chai-spies

by chaijs

chaijs / chai-spies

Spies for Chai Assertion Library.

126 Stars 29 Forks Last release: almost 3 years ago (1.0.0) MIT License 147 Commits 13 Releases

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Chai Spies

This is an addon plugin for the chai assertion library. It provides the most basic function spy ability and tests.

This library is primarily meant to serve as a starting point for anyone interested in developing chai plugins. If developing a module, you are welcome to use this as a starting point. I also encourage the use of the compile tools to allow modules to work both in node.js and the browser.

Installation

Node.js

Chai spies are available on npm.

  $ npm install chai-spies

Browser

Include

chai-spies.js
after including
chai.js
.

Plug In

If you are using

chai-spies
in the browser, there is nothing you need to do. It will detect
chai
in the global namespace and automatically get used.

If you are using node, here is a useful bit.

const chai = require('chai')
  , spies = require('chai-spies');

chai.use(spies);

const should = chai.should() , expect = chai.expect;

TypeScript Setup

If using TypeScript, this is how you can import

chai-spies
.
import { expect } from 'chai';
import spies from 'chai-spies';
chai.use(spies);

Building for the Browser

Currently this package uses rollup to bundle source code. Just use

npm run build
to build browser version.

Chai Spies Api Reference

Creating Spies

In this module, a spy is either an empty function, or a wrapped named function. Once chai has been extended, you can create a spy through chai's own interface.

function original () {
  // do something cool
}

const spy = chai.spy(original);

// then use in place of original ee.on('some event', spy);

// or use without original const spyAgain = chai.spy(); ee.on('some other event', spyAgain);

spy.on

spy.on
allows to add spy on existing method of an object
const array = [1, 2, 3];

chai.spy.on(array, 'push');

// or multiple spies chai.spy.on(array, ['push', 'pop']);

It's also possible to provide custom implementation of spied method:

chai.spy.on(array, 'push', function (...items) {
  // custom implementation of `push` method
});

Using arrow functions, it's also easy to replace method implementation with constant:

chai.spy.on(array, 'push', () => 5);

// or more readable :) chai.spy.on(array, 'push', returns => 5);

spy.interface

This method creates a mock (or spy object): an interface with spies on each of the object's methods. The object's methods have either fake implementations or no implementation.

// with no implementation
const arrayLike = chai.spy.interface('arrayLike', ['push', 'pop', 'filter']);

// with fake implementation const arrayLike = chai.spy.interface({ push(item) { this.__items = this.__items || []; return this.__items.push(item) }, // other method implementations });

arrayLike.push(5);

spy.returns (Deprecated)

chai.spy.returns
is just a simple helper which creates a function that returns constant:
const returnTrue = chai.spy.returns(true);

returnTrue(); // true

Better to use arrow function:

const returnTrue = chai.spy(returns => true);

Sandboxes

Sandbox is a set of spies. Sandbox allows to track methods on objects and restore original methods with on

restore
call. To create sandbox:
const sandbox = chai.spy.sandbox();

describe('Array', () => { let array;

beforeEach(() => { array = []; sandbox.on(array, ['push', 'pop']); });

afterEach(() => { sandbox.restore(); // restores original methods on array })

it('allows to add items', () => { array.push(1);

expect(array.push).to.have.been.called.with(1);

}); });

chai.spy.on
and
chai.spy.restore
are bound to default sandbox. So to restore all methods spied by
chai.spy.on
, just call
chai.spy.restore()
(without arguments).

restore
method accepts 2 optional arguments: object to restore and method or methods to restore. So, this calls are also valid:
const array = [1, 2, 3];

chai.spy.on(array, ['push', 'pop']);

chai.spy.restore(array) // restores all methods on object chai.spy.restore(array, 'push') // restores only push method

Assertions

.spy

Asserts that object is a spy.

expect(spy).to.be.spy;
spy.should.be.spy;

.called

Assert that a spy has been called. Negation passes through.

expect(spy).to.have.been.called();
spy.should.have.been.called();

Note that

called
can be used as a chainable method.

.with

Assert that a spy has been called with a given argument at least once, even if more arguments were provided.

spy('foo');
expect(spy).to.have.been.called.with('foo');
spy.should.have.been.called.with('foo');

Will also pass for

spy('foo', 'bar')
and
spy(); spy('foo')
.

