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Packer is a tool for creating identical machine images for multiple platforms from a single source configuration.

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Packer is a tool for building identical machine images for multiple platforms from a single source configuration.

Packer is lightweight, runs on every major operating system, and is highly performant, creating machine images for multiple platforms in parallel. Packer comes out of the box with support for many platforms, the full list of which can be found at

Support for other platforms can be added via plugins.

The images that Packer creates can easily be turned into Vagrant boxes.

Quick Start

Note: There is a great introduction and getting started guide for those with a bit more patience. Otherwise, the quick start below will get you up and running quickly, at the sacrifice of not explaining some key points.

First, download a pre-built Packer binary for your operating system or compile Packer yourself.

After Packer is installed, create your first template, which tells Packer what platforms to build images for and how you want to build them. In our case, we'll create a simple AMI that has Redis pre-installed.

Save this file as

. Export your AWS credentials as the
environment variables.
variable "access_key" {
  type    = string
  default = "${env("AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID")}"

variable "secret_key" { type = string default = "${env("AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY")}" sensitive = true }

locals { timestamp = regex_replace(timestamp(), "[- TZ:]", "") }

source "amazon-ebs" "quick-start" { access_key = "${var.access_key}" ami_name = "packer-example ${local.timestamp}" instance_type = "t2.micro" region = "us-east-1" secret_key = "${var.secret_key}" source_ami = "ami-af22d9b9" ssh_username = "ubuntu" }

build { sources = [""] }

Next, tell Packer to build the image:

$ packer build quick-start.pkr.hcl

Packer will build an AMI according to the "quick-start" template. The AMI will be available in your AWS account. To delete the AMI, you must manually delete it using the AWS console. Packer builds your images, it does not manage their lifecycle. Where they go, how they're run, etc., is up to you.


Comprehensive documentation is viewable on the Packer website at

Contributing to Packer

See for best practices and instructions on setting up your development environment to work on Packer.

Unmaintained Plugins

As contributors' circumstances change, development on a community maintained plugin can slow. When this happens, the Packer team may mark a plugin as unmaintained, to clearly signal the plugin's status to users.

What does unmaintained mean?

  1. The code repository and all commit history will still be available.
  2. Documentation will remain on the Packer website.
  3. Issues and pull requests are monitored as a best effort.
  4. No active development will be performed by the Packer team.

If anyone from the community is interested in maintaining a community supported plugin, please feel free to submit contributions via a pull- request for review; reviews are generally prioritized over feature work when possible. For a list of open plugin issues and pending feature requests see the Packer Issue Tracker.

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