Need help with gpu-jupyter?
Click the “chat” button below for chat support from the developer who created it, or find similar developers for support.

About the developer

261 Stars 98 Forks Apache License 2.0 207 Commits 5 Opened issues


Leverage the flexibility of Jupyterlab through the power of your NVIDIA GPU to run your code from Tensorflow and Pytorch in collaborative notebooks on the GPU.

Services available


Need anything else?

Contributors list


Leverage Jupyter Notebooks with the power of your NVIDIA GPU and perform GPU calculations using Tensorflow and Pytorch in collaborative notebooks.

Jupyterlab Overview

First of all, thanks to docker-stacks for creating and maintaining a robust Python, R and Julia toolstack for Data Analytics/Science applications. This project uses the NVIDIA CUDA image as the base image and installs their toolstack on top of it to enable GPU calculations in the Jupyter notebooks. The image of this repository is available on Dockerhub.


  1. Quickstart
  2. Build your own image
  3. Tracing
  4. Configuration
  5. Deployment
  6. Issues and Contributing


  1. A computer with an NVIDIA GPU is required.
  2. Install Docker version 1.10.0+ and Docker Compose version 1.28.0+.
  3. Get access to your GPU via CUDA drivers within Docker containers. You can be sure that you can access your GPU within Docker, if the command

    docker run --gpus all nvidia/cuda:11.0.3-cudnn8-runtime-ubuntu20.04 nvidia-smi
    returns a result similar to this one: ```bash Mon Apr 26 13:59:53 2021
    +-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | NVIDIA-SMI 465.19.01 Driver Version: 465.19.01 CUDA Version: 11.3 | |-------------------------------+----------------------+----------------------+ | GPU Name Persistence-M| Bus-Id Disp.A | Volatile Uncorr. ECC | | Fan Temp Perf Pwr:Usage/Cap| Memory-Usage | GPU-Util Compute M. | | | | MIG M. | |===============================+======================+======================| | 0 NVIDIA GeForce ... On | 00000000:01:00.0 On | N/A | | 0% 48C P8 8W / 215W | 283MiB / 7974MiB | 11% Default | | | | N/A | +-------------------------------+----------------------+----------------------+

    +-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | Processes: | | GPU GI CI PID Type Process name GPU Memory | | ID ID Usage | |=============================================================================| +-----------------------------------------------------------------------------+ ``

    If you don't get an output similar than this one, follow the installation steps in this 
    [medium article](
    The CUDA toolkit is not required on the host system, as it will be 
    installed within the Docker containers using [NVIDIA-docker](
    It is also important to keep your installed CUDA version in mind, when you pull images. 
    **You can't run images based on
    if you have only CUDA version 10.1 installed.**
    Check your host's CUDA-version with
    nvcc --version` and update to at least the same version you want to pull.
  4. Pull and run the image. This can last some hours, as a whole data-science environment will be downloaded:

    cd your-working-directory 
    docker run --gpus all -d -it -p 8848:8888 -v $(pwd)/data:/home/jovyan/work -e GRANT_SUDO=yes -e JUPYTER_ENABLE_LAB=yes --user root cschranz/gpu-jupyter:v1.4_cuda-11.0_ubuntu-20.04_python-only
    This starts an instance of GPU-Jupyter with the tag
    v1.4_cuda-11.0_ubuntu-20.04_python-only at [http://localhost:8848](http://localhost:8848) (port
    The default password is
    ) which should be changed as described [below](#set-password). 
    Furthermore, data within the host's
    data` directory is shared with the container. The following images of GPU-Jupyter are available on Dockerhub:
    • v1.4_cuda-11.0_ubuntu-20.04
      (full image)
    • v1.4_cuda-11.0_ubuntu-20.04_python-only
      (only with a python interpreter and without Julia and R)
    • v1.4_cuda-11.0_ubuntu-20.04_slim
      (only with a python interpreter and without additional packages)
    • v1.4_cuda-11.0_ubuntu-18.04
      (full image)
    • v1.4_cuda-11.0_ubuntu-18.04_python-only
      (only with a python interpreter and without Julia and R)
    • v1.4_cuda-11.0_ubuntu-18.04_slim
      (only with a python interpreter and without additional packages)
    • v1.4_cuda-10.1_ubuntu-18.04
      (full image)
    • v1.4_cuda-10.1_ubuntu-18.04_python-only
      (only with a python interpreter and without Julia and R)
    • v1.4_cuda-10.1_ubuntu-18.04_slim
      (only with a python interpreter and without additional packages)

    The version, e.g.

