dropbox-sdk-java

by dropbox

A Java library for the Dropbox Core API.

430 Stars 353 Forks Last release: about 1 month ago (v3.1.5) MIT License 436 Commits 43 Releases

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Dropbox Core SDK for Java 6+

GitHub Maven Central GitHub Release Date

A Java library to access Dropbox's HTTP-based Core API v2. This SDK also supports the older Core API v1, but that support will be removed at some point.

License: MIT

Documentation: Javadocs

Setup

If you're using Maven, then edit your project's "pom.xml" and add this to the

 section:
    com.dropbox.core
    dropbox-core-sdk
    3.1.5

If you are using Gradle, then edit your project's "build.gradle" and add this to the

dependencies
section:
dependencies {
    // ...
    implementation 'com.dropbox.core:dropbox-core-sdk:3.1.5'
}

You can also download the Java SDK JAR and and its required dependencies directly from the latest release page. Note that the distribution artifacts on the releases pages do not contain optional dependencies.

Dropbox for Java tutorial

A good way to start using the Java SDK is to follow this quick tutorial. Just make sure you have the the Java SDK installed first!

Register a Dropbox API app

To use the Dropbox API, you'll need to register a new app in the App Console. Select Dropbox API app and choose your app's permission. You'll need to use the app key created with this app to access API v2.

Link an account

In order to make calls to the API, you'll need an instance of the Dropbox object. To instantiate, pass in the access token for the account you want to link. (Tip: You can generate an access token for your own account through the App Console).

import com.dropbox.core.DbxException;
import com.dropbox.core.DbxRequestConfig;
import com.dropbox.core.v2.DbxClientV2;

public class Main { private static final String ACCESS_TOKEN = "";

public static void main(String args[]) throws DbxException {
    // Create Dropbox client
    DbxRequestConfig config = DbxRequestConfig.newBuilder("dropbox/java-tutorial").build();
    DbxClientV2 client = new DbxClientV2(config, ACCESS_TOKEN);
}

}

Test it out to make sure you've linked the right account:

// Get current account info
FullAccount account = client.users().getCurrentAccount();
System.out.println(account.getName().getDisplayName());

Try some API requests

You can use the Dropbox object you instantiated above to make API calls. Try out a request to list the contents of a folder.

// Get files and folder metadata from Dropbox root directory
ListFolderResult result = client.files().listFolder("");
while (true) {
    for (Metadata metadata : result.getEntries()) {
        System.out.println(metadata.getPathLower());
    }

if (!result.getHasMore()) {
    break;
}

result = client.files().listFolderContinue(result.getCursor());

}

Try uploading a file to your Dropbox.

// Upload "test.txt" to Dropbox
try (InputStream in = new FileInputStream("test.txt")) {
    FileMetadata metadata = client.files().uploadBuilder("/test.txt")
        .uploadAndFinish(in);
}

Full Example Snippet

import com.dropbox.core.DbxException;
import com.dropbox.core.DbxRequestConfig;
import com.dropbox.core.v2.DbxClientV2;
import com.dropbox.core.v2.files.FileMetadata;
import com.dropbox.core.v2.files.ListFolderResult;
import com.dropbox.core.v2.files.Metadata;
import com.dropbox.core.v2.users.FullAccount;

import java.io.FileInputStream; import java.io.InputStream; import java.io.IOException;

public class Main { private static final String ACCESS_TOKEN = "";

public static void main(String args[]) throws DbxException, IOException {
    // Create Dropbox client
    DbxRequestConfig config = new DbxRequestConfig("dropbox/java-tutorial", "en_US");
    DbxClientV2 client = new DbxClientV2(config, ACCESS_TOKEN);

    // Get current account info
    FullAccount account = client.users().getCurrentAccount();
    System.out.println(account.getName().getDisplayName());

    // Get files and folder metadata from Dropbox root directory
    ListFolderResult result = client.files().listFolder("");
    while (true) {
        for (Metadata metadata : result.getEntries()) {
            System.out.println(metadata.getPathLower());
        }

        if (!result.getHasMore()) {
            break;
        }

        result = client.files().listFolderContinue(result.getCursor());
    }

    // Upload "test.txt" to Dropbox
    try (InputStream in = new FileInputStream("test.txt")) {
        FileMetadata metadata = client.files().uploadBuilder("/test.txt")
            .uploadAndFinish(in);
    }
}

}

Full examples

Some more complete examples can be found here: * Example for a simple web app: Web File Browser example * Example for an Android app: Android example * Example for a command-line tool: Command-Line Authorization example

To try out running this examples, please follow the instructions below.

Save your Dropbox API key

Save your Dropbox API key to a JSON file called, say, "test.app":

{
  "key": "Your Dropbox API app key",
  "secret": "Your Dropbox API app secret"
}

App key and secret can be found in you app page in App Console.

