JavaScript HTML anchor-links Vanilla JavaScript no-dependencies javascript-plugin animate-scrolling
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cferdinandi

Description

A lightweight script to animate scrolling to anchor links.

5.2K Stars 839 Forks MIT License 422 Commits 2 Opened issues

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DEPRECATION NOTICE:

Smooth Scroll is, without a doubt, my most popular and widely used plugin.

But in the time since I created it, a CSS-only method for smooth scrolling has emerged, and now has fantastic browser support. It can do things this plugin can't (like scrolling to anchor links from another page), and addresses bugs and limitations in the plugin that I have never gotten around to fixing.

This plugin has run its course, and the browser now offers a better, more feature rich and resilient solution out-of-the-box.

Learn how to animate scrolling to anchor links with one line of CSS, and how to prevent anchor links from scrolling behind fixed or sticky headers.

Thanks for the years of support!


Smooth Scroll Build Status

A lightweight script to animate scrolling to anchor links. Smooth Scroll works great with Gumshoe.

View the Demo on CodePen →

Getting Started | Scroll Speed | Easing Options | API | What's new? | Known Issues | Browser Compatibility | License

Quick aside: you might not need this library. There's a native CSS way to handle smooth scrolling that might fit your needs.


Want to learn how to write your own vanilla JS plugins? Check out my Vanilla JS Pocket Guides or join the Vanilla JS Academy and level-up as a web developer. 🚀


Getting Started

Compiled and production-ready code can be found in the

dist
directory. The
src
directory contains development code.

1. Include Smooth Scroll on your site.

There are two versions of Smooth Scroll: the standalone version, and one that comes preloaded with polyfills for

closest()
,
requestAnimationFrame()
, and
CustomEvent()
, which are only supported in newer browsers.

If you're including your own polyfills or don't want to enable this feature for older browsers, use the standalone version. Otherwise, use the version with polyfills.

Direct Download

You can download the files directly from GitHub.


CDN

You can also use the jsDelivr CDN. I recommend linking to a specific version number or version range to prevent major updates from breaking your site. Smooth Scroll uses semantic versioning.










NPM

You can also use NPM (or your favorite package manager).

npm install smooth-scroll

2. Add the markup to your HTML.

No special markup needed—just standard anchor links. Give the anchor location an ID just like you normally would.

Anchor Link
...
Bazinga!

Note: Smooth Scroll does not work with

style anchors. It requires IDs.

3. Initialize Smooth Scroll.

In the footer of your page, after the content, initialize Smooth Scroll by passing in a selector for the anchor links that should be animated. And that's it, you're done. Nice work!


Note: The `a[href="#"]

selector will apply Smooth Scroll to all anchor links. You can selectively target links using any other selector(s) you'd like. Smooth Scroll accepts multiple selectors as a comma separated list. Example:
'.js-scroll, [data-scroll], #some-link'`.*

Scroll Speed

Smooth Scroll allows you to adjust the speed of your animations with the

speed
option.

This a number representing the amount of time in milliseconds that it should take to scroll 1000px. Scroll distances shorter than that will take less time, and scroll distances longer than that will take more time. The default is 300ms.

var scroll = new SmoothScroll('a[href*="#"]', {
    speed: 300
});

If you want all of your animations to take exactly the same amount of time (the value you set for

speed
), set the
speedAsDuration
option to
true
.
// All animations will take exactly 500ms
var scroll = new SmoothScroll('a[href*="#"]', {
    speed: 500,
    speedAsDuration: true
});

Easing Options

Smooth Scroll comes with about a dozen common easing patterns. Here's a demo of the different patterns.

Linear Moves at the same speed from start to finish.

  • Linear

Ease-In Gradually increases in speed.

  • easeInQuad
  • easeInCubic
  • easeInQuart
  • easeInQuint

Ease-In-Out Gradually increases in speed, peaks, and then gradually slows down.

  • easeInOutQuad
  • easeInOutCubic
  • easeInOutQuart
  • easeInOutQuint

Ease-Out Gradually decreases in speed.

  • easeOutQuad
  • easeOutCubic
  • easeOutQuart
  • easeOutQuint

You can also pass in your own custom easing pattern using the

customEasing
option.

var scroll = new SmoothScroll('a[href*="#"]', {
    // Function. Custom easing pattern
    // If this is set to anything other than null, will override the easing option above
    customEasing: function (time) {

    // return <your formulate with time as a multiplier>

    // Example: easeInOut Quad
    return time &lt; 0.5 ? 2 * time * time : -1 + (4 - 2 * time) * time;

}

});

API

Smooth Scroll includes smart defaults and works right out of the box. But if you want to customize things, it also has a robust API that provides multiple ways for you to adjust the default options and settings.

Options and Settings

You can pass options and callbacks into Smooth Scroll when instantiating.

var scroll = new SmoothScroll('a[href*="#"]', {

// Selectors
ignore: '[data-scroll-ignore]', // Selector for links to ignore (must be a valid CSS selector)
header: null, // Selector for fixed headers (must be a valid CSS selector)
topOnEmptyHash: true, // Scroll to the top of the page for links with href="#"

// Speed &amp; Duration
speed: 500, // Integer. Amount of time in milliseconds it should take to scroll 1000px
speedAsDuration: false, // If true, use speed as the total duration of the scroll animation
durationMax: null, // Integer. The maximum amount of time the scroll animation should take
durationMin: null, // Integer. The minimum amount of time the scroll animation should take
clip: true, // If true, adjust scroll distance to prevent abrupt stops near the bottom of the page
offset: function (anchor, toggle) {

