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by gaearon

Tweak React components in real time.

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React Hot Loader

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Tweak React components in real time ⚛️⚡️

WatchDan Abramov's talk on Hot Reloading with Time Travel.

Moving towards next step

React-Hot-Loader has been your friendly neighbour, living outside of React. But it has been limiting its powers and causing not the greatest experience. It's time to make a next step.

React-Hot-Loader is expected to be replaced by React Fast Refresh. Please remove React-Hot-Loader if Fast Refresh is currently supported on your environment.


npm install react-hot-loader

Note: You can safely install react-hot-loader as a regular dependency instead of a dev dependency as it automatically ensures it is not executed in production and the footprint is minimal.

Getting started

  1. Add
    to your
// .babelrc { "plugins": ["react-hot-loader/babel"] }
  1. Mark your root component as hot-exported:
// App.js import { hot } from 'react-hot-loader/root'; const App = () =\> 
Hello World!
; export default hot(App);
  1. Make sure
    is required before
  • or
    import 'react-hot-loader'
    in your main file (before React)
  • or prepend your webpack entry point with
    , for example:
    js // webpack.config.js module.exports = { entry: ['react-hot-loader/patch', './src'], // ... };
  1. If you need hooks support, use [

Hook support

Hooks would be auto updated on HMR if they should be. There is only one condition for it - a non zero dependencies list.

❄️ useState(initialState); // will never updated (preserve state) ❄️ useEffect(effect); // no need to update, updated on every render ❄️ useEffect(effect, []); // "on mount" hook. "Not changing the past" 🔥 useEffect(effect, [anyDep]); // would be updated 🔥 useEffect(effect, ["hot"]); // the simplest way to make hook reloadable


  • any hook would be reloaded on a function body change. Enabled by default, controlled by
  • you may configure RHL to reload any hook by setting
    option to true.

To disable hooks reloading - set configuration option:

import { setConfig } from 'react-hot-loader'; setConfig({ reloadHooks: false, });

With this option set all






would be updated on Hot Module Replacement.

Hooks reset

Hooks would be reset if their order changes. Adding, removing or moving around would cause a local tree remount.

Babel plugin is required for this operation. Without it changing hook order would throw an error which would be propagated till the nearest class-based component.




]( replaces the "react-dom" package of the same version, but with additional patches to support hot reloading.

There are 2 ways to install it:

  • Use yarn name resolution, so
    would be installed instead of
yarn add [email protected]:@hot-loader/react-dom
yarn add @hot-loader/react-dom
// webpack.config.js module.exports = { // ... resolve: { alias: { 'react-dom': '@hot-loader/react-dom', }, }, };


Note: There is also an old version of


, used prior to version 4.5.4. Please use the new one, as it is much more resilient to js errors that you may make during development.

Meanwhile, not all the bundlers are compatible with new


API, for example parcel is not.

React-Hot-Load will throw an error, asking you to use the old API, if such incompatibility would be detected. It is almost the same, but you have to pass





import { hot } from 'react-hot-loader'; const App = () =\> 
Hello World!
; export default hot(module)(App);
  1. Run webpack with Hot Module Replacement:
webpack-dev-server --hot

What about production?

The webpack patch,


, Babel plugin,


etc. are all safe to use in production; they leave a minimal footprint, so there is no need to complicate your configuration based on the environment. Using the Babel plugin in production is even recommended because it switches to cleanup mode.

Just ensure that the production mode has been properly set, both as an environment variable and in your bundler. E.g. with webpack you would build your code by running something like:

NODE\_ENV=production webpack --mode production

is needed for the Babel plugin, while

--mode production

uses [


]( to set


inside the compiled code itself, which is used by





Make sure to watch your bundle size when implementing react-hot-loader to ensure that you did it correctly.


  • (that's the goal) React-Hot-Loader would not change the past, only update the present - no lifecycle event would be called on component update. As a result, any code changes made to
    would be ignored for already created components.
  • (that's the goal) React-Hot-Loader would not update any object, including component
  • (1%) React-Hot-Loader may not apply some changes made to a component's
    . Unless an existing component is recreated, RHL would typically inject new data into that component, but there is no way to detect the actual change or the way it was applied, especially if the change was made to a function. This is because of the way React-Hot-Loader works - it knows what class functions are, not how they were created. See #1001 for details.