Building from source

git clone https://github.com/dropbox/dropbox-sdk-java.git
cd dropbox-sdk-java
./update-submodules    # also do this after every "git checkout"
./gradlew build

The output will be in "build/".

Running the examples

  1. Follow the instructions in the "Build from source" section above.
  2. Save your Dropbox API key in a file called "test.app". See: Save your Dropbox API key, above.
  3. Compile and install the SDK into your local maven repo:
    ./gradlew install
  4. To compile all the examples:
    (cd examples/ && ./gradlew classes
  5. To compile just one example:
    (cd examples/ && ./gradlew ::classes

authorize

This examples runs through the OAuth 2 authorization flow.

cd examples
./run authorize test.app test.auth

This produces a file named "test.auth" that has the access token. This file can be passed in to the other examples.

account-info

A simple example that fetches and displays information about the account associated with the access token.

cd examples
./run account-info test.auth

(You must first generate "test.auth" using the "authorize" example above.)

longpoll

An example of how to watch for changes in a Dropbox directory.

cd examples
./run longpoll test.auth "/path/to/watch"

(You must first generate "test.auth" using the "authorize" example above.)

upload-file

Uploads a file to Dropbox. The example includes regular and chunked file uploads.

cd examples
./run upload-file test.auth local-path/file.txt /dropbox-path/file.txt

(You must first generate "test.auth" using the "authorize" example above.)

web-file-browser

A tiny web app that runs through the OAuth 2 authorization flow and then uses Dropbox API calls to let the user browse their Dropbox files.

Prerequisite: In the Dropbox API app configuration console, you need to add "http://localhost:5000/dropbox-auth-finish" to the list of allowed redirect URIs.

cd examples
./run web-file-browser 5000 test.app web-file-browser.db

Running the integration tests

  1. Run through the
    authorize
    example above to get a "test.auth" file.
  2. ./gradlew -Pcom.dropbox.test.authInfoFile= integrationTest

To run individual tests, use the

--tests
gradle test filter:
./gradlew -Pcom.dropbox.test.authInfoFile= integrationTest --tests '*.DbxClientV1IT.testAccountInfo'

FAQ

Why do I see code like
Scope
,
DbxPKCEWebAuth
and
TokenAcessType
has warning "Beta: this feature is not available to all developers"? What are they?

Dropbox is working on a project to improve our OAuth flow to support new permission model and short lived tokens. This feature is still at early access phase. All endpoints are gated, only certain developers will be able to access them.

Due to the nature of Java, most partners use our SDK through maven central instead of a customized jar file. To help our partners accessing our beta feature easier, we decide to include beta code in regular release.

Here is more documentation for our new OAuth 2 flow. Please reach out to us if you are interested in trying this feature!

When I use
OkHttp3Requestor
in
DbxRequestConfig
, I get errors like 'class file for okhttp3.OkHttpClient not found'.

The dependency of OKHttp/OKHttp3 is optional. You should add them, only if you explicitly want to use it as the http requestor.

Example in Gradle:

dependencies {
    // ...
    api 'com.squareup.okhttp3:okhttp:3.11.0'
}

When I use the bundle JAR with some OSGi containers within an OSGi subsystem, I get a "Missing required capability" error.

The JAR's manifest has the following line:

Require-Capability: osgi.ee;filter="(&(osgi.ee=JavaSE)(version=1.6))"

OSGi containers running on Java 1.6 or above should provide this capability. Unfortunately, some OSGi containers don't do this correctly and will reject the bundle JAR in the OSGi subsystem context.

As a workaround, you can build your own version of the JAR that omits the "osgi.ee" capability by running:

./gradlew clean
./gradlew -Posgi.bnd.noee=true jar

(This is equivalent to passing the "-noee" option to the OSGi "bnd" tool.)

Another workaround is to tell your OSGi container to provide that requirement: StackOverflow answer.

Does this SDK require any special ProGuard rules for shrink optimizations?

Versions 2.0.0-2.0.3 of this SDK require SDK-specific ProGuard rules when shrinking is enabled. However, since version 2.0.4, the only ProGuard rules necessary are for the SDK's required and optional dependencies. If you encounter ProGuard warnings, consider adding the following "-dontwarn" directives to your ProGuard configuration file:

-dontwarn okio.**
-dontwarn okhttp3.**
-dontwarn com.squareup.okhttp.**
-dontwarn com.google.appengine.**
-dontwarn javax.servlet.**

IMPORTANT: If you are running version 2.0.x before 2.0.3, you should update to the latest Dropbox SDK version to avoid a deserialization bug that can cause Android apps that use ProGuard to crash.

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