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boostorg
134 Stars 33 Forks Boost Software License 1.0 396 Commits 2 Opened issues

Description

Boost.Nowide - Standard library functions with UTF-8 API on Windows

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Boost.Nowide

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Library for cross-platform, unicode aware programming.

The library provides an implementation of standard C and C++ library functions, such that their inputs are UTF-8 aware on Windows without requiring to use the Wide API.

License

Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0.

Properties

  • optional C++17 (filesystem) support
  • Usable outside of Boost via CMake
  • Compiled library on every OS

Note on the last point: Having a compiled library allows cross-platform access to e.g.

setenv
which would not be available when using a
-std=c++nn
flag. This is different to the version available prior to the inclusion in Boost.

Requirements (All versions)

  • C++11 (or higher) compatible compiler
    • MSVC 2015 and up work
    • libstdc++ < 5 is unsupported as it is silently lacking C++11 features

Requirements (Boost version)

  • Boost (>= 1.56)
  • CMake (when not using as part of Boost) or B2 (otherwise)

Requirements (Standalone version)

The standalone branch keeps track of the develop branch and can be used without any other part of Boost. It is automatically updated so referring to a specific commit is recommended. You can also use the standalone source archive which is part of every release.

  • CMake

Quickstart

Instead of using the standard library functions use the corresponding member of Boost.Nowide with the same name. On Linux those are (mostly) aliases for the

std
ones, but on Windows they accept UTF-8 as input and use the wide API for the underlying functionality.

Examples: -

std::ifstream -> boost::nowide::ifstream
-
std::fopen -> boost::nowide::fopen
-
std::fclose -> boost::nowide::fclose
-
std::getenv -> boost::nowide::getenv
-
std::putenv -> boost::nowide::putenv
-
std::cout -> boost::nowide::cout

To also convert your input arguments to UTF-8 on Windows use:

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    boost::nowide::args _(argc, argv); // Must use an instance!
    ...
}

See the Documentation for details.

Compile

With Boost

Compile and install the Boost super project the usual way via

./b2
. The headers and library will then be available together with all other Boost libraries. From within CMake you can then use
find_package(boost_nowide)
and link against
Boost::nowide
.

With CMake

Boost.Nowide fully supports CMake. So you can use

add_subdirectory("path-to-boost-nowide-repo")
and link your project against the target
Boost::nowide
.

You can also pre-compile and install Boost.Nowide via the usual workflow:

mkdir build && cd build
cmake .. -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local
make install

A CMake-Config file will be installed alongside Boost.Nowide so

find_package(boost_nowide)
does work out-of the box (provided it was installed into a "standard" location or its
INSTALL_PREFIX
was added to
CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH
).

Boost.Filesystem integration

Boost.Nowide integrates with Boost.Filesystem: - Call

boost::nowide::nowide_filesystem()
to imbue UTF-8 into Boost.Filesystem (for use by
boost::filesystem::path
) such that narrow strings passed into Boost.Filesystem are treated as UTF-8 on Windows

More information

  • Ask questions
  • Report bugs: Be sure to mention Boost version, platform and compiler you're using. A small compilable code sample to reproduce the problem is always good as well.
  • Submit your patches as pull requests against develop branch. Note that by submitting patches you agree to license your modifications under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0.
  • Discussions about the library are held on the Boost developers mailing list. Be sure to read the discussion policy before posting and add the
    [nowide]
    tag at the beginning of the subject line.

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