Migrating from create-react-app

  1. Run
    npm run eject
  2. Install React Hot Loader (
    npm install --save-dev react-hot-loader
  3. In
    , add
    to Babel loader configuration. The loader should now look like:
{ test: /\.(js|jsx)$/, include: paths.appSrc, loader: require.resolve('babel-loader'), options: { // This is a feature of `babel-loader` for webpack (not Babel itself). // It enables caching results in ./node\_modules/.cache/babel-loader/ // directory for faster rebuilds. cacheDirectory: true, plugins: ['react-hot-loader/babel'], }, }
  1. Mark your App (
    ) as hot-exported:
// ./containers/App.js import React from 'react'; import { hot } from 'react-hot-loader'; const App = () =\> 
Hello World!
; export default hot(module)(App);

Migrating from create-react-app without ejecting

Users report, that it is possible to use react-app-rewire-hot-loader to setup React-hot-loader without ejecting.


As of version 4, React Hot Loader requires you to pass your code through Babel to transform it so that it can be hot-reloaded. This can be a pain point for TypeScript users, who usually do not need to integrate Babel as part of their build process.

Fortunately, it's simpler than it may seem! Babel will happily parse TypeScript syntax and can act as an alternative to the TypeScript compiler, so you can safely replace




in your Webpack configuration with


. Babel won't typecheck your code, but you can use [


]( (and/or invoke

tsc --noEmit

) as part of your build process instead.

A sample configuration:

{ //'ll probably need to configure the usual Webpack fields like "mode" and "entry", too. resolve: { extensions: [".ts", ".tsx", ".js", ".jsx"] }, module: { rules: [{ test: /\.(j|t)sx?$/, exclude: /node\_modules/, use: { loader: "babel-loader", options: { cacheDirectory: true, babelrc: false, presets: [ [ "@babel/preset-env", { targets: { browsers: "last 2 versions" } } // or whatever your project requires], "@babel/preset-typescript", "@babel/preset-react" ], plugins: [// plugin-proposal-decorators is only needed if you're using experimental decorators in TypeScript ["@babel/plugin-proposal-decorators", { legacy: true }], ["@babel/plugin-proposal-class-properties", { loose: true }], "react-hot-loader/babel" ] } } } ] }, plugins: [new ForkTsCheckerWebpackPlugin()] };

For a full example configuration of TypeScript with React Hot Loader and newest beta version of Babel, check here.

As an alternative to this approach, it's possible to chain Webpack loaders so that your code passes through Babel and then TypeScript (or TypeScript and then Babel), but this approach is not recommended as it is more complex and may be significantly less performant. Read more discussion here.


Parcel supports Hot Module Reloading out of the box, just follow step 1 and 2 of Getting Started.

We also have a full example running Parcel + React Hot Loader.


You need something to mark your modules as hot in order to use React Hot Loader.

One way of doing this with Electron is to simply use webpack like any web-based project might do and the general guide above describes. See also this example Electron app.

A webpack-less way of doing it to use


(which is also used by [


]( - see this example. While it requires less configuration, something to keep in mind is that


's HMR will always reload all modules, regardless of what was actually edited.

Source Maps

If you use

devtool: 'source-map'

(or its equivalent), source maps will be emitted to hide hot reloading code.

Source maps slow down your project. Use

devtool: 'eval'

for best build performance.

Hot reloading code is just one line in the beginning and one line at the end of each module so you might not need source maps at all.


If you are using

npm link


yarn link

for development purposes, there is a chance you will get error

Module not found: Error: Cannot resolve module 'react-hot-loader'

or the linked package is not hot reloaded.

There are 2 ways to fix

Module not found


{ resolve: { alias: { 'react-hot-loader': path.resolve(path.join(\_\_dirname, './node\_modules/react-hot-loader')), } } }

And to make your linked package to be hot reloaded, it will need to use the patched version of




, if you're using webpack, add this options to the alias config

{ resolve: { alias: { 'react-hot-loader': path.resolve(path.join(\_\_dirname, './node\_modules/react-hot-loader')), // add these 2 lines below so linked package will reference the patched version of `react` and `react-dom` 'react': path.resolve(path.join(\_\_dirname, './node\_modules/react')), 'react-dom': path.resolve(path.join(\_\_dirname, './node\_modules/react-dom')), // or point react-dom above to './node\_modules/@hot-loader/react-dom' if you are using it } } }


React-hot-loader should work out of the box with


, but, in case of pure preact, you will need to configure it:

  • create configuration file (setupHotLoader.js)
import reactHotLoader from 'react-hot-loader'; import preact from 'preact'; reactHotLoader.preact(preact);
  • dont forget to import it

Preact limitations

  • HOCs and Decorators as not supported yet. For Preact React-Hot-Loader v4 behave as v3.

