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About the developer

bkerler
168 Stars 62 Forks MIT License 137 Commits 9 Opened issues

Description

Inofficial Qualcomm Firehose / Sahara / Streaming / Diag Tools :)

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Qualcomm Sahara / Firehose Attack Client / Diag Tools

(c) B. Kerler 2018-2021

Why

  • Because we'd like to flexible dump smartphones
  • Because attacking firehose is kewl
  • Because memory dumping helps to find issues :)

Installation

  • Get python >= 3.7 64-Bit

Linux/Windows: -

cp Drivers/51-edl.rules /etc/udev/rules.d
-
cp Drivers/50-android.rules /etc/udev/rules.d
-
sudo apt install adb
-
sudo apt install fastboot
-
sudo apt install python3-dev
-
sudo sudo apt install liblzma-dev
-
sudo apt purge ModemManager
-
python -m pip install -r requirements.txt

Mac: -

brew install libusb
-
sudo python3 -m pip install -r requirements.txt

Windows: - Boot device into 9008 mode, install QualcommDiagQDLoader2016driver.exe from Drivers\Windows - Use Zadig 2.5 or higher, list all devices, select QUSBBULK device and replace driver with libusb >= 1.2.6.0 one (will replace original driver) - Get latest Zadig release here

Convert EDL loaders for automatic usage

  • Make a subdirectory "newstuff", copy your edl loaders to this subdirectory
  • ./Loaders/fhloaderparse.py newstuff Loaders
  • or sniff existing edl tools using Totalphase Beagle 480, set filter to

    filter({'inputs': False, 'usb3': False, 'chirps': False, 'dev': 26, 'usb2resets': False, 'sofs': False, 'ep': 1})
    , export to binary file as "sniffeddata.bin" and then use
    beagle_to_loader.py sniffeddata.bin

Run EDL (examples)

Generic

  • ./edl.py -h
    -> to see help with all options
  • ./edl.py server --memory=ufs --tcpport=1340
    -> Run TCP/IP server on port 1340, see tcpclient.py for an example client
  • ./edl.py xml run.xml
    -> To send a xml file run.xml via firehose
  • ./edl.py reset
    -> To reboot the phone
  • ./edl.py rawxml 
    -> To send own xml string, example :
    ./edl.py rawxml "
  • ./edl.py [anycommand] --debugmode
    -> enables Verbose. Only do that is REALLY needed as it will print out everything happening !

For EMMC Flash

  • ./edl.py printgpt
    -> to print gpt on device with emmc
  • ./edl.py rf flash.bin
    -> to dump whole flash for device with emmc
  • ./edl.py rl dumps --skip=userdata --genxml
    -> to dump all partitions to directory dumps for device with emmc and skipping userdata partition, write rawprogram0.xml
  • ./edl.py rs 0 15 data.bin
    -> to dump 15 sectors from starting sector 0 to file data.bin for device with emmc
  • ./edl.py rs 0 15 data.bin --skipresponse
    -> to dump 15 sectors from starting sector 0 to file data.bin for device with emmc, ignores missing ACK from phones
  • ./edl.py r boot_a boot.img
    -> to dump the partition "boot_a" to the filename boot.img for device with emmc
  • ./edl.py r boot_a,boot_b boot_a.img,boot_b.img
    -> to dump multiple partitions to multiple filenames
  • ./edl.py footer footer.bin
    -> to dump the crypto footer for Androids with emmc flash
  • ./edl.py w boot_a boot.img
    -> to write boot.img to the "boot" partition on lun 0 on the device with emmc flash
  • ./edl.py w gpt gpt.img
    -> to write gpt partition table from gpt.img to the first sector on the device with emmc flash
  • ./edl.py wl dumps
    -> to write all files from "dumps" folder to according partitions to flash
  • ./edl.py wf dump.bin
    -> to write the rawimage dump.bin to flash
  • ./edl.py e misc
    -> to erase the partition misc on emmc flash
  • ./edl.py gpt . --genxml
    -> dump gptmain0.bin/gptbackup0.bin and write rawpartition0.xml to current directory (".")

For UFS Flash

  • ./edl.py printgpt --memory=ufs --lun=0
    -> to print gpt on lun 0
  • ./edl.py printgpt --memory=ufs
    -> to print gpt of all lun
  • ./edl.py rf lun0.bin --memory=ufs --lun=0
    -> to dump whole lun 0
  • ./edl.py rf flash.bin --memory=ufs
    -> to dump all luns as lun0flash.bin, lun1flash.bin, ...
  • ./edl.py rl dumps --memory=ufs --lun=0 --skip=userdata,vendor_a
    -> to dump all partitions from lun0 to directory dumps for device with ufs and skip userdata and vendor_a partition
  • ./edl.py rl dumps --memory=ufs --genxml
    -> to dump all partitions from all lun to directory dumps and write rawprogram[lun].xml
  • ./edl.py rs 0 15 data.bin --memory=ufs --lun=0
    -> to dump 15 sectors from starting sector 0 from lun 0 to file data.bin
  • ./edl.py r boot_a boot.img --memory=ufs --lun=4
    -> to dump the partition "boot_a" from lun 4 to the filename boot.img
  • ./edl.py r boot_a boot.img --memory=ufs
    -> to dump the partition "boot_a" to the filename boot.img using lun autodetection
  • ./edl.py r boot_a,boot_b boot_a.img,boot_b.img --memory=ufs
    -> to dump multiple partitions to multiple filenames
  • ./edl.py footer footer.bin --memory=ufs
    -> to dump the crypto footer
  • ./edl.py w boot boot.img --memory=ufs --lun=4
    -> to write boot.img to the "boot" partition on lun 4 on the device with ufs flash
  • ./edl.py w gpt gpt.img --memory=ufs --lun=4
    -> to write gpt partition table from gpt.img to the lun 4 on the device with ufs flash
  • ./edl.py wl dumps --memory=ufs --lun=0
    -> to write all files from "dumps" folder to according partitions to flash lun 0
  • ./edl.py wl dumps --memory=ufs
    -> to write all files from "dumps" folder to according partitions to flash and try to autodetect lun
  • ./edl.py wf dump.bin --memory=ufs --lun=0
    -> to write the rawimage dump.bin to flash lun 0
  • ./edl.py e misc --memory=ufs --lun=0
    -> to erase the partition misc on lun 0
  • ./edl.py gpt . --genxml --memory=ufs
    -> dump gptmain[lun].bin/gptbackup[lun].bin and write rawpartition[lun].xml to current directory (".")

