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christophrumpel
373 Stars 21 Forks MIT License 292 Commits 3 Opened issues

Description

🏭This package lets you create factory classes for your Laravel project.

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Laravel Factories Reloaded 🏭

Latest Version on Packagist v1 Total Downloads MIT Licensed

This package generates

class-based
model factories, which you can use instead of the ones provided by Laravel.

Screenshot of the command

Laravel 8 Support

The new version v2 now supports Laravel 8. Since L8 changed their own implementation of factories a lot, this new v2 version ONLY works with Laravel 8. If you are not using L8 yet, use the latest 1.* version of this package.

Benefits

  • use the features you already love from Laravel factories (
    create
    ,
    make
    ,
    times
    ,
    states
    )
  • automatically create new class factories for specific or
    All
    your models
  • automatically import defined
    default data
    and
    states
    from your Laravel factories
  • and many more...

📺 I've recorded some videos to give you an overview of the features.

:warning: Note: Interested in WHY you need class-based factories? Read here.

Installation

You can install the package via composer:

composer require --dev christophrumpel/laravel-factories-reloaded

To publish the config file run:

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Christophrumpel\LaravelFactoriesReloaded\LaravelFactoriesReloadedServiceProvider"

It will provide the package's config file where you can define

multiple paths of your models
, the
path of the newly generated factories
, the
namespace of your old Laravel factories
, as well as where your
old Laravel factories
are located.

Configuration

Laravel Factories Namespace

Factories are namespaced since Laravel 8, and the default factories namespace is

Database\Factories
. If your laravel factories namespace is
Database\Factories\ClassFactories
, you can customize it at the config file as below:
php
'vanilla_factories_namespace' => 'Database\Factories\ClassFactories',
It will resolve your old laravel factory class as
Database\Factories\ClassFactories\UserFactory
, instead of
Database\Factories\UserFactory
.

Usage

Generate Factories

First, you need to create a new factory class for one of your models. This is done via a newly provided command called

make:factory-reloaded
.
php artisan make:factory-reloaded

You can pick one of the found models or create factories for

all
of them.

Command Options

If you want to define options through the command itself, you can do that as well:

php artisan make:factory-reloaded --models_path="app/Models"  --factories_path="tests/ClassFactories" --factories_namespace="Tests\ClassFactories"

Currently, you can only define one location for your models this way.

Define Default Model Data

Similar to Laravel factories, you can define default data for your model instances. Inside your new factories, there is a

getDefaults
method defined for that. The
Faker
helper to create dummy data is available as well.
public function getDefaults(Faker $faker): array
{
    return [
        'name' => $faker->name,
        'email' => $faker->unique()->safeEmail,
        'email_verified_at' => now(),
        'password' => '$2y$10$92IXUNpkjO0rOQ5byMi.Ye4oKoEa3Ro9llC/.og/at2.uheWG/igi',
        'remember_token' => Str::random(10),
        'active' => false,
    ];
}

Use New Factories

Let's say you have created a new user factory. You can now start using it and create a new user instance. Similar to Laravel factories, the

create
method will persist in a new model.
$user = UserFactory::new()->create();

If you like to get an instance that is not persisted yet, you can choose the

make
method.
$user = UserFactory::new()->make();

To create

multiple
instances, you chain the
times()
method before the
create
or
make
method.
$users = UserFactory::new()
    ->times(4)
    ->create();

States

You may have defined states in your old Laravel factories.

$factory->state(User::class, 'active', function () {
    return [
        'active' => true,
    ];
});

While creating a new class factory, you will be asked if you like those states to be imported to your new factories. If you agree, you can immediately use them. The state

active
is now a method on your
UserFactory
.
$user = UserFactory::new()
    ->active()
    ->create();

Relations

Often you will need to create a new model instance with related models. This is now pretty simple by using the

with
method:
$user = UserFactory::new()
    ->with(Recipe::class, 'recipes', 3)
    ->create();

Here were are getting a user instance that has three related recipes attached. The second argument here defines the relationship name.