React Native

React Nativesupports hot reloading nativelyas of version 0.22.

Using React Hot Loader with React Native can cause unexpected issues (see #824) and is not recommended.

Webpack plugin

We recommend using the


plugin, but there are some situations where you are unable to. If so, try the


plugin /


(as seen in v3).

Remember - the


plugin is not compatible with class-based components. The


plugin will inject special methods to every class, to make

class members

(like onClick) hot-updatable, while the


plugin would leave classes as is, without any instrumentation.

class MyComponent extends React.Component { onClick = () =\> this.setState(); // COULD NOT UPDATE variable = 1; // this is ok render() {} // this is ok }



could help with TypeScript or spreading "cold API" to all node_modules.

It is possible to enable this loader for all the files, but if you use


plugin, you need to enable this loader for


only. Place it after babel-loader, if babel-loader is present.

// webpack.config.js module.exports = { module: { rules: [// would only land a "hot-patch" to react-dom { test: /\.js$/, include: /node\_modules\/react-dom/, use: ['react-hot-loader/webpack'], }, ], }, };

Webpack plugin will also land a "hot" patch to react-dom, making React-Hot-Loader more compliant to the principles.

If you are not using


plugin you might need to apply


to all the files.

{ test: /\.jsx?$/, include: /node\_modules/, use: ['react-hot-loader/webpack'] },

Code Splitting

If you want to use Code Splitting + React Hot Loader, the simplest solution is to pick a library compatible with this one:

If you use a not-yet-friendly library, like react-async-component, or are having problems with hot reloading failing to reload code-split components, you can manually mark the components below the code-split boundaries.

// AsyncHello.js import { asyncComponent } from 'react-async-component'; // asyncComponent could not `hot-reload` itself. const AsyncHello = asyncComponent({ resolve: () =\> import('./Hello'), }); export default AsyncHello;

Note that


is the component at the root of this particular code-split chunk.

// Hello.js import { hot } from 'react-hot-loader/root'; const Hello = () =\> 'Hello'; export default hot(Hello); // 

Wrapping this root component with


 will ensure that it is hot reloaded correctly.
### Out-of-bound warning

You may see the following warning when code-split components are updated:

React-Hot-Loader: some components were updated out-of-bound. Updating your app to reconcile the changes.

This is because the hot reloading of code-split components happens asynchronously. If you had an


 that implemented the 


 component above and you modified 


, it would be bundled and reloaded at the same time as


. However, the core hot reloading logic is synchronous, meaning that it's possible for the hot reload to run before the updates to the split component have landed.

In this case, RHL uses a special _tail update detection_ logic, where it notes that an an update to a split component has happened after the core hot reloading logic has already finished, and it triggers another update cycle to ensure that all changes are applied.

The warning is informational - it is a notice that this tail update logic is triggered, and does not indicate a problem in the configuration or useage of



If the tail update detection is not something you want or need, you can disable this behavior by setting

setConfig({ trackTailUpdates:false })

### Checking Element 



Because React Hot Loader creates proxied versions of your components, comparing reference types of elements won't work:

const element = ; console.log(element.type === Component); // false

React Hot Loader exposes a function


 to make it possible:

import { areComponentsEqual } from 'react-hot-loader'; const element = ; areComponentsEqual(element.type, Component); // true

Another way - compare "rendered" element type

const element = ; console.log(element.type === .type); // true // better - precache rendered type const element = ; const ComponentType = .type; console.log(element.type === ComponentType); // true

But you might have to provide all required props. See [original issue]( This is most reliable way to compare components, but it will not work with required props.

Another way - compare Component name.

> Not all components have a name. **In production displayName could not exists.**

const element = ; console.log(element.displayName === 'Component'); // true

This is something we did not solve yet. Cold API could help keep original types.

### Webpack ExtractTextPlugin

webpack ExtractTextPlugin is not compatible with React Hot Loader. Please disable it in development:

new ExtractTextPlugin({ filename: 'styles/[name].[contenthash].css', disable: NODE_ENV !== 'production', });

#### Disabling a type change (❄️)

It is possible to disable React-Hot-Loader for a specific component, especially to enable common way to type comparison. See #991 for the idea behind ⛄️, and #304 about "type comparison" problem.

import { cold } from 'react-hot-loader'; cold(SomeComponent) // this component will ignored by React-Hot-Loader.type === SomeComponent // true

If you will update


 component React-Hot-Loader will complain (on error level), and then React will cold-replace Component with a internal state lose.

