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Always know what to expect from your data.

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Great Expectations

Always know what to expect from your data.


Great Expectations helps data teams eliminate pipeline debt, through data testing, documentation, and profiling.

Software developers have long known that testing and documentation are essential for managing complex codebases. Great Expectations brings the same confidence, integrity, and acceleration to data science and data engineering teams.

See Down with Pipeline Debt! for an introduction to the philosophy of pipeline testing.

Key features


Expectations are assertions for data. They are the workhorse abstraction in Great Expectations, covering all kinds of common data issues, including: -

- ...and many more

Expectations are <!--declarative, flexible and extensible--> declarative, flexible and extensible. <!--To test out Expectations on your own data, check out the <>.-->

Batteries-included data validation

Expectations are a great start, but it takes more to get to production-ready data validation. Where are Expectations stored? How do they get updated? How do you securely connect to production data systems? How do you notify team members and triage when data validation fails?

Great Expectations supports all of these use cases out of the box. Instead of building these components for yourself over weeks or months, you will be able to add production-ready validation to your pipeline in a day. This “Expectations on rails” framework plays nice with other data engineering tools, respects your existing name spaces, and is designed for extensibility.

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Tests are docs and docs are tests

! This feature is in beta

Many data teams struggle to maintain up-to-date data documentation. Great Expectations solves this problem by rendering Expectations directly into clean, human-readable documentation.

Since docs are rendered from tests, and tests are run against new data as it arrives, your documentation is guaranteed to never go stale. Additional renderers allow Great Expectations to generate other type of "documentation", including <!--slack notifications, data dictionaries, customized notebooks--> slack notifications, data dictionaries, customized notebooks, etc.

Your tests are your docs and your docs are your tests

Automated data profiling

- This feature is experimental

Wouldn't it be great if your tests could write themselves? Run your data through one of Great Expectations' data profilers and it will automatically generate Expectations and data documentation. Profiling provides the double benefit of helping you explore data faster, and capturing knowledge for future documentation and testing.

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Automated profiling doesn't replace domain expertise—you will almost certainly tune and augment your auto-generated Expectations over time—but it's a great way to jump start the process of capturing and sharing domain knowledge across your team.

Pluggable and extensible

Every component of the framework is designed to be extensible: Expectations, storage, profilers, renderers for documentation, actions taken after validation, etc. This design choice gives a lot of creative freedom to developers working with Great Expectations.

Recent extensions include: * Renderers for data dictionaries * BigQuery and GCS integration * Notifications to MatterMost

We're very excited to see what other plugins the data community comes up with!

Quick start

To see Great Expectations in action on your own data:

    pip install great_expectations
    great_expectations init

(We recommend deploying within a virtual environment. If you’re not familiar with pip, virtual environments, notebooks, or git, you may want to check out the Supporting Resources will teach you how to get up and running in minutes before continuing.)

For full documentation, visit Great Expectations on

If you need help, hop into our Slack channel—there are always contributors and other users there.


Great Expectations works with the tools and systems that you're already using with your data, including:

Integration Notes
Pandas Great for in-memory machine learning pipelines!
Spark Good for really big data.
Postgres Leading open source database
BigQuery Google serverless massive-scale SQL analytics platform
Databricks Managed Spark Analytics Platform
MySQL Leading open source database
AWS Redshift Cloud-based data warehouse
AWS S3 Cloud based blob storage
Snowflake Cloud-based data warehouse
Apache Airflow An open source orchestration engine
Other SQL Relational DBs Most RDBMS are supported via SQLalchemy
Jupyter Notebooks The best way to build Expectations
Slack Get automatic data quality notifications!

What does Great Expectations not do?

Great Expectations is not a pipeline execution framework.

We aim to integrate seamlessly with DAG execution tools like Spark, Airflow, dbt, prefect, dagster, Kedro, etc. We DON'T execute your pipelines for you.

Great Expectations is not a data versioning tool.

Great Expectations does not store data itself. Instead, it deals in metadata about data: Expectations, validation results, etc. If you want to bring your data itself under version control, check out tools like: DVC and Quilt.

Great Expectations currently works best in a python/bash environment.

Following the philosophy of "take the compute to the data," Great Expectations currently supports native execution of Expectations in three environments: pandas, SQL (through the SQLAlchemy core), and Spark. That said, all orchestration in Great Expectations is python-based. You can invoke it from the command line without using a python programming environment, but if you're working in another ecosystem, other tools might be a better choice. If you're running in a pure R environment, you might consider assertR as an alternative. Within the Tensorflow ecosystem, TFDV fulfills a similar function as Great Expectations.

Who maintains Great Expectations?

Great Expectations is under active development by James Campbell, Abe Gong, Eugene Mandel, Rob Lim, Taylor Miller, with help from many others.

What's the best way to get in touch with the Great Expectations team?

If you have questions, comments, or just want to have a good old-fashioned chat about data pipelines, please hop on our public Slack channel

If you'd like hands-on assistance setting up Great Expectations, establishing a healthy practice of data testing, or adding functionality to Great Expectations, please see options for consulting help here.

Can I contribute to the library?

Absolutely. Yes, please. Start here and please don't be shy with questions.

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