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django-rest-framework

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Web APIs for Django. 🎸

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Django REST framework

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Awesome web-browsable Web APIs.

Full documentation for the project is available at https://www.django-rest-framework.org/.


Funding

REST framework is a collaboratively funded project. If you use REST framework commercially we strongly encourage you to invest in its continued development by signing up for a paid plan.

The initial aim is to provide a single full-time position on REST framework.Every single sign-up makes a significant impact towards making that possible.

Many thanks to all our wonderful sponsors, and in particular to our premium backers, Sentry, Stream, Rollbar, Cadre, Kloudless, ESG, Lights On Software, and Retool.


Overview

Django REST framework is a powerful and flexible toolkit for building Web APIs.

Some reasons you might want to use REST framework:

There is a live example API for testing purposes, available here.

Below: Screenshot from the browsable API

Screenshot


Requirements

  • Python (3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8)
  • Django (2.2, 3.0)

We highly recommend and only officially support the latest patch release of each Python and Django series.

Installation

Install using

pip

...

pip install djangorestframework

Add

'rest\_framework'

to your

INSTALLED\_APPS

setting.

INSTALLED\_APPS = [... 'rest\_framework',]

Example

Let's take a look at a quick example of using REST framework to build a simple model-backed API for accessing users and groups.

Startup up a new project like so...

pip install django pip install djangorestframework django-admin startproject example . ./manage.py migrate ./manage.py createsuperuser

Now edit the

example/urls.py

module in your project:

from django.urls import path, include from django.contrib.auth.models import User from rest\_framework import serializers, viewsets, routers # Serializers define the API representation. class UserSerializer(serializers.HyperlinkedModelSerializer): class Meta: model = User fields = ['url', 'username', 'email', 'is\_staff'] # ViewSets define the view behavior. class UserViewSet(viewsets.ModelViewSet): queryset = User.objects.all() serializer\_class = UserSerializer # Routers provide a way of automatically determining the URL conf. router = routers.DefaultRouter() router.register(r'users', UserViewSet) # Wire up our API using automatic URL routing. # Additionally, we include login URLs for the browsable API. urlpatterns = [path('', include(router.urls)), path('api-auth/', include('rest\_framework.urls', namespace='rest\_framework'))]

We'd also like to configure a couple of settings for our API.

Add the following to your

settings.py

module:

INSTALLED\_APPS = [... # Make sure to include the default installed apps here. 'rest\_framework',] REST\_FRAMEWORK = { # Use Django's standard `django.contrib.auth` permissions, # or allow read-only access for unauthenticated users. 'DEFAULT\_PERMISSION\_CLASSES': ['rest\_framework.permissions.DjangoModelPermissionsOrAnonReadOnly'] }

That's it, we're done!

./manage.py runserver

You can now open the API in your browser at

http://127.0.0.1:8000/

, and view your new 'users' API. If you use the

Login

control in the top right corner you'll also be able to add, create and delete users from the system.

You can also interact with the API using command line tools such as [

curl

](https://curl.haxx.se/). For example, to list the users endpoint:

$ curl -H 'Accept: application/json; indent=4' -u admin:password http://127.0.0.1:8000/users/ [{ "url": "http://127.0.0.1:8000/users/1/", "username": "admin", "email": "[email protected]", "is\_staff": true, }]

Or to create a new user:

$ curl -X POST -d username=new -d [email protected] -d is\_staff=false -H 'Accept: application/json; indent=4' -u admin:password http://127.0.0.1:8000/users/ { "url": "http://127.0.0.1:8000/users/2/", "username": "new", "email": "[email protected]", "is\_staff": false, }

Documentation & Support

Full documentation for the project is available at https://www.django-rest-framework.org/.

For questions and support, use the REST framework discussion group, or

#restframework

on freenode IRC.

You may also want to follow the author on Twitter.

Security

Please see the security policy.

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