C++ C Shell Python Objective-C logging cpp11 spdlog header-only
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gabime

Description

Fast C++ logging library.

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spdlog

Very fast, header-only/compiled, C++ logging library. Build Status  Build status Release

Install

Header only version

Copy the source folder to your build tree and use a C++11 compiler.

Static lib version (recommended - much faster compile times)

$ git clone https://github.com/gabime/spdlog.git
$ cd spdlog && mkdir build && cd build
$ cmake .. && make -j

see example CMakeLists.txt on how to use.

Platforms

  • Linux, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris, AIX
  • Windows (msvc 2013+, cygwin)
  • macOS (clang 3.5+)
  • Android

Package managers:

  • Homebrew:
    brew install spdlog
  • MacPorts:
    sudo port install spdlog
  • FreeBSD:
    cd /usr/ports/devel/spdlog/ && make install clean
  • Fedora:
    dnf install spdlog
  • Gentoo:
    emerge dev-libs/spdlog
  • Arch Linux:
    pacman -S spdlog
  • vcpkg:
    vcpkg install spdlog
  • conan:
    spdlog/[>=1.4.1]
  • conda:
    conda install -c conda-forge spdlog

Features

  • Very fast (see benchmarks below).
  • Headers only or compiled
  • Feature rich formatting, using the excellent fmt library.
  • Asynchronous mode (optional)
  • Custom formatting.
  • Multi/Single threaded loggers.
  • Various log targets:
    • Rotating log files.
    • Daily log files.
    • Console logging (colors supported).
    • syslog.
    • Windows debugger (
      OutputDebugString(..)
      )
    • Easily extendable with custom log targets (just implement a single function in the sink interface).
  • Log filtering - log levels can be modified in runtime as well as in compile time.
  • Support for loading log levels from argv or from environment var.
  • Backtrace support - store debug messages in a ring buffer and display later on demand.

Usage samples

Basic usage

#include "spdlog/spdlog.h"

int main() { spdlog::info("Welcome to spdlog!"); spdlog::error("Some error message with arg: {}", 1);

spdlog::warn("Easy padding in numbers like {:08d}", 12);
spdlog::critical("Support for int: {0:d};  hex: {0:x};  oct: {0:o}; bin: {0:b}", 42);
spdlog::info("Support for floats {:03.2f}", 1.23456);
spdlog::info("Positional args are {1} {0}..", "too", "supported");
spdlog::info("{:<30}", "left aligned");

spdlog::set_level(spdlog::level::debug); // Set global log level to debug
spdlog::debug("This message should be displayed..");    

// change log pattern
spdlog::set_pattern("[%H:%M:%S %z] [%n] [%^---%L---%$] [thread %t] %v");

// Compile time log levels
// define SPDLOG_ACTIVE_LEVEL to desired level
SPDLOG_TRACE("Some trace message with param {}", 42);
SPDLOG_DEBUG("Some debug message");

}


Create stdout/stderr logger object

#include "spdlog/spdlog.h"
#include "spdlog/sinks/stdout_color_sinks.h"
void stdout_example()
{
    // create color multi threaded logger
    auto console = spdlog::stdout_color_mt("console");    
    auto err_logger = spdlog::stderr_color_mt("stderr");    
    spdlog::get("console")->info("loggers can be retrieved from a global registry using the spdlog::get(logger_name)");
}

Basic file logger

#include "spdlog/sinks/basic_file_sink.h"
void basic_logfile_example()
{
    try 
    {
        auto logger = spdlog::basic_logger_mt("basic_logger", "logs/basic-log.txt");
    }
    catch (const spdlog::spdlog_ex &ex)
    {
        std::cout << "Log init failed: " << ex.what() << std::endl;
    }
}

Rotating files

#include "spdlog/sinks/rotating_file_sink.h"
void rotating_example()
{
    // Create a file rotating logger with 5mb size max and 3 rotated files
    auto max_size = 1048576 * 5;
    auto max_files = 3;
    auto logger = spdlog::rotating_logger_mt("some_logger_name", "logs/rotating.txt", max_size, max_files);
}

Daily files

#include "spdlog/sinks/daily_file_sink.h"
void daily_example()
{
    // Create a daily logger - a new file is created every day on 2:30am
    auto logger = spdlog::daily_logger_mt("daily_logger", "logs/daily.txt", 2, 30);
}


Backtrace support

// Loggers can store in a ring buffer all messages (including debug/trace) and display later on demand.
// When needed, call dump_backtrace() to see them

spdlog::enable_backtrace(32); // Store the latest 32 messages in a buffer. Older messages will be dropped. // or my_logger->enable_backtrace(32).. for(int i = 0; i < 100; i++) { spdlog::debug("Backtrace message {}", i); // not logged yet.. } // e.g. if some error happened: spdlog::dump_backtrace(); // log them now! show the last 32 messages

// or my_logger->dump_backtrace(32)..


