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geobr is a computational package to download official spatial data sets of Brazil. The package includes a wide range of geospatial data in geopackage format (like shapefiles but better), available at various geographic scales and for various years with harmonized attributes, projection and topology (see detailed list of available data sets below).

The package is currently available in R and Python.

| R | Python | Repo| |-----|-----|----| | CRAN/METACRAN Version
CRAN/METACRAN Total downloads
CRAN/METACRAN downloads per month
Codecov test coverage
Lifecycle: stable | PyPI version
Downloads
Downloads
Lifecycle: maturing |GitHub stars
R build status
Travis-CI Build Status
Project Status: Active – The project has reached a stable, usable state and is being actively developed. |

Installation R

# From CRAN
  install.packages("geobr")
  library(geobr)

or use the development version with latest features

utils::remove.packages('geobr') devtools::install_github("ipeaGIT/geobr", subdir = "r-package") library(geobr)

obs. If you use Linux, you need to install a couple dependencies before installing the libraries

sf
and
geobr
. More info here.

Installation Python

pip install geobr

Windows users:

conda create -n geo_env
conda activate geo_env  
conda config --env --add channels conda-forge  
conda config --env --set channel_priority strict  
conda install python=3 geopandas  
pip install geobr

Basic Usage

The syntax of all

geobr
functions operate on the same logic so it becomes intuitive to download any data set using a single line of code. Like this:

R, reading the data as an
sf
object

library(geobr)

Read specific municipality at a given year

mun

More examples in the intro Vignette

Python, reading the data as a
geopandas
object

from geobr import read_municipality

Read specific municipality at a given year

mun = read_municipality(code_muni=1200179, year=2017)

Read all municipalities of given state at a given year

mun = read_municipality(code_muni=33, year=2010) # or mun = read_municipality(code_muni="RJ", year=2010)

Read all municipalities in the country at a given year

mun = read_municipality(code_muni="all", year=2018)

More examples here

Available datasets:

:point_right: All datasets use geodetic reference system "SIRGAS2000", CRS(4674).

|Function|Geographies available|Years available|Source| |-----|-----|-----|-----| |

read_country
| Country | 1872, 1900, 1911, 1920, 1933, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2001, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 | IBGE | |
read_region
| Region | 2000, 2001, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 | IBGE | |
read_state
| States | 1872, 1900, 1911, 1920, 1933, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2001, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 | IBGE | |
read_meso_region
| Meso region | 2000, 2001, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 | IBGE | |
read_micro_region
| Micro region | 2000, 2001, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 | IBGE | |
read_intermediate_region
| Intermediate region | 2017, 2019, 2020 | IBGE | |
read_immediate_region
| Immediate region | 2017, 2019, 2020 | IBGE | |
read_municipality
| Municipality | 1872, 1900, 1911, 1920, 1933, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 | IBGE | |
read_municipal_seat
| Municipality seats (sedes municipais) | 1872, 1900, 1911, 1920, 1933, 1940, 1950, 1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2010 | IBGE | |
read_weighting_area
| Census weighting area (área de ponderação) | 2010 | IBGE | |
read_census_tract
| Census tract (setor censitário) | 2000, 2010, 2017, 2019, 2020 | IBGE | |
read_statistical_grid
| Statistical Grid of 200 x 200 meters | 2010 | IBGE | |
read_metro_area
| Metropolitan areas | 1970, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2010, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 | IBGE | |
read_urban_area
| Urban footprints | 2005, 2015 | IBGE | |
read_amazon
| Brazil's Legal Amazon | 2012 | MMA | |
read_biomes
| Biomes | 2004, 2019 | IBGE | |
read_conservation_units
| Environmental Conservation Units | 201909 | MMA | |
read_disaster_risk_area
| Disaster risk areas | 2010 | CEMADEN and IBGE | |
read_indigenous_land
| Indigenous lands | 201907, 202103 | FUNAI | |
read_semiarid
| Semi Arid region | 2005, 2017 | IBGE | |
read_health_facilities
| Health facilities | 2015 | CNES, DataSUS | |
read_health_region
| Health regions and macro regions | 1991, 1994, 1997, 2001, 2005, 2013 | DataSUS | |
read_neighborhood
| Neighborhood limits | 2010 | IBGE | |
read_schools
| Schools | 2020 | INEP | |
read_comparable_areas
| Historically comparable municipalities, aka Areas minimas comparaveis (AMCs) | 1872,1900,1911,1920,1933,1940,1950,1960,1970,1980,1991,2000,2010 | IBGE | |
read_urban_concentrations
| Urban concentration areas (concentrações urbanas) | 2015 | IBGE | |
read_pop_arrangements
| Population arrangements (arranjos populacioanis) | 2015 | IBGE |

Other functions:

| Function | Action| |-----|-----| |

list_geobr
| List all datasets available in the geobr package | |
lookup_muni
| Look up municipality codes by their name, or the other way around | |
grid_state_correspondence_table
| Loads a correspondence table indicating what quadrants of IBGE's statistical grid intersect with each state | |
cep_to_state
| Determine the state of a given CEP postal code | | ... | ... |

Note 1. Data sets and Functions marked with "dev" are only available in the development version of

geobr
.

Note 2. Most data sets are available at scale 1:250,000 (see documentation for details).

Coming soon:

| Geography | Years available | Source | |-----|-----|-----| |

read_census_tract
| 2007 | IBGE | | Longitudinal Database* of micro regions | various years | IBGE | | Longitudinal Database* of Census tracts | various years | IBGE | | ... | ... | ... |

'*' Longitudinal Database refers to áreas mínimas comparáveis (AMCs)

Contributing to geobr

If you would like to contribute to geobr and add new functions or data sets, please check this guide to propose your contribution.


Related projects

As of today, there is another R package with similar functionalities: simplefeaturesbr. The geobr package has a few advantages when compared to simplefeaturesbr, including for example: - A same syntax structure across all functions, making the package very easy and intuitive to use - Access to a wider range of official spatial data sets, such as states and municipalities, but also macro-, meso- and micro-regions, weighting areas, census tracts, urbanized areas, etc - Access to shapefiles with updated geometries for various years - Harmonized attributes and geographic projections across geographies and years - Option to download geometries with simplified borders for fast rendering - Stable version published on CRAN for R users, and on PyPI for Python users

Similar packages for other countries/continents - Africa: afrimapr - Brazil: geobr - Canada: cancensus - Chile: chilemapas - Finland: geofi - Uruguay: geouy - USA: tigris - Global (political administrative boundaries): rgeoboundaries


Credits ipea

Original shapefiles are created by official government institutions. The geobr package is developed by a team at the Institute for Applied Economic Research (Ipea), Brazil. If you want to cite this package, you can cite it as:

  • Pereira, R.H.M.; Gonçalves, C.N.; et. all (2019) geobr: Loads Shapefiles of Official Spatial Data Sets of Brazil. GitHub repository - https://github.com/ipeaGIT/geobr.

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