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Description

Elixir client libraries for accessing Google APIs.

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GoogleApis

This repository contains all the client libraries to interact with Google APIs. These client libraries are created under

clients/
and each should contain its own README.

The main folder contains the code necessary to generate these client libraries.

NOTE: These generated clients are under development and should be considered experimental!

Usage

Installation

All available Google API clients can be found on hex.pm. Add a client to your project's

mix.exs
under
deps
:
defmodule YourApplication.Mixfile do
  use Mix.Project
  #...

Run "mix help deps" to learn about dependencies.

defp deps do [ {:google_api_storage, "> 0.19.0"}, {:goth, "> 1.2.0"} ] end end

Note the goth package, which handles Google Authentication, is also required.

Next, run

mix deps.get
to pull down the dependencies:
$ mix deps.get

Now you can make an API call by obtaining an access token and using the generated modules.

Obtaining an Access Token

Service Accounts

Authentication is typically done through Application Default Credentials which means you do not have to change the code to authenticate as long as your environment has credentials. Start by creating a Service Account key file. This file can be used to authenticate to Google Cloud Platform services from any environment. To use the file, set the

GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS
environment variable to the path to the key file, for example:
export GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS=/path/to/service_account.json

If you are deploying to App Engine, Compute Engine, or Container Engine, your credentials will be available by default.

OAuth 2.0

Many APIs (like Drive, Gmail, and YouTube) require you to use OAuth 2.0 to authorize requests on behalf of an authenticated user. For an example using the oauth2-library, see the auth sample.

We've also provided a mix task to fetch a token for testing. The following command requests a token for the Drive full access scope:

$ export GOOGLE_CLIENT_ID=[YOUR-OAUTH-CLIENT-ID]
$ export GOOGLE_CLIENT_SECRET=[YOUR-OAUTH-CLIENT-SECRET]
$ mix google_apis.auth https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive
Open the following link in your brower:
https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?[some-long-url]
Enter verification code:

Once you've logged in and authorized the application, copy the code param from the web browser's url and paste into the console. The script will then fetch your OAuth access token.

Token: [your-oauth-token]

You can then use this token for your testing:

connection = GoogleApi.Drive.V3.Connection.new("your-oauth-token")
{:ok, file_list} = GoogleApi.Drive.V3.Api.Files.drive_files_list(conn)

Making a Request

# Obtain an access token using goth
{:ok, token} = Goth.Token.for_scope("https://www.googleapis.com/auth/cloud-platform")
conn = GoogleApi.Storage.V1.Connection.new(token.token)

Call the Storage V1 API (for example) to list buckets

{:ok, response} = GoogleApi.Storage.V1.Api.Buckets.storage_buckets_list(conn, project_id)

Print the response

Enum.each(response.items, &IO.puts(&1.id))

What's Next?

Take a look at our elixir-samples repository repository for examples of calling individual APIs and a getting started tutorial app.

Generating Clients

Setup

  1. Install nodejs if not already installed.
  2. Install nodejs dependencies:
$> npm install
  1. Install elixir dependencies:
$> mix deps.get

This project provides 4 mix tasks to componentize the build process:

  1. mix google_apis.discover
    - Select which APIs to build
  2. mix google_apis.fetch
    - Download the selected API specifications in Google discovery format
  3. mix google_apis.convert
    - Convert the selected API specifications from Google discovery format to OpenApi v2 (formerly known as Swagger)
  4. mix google_apis.build
    - Generate API clients

Selecting APIs

The

mix google_apis.discover
task queries Google's API discovery directory. The contents of this file are downloaded to a staging file (
api-candidate.json
) under the config directory.

You can change the name of the file by providing a filename argument to the mix task:

$> mix google_apis.discover foo.json

Note that this task is not one that should be run often, as the

config/api.json
is considered configuration regarding which APIs to generate.

Fetching API Specifications

The

mix google_apis.fetch
task iterates through the list of API specifications in the
config/api.json
file and downloads the specification to the
specifications/gdd
folder with the format of
-.json
.

You can limit which APIs to fetch by providing an API name argument to the mix task:

$> mix google_apis.fetch CloudTrace

Converting API Specifications

The next step is to convert the API specifications from Google's discovery format to OpenApi format. The

mix google_apis.convert
task iterates through the list of API specifications in the
config/api.json
file and converts each found Google discovery specification to an equivalent* OpenApi version.

You can configure the converter by modifying the

config/config.exs
setting:
config :google_apis, spec_converter: 

The default converter uses the node package api-spec-converter. You can also limit which APIs to convert by providing an API name argument to the mix task:

$> mix google_apis.convert CloudTrace

Building API Clients

The

mix google_apis.build
task iterates through the list of API specifications in the
config/api.json
file and generates an Elixir client library in the
clients
folder.

You can configure the converter by modifying the

config/config.exs
setting:
config :google_apis, client_generator: GoogleApis.Generator.SwaggerCli

The default generator uses Docker and an image based off the swagger-codegen project. You can further configure this converter by modifying the

config/config.exs
setting:
config :google_apis, swagger_cli_image: "swagger-cli"

You can also limit which APIs to generate by providing an API name argument to the mix task:

$> mix google_apis.generate CloudTrace

Contributing

Contributions to this library are always welcome and highly encouraged.

See CONTRIBUTING for more information on how to get started.

License

Apache 2.0 - See LICENSE for more information.

Disclaimer

This is not an officially supported Google product.

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