:warning: Note: For this to work, you need to have a new RecipeFactory already created.

You can also define extras for the related models when using related model factories directly.

$user = UserFactory::new()
    ->withFactory(RecipeFactory::new()->withCustomName(), 'recipes', 3)
    ->create();

You can create many related models instances by chaining

with
s.
$recipe = RecipeFactory::new()
    ->with(Group::class, 'group')
    ->with(Ingredient::class, 'ingredients')
    ->with(Ingredient::class, 'ingredients', 3)
    ->create();

Here we are getting a recipe that has a group and four ingredients.

:warning: Note: Up to the version 1.0.8, only the last

with
relation is built.

In Laravel factories, you could also define a related model in your default data like:

$factory->define(Ingredient::class, function (Faker $faker) {
    return [
        'name' => $faker->name,
        'recipe_id' => factory(Recipe::class),
    ];
});

This can also be achieved in our new factory classes.

public function getDefaults(Faker $faker): array
{
    return [
        'name' => $faker->name,
        'recipe_id' => factory(Recipe::class),
    ];
}

Or even better through an instance of a new factory class.

public function getDefaults(Faker $faker): array
{
    return [
        'name' => $faker->name,
        'recipe_id' => RecipeFactory::new(),
    ];
}

:warning: Note: I wouldn't recommend any of these options because you do not see that additional models are persisted in your tests. Please use the given "with" method create a dedicated method for creating a relation yourself.

Callbacks

In Laravel, you are able to define factory

callbacks
for
afterCreating
and
afterMaking
. You can do something similar also with factory classes. Since both the
make
and
create
method are inside your factory class, you are free to add code there:
public function create(array $extra = []): Group
{
    return $this->build($extra);
}

public function make(array $extra = []): Group { return $this->build($extra, 'make'); }

It depends on what you want to achive, but personally I would add a method to your factory which you call from within your test. This way it is more obvious what is happening.

Immutability

You might have noticed that when this package imports a

state
for you, it will clone the factory before returning.
public function active(): UserFactory
{
    return tap(clone $this)->overwriteDefaults([
        'active' => true,
    ]);
}

This is recommended for all methods which you will use to setup your test model. If you wouldn't clone the factory, you will always modify the factory itself. This could lead into problems when you use the same factory again.

To make a whole factory immutable by default, set the

$immutable
property to
true
. That way, every state change will automatically return a cloned instance.
class UserFactory
{
    protected string $modelClass = User::class;
    protected bool $immutable = true;

// ...

public function active(): UserFactory
{
    return $this->overwriteDefaults([
        'active' => true,
    ]);
}

}

In some context, you might want to use a standard factory as immutable. This can be done with the

immutable
method.
$factory = UserFactory::new()
    ->immutable();

$activeUser = $factory ->active() ->create();

$inactiveUser = $factory->create();

Note:

with
and
withFactory
methods are always immutable.

What Else

The best thing about those new factory classes is that you

own
them. You can create as many methods or properties as you like to help you create those specific instances that you need. Here is how a more complex factory call could look like:
UserFactory::new()
    ->active()
    ->onSubscriptionPlan(SubscriptionPlan::paid)
    ->withRecipesAndIngredients()
    ->times(10)
    ->create();

Using such a factory call will help your tests to stay clean and give everyone a good overview of what is happening here.

Why Class-Based Factories?

  • They give you much more flexibility on how to create your model instances.
  • They make your tests much cleaner because you can hide complex preparations inside the class.
  • They provide IDE auto-completion which you do not get have with Laravel factories.

Testing

composer test

Changelog

Please see CHANGELOG for more information about what has changed recently.

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Security

If you discover any security-related issues, please email [email protected] instead of using the issue tracker.

Credits

Some of the implementations are inspired by Brent's article about how they deal with factories at Spatie.

And a big thanks goes out to Adrian who helped me a lot with refactoring this package.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.

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