Terminal session recorder 📹
Note: This is README for
developmentbranch. See the version for latest stable release.
Terminal session recorder and the best companion of asciinema.org.
asciinema lets you easily record terminal sessions and replay them in a terminal as well as in a web browser.
Install latest version (other installation options):
sudo pip3 install asciinema
Record your first session:
asciinema rec first.cast
Now replay it with double speed:
asciinema play -s 2 first.cast
Or with normal speed but with idle time limited to 2 seconds:
asciinema play -i 2 first.cast
You can pass
asciinema recas well, to set it permanently on a recording. Idle time limiting makes the recordings much more interesting to watch. Try it.
If you want to watch and share it on the web, upload it:
asciinema upload first.cast
You can record and upload in one step by omitting the filename:
You'll be asked to confirm the upload when the recording is done. Nothing is sent anywhere without your consent.
These are the basics, but there's much more you can do. The following sections cover installation, usage and hosting of the recordings in more detail.
asciinema is available on PyPI and can be installed with pip (Python 3 with setuptools required):
sudo pip3 install asciinema
This is the recommended way of installation, which gives you the latest released version.
asciinema is included in repositories of most popular package managers on Mac OS X, Linux and FreeBSD. Look for package named
asciinema. See the list of available packages.
If you can't use Python package or native package for your OS is outdated you can clone the repo and run asciinema straight from the checkout.
Clone the repo:
git clone https://github.com/asciinema/asciinema.git cd asciinema
If you want latest stable version:
git checkout master
If you want current development version:
git checkout develop
Then run it with:
python3 -m asciinema --version
asciinema Docker image is based on Ubuntu 18.04 and has the latest version of asciinema recorder pre-installed.
docker pull asciinema/asciinema
When running it don't forget to allocate a pseudo-TTY (
-t), keep STDIN open (
-i) and mount config directory volume (
docker run --rm -ti -v "$HOME/.config/asciinema":/root/.config/asciinema asciinema/asciinema rec
Container's entrypoint is set to
/usr/local/bin/asciinemaso you can run the container with any arguments you would normally pass to
asciinemabinary (see Usage section for commands and options).
There's not much software installed in this image though. In most cases you may want to install extra programs before recording. One option is to derive new image from this one (start your custom Dockerfile with
FROM asciinema/asciinema). Another option is to start the container with
/bin/bashas the entrypoint, install extra packages and manually start
docker run --rm -ti -v "$HOME/.config/asciinema":/root/.config/asciinema --entrypoint=/bin/bash asciinema/asciinema [email protected]:~# apt-get install foobar [email protected]:~# asciinema rec
asciinema is composed of multiple commands, similar to
When you run
asciinemawith no arguments help message is displayed, listing all available commands with their options.
Record terminal session.
asciinema rec [filename]you start a new recording session. The command (process) that is recorded can be specified with
-coption (see below), and defaults to
$SHELLwhich is what you want in most cases.
You can temporarily pause recording of terminal by pressing Ctrl+P. This is useful when you want to execute some commands during the recording session that should not be captured (e.g. pasting secrets). Resume by pressing Ctrl+P again.
Recording finishes when you exit the shell (hit Ctrl+D or type
exit). If the recorded process is not a shell then recording finishes when the process exits.
filenameargument is omitted then (after asking for confirmation) the resulting asciicast is uploaded to asciinema-server (by default to asciinema.org), where it can be watched and shared.
filenameargument is given then the resulting recording (called asciicast) is saved to a local file. It can later be replayed with
asciinema playand/or uploaded to asciinema server with
ASCIINEMA_REC=1is added to recorded process environment variables. This can be used by your shell's config file (
.zshrc) to alter the prompt or play a sound when the shell is being recorded.
--stdin- Enable stdin (keyboard) recording (see below)
--append- Append to existing recording
--raw- Save raw STDOUT output, without timing information or other metadata
--overwrite- Overwrite the recording if it already exists
-c, --command=- Specify command to record, defaults to $SHELL
-e, --env=- List of environment variables to capture, defaults to
-t, --title=- Specify the title of the asciicast
-i, --idle-time-limit=- Limit recorded terminal inactivity to max seconds
-y, --yes- Answer "yes" to all prompts (e.g. upload confirmation)
-q, --quiet- Be quiet, suppress all notices/warnings (implies -y)
Stdin recording allows for capturing of all characters typed in by the user in the currently recorded shell. This may be used by a player (e.g. asciinema-player) to display pressed keys. Because it's basically a key-logging (scoped to a single shell instance), it's disabled by default, and has to be explicitly enabled via
Replay recorded asciicast in a terminal.
This command replays given asciicast (as recorded by
reccommand) directly in your terminal.
