by google

A JavaScript checker and optimizer.

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Google Closure Compiler

Build Status Open Source Helpers

The Closure Compiler is a tool for making JavaScript download and run faster. It is a true compiler for JavaScript. Instead of compiling from a source language to machine code, it compiles from JavaScript to better JavaScript. It parses your JavaScript, analyzes it, removes dead code and rewrites and minimizes what's left. It also checks syntax, variable references, and types, and warns about common JavaScript pitfalls.

Getting Started

  • Pre-compiled releases of the compiler are available via:
    • Maven
    • NPM - includes java, native and javascript versions.
  • See the Google Developers Site for documentation including instructions for running the compiler from the command line.

Options for Getting Help

  1. Post in the Closure Compiler Discuss Group.
  2. Ask a question on Stack Overflow.
  3. Consult the FAQ.

Building it Yourself

Note: The Closure Compiler requires Java 8 or higher.

Using Bazel

  1. Install Bazelisk.

  2. On the command line, at the root of this project, run

    bazelisk build //:compiler_unshaded_deploy.jar

    This will produce a JAR called

    . You can run this JAR as per the Running section of this Readme.

    If you want to integrate the compiler into a larger Java program, depend on


Using an IDE

See Bazel IDE Integrations


On the command line, at the root of this project, type


This starts the compiler in interactive mode. Type

var x = 17 + 25;

then hit "Enter", then hit "Ctrl-Z" (on Windows) or "Ctrl-D" (on Mac or Linux) and "Enter" again. The Compiler will respond:

var x=42;

The Closure Compiler has many options for reading input from a file, writing output to a file, checking your code, and running optimizations. To learn more, type

java -jar compiler.jar --help

More detailed information about running the Closure Compiler is available in the documentation.

Run using Eclipse

  1. Open the class
    or create your own extended version of the class.
  2. Run the class in Eclipse.
  3. See the instructions above on how to use the interactive mode - but beware of the bug regarding passing "End of Transmission" in the Eclipse console.

Compiling Multiple Scripts

If you have multiple scripts, you should compile them all together with one compile command.

java -jar compiler.jar --js_output_file=out.js in1.js in2.js in3.js ...

You can also use minimatch-style globs.

# Recursively include all js files in subdirs
java -jar compiler.jar --js_output_file=out.js 'src/**.js'

Recursively include all js files in subdirs, excluding test files.

Use single-quotes, so that bash doesn't try to expand the '!'

java -jar compiler.jar --js_output_file=out.js 'src/**.js' '!**_test.js'

The Closure Compiler will concatenate the files in the order they're passed at the command line.

If you're using globs or many files, you may start to run into problems with managing dependencies between scripts. In this case, you should use the Closure Library. It contains functions for enforcing dependencies between scripts, and Closure Compiler will re-order the inputs automatically.

How to Contribute

Reporting a bug

  1. First make sure that it is really a bug and not simply the way that Closure Compiler works (especially true for ADVANCED_OPTIMIZATIONS).
  2. If you still think you have found a bug, make sure someone hasn't already reported it. See the list of known issues.
  3. If it hasn't been reported yet, post a new issue. Make sure to add enough detail so that the bug can be recreated. The smaller the reproduction code, the better.

Suggesting a Feature

  1. Consult the FAQ to make sure that the behaviour you would like isn't specifically excluded (such as string inlining).
  2. Make sure someone hasn't requested the same thing. See the list of known issues.
  3. Read up on what type of feature requests are accepted.
  4. Submit your request as an issue.

Submitting patches

  1. All contributors must sign a contributor license agreement (CLA). A CLA basically says that you own the rights to any code you contribute, and that you give us permission to use that code in Closure Compiler. You maintain the copyright on that code. If you own all the rights to your code, you can fill out an individual CLA. If your employer has any rights to your code, then they also need to fill out a corporate CLA. If you don't know if your employer has any rights to your code, you should ask before signing anything. By default, anyone with an email address already has a CLA signed for them.
  2. To make sure your changes are of the type that will be accepted, ask about your patch on the Closure Compiler Discuss Group
  3. Fork the repository.
  4. Make your changes. Check out our coding conventions for details on making sure your code is in correct style.
  5. Submit a pull request for your changes. A project developer will review your work and then merge your request into the project.

Closure Compiler License

Copyright 2009 The Closure Compiler Authors.

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

Dependency Licenses


Code Path src/com/google/javascript/rhino, test/com/google/javascript/rhino
Version 1.5R3, with heavy modifications
License Netscape Public License and MPL / GPL dual license
Description A partial copy of Mozilla Rhino. Mozilla Rhino is an implementation of JavaScript for the JVM. The JavaScript parse tree data structures were extracted and modified significantly for use by Google's JavaScript compiler.
Local Modifications The packages have been renamespaced. All code not relevant to the parse tree has been removed. A JsDoc parser and static typing system have been added.


Version 2.33
License MIT
Description args4j is a small Java class library that makes it easy to parse command line options/arguments in your CUI application.
Local Modifications None

Guava Libraries

Version 20.0
License Apache License 2.0
Description Google's core Java libraries.
Local Modifications None

JSR 305

Version 3.0.1
License BSD License
Description Annotations for software defect detection.
Local Modifications None


Version 4.12
License Common Public License 1.0
Description A framework for writing and running automated tests in Java.
Local Modifications None

Protocol Buffers

Version 3.0.2
License New BSD License
Description Supporting libraries for protocol buffers, an encoding of structured data.
Local Modifications None


Version 1.3
License New BSD License
Description Linear time regular expression matching in Java.
Local Modifications None


Version 0.32
License Apache License 2.0
Description Assertion/Proposition framework for Java unit tests
Local Modifications None


Version 1.9.7
License Apache License 2.0
Description Ant is a Java based build tool. In theory it is kind of like "make" without make's wrinkles and with the full portability of pure java code.
Local Modifications None


Version 2.7
License Apache license 2.0
Description A Java library to convert JSON to Java objects and vice-versa
Local Modifications None

Node.js Closure Compiler Externs

Code Path contrib/nodejs
Version e891b4fbcf5f466cc4307b0fa842a7d8163a073a
License Apache 2.0 license
Description Type contracts for NodeJS APIs
Local Modifications Substantial changes to make them compatible with NpmCommandLineRunner.

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