    , specifies a certain commit of the underlying docker-stacks. The Cuda version, e.g.
    , has to match the host's driver version and must be supported by the gpu-libraries. These and older versions of GPU-Jupyter are listed on Dockerhub.

Within the Jupyterlab instance, you can check if you can access your GPU by opening a new terminal window and running

. In terminal windows, you can also install new packages for your own projects. Some example code can be found in the repository under
. If you want to learn more about Jupyterlab, check out this tutorial.

Build your own Image

This is the preferred option if one has a different GPU-architecture or one wants to customize the pre-installed libraries. For the second point, the

are intended to be modified. In order the select a custom base image alter
, to install specific GPU-related libraries modify
and to add specific libraries append the in

After the modification, it is necessary to re-generate the

. As soon as you have access to your GPU within Docker containers (make sure the command
docker run --gpus all nvidia/cuda:11.0.3-cudnn8-runtime-ubuntu20.04 nvidia-smi
shows your GPU statistics), you can generate the Dockerfile, build and run it. The following commands will start GPU-Jupyter on localhost:8848 with the default password
git clone
cd gpu-jupyter
git branch  # Check for available supported CUDA versions
git checkout v1.4_cuda-11.0_ubuntu-20.04  # select the desired (CUDA)-version
# generate a Dockerfile with python and without Julia and R
./ --python-only   # generate the Dockerfile with only a python interpreter
docker build -t gpu-jupyter .build/  # will take a while
docker run --gpus all -d -it -p 8848:8888 -v $(pwd)/data:/home/jovyan/work -e GRANT_SUDO=yes -e JUPYTER_ENABLE_LAB=yes -e NB_UID="$(id -u)" -e NB_GID="$(id -g)" --user root --restart always --name gpu-jupyter_1 gpu-jupyter

This starts a container WITH GPU support, a shared local data volume


and some other configurations like root permissions which are necessary to install packages within the container. For more configurations, scroll down to Configuration of the Dockerfile-Generation.

Start via Docker Compose

Start GPU-Jupyter using

docker-compose up --build -d

This step requires a

version of at least
, as the dockerfile requests GPU resources (see changelog). To update
, this discussion may be useful.


With these commands we can see if everything worked well:

docker ps
docker logs [service-name]  # or
docker-compose logs -f

In order to stop the local deployment, run:

docker ps
docker rm -f [service-name]  # or
docker-compose down


Configuration of the Dockerfile-Generation

The script
generates a Dockerfile within the
directory. This implies that this Dockerfile is overwritten by each generation. The Dockerfile-generation script
has the following parameters (note that 2, 3 and 4 are exclusive):
  • -h|--help
    : Show a help message.
  • -p|--pw|--password
    : Set the password for GPU-Jupyter by updating the salted hashed token in
  • -c|--commit
    : specify a commit or
    for the
    , the default commit is a working one.
  • -s|--slim
    : Generate a slim Dockerfile. As some installations are not needed by everyone, there is the possibility to skip some installations to reduce the size of the image. Here the
    is used instead of
    that comes with Julia and R. Moreover, none of the packages within
    is installed.
  • --python-only|--no-datascience-notebook
    : As the name suggests, the
    is not installed on top of the
    , but the packages within
  • --no-useful-packages
    : On top of the
    (Julia and R), the essential
    are installed, but not the packages within

Custom Installations

Custom packages can be installed within a container, or by modifying the file

. As
is overwritten each time a Dockerfile is generated, it is suggested to append custom installations either within
or in
If an essential package is missing in the default stack, please let us know!

Set Password

The easiest way to set a password is by giving it as an parameter:

bash --password your_password
This updates the salted hashed token within

Another way to specify your password is to directly change the token in

. Therefore, hash your password in the form (password)(salt) using a sha1 hash generator, e.g., the sha1 generator of The input with the default password
) is concatenated by an arbitrary salt
and is hashed to

Never give away your own unhashed password!

Then update the config file as shown below, generate the Dockerfile and restart GPU-Jupyter.

  "NotebookApp": {
    "password": "sha1:3b4b6378355:642693b20f0a33bcad27b94293d0ed7db3408322"


Update CUDA to another version

The host's CUDA-version must be equal or higher than that of the container itself (in

). Check the host's version with
nvcc --version
and the version compatibilities for CUDA-dependent packages as Pytorch respectively Tensorflow previously. Then modify, if supported, the CUDA-version in
to, e.g.: the line:
FROM nvidia/cuda:11.1-base-ubuntu20.04

and in the

the line:

Then re-generate, re-build and run the updated image, as closer described above: Note that a change in the first line of the Dockerfile will re-build the whole image.