Following keyboard shortcuts are available:
Playing from a local file:
asciinema play /path/to/asciicast.cast
Playing from HTTP(S) URL:
asciinema play https://asciinema.org/a/22124.cast asciinema play http://example.com/demo.cast
Playing from asciicast page URL (requiresin page's HTML):
asciinema play https://asciinema.org/a/22124 asciinema play http://example.com/blog/post.html
Playing from stdin:
cat /path/to/asciicast.cast | asciinema play - ssh [email protected] cat asciicast.cast | asciinema play -
Playing from IPFS:
asciinema play dweb:/ipfs/QmNe7FsYaHc9SaDEAEXbaagAzNw9cH7YbzN4xV7jV1MCzK/ascii.cast
-i, --idle-time-limit=- Limit replayed terminal inactivity to max seconds
-s, --speed=- Playback speed (can be fractional)
For the best playback experience it is recommended to runasciinema playin a terminal of dimensions not smaller than the one used for recording, as there's no "transcoding" of control sequences for new terminal size.
Print full output of recorded asciicast to a terminal.
asciinema playreplays the recorded session using timing information saved in the asciicast,
asciinema catdumps the full output (including all escape sequences) to a terminal immediately.
asciinema cat existing.cast >output.txtgives the same result as recording via
asciinema rec --raw output.txt.
Upload recorded asciicast to asciinema.org site.
This command uploads given asciicast (recorded by
reccommand) to asciinema.org, where it can be watched and shared.
asciinema rec demo.cast+
asciinema play demo.cast+
asciinema upload demo.castis a nice combo if you want to review an asciicast before publishing it on asciinema.org.
Link your install ID with your asciinema.org user account.
If you want to manage your recordings (change title/theme, delete) at asciinema.org you need to link your "install ID" with asciinema.org user account.
This command displays the URL to open in a web browser to do that. You may be asked to log in first.
Install ID is a random ID (UUID v4) generated locally when you run asciinema for the first time, and saved at
$HOME/.config/asciinema/install-id. Its purpose is to connect local machine with uploaded recordings, so they can later be associated with asciinema.org account. This way we decouple uploading from account creation, allowing them to happen in any order.
A new install ID is generated on each machine and system user account you use asciinema on, so in order to keep all recordings under a single asciinema.org account you need to runasciinema authon all of those machines.
asciinema versions prior to 2.0 confusingly referred to install ID as "API token".
As mentioned in the
Usage > recsection above, if the
asciinema recis omitted then the recorded asciicast is uploaded to asciinema.org. You can watch it there and share it via secret URL.
If you prefer to host the recordings yourself, you can do so by either:
asciinema rec demo.cast), and using asciinema's standalone web player in your HTML page, or
You can configure asciinema by creating config file at
Configuration is split into sections (
[play]). Here's a list of all available options for each section:
; API server URL, default: https://asciinema.org ; If you run your own instance of asciinema-server then set its address here ; It can also be overriden by setting ASCIINEMA_API_URL environment variable url = https://asciinema.example.com
; Command to record, default: $SHELL command = /bin/bash -l
; Enable stdin (keyboard) recording, default: no stdin = yes
; List of environment variables to capture, default: SHELL,TERM env = SHELL,TERM,USER
; Limit recorded terminal inactivity to max n seconds, default: off idle_time_limit = 2
; Answer "yes" to all interactive prompts, default: no yes = true
; Be quiet, suppress all notices/warnings, default: no quiet = true
; Define hotkey for pausing recording (suspending capture of output), ; default: C-
pause_key = C-p
; Define hotkey prefix key - when defined other recording hotkeys must ; be preceeded by it, default: no prefix prefix_key = C-a
; Playback speed (can be fractional), default: 1 speed = 2
; Limit replayed terminal inactivity to max n seconds, default: off idle_time_limit = 1
; Define hotkey for pausing/resuming playback, ; default: space pause_key = p
; Define hotkey for stepping through playback, a frame at a time, ; default: . pause_key = ]
; Should desktop notifications be enabled, default: yes enabled = no
; Custom notification command ; Environment variable $TEXT contains notification text command = tmux display-message "$TEXT"
A very minimal config file could look like that:
[record] idle_time_limit = 2
Config directory location can be changed by setting
$XDG_CONFIG_HOMEis set on Linux then asciinema uses
asciinema versions prior to 1.1 used$HOME/.asciinema. If you have it there you shouldmv $HOME/.asciinema $HOME/.config/asciinema.
If you want to contribute to this project check out Contributing page.
Copyright © 2011–2019 Marcin Kulik.
All code is licensed under the GPL, v3 or later. See LICENSE file for details.