dependency-injection-example

by daylerees

An introduction to Dependency Injection.

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Dependency Injection Example

Dependency injection doesn't have to be complicated. Let's work it out together!

What is it?

Dependency injection is a technique that makes it easier to manage the dependencies of your classes, and allow for better testing using the mocking technique. There are plenty of examples out there on the internet, but I found that many of them tend to overcomplicate the technique. This package contains a simple down-to-earth explanation of the concept, step-by-step and through the medium of code comments.

Who wrote it?

Hi! I'm Dayle Rees.

I'm an open source enthusiast, and a Laravel framework core developer. I'm also very fond of teaching. My books Code Bright and Code Happy have helped thousands of PHP web developers adopt the Laravel PHP framework.

My writing style is simple and plain spoken, just like this description!

How do I learn?

It's easy, see those

page-x
directories? Each of them represent our complete progress at a different point of time. Starting at
part-1
we have an application in dire need of some dependency injection. Throughout the parts we discover difficulties, and develop resolutions.

To learn, you need only read the comments held within. First take a look at the architecture of the application within the

part-x/src
directory, and all comments held within the classes. It's not a big application, less than five files. Next look at the associated test files within the
part-x/tests
directory to learn more about the limitations of each stage of the applications development.

Don't forget to run

phpunit
from the
part-x
directory to examine the test results.

By the time you get to part 9, you will be a dependency injection master.

How does it work?

Each part of the repository contains a complete PHP application in various stages of its lifecycle. They each function independently. Class loading is provided by the composer project so you will find a

composer.json
stored within.

However, you will not need to have a copy of composer to run the tests. I've versioned the vendor directories along with each stage so that you can run the tests right away! Lucky you!

Our application files are

psr-0
autoloaded (file structure and path matching namespace) from the
part-x/src
directories. All tests are located within the
part-x/tests
directory, and each stage contains a
phpunit.xml
bootstrap so that you can run the tests with only the
phpunit
command.

Any other advice?

Read through each stage carefully, noting the differences between previous stages. Normally these are outlined in the comments. Get to know the architecture, and visualize the problems.

I'd recommend cloning the repository down locally so you can view the source in a syntax-highlighting editor, and run the tests directly.

How can I thank you?

Why not buy my latest Laravel book? Laravel is a beautiful framework that makes excellent use of the dependency injection and inversion of control principles. You can get a copy here on Leanpub.

Don't want to part with cash? Why not star the github repo? I'd love the attention! Why not share the link for this repository on Twitter or HackerNews? Spread the word!

Don't forget to follow me on twitter!

Thanks!

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