> Reach-Hot-Loader: cold element got updated

##### Disabling a type change for all node\_modules

You may _cold_ all components from node\_modules. This will not work for HOC(like Redux) or dynamically created Components, but might help in most of situations, when type changes are not welcomed, and modules are not expected to change.

import { setConfig, cold } from 'react-hot-loader'; setConfig({ onComponentRegister: (type, name, file) => file.indexOf('node_modules') > 0 && cold(type), // some components are not visible as top level variables, // thus its not known where they were created onComponentCreate: (type, name) => name.indexOf('styled') > 0 && cold(type), });

! To be able to "cold" components from 'node_modules' you have to apply babel to node_modules, while this folder is usually excluded. You may add one more babel-loader, with only one React-Hot-Loader plugin inside to solve this.**Consider using webpack-loader** for this.

##### React-Hooks

React hooks are not _really_ supported by React-Hot-Loader. Mostly due to our internal processes of re-rendering React Tree, which is required to reconcile an updated application before React will try to rerender it, and fail to do that, obviously.
  • hooks should work for versions 4.6.0 and above (
    is enabled by default).
  • hooks will produce errors on every hot-update without patches to
  • hooks may loss the state without patches to
  • hooks does not support adding new hooks on the fly
  • change in hooks for a mounted components will cause a runtime exception, and a
    button (at the nearest class component) will be shown. Pressing a
    button will basically remount tree branch.

To mitigate any hook-related issues (and disable their hot-reloadability) -



  • cold components using hooks.
import { setConfig, cold } from 'react-hot-loader'; setConfig({ onComponentCreate: (type, name) =\> (String(type).indexOf('useState') \> 0 || String(type).indexOf('useEffect') \> 0) && cold(type), });


hot(Component, options)

Mark a component as hot.

Babel plugin

Right now babel plugin has only one option, enabled by default.

  • safetyNet
    • will help you properly setup ReactHotLoader.

You may disable it to get more control on the module execution order.

//.babelrc { "plugins": [[ "react-hot-loader/babel", { "safetyNet": false }] ] }


!! Use


only for module


, not for module


. !!

import { hot } from 'react-hot-loader/root'; const App = () =\> 'Hello World!'; export default hot(App);

Keep in mind - by importing


you are setting up a boundary for update event propagation.

The higher(in module hierarchy) you have it - the more stuff would be updated on Hot Module Replacement.

To make RHL more reliable and safe, please place


below (ie somewhere in imported modules):

  • react-dom
  • redux store creation
  • any data, you want to preserve between updates
  • big libraries

You may(but it's not required) place


to the every route/page/feature/lazy chunk, thus make updates more scoped.

You don't need to wrap every component with


, application work work fine with a single one.


hot(module, options)(Component, options)

Mark a component as hot. The "new" hot is just hidding the first part -


, giving you only the second


. The "new" hot is using old API.

import { hot } from 'react-hot-loader'; const App = () =\> 'Hello World!'; export default hot(module)(App);


Mark application as hot reloadable. (Prefer using


helper, see below for migration details).

This low-level approach lets you make *hot *_imports_\, not exports.

import React from 'react'; import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'; import { AppContainer } from 'react-hot-loader'; import App from './containers/App'; const render = Component =\> { ReactDOM.render( <appcontainer>
    </appcontainer>, document.getElementById('root'), ); }; render(App); // webpack Hot Module Replacement API if ( { // keep in mind - here you are configuring HMR to accept CHILDREN MODULE // while `hot` would configure HMR for the CURRENT module'./containers/App', () =\> { // if you are using harmony modules ({modules:false}) render(App); // in all other cases - re-require App manually render(require('./containers/App')); }); }

areComponentsEqual(Component1, Component2)

Test if two components have the same type.

import { areComponentsEqual } from 'react-hot-loader'; import Component1 from './Component1'; import Component2 from './Component2'; areComponentsEqual(Component1, Component2); // true or false


Set a new configuration for React Hot Loader.