For devices with peek/poke command

  • ./edl.py peek 0x200000 0x10 mem.bin
    -> To dump 0x10 bytes from offset 0x200000 to file mem.bin from memory
  • ./edl.py peekhex 0x200000 0x10
    -> To dump 0x10 bytes from offset 0x200000 as hex string from memory
  • ./edl.py peekqword 0x200000
    -> To display a qword (8-bytes) at offset 0x200000 from memory
  • ./edl.py pokeqword 0x200000 0x400000
    -> To write the q-word value 0x400000 to offset 0x200000 in memory
  • ./edl.py poke 0x200000 mem.bin
    -> To write the binary file mem.bin to offset 0x200000 in memory
  • ./edl.py secureboot
    -> To display secureboot fuses (only on EL3 loaders)
  • ./edl.py pbl pbl.bin
    -> To dump pbl (only on EL3 loaders)
  • ./edl.py qfp qfp.bin
    -> To dump qfprom fuses (only on EL3 loaders)

For generic unlocking

  • ./edl.py modules oemunlock enable
    -> Unlocks OEM if partition "config" exists, fastboot oem unlock is still needed afterwards

Dump memory (0x900E mode)

  • ./edl.py memorydump

Streaming mode (credits to forth32)

Sierra Wireless Modem

  • Send AT!BOOTHOLD and AT!QPSTDLOAD to modem port or use
    modem/boottodwnload.py
    script
  • Send AT!ENTERCND="A710" and then AT!EROPTION=0 for memory dump
  • ./edl.py --vid 1199 --pid 9070 --loader=loaders/NPRG9x35p.bin printgpt
    -> To show the partition table

Netgear MR1100

  • run
    modem/boottodownload.py
    , device will enter download mode (0x900E pid)
  • ./edl.py printgpt --loader=Loaders/qualcomm/patched/mdm9x5x/NPRG9x55p.bin
    , device will reboot to 0x9008
  • now use ./edl.py regulary such as
    ./edl.py printgpt
    (do not use loader option)

ZTE MF920V, Quectel, Telit, etc.. Modem

  • run
    modem/enableadb.sh
    , or send to at port "AT+ZCDRUN=E", or send via
    ./modem/diag.py -sahara
  • adb reboot edl
  • ./edl.py printgpt
    -> To show the partition table

QFIL in linux console (credits to LyuOnLine):

  • For flashing full image:
    ./edl.py qfil rawprogram0.xml patch0.xml image_dir
    

Install EDL loaders

  • mkdir examples
  • Copy all your loaders into the examples directory
  • ./fhloaderparse.py examples Loaders
    -> will autodetect and rename loader structure and copy them to the "Loaders" directory
  • Or rename Loaders manually as "msmid_pkhash[8 bytes].bin" and put them into the Loaders directory

Run Diag port tools (examples)

For Oneplus 6T, enter #801# on dialpad, set Engineer Mode and Serial to on and try :

  • ./modem/diag.py -vid 0x05c6 -pid 0x676c -interface 0 -info

Usage

  • ./modem/diag.py -vid 0x1234 -pid 0x5678 -interface 0 -info
    -> Send cmd "00" and return info
  • ./modem/diag.py -vid 0x1234 -pid 0x5678 -interface 0 -spc 303030303030
    -> Send spc "303030303030"
  • ./modem/diag.py -vid 0x1234 -pid 0x5678 -interface 0 -cmd 00
    -> Send cmd "00" (hexstring)
  • ./modem/diag.py -vid 0x1234 -pid 0x5678 -interface 0 -nvread 0x55
    -> Display nvitem 0x55
  • ./modem/diag.py -vid 0x1234 -pid 0x5678 -interface 0 -nvbackup backup.json
    -> Backup all nvitems to a json structured file
  • ./modem/diag.py -vid 0x1234 -pid 0x5678 -interface 0 -efsread efs.bin
    -> Dump the EFS Modem partition to file efs.bin
  • ./modem/diag.py -vid 0x1234 -pid 0x5678 -interface 0 -efslistdir /
    -> Display / directory listing of EFS

Issues

  • Secure loader with SDM660 on Xiaomi not yet supported (EDL authentification)
  • VIP Programming not supported (Contributions are welcome !)
  • EFS directory write and file read has to be added (Contributions are welcome !)

Tested with

  • Oneplus 3T/5/6T/7T/8/8t/N10/N100 (Read-Only), BQ X, BQ X5, BQ X2, Gigaset ME Pure, ZTE MF210, ZTE MF920V, Sierra Wireless EM7455, Netgear MR1100-10EUS, Netgear MR5100

Published under MIT license Additional license limitations: No use in commercial products without prior permit.

Enjoy !

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