mqtt-ir-transceiver

by enc-X

ESP8266 based bidirectional bridge between MQTT and IR (change MQTT message to IR signal and change...

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MQTT IR transceiver

ESP8266 based gateway between MQTT and IR. Code compatible with PlatformIO. Works with ESP-01 (debug mode have to be disabled in globals.h)

Features

  • Receiving of IR transmission and publish it as MQTT messages
  • Receive MQTT messages and send IR signal (multiple formats supported - NEC, RC5, LG, SONY, Global Cache )
  • Storing raw IR messages on flash and transmitting via IR
  • Constant current IR LED emitter circuit (based on Analysir schematic )
  • MQTT over SSL support
  • OTA updates

Working modes

IR transmitting

alt text

IR receiving

alt text

Used librariers

  • IRremoteESP8266 - https://github.com/markszabo/IRremoteESP8266/
  • ArduinoJson - https://github.com/bblanchon/ArduinoJson
  • PubSubClient - https://github.com/knolleary/pubsubclient
  • WiFiManager - https://github.com/tzapu/WiFiManager

Installation

GPIO connections:

GPIO WEMOS GPIO ESP01 Usage
13 0 IR receiver
14 3 (Uart RX) IR LED - connected via simple transistor amplifier
15 (to +3,3V) 2 (to GND) Button - used for reset configuration
2 (Wemos buildin) not used LED

For ESP01 following changes have to take place: * in platformio.ini change board from d1mini to esp011m * in globals.h comment out line "#define DEBUG X"

Schematic

alt text

BOM

  • D1,D2 - 1N4148
  • Q1 - NPN transistor
  • IR1 - IR receiver
  • IR LED1, IR LED2 - Infrared LED
  • R1 - 3.3kΩ
  • R2 - 2.5Ω

Requirements:

1. Clone the Repository into VS Code

In VS Code press F1 enter ''git: clone'' + Enter and insert link to my repository (https://github.com/enc-X/mqtt-ir-transceiver)

2. Modify platformio.ini (optional)

Edit platformio.ini and setup upload_port variable acording to system settings if PlatofmIO can'd identify proper COM port

3. Build binary file

In PlatformIO menu choose PROJECT TASKS -> Build

4. Upload firmware to ESP8266

Connect ESP to PC via serial adapter. In PlatformIO menu choose option PROJECT TASKS -> Upload.

Usage

Configuration

During first boot device will act as AP with SSID IRTRANS-XXXXXXXX (password is XXXXXXXX). Connect to this AP and go to http://192.168.4.1. Configure WIFI and MQTT paramters.

Resetting configuration

If during boot device have is pressed, device will go to configuration mode.

Controller → Device communication

Property Message format Description Example
_mqtt_prefix_/sender/storeRaw/_store_id_ \d+(,\d+) store raw codes sequence in slot no. _store_id_, last number is frequency in kHz Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/sender/storeRaw/10"
Message: "11,43,54,65,32"
32 - is frequency in kHz
_mqtt_prefix_/sender/sendStoredRaw \d+ Transmit via IR RAW code from provided slot Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/sender/sendStoredRaw"
Message: "1"
_mqtt_prefix_/sender/sendStoredRawSequence \d+(,\d+)* Transmit via IR sequence of RAW codes from provided slots Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/sender/sendStoredRawSequence"
Message: "1,2,3"
_mqtt_prefix_/sender/cmd (ls|sysinfo) Execute on device command, replay in topic _mqtt_prefix_/sender/cmd/result Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/sender/cmd"
Message: "sysinfo"
_mqtt_prefix_/sender/rawMode (1|ON|true|.*) Turn on/off reporting to controller received by device IR raw codes Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/sender/rawMode"
Message: "1"
_mqtt_prefix_/wipe .* Wipe configuration for next boot Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/wipe"
Message: "1"
_mqtt_prefix_/sender/(RC_5|RC_6|NEC|SAMSUNG|SONY|LG)/(\d+) \d+ Send IR signal based on type Topic: "esp8266/02sender/RC_5/12"
Message: "3294"
_mqtt_prefix_/sender/sendGC \d+(,\d+) Send Global Cache code Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/sender/sendGC"
Message: "32000,43,54,65,32,...."
_mqtt_prefix_/sender/sendRAW \d+(,\d+) Send RAW code with given frequency Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/sender/sendRAW"
Message: "9000,4550,550,600,600,600,...,32"
32 is frequency in kHz
_mqtt_prefix_/sender/otaURL .* Update via HTTP from URL Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/sender/otaURL"
Message: "http://ota.server/firmware.bin"

Device → Controller communication

Property Message format Direction Example
_mqtt_prefix_/sender/cmd/result .* Result of command
_mqtt_prefix_/receiver/_type_/_bits_/_panas_addr_ \d+(,\d+)* Send to controller received IR code Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/receiver/RC_5/12"
Message: "3294"
_mqtt_prefix_/receiver/raw \d+(,\d+)* Send to controller received RAW IR code (only when RAW mode is enabled) Topic: "_mqtt_prefix_/receiver/raw"
Message: "9000,4550,550,600,600,600,..."

Integration with OpenHab

  • Run MQTT server (mosquitto is fine)
  • Configure MQTT server for OpenHab transport
  • Register IR Transceiver to the same MQTT server (for example MQTT prefix is 'esp8266/02')
  • Example items configuration:
    java
    Group gIR  (All)
    Switch   ir_philips_on
        "Philips Power"  (gIR)
        {mqtt=">[mosquitto:esp8266/02/sender/RC5/12:command:ON:56]", autoupdate="false"}
    Switch   ir_philips_volp
        "Vol+"   (gIR)
        {mqtt=">[mosquitto:esp8266/02/sender/RC5/12:command:ON:1040]", autoupdate="false"}
    Number ir_in_lg
        "LG IR command [%d]"     (gIR)
        {mqtt="[mosquitto:esp8266/02/sender/sendGC:command:ON:38000,1,37,8,34,8,75,8,44,8,106,8,50,8,50,8,39,8,81,8,525,8,34,8,60,8,29,8,44,8,44,8,44,8,29,8,29,8,3058,8,34,8,75,8,44,8,106,8,50,8,50,8,39,8,81,8,525,8,34,8,101,8,70,8,44,8,44,8,44,8,29,8,29,8,3058]", autoupdate="false"}
    
  • Using in rules: ```java rule lgTVturnInfoScreen when Item irinlg received update 551549190 then // Do somenting after button press end

rule initIRmodule when System started then // Turn off Philips after system start postUpdate(irphilipson,OFF)

    // Switch LG TV to HDMI 1 by Global Cache code
    publish("mosquitto","esp8266/02/sender/sendGC","38000,1,69,343,172,21,22,21,22,21,65,21,22,21,22,21,22,21,22,21,22,21,65,21,65,21,22,21,65,21,65,21,65,21,65,21,65,21,22,21,65,21,65,21,65,21,22,21,22,21,65,21,65,21,65,21,22,21,22,21,22,21,65,21,65,21,22,21,22,21,1673,343,86,21,3732")

end ```

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