Available options are:

  • logLevel
    : specify log level, default to
    , available values are:
    ['debug', 'log', 'warn', 'error']
  • pureSFC
    : enable Stateless Functional Component. If disabled they will be converted to React Components. Default value: false.
  • ignoreSFC
    : skip "patch" for SFC. "Hot loading" could still work, with webpack-patch present
  • pureRender
    : do not amend
    method of any component.
  • for the rest see index.d.ts.
// rhlConfig.js import { setConfig } from 'react-hot-loader'; setConfig({ logLevel: 'debug' });

It is important to set configuration before any other action will take a place

// index.js import './rhlConfig' // 
## Migrating from v3

### AppContainer vs hot

Prior v4 the right way to setup React Hot Loader was to wrap your Application with


, set setup module acceptance by yourself. This approach is still valid but only for advanced use cases, prefer using 



**React Hot Loader v3:**

// App.js import React from 'react'; const App = () => Hello world! ; export default App;

// main.js import React from 'react'; import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'; import { AppContainer } from 'react-hot-loader'; import App from './containers/App'; const render = Component => { ReactDOM.render( , document.getElementById('root'), ); }; render(App); // webpack Hot Module Replacement API if ( {'./containers/App', () => { // if you are using harmony modules ({modules:false}) render(App); // in all other cases - re-require App manually render(require('./containers/App')); }); }

**React Hot Loader v4:**

// App.js import React from 'react'; import { hot } from 'react-hot-loader'; const App = () => Hello world! ; export default hot(module)(App);

// main.js import React from 'react'; import ReactDOM from 'react-dom'; import App from './containers/App'; ReactDOM.render(, document.getElementById('root'));

### Patch is optional

> Since 4.0 till 4.8

Code is automatically patched, you can safely remove


 from your webpack config, if react-hot-loader is required before React in any other way.
### Error Boundary is inside every component

> Since 4.5.4

On Hot Module Update we will inject


 and a _special_ 


to every Class-based component you have, making [Error Boundaries]( more local.

After update we will remove all sugar, keeping only Boundaries you've created.

You can provide your own


, via 


 or opt-out from root ErrorBoundaries setting 


 prop on 




. However - this option affects only SFC behavior, and any ClassComponent would boundary itself.

import { setConfig } from 'react-hot-loader'; import ErrorBoundary from './ErrorBoundary'; // ErrorBoundary will be given error and errorInfo prop. setConfig({ errorReporter: ErrorBoundary });



 is not set - full screen error overlay would be shown.
#### Setting global Error Reporter

Global Error Reporter would, created a fixed overlay on top the page, would be used to display errors, not handled by


, and any HMR error.

You may change, or disable this global error overlay

// to disable setConfig({ ErrorOverlay: () => null }); // to change setConfig({ ErrorOverlay: MyErrorOverlay });

The UX of existing overlay is a subject to change, and we are open to any proposals.

## Known limitations and side effects

### Note about 



 accepts only React Component (Stateful or Stateless), resulting the 


 variant of it. The 


 function will setup current module to _self-accept_ itself on reload, and will **ignore** all the changes, made for non-React components. You may mark as many modules as you want. But 


 **should be the only used export** of a _hot_-module.

> Note: Please note how often we have used
> ```
> exported
> ```
> keyword. 
> ```
> hot
> ```
> is for exports.
> Note: Does nothing in production mode, just passes App through.

### New Components keep executing the old code

There is no way to hot-update constructor code, as result even new components will be born as the first ones, and then grow into the last ones. As of today, this issue cannot be solved.

## Troubleshooting

If it doesn't work, in 99% of cases it's a configuration issue. A missing option, a wrong path or port. webpack is very strict about configuration, and the best way to find out what's wrong is to compare your project to an already working setup, check out**[examples](**, bit by bit.

If something doesn't work, in 99% of cases it's an issue with your code. The Component didn't get registered, due to HOC or Decorator around it, which is making it invisible to the Babel plugin or webpack loader.

We're also gathering**[Troubleshooting Recipes](**so send a PR if you have a lesson to share!

### Switch into debug mode

Debug mode adds additional warnings and can tells you why React Hot Loader is not working properly in your application.

import { setConfig } from 'react-hot-loader'; setConfig({ logLevel: 'debug' });

## Contributors

This project exists thanks to all the people who contribute. [Contribute]([![contributors](](

## Backers

Thank you to all our backers! 🙏 [Become a backer]([![backers](](

## Sponsors

Support this project by becoming a sponsor. Your logo will show up here with a link to your website. [Become a sponsor](


## License


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