/ --python-only   # generate the Dockerfile with only a python interpreter
docker build -t gpu-jupyter .build/  # will take a while
docker run --gpus all -d -it -p 8848:8888 -v $(pwd)/data:/home/jovyan/work -e GRANT_SUDO=yes -e JUPYTER_ENABLE_LAB=yes -e NB_UID="$(id -u)" -e NB_GID="$(id -g)" --user root --restart always --name gpu-jupyter_1 gpu-jupyter

Update Docker-Stack

The docker-stacks are used as a submodule within

. Per default, the head of the commit is reset to a commit on which
runs stable. To update the generated Dockerfile to a specific commit, run:
./ --commit c1c32938438151c7e2a22b5aa338caba2ec01da2

To update the generated Dockerfile to the latest commit, run:

./ --commit latest

A new build can last some time and may consume a lot of data traffic. Note, that the latest version may result in a version conflict! More info to submodules can be found in this tutorial.

Deployment in the Docker Swarm

A Jupyter instance often requires data from other services. If that data-source is containerized in Docker and sharing a port for communication shouldn't be allowed, e.g., for security reasons, then connecting the data-source with GPU-Jupyter within a Docker Swarm is a great option!

Set up Docker Swarm and Registry

This step requires a running Docker Swarm on a cluster or at least on this node. In order to register custom images in a local Docker Swarm cluster, a registry instance must be deployed in advance. Note that the we are using the port 5001, as many services use the default port 5000.

sudo docker service create --name registry --publish published=5001,target=5000 registry:2

This should output

. \

Afterwards, check if the registry service is available using

docker service ls

Configure the shared Docker network

Additionally, GPU-Jupyter is connected to the data-source via the same docker-network. Therefore, This network must be set to attachable in the source's

      - default
      - datastack
    driver: overlay
    attachable: true  

In this example, * the docker stack was deployed in Docker swarm with the name elk (

docker stack deploy ... elk
), * the docker network has the name datastack within the
file, * this network is configured to be attachable in the
file * and the docker network has the name elk_datastack, see the following output:
    sudo docker network ls
    # ...
    # [UID]        elk_datastack                   overlay             swarm
    # ...
The docker network name elk_datastack is used in the next step as a parameter.

Start GPU-Jupyter in Docker Swarm

Finally, GPU-Jupyter can be deployed in the Docker Swarm with the shared network, using:

./ -p [port] -n [docker-network] -r [registry-port]
# e.g. ./ -p 8848 -n elk_datastack -r 5001

where: * -p: port specifies the port on which the service will be available. * -n: docker-network is the name of the attachable network from the previous step, e.g., here it is elk_datastack. * -r: registry port is the port that is published by the registry service, default is


Now, gpu-jupyter will be accessible here on localhost:8848 with the default password

) and shares the network with the other data-source, i.e., all ports of the data-source will be accessible within GPU-Jupyter, even if they aren't routed it the source's

Check if everything works well using:

sudo docker service ps gpu_gpu-jupyter
docker service ps gpu_gpu-jupyter

In order to remove the service from the swarm, use:


Issues and Contributing

Frequent Issues:

  • Can't execute the bash scripts.

    $ bash line 2: cd: $'/path/to/gpu-jupyter\r': No such file or directory line 3: $'\r': command not found line 9: $'\r': command not found line 11: syntax error near unexpected token `$'in\r'' line 11: `while [[ "$#" -gt 0 ]]; do case $1 in
    The reason for this issue is that the line-breaks between Unix and Windows based systems are different and in the current version different.

    Solution: Change the line-endings of the bash scripts. This can be done e.g. in the Notepad++ under Edit - EOL Conversion, or using

    sudo apt install dos2unix
  • No GPU available - error The docker-compose start breaks with:

    ERROR: for fc8d8dfbebe9_gpu-jupyter_gpu-jupyter_1  Cannot start service gpu-jupyter: OCI runtime create failed: container_linux.go:370: starting container process caused: process_linux.go:459: container init ca
    used: Running hook #0:: error running hook: exit status 1, stdout: , stderr: nvidia-container-cli: initialization error: driver error: failed to process request: unknown
    Check if the GPU is available on the host node via
    and run with the described
    -commands. If the error still occurs, so try there could be an issue that docker can't visualize the GPU.


This project has the intention to create a robust image for CUDA-based GPU-applications, which is built on top of the docker-stacks. You are free to help to improve this project, by:

We use cookies. If you continue to browse the site, you agree to the use of cookies. For more information on our use of cookies please see our Privacy Policy.