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google-research
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Description

AugMix: A Simple Data Processing Method to Improve Robustness and Uncertainty

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AugMix

Introduction

We propose AugMix, a data processing technique that mixes augmented images and enforces consistent embeddings of the augmented images, which results in increased robustness and improved uncertainty calibration. AugMix does not require tuning to work correctly, as with random cropping or CutOut, and thus enables plug-and-play data augmentation. AugMix significantly improves robustness and uncertainty measures on challenging image classification benchmarks, closing the gap between previous methods and the best possible performance by more than half in some cases. With AugMix, we obtain state-of-the-art on ImageNet-C, ImageNet-P and in uncertainty estimation when the train and test distribution do not match.

For more details please see our ICLR 2020 paper.

Pseudocode

Contents

This directory includes a reference implementation in NumPy of the augmentation method used in AugMix in

augment_and_mix.py
. The full AugMix method also adds a Jensen-Shanon Divergence consistency loss to enforce consistent predictions between two different augmentations of the input image and the clean image itself.

We also include PyTorch re-implementations of AugMix on both CIFAR-10/100 and ImageNet in

cifar.py
and
imagenet.py
respectively, which both support training and evaluation on CIFAR-10/100-C and ImageNet-C.

Requirements

  • numpy>=1.15.0
  • Pillow>=6.1.0
  • torch==1.2.0
  • torchvision==0.2.2

Setup

  1. Install PyTorch and other required python libraries with:

    pip install -r requirements.txt
    
  2. Download CIFAR-10-C and CIFAR-100-C datasets with:

    mkdir -p ./data/cifar
    curl -O https://zenodo.org/record/2535967/files/CIFAR-10-C.tar
    curl -O https://zenodo.org/record/3555552/files/CIFAR-100-C.tar
    tar -xvf CIFAR-100-C.tar -C data/cifar/
    tar -xvf CIFAR-10-C.tar -C data/cifar/
    
  3. Download ImageNet-C with:

    mkdir -p ./data/imagenet/imagenet-c
    curl -O https://zenodo.org/record/2235448/files/blur.tar
    curl -O https://zenodo.org/record/2235448/files/digital.tar
    curl -O https://zenodo.org/record/2235448/files/noise.tar
    curl -O https://zenodo.org/record/2235448/files/weather.tar
    tar -xvf blur.tar -C data/imagenet/imagenet-c
    tar -xvf digital.tar -C data/imagenet/imagenet-c
    tar -xvf noise.tar -C data/imagenet/imagenet-c
    tar -xvf weather.tar -C data/imagenet/imagenet-c
    

Usage

The Jensen-Shannon Divergence loss term may be disabled for faster training at the cost of slightly lower performance by adding the flag

--no-jsd
.

Training recipes used in our paper:

WRN:

python cifar.py

AllConv:

python cifar.py -m allconv

ResNeXt:

python cifar.py -m resnext -e 200

DenseNet:

python cifar.py -m densenet -e 200 -wd 0.0001

ResNet-50:

python imagenet.py  

Pretrained weights

Weights for a ResNet-50 ImageNet classifier trained with AugMix for 180 epochs are available here.

This model has a 65.3 mean Corruption Error (mCE) and a 77.53% top-1 accuracy on clean ImageNet data.

Citation

If you find this useful for your work, please consider citing

@article{hendrycks2020augmix,
  title={{AugMix}: A Simple Data Processing Method to Improve Robustness and Uncertainty},
  author={Hendrycks, Dan and Mu, Norman and Cubuk, Ekin D. and Zoph, Barret and Gilmer, Justin and Lakshminarayanan, Balaji},
  journal={Proceedings of the International Conference on Learning Representations (ICLR)},
  year={2020}
}

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