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Google's common Java, C++ and JavaScript library for parsing, formatting, and validating internation...

11.0K Stars 1.5K Forks Last release: 26 days ago (v8.12.6) Other 1.8K Commits 127 Releases

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What is it?

Google's common Java, C++ and JavaScript library for parsing, formatting, and validating international phone numbers. The Java version is optimized for running on smartphones, and is used by the Android framework since 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich).

Quick links

Highlights of functionality

  • Parsing, formatting, and validating phone numbers for all countries/regions of the world.
  • getNumberType
    • gets the type of the number based on the number itself; able to distinguish Fixed-line, Mobile, Toll-free, Premium Rate, Shared Cost, VoIP, Personal Numbers, UAN, Pager, and Voicemail (whenever feasible).
  • isNumberMatch
    • gets a confidence level on whether two numbers could be the same.
  • getExampleNumber
    • provide valid example numbers for all countries/regions, with the option of specifying which type of example phone number is needed.
  • isPossibleNumber
    • quickly guesses whether a number is a possible phone number by using only the length information, much faster than a full validation.
  • isValidNumber
    • full validation of a phone number for a region using length and prefix information.
  • AsYouTypeFormatter
    • formats phone numbers on-the-fly when users enter each digit.
  • findNumbers
    • finds numbers in text.
  • PhoneNumberOfflineGeocoder
    • provides geographical information related to a phone number.
  • PhoneNumberToCarrierMapper
    • provides carrier information related to a phone number.
  • PhoneNumberToTimeZonesMapper
    • provides timezone information related to a phone number.



The Java demo is updated with a slight delay after the GitHub release.

Last demo update: v8.12.6.

If this number is lower than the latest release's version number, we are between releases and the demo may be at either version.


The JavaScript demomay be run at various tags; this link will take you to


. [JS demo link not working as RawGit is deprecated.] TODO to host in alternative platform.

Java code

To include the Java code in your application, either integrate with Maven (seewiki) or download the latest jars from the Maven repository.


Javadoc is automatically updated to reflect the latest release at

Versioning and Announcements

We generally choose the release number following these guidelines.

If any of the changes pushed to master since the last release are incompatible with the intent / specification of an existing libphonenumber API or may cause libphonenumber (Java, C++, or JS) clients to have to change their code to keep building, we publish a major release. For example, if the last release were 7.7.3, the new one would be 8.0.0.

If any of those changes enable clients to update their code to take advantage of new functionality, and if clients would have to roll-back these changes in the event that the release was marked as "bad", we publish a minor release. For example, we'd go from 7.7.3 to 7.8.0.

Otherwise, including when a release contains onlymetadata changes, we publish a sub-minor release, e.g. 7.7.3 to 7.7.4.

Sometimes we make internal changes to the code or metadata that, while not affecting compatibility for clients, could affect compatibility for portersof the library. For such changes we make announcements tolibphonenumber-discuss. Such changes are not reflected in the version number, and we would publish a sub-minor release if there were no other changes.

Want to get notified of new releases? During most of the year, excepting holidays and extenuating circumstances, we release fortnightly. We updaterelease tags and document detailed release notes. We also send an announcement to libphonenumber-discuss for every release.

Quick Examples

Let's say you have a string representing a phone number from Switzerland. This is how you parse/normalize it into a



String swissNumberStr = "044 668 18 00"; PhoneNumberUtil phoneUtil = PhoneNumberUtil.getInstance(); try { PhoneNumber swissNumberProto = phoneUtil.parse(swissNumberStr, "CH"); } catch (NumberParseException e) { System.err.println("NumberParseException was thrown: " + e.toString()); }

At this point,



{ "country\_code": 41, "national\_number": 446681800 }

is a class that was originally auto-generated from


with necessary modifications for efficiency. For details on the meaning of each field, refer to



Now let us validate whether the number is valid:

boolean isValid = phoneUtil.isValidNumber(swissNumberProto); // returns true

There are a few formats supported by the formatting method, as illustrated below:

// Produces "+41 44 668 18 00" System.out.println(phoneUtil.format(swissNumberProto, PhoneNumberFormat.INTERNATIONAL)); // Produces "044 668 18 00" System.out.println(phoneUtil.format(swissNumberProto, PhoneNumberFormat.NATIONAL)); // Produces "+41446681800" System.out.println(phoneUtil.format(swissNumberProto, PhoneNumberFormat.E164));

You could also choose to format the number in the way it is dialed from another country:

// Produces "011 41 44 668 1800", the number when it is dialed in the United States. System.out.println(phoneUtil.formatOutOfCountryCallingNumber(swissNumberProto, "US"));

Formatting Phone Numbers 'as you type'

PhoneNumberUtil phoneUtil = PhoneNumberUtil.getInstance(); AsYouTypeFormatter formatter = phoneUtil.getAsYouTypeFormatter("US"); System.out.println(formatter.inputDigit('6')); // Outputs "6" ... // Input more digits System.out.println(formatter.inputDigit('3')); // Now outputs "650 253"

Geocoding Phone Numbers

PhoneNumberOfflineGeocoder geocoder = PhoneNumberOfflineGeocoder.getInstance(); // Outputs "Zurich" System.out.println(geocoder.getDescriptionForNumber(swissNumberProto, Locale.ENGLISH)); // Outputs "Zürich" System.out.println(geocoder.getDescriptionForNumber(swissNumberProto, Locale.GERMAN)); // Outputs "Zurigo" System.out.println(geocoder.getDescriptionForNumber(swissNumberProto, Locale.ITALIAN));

Mapping Phone Numbers to original carriers

Caveat: We do not provide data about the current carrier of a phone number, only the original carrier who is assigned the corresponding range. Read about number portability.

PhoneNumber swissMobileNumber = new PhoneNumber().setCountryCode(41).setNationalNumber(798765432L); PhoneNumberToCarrierMapper carrierMapper = PhoneNumberToCarrierMapper.getInstance(); // Outputs "Swisscom" System.out.println(carrierMapper.getNameForNumber(swissMobileNumber, Locale.ENGLISH));

More examples on how to use the library can be found in the unit tests.

Third-party Ports

Several third-party ports of the phone number library are known to us. We share them here in case they're useful for developers.

However, we emphasize that these ports are by developers outside the libphonenumber project. We do not evaluate their quality or influence their maintenance processes.

Alternatives to our own versions:

  • Android-optimized: Our Java version loads the metadata from
    and asks that Android apps follow the Android loading best practices of repackaging the metadata and loading from
    themselves (FAQ). If you don't want to do this, check out the port at, which does repackage the metadata and use
    , and may be depended on without needing those specific loading optimizations from clients.
  • Javascript: If you don't want to use our version, which depends on Closure, there are several other options, including - a stripped-down rewrite, about 110 KB in size - and - a browserify-compatible wrapper around the original unmodified library installable via npm, which packs the Google Closure library, about 420 KB in size.

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