    // Integer or Function returning an integer. How far to offset the scrolling anchor location in pixels
    // This example is a function, but you could do something as simple as `offset: 25`

    // An example returning different values based on whether the clicked link was in the header nav or not
    if (toggle.classList.closest('.my-header-nav')) {
        return 25;
    } else {
        return 50;
    }

},

// Easing
easing: 'easeInOutCubic', // Easing pattern to use
customEasing: function (time) {

    // Function. Custom easing pattern
    // If this is set to anything other than null, will override the easing option above

    // return <your formulate with time as a multiplier>

    // Example: easeInOut Quad
    return time &lt; 0.5 ? 2 * time * time : -1 + (4 - 2 * time) * time;

},

// History
updateURL: true, // Update the URL on scroll
popstate: true, // Animate scrolling with the forward/backward browser buttons (requires updateURL to be true)

// Custom Events
emitEvents: true // Emit custom events

});

Custom Events

Smooth Scroll emits three custom events:

  • scrollStart
    is emitted when the scrolling animation starts.
  • scrollStop
    is emitted when the scrolling animation stops.
  • scrollCancel
    is emitted if the scrolling animation is canceled.

All three events are emitted on the

document
element and bubble up. You can listen for them with the
addEventListener()
method. The
event.detail
object includes the
anchor
and
toggle
elements for the animation.
// Log scroll events
var logScrollEvent = function (event) {

// The event type
console.log('type:', event.type);

// The anchor element being scrolled to
console.log('anchor:', event.detail.anchor);

// The anchor link that triggered the scroll
console.log('toggle:', event.detail.toggle);

};

// Listen for scroll events document.addEventListener('scrollStart', logScrollEvent, false); document.addEventListener('scrollStop', logScrollEvent, false); document.addEventListener('scrollCancel', logScrollEvent, false);

Methods

Smooth Scroll also exposes several public methods.

animateScroll()

Animate scrolling to an anchor.

var scroll = new SmoothScroll();
scroll.animateScroll(
    anchor, // Node to scroll to. ex. document.querySelector('#bazinga')
    toggle, // Node that toggles the animation, OR an integer. ex. document.querySelector('#toggle')
    options // Classes and callbacks. Same options as those passed into the init() function.
);

Example 1

var scroll = new SmoothScroll();
var anchor = document.querySelector('#bazinga');
scroll.animateScroll(anchor);

Example 2

var scroll = new SmoothScroll();
var anchor = document.querySelector('#bazinga');
var toggle = document.querySelector('#toggle');
var options = { speed: 1000, easing: 'easeOutCubic' };
scroll.animateScroll(anchor, toggle, options);

Example 3

// You can optionally pass in a y-position to scroll to as an integer
var scroll = new SmoothScroll();
scroll.animateScroll(750);

cancelScroll()

Cancel a scroll-in-progress.

var scroll = new SmoothScroll();
scroll.cancelScroll();

Note: This does not handle focus management. The user will stop in place, and focus will remain on the anchor link that triggered the scroll.

destroy()

Destroy the current initialization. This is called automatically in the

init
method to remove any existing initializations.
var scroll = new SmoothScroll();
scroll.destroy();

Fixed Headers

If you're using a fixed header, Smooth Scroll will automatically offset scroll distances by the header height. Pass in a valid CSS selector for your fixed header as an option to the

init
.

If you have multiple fixed headers, pass in the last one in the markup.


...

What's new?

Scroll duration now varies based on distance traveled. If you want to maintain the old scroll animation duration behavior, set the

speedAsDuration
option to
true
.

Known Issues

Reduce Motion Settings

This isn't really an "issue" so-much as a question I get a lot.

Smooth Scroll respects the

Reduce Motion
setting available in certain operating systems. In browsers that surface that setting, Smooth Scroll will not run and will revert to the default "jump to location" anchor link behavior.

I've decided to respect user preferences of developer desires here. This is not a configurable setting.

 styling

If the

 element has been assigned a height of 
100%
or
overflow: hidden
, Smooth Scroll is unable to properly calculate page distances and will not scroll to the right location. The
 element can have a fixed, non-percentage based height (ex. 
500px
), or a height of
auto
, and an
overflow
of
visible
.

Animating from the bottom

Animated scrolling links at the very bottom of the page (example: a "scroll to top" link) will stop animated almost immediately after they start when using certain easing patterns. This is an issue that's been around for a while and I've yet to find a good fix for it. I've found that

easeOut*
easing patterns work as expected, but other patterns can cause issues. See this discussion for more details.

Scrolling to an anchor link on another page

This, unfortunately, cannot be done well.

Most browsers instantly jump you to the anchor location when you load a page. You could use

scrollTo(0, 0)
to pull users back up to the top, and then manually use the
animateScroll()
method, but in my experience, it results in a visible jump on the page that's a worse experience than the default browser behavior.

Browser Compatibility

Smooth Scroll works in all modern browsers, and IE 9 and above.

Smooth Scroll is built with modern JavaScript APIs, and uses progressive enhancement. If the JavaScript file fails to load, or if your site is viewed on older and less capable browsers, anchor links will jump the way they normally would.

Note: Smooth Scroll will not run—even in supported browsers—if users have

Reduce Motion
enabled. Learn more in the "Known Issues" section.

Polyfills

Support back to IE9 requires polyfills for

closest()
,
requestAnimationFrame()
, and
CustomEvent()
. Without them, support starts with Edge.

Use the included polyfills version of Smooth Scroll, or include your own.

License

The code is available under the MIT License.

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