If used with multiple arguments, assert that a spy has been called with all the given arguments at least once.

spy('foo', 'bar', 1);
expect(spy).to.have.been.called.with('bar', 'foo');
spy.should.have.been.called.with('bar', 'foo');

.with.exactly

Similar to .with, but will pass only if the list of arguments is exactly the same as the one provided.

spy();
spy('foo', 'bar');
expect(spy).to.have.been.called.with.exactly('foo', 'bar');
spy.should.have.been.called.with.exactly('foo', 'bar');

Will not pass for

spy('foo')
,
spy('bar')
,
spy('bar');
spy('foo')
,
spy('foo'); spy('bar')
,
spy('bar', 'foo')
or
spy('foo', 'bar', 1)
.

Can be used for calls with a single argument too.

.always.with

Assert that every time the spy has been called the argument list contained the given arguments.

spy('foo');
spy('foo', 'bar');
spy(1, 2, 'foo');
expect(spy).to.have.been.called.always.with('foo');
spy.should.have.been.called.always.with('foo');

.always.with.exactly

Assert that the spy has never been called with a different list of arguments than the one provided.

spy('foo');
spy('foo');
expect(spy).to.have.been.called.always.with.exactly('foo');
spy.should.have.been.called.always.with.exactly('foo');

.nth(n).called.with

Asserts that the nth call of the spy has been made with the list of arguments provided. This assertion comes with other three flavors:

  • .first.called.with
  • .second.called.with
  • .third.called.with
spy('foo');
spy('bar');
spy('baz');
spy('foobar');
expect(spy).to.have.been.first.called.with('foo');
spy.should.have.been.first.called.with('foo');
expect(spy).on.nth(5).be.called.with('foobar');
spy.should.on.nth(5).be.called.with('foobar');

These assertions requires the spy to be called at least the number of times required, for example

spy('foo');
spy('bar');
expect(spy).to.have.been.third.called.with('baz');
spy.should.have.been.third.called.with('baz');

Won't pass because the spy has not been called a third time.

.once

Assert that a spy has been called exactly once.

expect(spy).to.have.been.called.once;
expect(spy).to.not.have.been.called.once;
spy.should.have.been.called.once;
spy.should.not.have.been.called.once;

.twice

Assert that a spy has been called exactly twice.

expect(spy).to.have.been.called.twice;
expect(spy).to.not.have.been.called.twice;
spy.should.have.been.called.twice;
spy.should.not.have.been.called.twice;

.exactly(n)

Assert that a spy has been called exactly

n
times.
expect(spy).to.have.been.called.exactly(3);
expect(spy).to.not.have.been.called.exactly(3);
spy.should.have.been.called.exactly(3);
spy.should.not.have.been.called.exactly(3);

.min(n) / .at.least(n)

Assert that a spy has been called minimum of

n
times.
expect(spy).to.have.been.called.min(3);
expect(spy).to.not.have.been.called.at.least(3);
spy.should.have.been.called.at.least(3);
spy.should.not.have.been.called.min(3);

.max(n) / .at.most(n)

Assert that a spy has been called maximum of

n
times.
expect(spy).to.have.been.called.max(3);
expect(spy).to.not.have.been.called.at.most(3);
spy.should.have.been.called.at.most(3);
spy.should.not.have.been.called.max(3);

.above(n) / .gt(n)

Assert that a spy has been called more than

n
times.
expect(spy).to.have.been.called.above(3);
expect(spy).to.not.have.been.called.gt(3);
spy.should.have.been.called.gt(3);
spy.should.not.have.been.called.above(3);

.below(n) / .lt(n)

Assert that a spy has been called fewer than

n
times.
expect(spy).to.have.been.called.below(3);
expect(spy).to.not.have.been.called.lt(3);
spy.should.have.been.called.lt(3);
spy.should.not.have.been.called.below(3);

Tests

Tests are written using mocha in the BDD interface. Node tests can be executed using

npm test
. Browser tests can be seen by opening
test/browser/index.html
.

Contributors

project : chai-spies
repo age : 3 years, 2 months
active : 26 days
commits : 77
files : 12
authors :
48 Jake Luer 62.3%
7 Glenn Jorde 9.1%
4 Keith Cirkel 5.2%
3 = 3.9%
3 Sergiy Stotskiy 3.9%
2 JamesMaroney 2.6%
2 PG Herveou 2.6%
2 Ryckes 2.6%
1 Veselin Todorov 1.3%
1 Steffen 1.3%
1 Daniel Walker 1.3%
1 Domenic Denicola 1.3%
1 Andre Jaenisch 1.3%
1 PG 1.3%

License

(The MIT License)

Copyright (c) 2012 Jake Luer [email protected]

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

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