Exercism exercises in Kotlin.
Source for Exercism Exercises in Kotlin.
For general information about how to contribute to Exercism, please refer to the contributing guide.
This guide covers contributing to the Kotlin track. If you are new, this guide is for you.
If, at any point, you're having any trouble, pop in the Gitter exercism/dev room for help.
First things first: by contributing to Exercism, you are making this learning tool that much better and improving our industry as a whole... thank you!!!
To submit a fix for an existing exercise or port an exercise to Kotlin with the least amount of setup:
Use those instructions (in conjunction with the Git Basics doc) to: * "fork" a repository on GitHub; - install
git; - "clone" a copy of your fork; - configure an "upstream remote" (in this case,
exercism/kotlin); - create a branch to house your work - Write the codes. Do your work on that branch you just created.
The Getting Familiar With the Codebase section, below, is an orientation. - Commit, push and create a pull request.
$ git add . $ git commit -m "(An intention-revealing commit message)" $ git push
The Git Basics doc has a section on commit messages that provides practical advice on crafting meaningful commit messages. - Verify that your work passes all tests. When you create a pull request (PR), GitHub triggers a build on Travis CI. Your PR will not be merged unless those tests pass.
There are two objectives to the design of this build:
exercism/kotlinrepo (i.e. when you, the contributor, are developing the exercise), the tests run against the reference solution;
exercism/kotlinrepo (when a participant is solving the exercise), the tests run against the "main" code.
This repo is a multi-project gradle build.
This is the top-level module, contained in the
exercisesdirectory. It is a container for the problem sub-modules.
build.gradlepoints the "main" sourceset to the reference solution.
settings.gradlenames each of the subprojects, one for each problem in the set.
exercisessubdirectory contains all of the problem submodules. Each problem/submodule is a subdirectory of the same name as its slug.
build.gradle.ktsnames dependencies required to work that problem.
Each problem/submodule has three source sets:
src/test/kotlin/— a test suite defining the edges of the problem
.meta/src/reference/kotlin/— a reference solution that passes all the tests
src/main/kotlin/— starter source files, if required/desired (this directory usually only has a
.keepfile in it).
To run the tests for a specific exercise, run the
testGradle task from the exercises directory. For example:
cd exercises ../gradlew bob:test
Steps for modifying an exercise: 1. Change the test(s). 2. Watch the changes fail. 3. Update the reference solution to make the test(s) pass.
If you are going to make significant contribution(s) to the track, you might find it handy to have a complete local install of exercism on your computer. This way, you can run the full suite of tests without having to create/update a PR.
The easiest way to achieve this is simply use the
bin/journey-test.shscript. However, you may want to perform other tests, depending on what you are doing. You can do so by duplicating the setup performed by the
exercism fetchafter doing a build, the CLI will fail with the following error message:
$ exercism fetch kotlin bob 2015/09/06 15:03:21 an internal server error was received. Please file a bug report with the contents of 'exercism debug' at: https://github.com/exercism/exercism.io/issues
and if you review the logs of your x-api, you'll find:
127.0.0.1 - - [06/Sep/2015:15:20:56 -0700] "GET /v2/exercises/kotlin/bob HTTP/1.1" 500 514949 0.2138 2015-09-06 15:21:01 - JSON::GeneratorError - source sequence is illegal/malformed utf-8:
This is because some files generated by the build can't be served from the x-api. This is by design: the CLI does not serve binaries. To fix this, simply make sure you do a clean in your
exercism/kotlinrepo before you fetch:
cd ~/workspace/exercism/kotlin/exercises gradle clean cd ~/workspace/exercism/exercises exercism fetch kotlin bob