devito

by devitocodes

devitocodes / devito

Code generation framework for automated finite difference computation

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Devito: Fast Stencil Computation from Symbolic Specification

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Devito is a Python package to implement optimized stencil computation (e.g., finite differences, image processing, machine learning) from high-level symbolic problem definitions. Devito builds on SymPy and employs automated code generation and just-in-time compilation to execute optimized computational kernels on several computer platforms, including CPUs, GPUs, and clusters thereof.

About Devito

Devito provides a functional language to implement sophisticated operators that can be made up of multiple stencil computations, boundary conditions, sparse operations (e.g., interpolation), and much more. A typical use case is explicit finite difference methods for approximating partial differential equations. For example, a 2D diffusion operator may be implemented with Devito as follows

>>> grid = Grid(shape=(10, 10))
>>> f = TimeFunction(name='f', grid=grid, space_order=2)
>>> eqn = Eq(f.dt, 0.5 * f.laplace)
>>> op = Operator(Eq(f.forward, solve(eqn, f.forward)))

An

Operator
generates low-level code from an ordered collection of
Eq
(the example above being for a single equation). This code may also be compiled and executed
>>> op(t=timesteps)

There is virtually no limit to the complexity of an

Operator
-- the Devito compiler will automatically analyze the input, detect and apply optimizations (including single- and multi-node parallelism), and eventually generate code with suitable loops and expressions.

Key features include:

  • A functional language to express finite difference operators.
  • Straightforward mechanisms to adjust the discretization.
  • Constructs to express sparse operators (e.g., interpolation), classic linear operators (e.g., convolutions), and tensor contractions.
  • Seamless support for boundary conditions and adjoint operators.
  • A flexible API to define custom stencils, sub-domains, sub-sampling, and staggered grids.
  • Generation of highly optimized parallel code (SIMD vectorization, CPU and GPU parallelism via OpenMP, multi-node parallelism via MPI, blocking, aggressive symbolic transformations for FLOP reduction, etc.).
  • Distributed NumPy arrays over multi-node (MPI) domain decompositions.
  • Inspection and customization of the generated code.
  • Autotuning framework to ease performance tuning.
  • Smooth integration with popular Python packages such as NumPy, SymPy, Dask, and SciPy, as well as machine learning frameworks such as TensorFlow and PyTorch.

Installation

The easiest way to try Devito is through Docker using the following commands: ```

get the code

git clone https://github.com/devitocodes/devito.git cd devito

start a jupyter notebook server on port 8888

docker-compose up devito ``

After running the last command above, the terminal will display a URL such as
https://127.0.0.1:8888/?token=XXX`. Copy-paste this URL into a browser window to start a Jupyter notebook session where you can go through the tutorials provided with Devito or create your own notebooks.

See here for detailed installation instructions and other options. If you encounter a problem during installation, please see the installation issues we have seen in the past.

Resources

To learn how to use Devito, here is a good place to start, with lots of examples and tutorials.

The website also provides access to other information, including documentation and instructions for citing us.

Some FAQ are discussed here.

Performance

If you are interested in any of the following

  • Generation of parallel code (CPU, GPU, multi-node via MPI);
  • Performance tuning;
  • Benchmarking operators;

then you should take a look at this README.

You may also be interested in TheMatrix -- a cross-architecture benchmarking framework showing the performance of several production-grade seismic operators implemented with Devito. This is now our flagship project towards neat, open, and reproducible science.

Get in touch

If you're using Devito, we would like to hear from you. Whether you are facing issues or just trying it out, join the conversation.

Interactive jupyter notebooks

The tutorial jupyter notebook are available interactively at the public binder jupyterhub.

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