Switch your X keyboard layouts from the command line
by J. Bromley, S. Mironov, Alexei Rad'kov
xkb-switch is a C++ program that allows to query and change the XKB layout state. Originally ruby-based code written by J.Broomley.
The C++ class has no special dependencies on anything outside of X-related libraries, so it can be easily used with other software.
Xkb-switch is licensed under the GNU GPLv3, see COPYING for details.
Package libxkbfile-dev (or libxkbfile-devel for Fedora) needs to be installed to build the program.
To build the program manually, unpack the tarball and cd to source directory. Nix users may use
nix-shellto enter the minimally sufficient development shell or
nix-buildto build the sources. Other distributions typically require the following commands to build and install the program:
$ mkdir build && cd build $ cmake .. $ make
Optionally, test the basic functions by running
./test.shscript. The script should print OK in the last line and return exit code of zero.
$ ../test.sh 2>&1 | tee test.log $ tail -n 1 test.log | grep OK || echo "Test failed!"
In order to install, use your system's package manager or default to the following:
$ sudo make install
On some distributions, you may need to update the program cache if it's the first time you're installing this program
$ sudo ldconfig
$ xkb-switch --help
Usage: xkb-switch -s ARG Sets current layout group to ARG xkb-switch -l|--list Displays all layout groups xkb-switch -h|--help Displays this message xkb-switch -v|--version Shows version number xkb-switch -w|--wait [-p] Waits for group change and exits xkb-switch -W Infinitely waits for group change xkb-switch -n|--next Switch to the next layout group xkb-switch [-p] Displays current layout group
A note on
xkb-switch -xCommand line option
xkb-switch -xhas been removed recently. Please, use
setxkbmap -printto obtain debug information.
Xkb-switch goes with a library libxkbswitch.so which can be called from within Vim scripts like this:
let g:XkbSwitchLib = "/path/to/libxkbswitch.so" echo libcall(g:XkbSwitchLib, 'Xkb_Switch_getXkbLayout', '') call libcall(g:XkbSwitchLib, 'Xkb_Switch_setXkbLayout', 'us')
See also article in Russian describing complex solution.
xkb-group.sh can help you to manage layout groups. Just run it and send some input at it's stdin every time you want to trigger layouts from primary to secondary and back. For example:
$ xkb-group.sh us ru switch # switch from us to ru or from current layout to us switch # switch from ru to us or from us to ru
from another terminal
$ xkb-switch -s de # switch to 'de' layout, change secondary layout to 'de'
back to terminal running `xkb-group.sh'
switch # switch from de to us switch # switch from us to de
Admittedly, I only tested with a few different layouts that I used. If you find any bugs let me know by submitting an issue or via [email protected]