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crawlab-team
8.2K Stars 1.2K Forks BSD 3-Clause "New" or "Revised" License 2.1K Commits 202 Opened issues

Description

Distributed web crawler admin platform for spiders management regardless of languages and frameworks. 分布式爬虫管理平台,支持任何语言和框架

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Crawlab

中文 | English

Installation | Run | Screenshot | Architecture | Integration | Compare | Community & Sponsorship | CHANGELOG | Disclaimer

Golang-based distributed web crawler management platform, supporting various languages including Python, NodeJS, Go, Java, PHP and various web crawler frameworks including Scrapy, Puppeteer, Selenium.

Demo | Documentation

Installation

Three methods: 1. Docker (Recommended) 2. Direct Deploy (Check Internal Kernel) 3. Kubernetes (Multi-Node Deployment)

Pre-requisite (Docker)

  • Docker 18.03+
  • MongoDB 3.6+
  • Docker Compose 1.24+ (optional but recommended)

Pre-requisite (Direct Deploy)

  • Go 1.15+
  • Node 12.20+
  • MongoDB 3.6+
  • SeaweedFS 2.59+

Quick Start

Please open the command line prompt and execute the command below. Make sure you have installed

docker-compose
in advance.
git clone https://github.com/crawlab-team/examples
cd examples/docker/basic
docker-compose up -d

Next, you can look into the

docker-compose.yml
(with detailed config params) and the Documentation (Chinese) for further information.

Run

Docker

Please use

docker-compose
to one-click to start up. By doing so, you don't even have to configure MongoDB database. Create a file named
docker-compose.yml
and input the code below.
version: '3.3'
services:
  master: 
    image: crawlabteam/crawlab:latest
    container_name: crawlab_example_master
    environment:
      CRAWLAB_NODE_MASTER: "Y"
      CRAWLAB_MONGO_HOST: "mongo"
    volumes:
      - "./.crawlab/master:/root/.crawlab"
    ports:    
      - "8080:8080"
    depends_on:
      - mongo

worker01: image: crawlabteam/crawlab:latest container_name: crawlab_example_worker01 environment: CRAWLAB_NODE_MASTER: "N" CRAWLAB_GRPC_ADDRESS: "master" CRAWLAB_FS_FILER_URL: "http://master:8080/api/filer" volumes: - "./.crawlab/worker01:/root/.crawlab" depends_on: - master

worker02: image: crawlabteam/crawlab:latest container_name: crawlab_example_worker02 environment: CRAWLAB_NODE_MASTER: "N" CRAWLAB_GRPC_ADDRESS: "master" CRAWLAB_FS_FILER_URL: "http://master:8080/api/filer" volumes: - "./.crawlab/worker02:/root/.crawlab" depends_on: - master

mongo: image: mongo:latest container_name: crawlab_example_mongo restart: always

Then execute the command below, and Crawlab Master and Worker Nodes + MongoDB will start up. Open the browser and enter

http://localhost:8080
to see the UI interface.
docker-compose up -d

For Docker Deployment details, please refer to relevant documentation.

Screenshot

Login

Home Page

Node List

Spider List

Spider Overview

Spider Files

Task Log

Task Results

Cron Job

Architecture

The architecture of Crawlab is consisted of a master node, worker nodes, SeaweeFS (a distributed file system) and MongoDB database.

The frontend app interacts with the master node, which communicates with other components such as MongoDB, SeaweedFS and worker nodes. Master node and worker nodes communicate with each other via gRPC (a RPC framework). Tasks are scheduled by the task scheduler module in the master node, and received by the task handler module in worker nodes, which executes these tasks in task runners. Task runners are actually processes running spider or crawler programs, and can also send data through gRPC (integrated in SDK) to other data sources, e.g. MongoDB.

Master Node

The Master Node is the core of the Crawlab architecture. It is the center control system of Crawlab.