Periodic flush

// periodically flush all *registered* loggers every 3 seconds:
// warning: only use if all your loggers are thread safe ("_mt" loggers)
spdlog::flush_every(std::chrono::seconds(3));


Stopwatch

// Stopwatch support for spdlog
#include "spdlog/stopwatch.h"
void stopwatch_example()
{
    spdlog::stopwatch sw;    
    spdlog::debug("Elapsed {}", sw);
    spdlog::debug("Elapsed {:.3}", sw);       
}


Log binary data in hex

// many types of std::container types can be used.
// ranges are supported too.
// format flags:
// {:X} - print in uppercase.
// {:s} - don't separate each byte with space.
// {:p} - don't print the position on each line start.
// {:n} - don't split the output to lines.
// {:a} - show ASCII if :n is not set.

#include "spdlog/fmt/bin_to_hex.h"

void binary_example() { auto console = spdlog::get("console"); std::array buf; console->info("Binary example: {}", spdlog::to_hex(buf)); console->info("Another binary example:{:n}", spdlog::to_hex(std::begin(buf), std::begin(buf) + 10)); // more examples: // logger->info("uppercase: {:X}", spdlog::to_hex(buf)); // logger->info("uppercase, no delimiters: {:Xs}", spdlog::to_hex(buf)); // logger->info("uppercase, no delimiters, no position info: {:Xsp}", spdlog::to_hex(buf)); }


Logger with multi sinks - each with different format and log level

// create logger with 2 targets with different log levels and formats.
// the console will show only warnings or errors, while the file will log all.
void multi_sink_example()
{
    auto console_sink = std::make_shared<:sinks::stdout_color_sink_mt>();
    console_sink->set_level(spdlog::level::warn);
    console_sink->set_pattern("[multi_sink_example] [%^%l%$] %v");

auto file_sink = std::make_shared<:sinks::basic_file_sink_mt>("logs/multisink.txt", true);
file_sink-&gt;set_level(spdlog::level::trace);

spdlog::logger logger("multi_sink", {console_sink, file_sink});
logger.set_level(spdlog::level::debug);
logger.warn("this should appear in both console and file");
logger.info("this message should not appear in the console, only in the file");

} </:sinks::basic_file_sink_mt></:sinks::stdout_color_sink_mt>


Asynchronous logging

#include "spdlog/async.h"
#include "spdlog/sinks/basic_file_sink.h"
void async_example()
{
    // default thread pool settings can be modified *before* creating the async logger:
    // spdlog::init_thread_pool(8192, 1); // queue with 8k items and 1 backing thread.
    auto async_file = spdlog::basic_logger_mt<:async_factory>("async_file_logger", "logs/async_log.txt");
    // alternatively:
    // auto async_file = spdlog::create_async<:sinks::basic_file_sink_mt>("async_file_logger", "logs/async_log.txt");   
}

</:sinks::basic_file_sink_mt></:async_factory>


Asynchronous logger with multi sinks

#include "spdlog/sinks/stdout_color_sinks.h"
#include "spdlog/sinks/rotating_file_sink.h"

void multi_sink_example2() { spdlog::init_thread_pool(8192, 1); auto stdout_sink = std::make_shared<:sinks::stdout_color_sink_mt>(); auto rotating_sink = std::make_shared<:sinks::rotating_file_sink_mt>("mylog.txt", 1024102410, 3); std::vector<:sink_ptr> sinks {stdout_sink, rotating_sink}; auto logger = std::make_shared<:async_logger>("loggername", sinks.begin(), sinks.end(), spdlog::thread_pool(), spdlog::async_overflow_policy::block); spdlog::register_logger(logger); } </:async_logger></:sink_ptr></:sinks::rotating_file_sink_mt></:sinks::stdout_color_sink_mt>


User defined types

// user defined types logging by implementing operator<<
#include "spdlog/fmt/ostr.h" // must be included
struct my_type
{
    int i;
    template
    friend OStream &operator<info("user defined type: {}", my_type{14});
}


