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Description

Distributed Stream and Batch Processing

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What is Jet

Jet is an open-source, in-memory, distributed batch and stream processing engine. You can use it to process large volumes of real-time events or huge batches of static datasets. To give a sense of scale, a single node of Jet has been proven to aggregate 10 million events per second with latency under 10 milliseconds.

It provides a Java API to build stream and batch processing applications through the use of a dataflow programming model. After you deploy your application to a Jet cluster, Jet will automatically use all the computational resources on the cluster to run your application.

If you add more nodes to the cluster while your application is running, Jet automatically scales up your application to run on the new nodes. If you remove nodes from the cluster, it scales it down seamlessly without losing the current computational state, providing exactly-once processing guarantees.

For example, you can represent the classical word count problem that reads some local files and outputs the frequency of each word to console using the following API:

JetInstance jet = Jet.bootstrappedInstance();

Pipeline p = Pipeline.create(); p.readFrom(Sources.files("/path/to/text-files")) .flatMap(line -> traverseArray(line.toLowerCase().split("\W+"))) .filter(word -> !word.isEmpty()) .groupingKey(word -> word) .aggregate(counting()) .writeTo(Sinks.logger());

jet.newJob(p).join();

and then deploy the application to the cluster:

bin/jet submit word-count.jar

Another application which aggregates millions of sensor readings per second with 10-millisecond resolution from Kafka looks like the following:

Pipeline p = Pipeline.create();

p.readFrom(KafkaSources.kafka(kafkaProperties, "sensors")) .withTimestamps(event -> event.getValue().timestamp(), 10) // use event timestamp, allowed lag in ms .groupingKey(reading -> reading.sensorId()) .window(sliding(1_000, 10)) // sliding window of 1s by 10ms .aggregate(averagingDouble(reading -> reading.temperature())) .writeTo(Sinks.logger());

jet.newJob(p).join();

Jet comes with out-of-the-box support for many kinds of data sources and sinks, including:

  • Apache Kafka
  • Local Files (Text, Avro, JSON)
  • Apache Hadoop (Azure Data Lake, S3, GCS)
  • Apache Pulsar
  • Debezium
  • Elasticsearch
  • JDBC
  • JMS
  • InfluxDB
  • Hazelcast
  • Redis
  • MongoDB
  • Twitter

When Should You Use Jet

Jet is a good fit when you need to process large amounts of data in a distributed fashion. You can use it to build a variety of data-processing applications, such as:

  • Low-latency stateful stream processing. For example, detecting trends in 100 Hz sensor data from 100,000 devices and sending corrective feedback within 10 milliseconds.
  • High-throughput, large-state stream processing. For example, tracking GPS locations of millions of users, inferring their velocity vectors.
  • Batch processing of big data volumes, for example analyzing a day's worth of stock trading data to update the risk exposure of a given portfolio.

Key Features

Predictable Latency Under Load

Jet uses a unique execution model with cooperative multithreading and can achieve extremely low latencies while processing millions of items per second on just a single node:

The engine is able to run anywhere from tens to thousands of jobs concurrently on a fixed number of threads.

Fault Tolerance With No Infrastructure

Jet stores computational state in a distributed, replicated in-memory store and does not require the presence of a distributed file system nor infrastructure like Zookeeper to provide high-availability and fault-tolerance.

Jet implements a version of the Chandy-Lamport algorithm to provide exactly-once processing under the face of failures. When interfacing with external transactional systems like databases, it can provide end-to-end processing guarantees using two-phase commit.

Advanced Event Processing

Event data can often arrive out of order and Jet has first-class support for dealing with this disorder. Jet implements a technique called distributed watermarks to treat disordered events as if they were arriving in order.

How Do I Get Started

Follow the Get Started guide to start using Jet.

Download

You can download Jet from https://jet-start.sh.

Alternatively, you can use the latest docker image:

docker run -p 5701:5701 hazelcast/hazelcast-jet

Use the following Maven coordinates to add Jet to your application:

com.hazelcast.jet
hazelcast-jet
4.2

Tutorials

See the tutorials for tutorials on using Jet. Some examples:

Reference

Jet supports a variety of transforms and operators. These include:

Community

Hazelcast Jet team actively answers questions on Stack Overflow and Hazelcast Community Slack.

You are also encouraged to join the hazelcast-jet mailing list if you are interested in community discussions

How Can I Contribute

Thanks for your interest in contributing! The easiest way is to just send a pull request. Have a look at the issues marked as good first issue for some guidance.

Building From Source

To build, use:

./mvnw clean package -DskipTests

Use Latest Snapshot Release

You can always use the latest snapshot release if you want to try the features currently under development.

Maven snippet:

    
        snapshot-repository
        Maven2 Snapshot Repository
        https://oss.sonatype.org/content/repositories/snapshots
        
            true
            daily
        
    


    
        com.hazelcast.jet
        hazelcast-jet
        4.3-SNAPSHOT
    

Trigger Phrases in the Pull Request Conversation

When you create a pull request (PR), it must pass a build-and-test procedure. Maintainers will be notified about your PR, and they can trigger the build using special comments. These are the phrases you may see used in the comments on your PR:

  • verify
    - run the default PR builder, equivalent to
    mvn clean
    install
  • run-nightly-tests
    - use the settings for the nightly build (
    mvn
    clean install -Pnightly
    ). This includes slower tests in the run, which we don't normally run on every PR
  • run-windows
    - run the tests on a Windows machine (HighFive is not supported here)
  • run-cdc-debezium-tests
    - run all tests in the
    extensions/cdc-debezium
    module
  • run-cdc-mysql-tests
    - run all tests in the
    extensions/cdc-mysql
    module
  • run-cdc-postgres-tests
    - run all tests in the
    extensions/cdc-postgres
    module

Where not indicated, the builds run on a Linux machine with Oracle JDK 8.

License

Source code in this repository is covered by one of two licenses:

  1. Apache License 2.0
  2. Hazelcast Community License

The default license throughout the repository is Apache License 2.0 unless the header specifies another license. Please see the Licensing section for more information.

Credits

We owe (the good parts of) our CLI tool's user experience to picocli.

Copyright

Copyright (c) 2008-2021, Hazelcast, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Visit www.hazelcast.com for more info.

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