The Master Node provides below services: 1. Task Scheduling; 2. Worker Node Management and Communication; 3. Spider Deployment; 4. Frontend and API Services; 5. Task Execution (you can regard the Master Node as a Worker Node)

The Master Node communicates with the frontend app, and send crawling tasks to Worker Nodes. In the mean time, the Master Node uploads (deploys) spiders to the distributed file system SeaweedFS, for synchronization by worker nodes.

Worker Node

The main functionality of the Worker Nodes is to execute crawling tasks and store results and logs, and communicate with the Master Node through gRPC. By increasing the number of Worker Nodes, Crawlab can scale horizontally, and different crawling tasks can be assigned to different nodes to execute.

MongoDB

MongoDB is the operational database of Crawlab. It stores data of nodes, spiders, tasks, schedules, etc. Task queue is also stored in MongoDB.

SeaweedFS

SeaweedFS is an open source distributed file system authored by Chris Lu. It can robustly store and share files across a distributed system. In Crawlab, SeaweedFS mainly plays the role as file synchronization system and the place where task log files are stored.

Frontend

Frontend app is built upon Element-Plus, a popular Vue 3-based UI framework. It interacts with API hosted on the Master Node, and indirectly controls Worker Nodes.

Integration with Other Frameworks

Crawlab SDK provides some

helper
methods to make it easier for you to integrate your spiders into Crawlab, e.g. saving results.

Scrapy

In

settings.py
in your Scrapy project, find the variable named
ITEM_PIPELINES
(a
dict
variable). Add content below.
ITEM_PIPELINES = {
    'crawlab.scrapy.pipelines.CrawlabPipeline': 888,
}

Then, start the Scrapy spider. After it's done, you should be able to see scraped results in Task Detail -> Data

General Python Spider

Please add below content to your spider files to save results.

# import result saving method
from crawlab import save_item

this is a result record, must be dict type

result = {'name': 'crawlab'}

call result saving method

save_item(result)

Then, start the spider. After it's done, you should be able to see scraped results in Task Detail -> Data

Other Frameworks / Languages

A crawling task is actually executed through a shell command. The Task ID will be passed to the crawling task process in the form of environment variable named

CRAWLAB_TASK_ID
. By doing so, the data can be related to a task.

Comparison with Other Frameworks

There are existing spider management frameworks. So why use Crawlab?

The reason is that most of the existing platforms are depending on Scrapyd, which limits the choice only within python and scrapy. Surely scrapy is a great web crawl framework, but it cannot do everything.

Crawlab is easy to use, general enough to adapt spiders in any language and any framework. It has also a beautiful frontend interface for users to manage spiders much more easily.

|Framework | Technology | Pros | Cons | Github Stats | |:---|:---|:---|-----| :---- | | Crawlab | Golang + Vue|Not limited to Scrapy, available for all programming languages and frameworks. Beautiful UI interface. Naturally support distributed spiders. Support spider management, task management, cron job, result export, analytics, notifications, configurable spiders, online code editor, etc.|Not yet support spider versioning| | | ScrapydWeb | Python Flask + Vue|Beautiful UI interface, built-in Scrapy log parser, stats and graphs for task execution, support node management, cron job, mail notification, mobile. Full-feature spider management platform.|Not support spiders other than Scrapy. Limited performance because of Python Flask backend.| | | Gerapy | Python Django + Vue|Gerapy is built by web crawler guru Germey Cui. Simple installation and deployment. Beautiful UI interface. Support node management, code edit, configurable crawl rules, etc.|Again not support spiders other than Scrapy. A lot of bugs based on user feedback in v1.0. Look forward to improvement in v2.0| | | SpiderKeeper | Python Flask|Open-source Scrapyhub. Concise and simple UI interface. Support cron job.|Perhaps too simplified, not support pagination, not support node management, not support spiders other than Scrapy.| |

Contributors

Community & Sponsorship

If you feel Crawlab could benefit your daily work or your company, please add the author's Wechat account noting "Crawlab" to enter the discussion group. Or you scan the Alipay QR code below to give us a reward to upgrade our teamwork software or buy a coffee.

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