User defined flags in the log pattern

// Log patterns can contain custom flags.
// the following example will add new flag '%*' - which will be bound to a  instance.
#include "spdlog/pattern_formatter.h"
class my_formatter_flag : public spdlog::custom_flag_formatter
{
public:
    void format(const spdlog::details::log_msg &, const std::tm &, spdlog::memory_buf_t &dest) override
    {
        std::string some_txt = "custom-flag";
        dest.append(some_txt.data(), some_txt.data() + some_txt.size());
    }

std::unique_ptr<custom_flag_formatter> clone() const override
{
    return spdlog::details::make_unique<my_formatter_flag>();
}

};

void custom_flags_example() {
auto formatter = std::make_unique<:pattern_formatter>(); formatter->add_flag('').set_pattern("[%n] [%] [%^%l%$] %v"); spdlog::set_formatter(std::move(formatter)); }

</:pattern_formatter>


Custom error handler

void err_handler_example()
{
    // can be set globally or per logger(logger->set_error_handler(..))
    spdlog::set_error_handler([](const std::string &msg) { spdlog::get("console")->error("*** LOGGER ERROR ***: {}", msg); });
    spdlog::get("console")->info("some invalid message to trigger an error {}{}{}{}", 3);
}


syslog

#include "spdlog/sinks/syslog_sink.h"
void syslog_example()
{
    std::string ident = "spdlog-example";
    auto syslog_logger = spdlog::syslog_logger_mt("syslog", ident, LOG_PID);
    syslog_logger->warn("This is warning that will end up in syslog.");
}

Android example

#include "spdlog/sinks/android_sink.h"
void android_example()
{
    std::string tag = "spdlog-android";
    auto android_logger = spdlog::android_logger_mt("android", tag);
    android_logger->critical("Use \"adb shell logcat\" to view this message.");
}

Load log levels from env variable or from argv

#include "spdlog/cfg/env.h"
int main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
    spdlog::cfg::load_env_levels();
    // or from command line:
    // ./example SPDLOG_LEVEL=info,mylogger=trace
    // #include "spdlog/cfg/argv.h" // for loading levels from argv
    // spdlog::cfg::load_argv_levels(argc, argv);
}

So then you can:

$ export SPDLOG_LEVEL=info,mylogger=trace
$ ./example

Benchmarks

Below are some benchmarks done in Ubuntu 64 bit, Intel i7-4770 CPU @ 3.40GHz

Synchronous mode

[info] **************************************************************
[info] Single thread, 1,000,000 iterations
[info] **************************************************************
[info] basic_st         Elapsed: 0.17 secs        5,777,626/sec
[info] rotating_st      Elapsed: 0.18 secs        5,475,894/sec
[info] daily_st         Elapsed: 0.20 secs        5,062,659/sec
[info] empty_logger     Elapsed: 0.07 secs       14,127,300/sec
[info] **************************************************************
[info] C-string (400 bytes). Single thread, 1,000,000 iterations
[info] **************************************************************
[info] basic_st         Elapsed: 0.41 secs        2,412,483/sec
[info] rotating_st      Elapsed: 0.72 secs        1,389,196/sec
[info] daily_st         Elapsed: 0.42 secs        2,393,298/sec
[info] null_st          Elapsed: 0.04 secs       27,446,957/sec
[info] **************************************************************
[info] 10 threads, competing over the same logger object, 1,000,000 iterations
[info] **************************************************************
[info] basic_mt         Elapsed: 0.60 secs        1,659,613/sec
[info] rotating_mt      Elapsed: 0.62 secs        1,612,493/sec
[info] daily_mt         Elapsed: 0.61 secs        1,638,305/sec
[info] null_mt          Elapsed: 0.16 secs        6,272,758/sec

Asynchronous mode

[info] -------------------------------------------------
[info] Messages     : 1,000,000
[info] Threads      : 10
[info] Queue        : 8,192 slots
[info] Queue memory : 8,192 x 272 = 2,176 KB 
[info] -------------------------------------------------
[info] 
[info] *********************************
[info] Queue Overflow Policy: block
[info] *********************************
[info] Elapsed: 1.70784 secs     585,535/sec
[info] Elapsed: 1.69805 secs     588,910/sec
[info] Elapsed: 1.7026 secs      587,337/sec
[info] 
[info] *********************************
[info] Queue Overflow Policy: overrun
[info] *********************************
[info] Elapsed: 0.372816 secs    2,682,285/sec
[info] Elapsed: 0.379758 secs    2,633,255/sec
[info] Elapsed: 0.373532 secs    2,677,147/sec

Documentation

Documentation can be found in the wiki pages.


Thanks to JetBrains for donating product licenses to help develop spdlog

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